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4.1. Physical Science 4.1.2. Investigate the variety of ways in which heat can be generated and moved from one place to another. Explain the direction the heat moved.
4.1.3. Construct a complete circuit through which an electrical current can pass as evidenced by the lighting of a bulb or ringing of a bell.
4.1.4. Experiment with materials to identify conductors and insulators of heat and electricity.
4.1.5. Demonstrate that electrical energy can be transformed into heat, light, and sound.
4.2. Earth and Space Science 4.2.1. Demonstrate and describe how smaller rocks come from the breakage and weathering of larger rocks in a process that occurs over a long period of time.
4.2.2. Describe how wind, water and glacial ice shape and reshape earth's land surface by eroding rock and soil in some areas and depositing them in other areas in a process that occurs over a long period of time.
4.2.4. Investigate earth materials that serve as natural resources and gather data to determine which ones are limited by supply.
4.3. Life Science 4.3.1. Observe and describe how offspring are very much, but not exactly, like their parents or one another. Describe how these differences in physical characteristics among individuals in a population may be advantageous for survival and reproduction.
4.3.2. Observe, compare and record the physical characteristics of living plants or animals from widely different environments. Describe how each plant or animal is adapted to its environment.
4.3.3. Design investigations to explore how organisms meet some of their needs by responding to stimuli from their environments.
4.4. Science, Engineering and Technology 4.4.2. Make appropriate measurements to compare the speeds of objects in terms of the distance traveled in a given amount of time or the time required to travel a given distance.
4.4.3. Investigate how changes in speed or direction are caused by forces: the greater the force exerted on an object, the greater the change.
PS.1. The Nature of Science: Students gain scientific knowledge by observing the natural and constructed world, performing and evaluating investigations, and communicating their findings. The following principles should guide student work and be integrated into the curriculum along with the content standards on a daily basis. PS.1.1. Make predictions and formulate testable questions.
PS.1.3. Plan and carry out investigations—often over a period of several lessons—as a class, in small groups or independently.
PS.1.4. Perform investigations using appropriate tools and technologies that will extend the senses.
PS.1.5. Use measurement skills and apply appropriate units when collecting data.
PS.1.7. Keep accurate records in a notebook during investigations and communicate findings to others using graphs, charts, maps and models through oral and written reports.
PS.1.8. Identify simple patterns in data and propose explanations to account for the patterns.
PS.1.9. Compare the results of an investigation with the prediction.