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ME.A.Unifying Themes: Students apply the principles of systems, models, constancy and change, and scale in science and technology.
Unifying Themes: Students apply the principles of systems, models, constancy and change, and scale in science and technology.
A.3. Constancy and Change: Students identify and analyze examples of constancy and change that result from varying types and rates of change in physical, biological, and technological systems with and without counterbalances.
ME.B.The Skills and Traits of Scientific Inquiry and Technological Design: Students plan, conduct, analyze data from and communicate results of in-depth scientific investigations; and they use a systematic process, tools, equipment, and a variety of materials to create a technological design and produce a solution or product to meet a specified need.
The Skills and Traits of Scientific Inquiry and Technological Design: Students plan, conduct, analyze data from and communicate results of in-depth scientific investigations; and they use a systematic process, tools, equipment, and a variety of materials to create a technological design and produce a solution or product to meet a specified need.
B.1. Skills and Traits of Scientific Inquiry: Students methodically plan, conduct, analyze data from, and communicate results of in-depth scientific investigations, including experiments guided by a testable hypothesis. B.1.b. Design and safely conduct methodical scientific investigations, including experiments with controls.
B.1.e. Use a variety of tools and technologies to improve investigations and communications.
ME.CC.RST.11-12.Reading Standards for Literacy in Science and Technical Subjects
Reading Standards for Literacy in Science and Technical Subjects
Craft and Structure RST.11-12.4. Determine the meaning of symbols, key terms, and other domain-specific words and phrases as they are used in a specific scientific or technical context relevant to grades 11-12 texts and topics.
ME.D.The Physical Setting: Students understand the universal nature of matter, energy, force, and motion and identify how these relationships are exhibited in Earth Systems, in the solar system, and throughout the universe.
The Physical Setting: Students understand the universal nature of matter, energy, force, and motion and identify how these relationships are exhibited in Earth Systems, in the solar system, and throughout the universe.
D.1. Universe and Solar System: Students explain the physical formation and changing nature of our universe and solar system, and how our past and present knowledge of the universe and solar system developed. D.1.b. Explain the role of gravity in forming and maintaining planets, stars, and the solar system.
D.1.c. Outline the age, origin, and process of formation of the universe as currently understood by science.
D.1.d. Describe the major events that have led to our current understanding of the universe and the current technologies used to further our understanding.
D.2. Earth: Students describe and analyze the biological, physical, energy, and human influences that shape and alter Earth Systems. D.2.b. Describe Earth's internal energy sources and their role in plate tectonics.
D.2.c. Describe and analyze the effects of biological and geophysical influences on the origin and changing nature of Earth Systems.
D.2.d. Describe and analyze the effects of human influences on Earth Systems. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Oceans
D.3. Matter and Energy: Students describe the structure, behavior, and interactions of matter at the atomic level and the relationship between matter and energy. D.3.a. Describe the structure of atoms in terms of neutrons, protons, and electrons and the role of the atomic structure in determining chemical properties.
D.3.b. Describe how the number and arrangement of atoms in a molecule determine a molecule's properties, including the types of bonds it makes with other molecules and its mass, and apply this to predictions about chemical reactions.
D.3.c. Explain the essential roles of carbon and water in life processes.
D.3.e. Describe factors that affect the rate of chemical reactions (including concentration, pressure, temperature, and the presence of molecules that encourage interaction with other molecules).
D.3.f. Apply an understanding of the factors that affect the rate of chemical reaction to predictions about the rate of chemical reactions.
D.3.g. Describe nuclear reactions, including fusion and fission, and the energy they release.
D.3.i. Explain the relationship between kinetic and potential energy and apply the knowledge to solve problems. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Heat
D.3.k. Apply an understanding of energy transformations to solve problems.
D.3.l. Describe the relationship among heat, temperature, and pressure in terms of the actions of atoms, molecules, and ions.
D.4. Force and Motion: Students understand that the laws of force and motion are the same across the universe. D.4.a. Describe the contribution of Newton to our understanding of force and motion, and give examples of and apply Newton's three laws of motion and his theory of gravitation.
D.4.d. Describe and apply characteristics of waves including wavelength, frequency, and amplitude. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Sound
D.4.e. Describe and apply an understanding of how waves interact with other waves and with materials including reflection, refraction, and absorption.
D.4.f. Describe kinetic energy (the energy of motion), potential energy (dependent on relative position), and energy contained by a field (including electromagnetic waves) and apply these understandings to energy problems. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Heat
ME.E.The Living Environment: Students understand that cells are the basic unit of life, that all life as we know it has evolved through genetic transfer and natural selection to create a great diversity of organisms, and that these organisms create interdependent webs through which matter and energy flow. Students understand similarities and differences between humans and other organisms and the interconnections of these interdependent webs.
The Living Environment: Students understand that cells are the basic unit of life, that all life as we know it has evolved through genetic transfer and natural selection to create a great diversity of organisms, and that these organisms create interdependent webs through which matter and energy flow. Students understand similarities and differences between humans and other organisms and the interconnections of these interdependent webs.
E.1. Biodiversity: Students describe and analyze the evidence for relatedness among and within diverse populations of organisms and the importance of biodiversity. E.1.a. Explain how the variation in structure and behavior of a population of organisms may influence the likelihood that some members of the species will have adaptations that allow them to survive in a changing environment.
E.2. Ecosystems: Students describe and analyze the interactions, cycles, and factors that affect short-term and long-term ecosystem stability and change. E.2.d. Describe the critical role of photosynthesis and how energy and the chemical elements that make up molecules are transformed in ecosystems and obey basic conservation laws.
E.3. Cells: Students describe structure and function of cells at the intracellular and molecular level including differentiation to form systems, interactions between cells and their environment, and the impact of cellular processes and changes on individuals. E.3.a. Describe the similarities and differences in the basic functions of cell membranes and of the specialized parts within cells that allow them to transport materials, capture and release energy, build proteins, dispose of waste, communicate, and move.
E.3.b. Describe the relationship among DNA, protein molecules, and amino acids in carrying out the work of cells and how this is similar among all organisms.
E.3.c. Describe the interactions that lead to cell growth and division (mitosis) and allow new cells to carry the same information as the original cell (meiosis).
E.3.d. Describe ways in which cells can malfunction and put an organism at risk.
E.3.e. Describe the role of regulation and the processes that maintain an internal environment amidst changes in the external environment.
E.4. Heredity and Reproduction: Students examine the role of DNA in transferring traits from generation to generation, in differentiating cells, and in evolving new species. E.4.b. Describe genes as segments of DNA that contain instructions for the cells and include information that leads to the differentiation of cells.
E.4.d. Describe the possible causes and effects of gene mutations.
E.5. Evolution: Students describe the interactions between and among species, populations, and environments that lead to natural selection and evolution. E.5.b. Describe the origins of life and how the concept of natural selection provides a mechanism for evolution that can be advantageous or disadvantageous to the next generation.
E.5.c. Explain why some organisms may have characteristics that have no apparent survival or reproduction advantage.
E.5.d. Relate structural and behavioral adaptations of an organism to its survival in the environment.