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5.1. Physical Science 5.1.1. Describe and measure the volume and weight of a sample of a given material.
5.1.2. Describe the difference between weight and mass. Understand that weight is dependent on gravity and mass is the amount of matter in a given substance or material.
5.1.3. Demonstrate that regardless of how parts of an object are assembled the weight of the whole object is identical to the sum of the weight of the parts; however, the volume can differ from the sum of the volumes.
5.1.4. Determine if matter has been added or lost by comparing weights when melting, freezing or dissolving a sample of a substance.
5.2. Earth and Space Science 5.2.1. Recognize that our earth is part of the solar system in which the sun, an average star, is the central and largest body. Observe that our solar system includes the sun, moon, seven other planets and their moons, and many other smaller objects like asteroids and comets.
5.2.2. Observe and use pictures to record how the sun appears to move across the sky in the same general way every day but rises and sets in different places as the seasons change.
5.2.3. In monthly intervals, observe and draw the length and direction of shadows cast by the sun at several chosen times during the day. Use the recorded data as evidence to explain how those shadows were affected by the relative position of the earth and sun.
5.2.4. Use a calendar to record observations of the shape of the moon and the rising and setting times over the course of a month. Based on the observations, describe patterns in the moon cycle.
5.3. Life Science 5.3.1. Observe and classify common Indiana organisms as producers, consumers, decomposers, predator and prey based on their relationships and interactions with other organisms in their ecosystem.
5.3.2. Investigate the action of different decomposers and compare their role in an ecosystem with that of producers and consumers.
5.4. Science, Engineering and Technology 5.4.2. Investigate the purpose of prototypes and models when designing a solution to a problem and how limitations in cost and design features might affect their construction.
PS.1. The Nature of Science: Students gain scientific knowledge by observing the natural and constructed world, performing and evaluating investigations, and communicating their findings. The following principles should guide student work and be integrated into the curriculum along with the content standards on a daily basis. PS.1.1. Make predictions and formulate testable questions.
PS.1.3. Plan and carry out investigations—often over a period of several lessons—as a class, in small groups or independently.
PS.1.4. Perform investigations using appropriate tools and technologies that will extend the senses.
PS.1.5. Use measurement skills and apply appropriate units when collecting data.
PS.1.7. Keep accurate records in a notebook during investigations and communicate findings to others using graphs, charts, maps and models through oral and written reports.
PS.1.8. Identify simple patterns in data and propose explanations to account for the patterns.
PS.1.9. Compare the results of an investigation with the prediction.