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8.1. Physical Science 8.1.1. Explain that all matter is composed of particular arrangements of atoms and that there are approximately one hundred types of atoms (i.e., elements).
8.1.2. Understand that elements are organized on the periodic table based on atomic number.
8.1.3. Explain how the arrangement of atoms and molecules determines chemical properties of substances.
8.1.4. Describe the structure of atoms and relate the arrangement of electrons to how atoms interact with other atoms.
8.1.5. Explain that atoms join together to form molecules and compounds and illustrate with diagrams the relationship between atoms and compounds and between atoms and molecules.
8.1.6. Explain that elements and compounds have characteristic properties such as density, boiling points and melting points that remain unchanged regardless of sample size.
8.1.7. Explain that chemical changes occur when substances react and form one or more different products, whose physical and chemical properties are different from those of the reactants.
8.1.8. Demonstrate that in a chemical change the total numbers of each kind of atom in the product are the same as in the reactants and that the total mass of the reacting system is conserved.
8.2. Earth and Space Science 8.2.1. Recognize and demonstrate how the sun’s energy drives convection in the atmosphere and in bodies of water, which results in ocean currents and weather patterns. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Climate Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Climate
8.2.2. Describe and model how water moves through the earth’s crust, atmosphere and oceans in a cyclic way as a liquid vapor and solid.
8.2.3. Describe the characteristics of ocean currents and identify their effects on weather patterns.
8.2.4. Describe the physical and chemical composition of the atmosphere at different elevations.
8.2.5. Describe the conditions that cause Indiana weather and weather-related events such as tornadoes, lake effect snow, blizzards, thunderstorms and flooding.
8.2.6. Identify, explain and discuss some effects human activities (e.g., air, soil, light, noise and water pollution) have on the biosphere.
8.2.7. Recognize that some of Earth’s resources are finite and describe how recycling, reducing consumption and the development of alternatives can reduce the rate of their depletion.
8.2.8. Explain that human activities, beginning with the earliest herding and agricultural activities, have drastically changed the environment and have affected the capacity of the environment to support native species. Explain current efforts to reduce and eliminate these impacts and encourage sustainability.
8.3. Life Science 8.3.1. Explain that reproduction is essential for the continuation of every species and is the mechanism by which all organisms transmit genetic information.
8.3.2. Compare and contrast the transmission of genetic information in sexual and asexual reproduction.
8.3.3. Explain that genetic information is transmitted from parents to offspring mostly by chromosomes.
8.3.4. Understand the relationship between deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA), genes and chromosomes.
8.3.5. Identify and describe the difference between inherited traits and the physical and behavioral traits that are acquired or learned.
8.3.6. Observe anatomical structures of a variety of organisms and describe their similarities and differences. Use the data collected to organize the organisms into groups and predict their relatedness.
8.3.7. Recognize and explain that small genetic differences between parents and offspring can accumulate in successive generations so that descendants may be different from their ancestors.
8.3.8. Examine traits of individuals within a population of organisms that may give them an advantage in survival and reproduction in given environments or when the environments change.
8.4. Science, Engineering and Technology 8.4.1. Understand how the strength of attractive forces among particles in a material helps to explain many physical properties of the material, such as why different materials exist as gases, liquids or solids at a given temperature.
8.4.2. Rank the strength of attractions among the particles of room-temperature materials.
PS.1. The Nature of Science: Students gain scientific knowledge by observing the natural and constructed world, performing and evaluating investigations, and communicating their findings. These principles should guide student work and be integrated into the curriculum along with the content standards on a daily basis. PS.1.1. Make predictions and develop testable questions based on research and prior knowledge.
PS.1.10. Compare the results of an experiment with the prediction.
PS.1.11. Communicate findings through oral and written reports by using graphs, charts maps and models.
PS.1.2. Plan and carry out investigation—often over a period of several class lessons—as a class, in small groups or independently.
PS.1.3. Collect quantitative data with appropriate tools or technologies and use appropriate units to label numerical data.
PS.1.4. Incorporate variables that can be changed, measured or controlled.
PS.1.8. Analyze data, using appropriate mathematical manipulation as required, and use it to identify patterns. Make inferences based on these patterns.
IN.RS.6-8.Reading for Literacy in Science
Reading for Literacy in Science
Integration of Knowledge and Ideas 6-8.RS.7. Integrate quantitative information expressed in words in a text with a version of that information expressed visually (e.g., in a flowchart, diagram, model, graph, or table).
6-8.RS.9. Compare and contrast the information gained from experiments, simulations, video or multimedia sources with that gained from reading a text on the same topic.
Craft and Structure 6-8.RS.4. Determine the meaning of symbols, key terms, and other domain-specific words and phrases a they are used in a specific scientific context relevant to grades 6-8 texts and topics.
IN.WS.6-8.Writing for Literacy in Science
Writing for Literacy in Science
Research to Build and Present Knowledge 6-8.WS.7. Conduct short research projects to answer a question (including a self-generated question), drawing on several sources and generating additional related, focused questions that allow for multiple avenues of exploration.
Production and Distribution of Writing 6-8.WS.4. Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development, organization, and style are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience.
Text Types and Purposes 6-8.WS.2. Write informative/explanatory texts, including scientific procedures/experiments. 6-8.WS.2.f. Provide a concluding statement or section that follows from and supports the explanation or information presented.