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English Language Arts ELA
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CT.CC.L.K. Language Standards Conventions of Standard English L.K.1. Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking. L.K.1(b) Use frequently occurring nouns and verbs. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Nouns
L.K.1(c) Form regular plural nouns orally by adding /s/ or /es/ (e.g., dog, dogs; wish, wishes). Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Nouns
L.K.2. Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing. L.K.2(a) Capitalize the first word in a sentence and the pronoun I.
L.K.2(b) Recognize and name end punctuation.
L.K.2(d) Spell simple words phonetically, drawing on knowledge of sound-letter relationships. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Spelling
Vocabulary Acquisition and Use L.K.5. With guidance and support from adults, explore word relationships and nuances in word meanings. L.K.5(a) Sort common objects into categories (e.g., shapes, foods) to gain a sense of the concepts the categories represent.
L.K.5(c) Identify real-life connections between words and their use (e.g., note places at school that are colorful).
L.K.6. Use words and phrases acquired through conversations, reading and being read to, and responding to texts.
CT.CC.RF.K. Reading Standards: Foundational Skills Reading Standards: Foundational Skills Print Concepts RF.K.1. Demonstrate understanding of the organization and basic features of print. RF.K.1(a) Follow words from left to right, top to bottom, and page by page.
RF.K.1(d) Recognize and name all upper- and lowercase letters of the alphabet.
Phonological Awareness RF.K.2. Demonstrate understanding of spoken words, syllables, and sounds (phonemes). RF.K.2(a) Recognize and produce rhyming words.
RF.K.2(b) Count, pronounce, blend, and segment syllables in spoken words.
RF.K.2(c) Blend and segment onsets and rimes of single-syllable spoken words.
RF.K.2(d) Isolate and pronounce the initial, medial vowel, and final sounds (phonemes) in three-phoneme (consonant-vowel-consonant, or CVC) words. (This does not include CVCs ending with /l/, /r/, or /x/.)
Phonics and Word Recognition RF.K.3. Know and apply grade-level phonics and word analysis skills in decoding words. RF.K.3(a) Demonstrate basic knowledge of one-to-one letter-sound correspondences by producing the primary or many of the most frequent sound for each consonant.
RF.K.3(b) Associate the long and short sounds with common spellings (graphemes) for the five major vowels.
RF.K.3(c) Read common high-frequency words by sight (e.g., the, of, to, you, she, my, is, are, do, does).
RF.K.3(d) Distinguish between similarly spelled words by identifying the sounds of the letters that differ.
Fluency RF.K.4. Read emergent-reader texts with purpose and understanding.
CT.CC.RI.K. Reading Standards for Informational Text Reading Standards for Informational Text Key Ideas and Details RI.K.1. With prompting and support, ask and answer questions about key details in a text.
RI.K.2. With prompting and support, identify the main topic and retell key details of a text. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Main Idea
Craft and Structure RI.K.4. With prompting and support, ask and answer questions about unknown words in a text.
RI.K.5. Identify the front cover, back cover, and title page of a book.
Integration of Knowledge and Ideas RI.K.7. With prompting and support, describe the relationship between illustrations and the text in which they appear (e.g., what person, place, thing, or idea in the text an illustration depicts).
RI.K.9. With prompting and support, identify basic similarities in and differences between two texts on the same topic (e.g., in illustrations, descriptions, or procedures).
Range of Reading and Level of Text Complexity RI.K.10. Actively engage in group reading activities with purpose and understanding.
CT.CC.RL.K. Reading Standards for Literature Reading Standards for Literature Key Ideas and Details RL.K.1. With prompting and support, ask and answer questions about key details in a text.
RL.K.2. With prompting and support, retell familiar stories, including key details. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Story Retell
RL.K.3. With prompting and support, identify characters, settings, and major events in a story. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Settings
Craft and Structure RL.K.4. Ask and answer questions about unknown words in a text.
RL.K.5. Recognize common types of texts (e.g., storybooks, poems).
RL.K.6. With prompting and support, name the author and illustrator of a story and define the role of each in telling the story.
Integration of Knowledge and Ideas RL.K.7. With prompting and support, describe the relationship between illustrations and the story in which they appear (e.g., what moment in a story an illustration depicts).
RL.K.9. With prompting and support, compare and contrast the adventures and experiences of characters in familiar stories.
Range of Reading and Level of Text Complexity RL.K.10. Actively engage in group reading activities with purpose and understanding.
CT.CC.SL.K. Speaking and Listening Standards Speaking and Listening Standards Comprehension and Collaboration SL.K.2. Confirm understanding of a text read aloud or information presented orally or through other media by asking and answering questions about key details and requesting clarification if something is not understood.
CT.CC.W.K. Writing Standards Text Types and Purposes W.K.1. Use a combination of drawing, dictating, and writing to compose opinion pieces in which they tell a reader the topic or the name of the book they are writing about and state an opinion or preference about the topic or book (e.g., My favorite book is . . .
W.K.3. Use a combination of drawing, dictating, and writing to narrate a single event or several loosely linked events, tell about the events in the order in which they occurred, and provide a reaction to what happened.