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IL.11.Inquiry and Design: Understand the processes of scientific inquiry and technological design to investigate questions, conduct experiments and solve problems.
Inquiry and Design: Understand the processes of scientific inquiry and technological design to investigate questions, conduct experiments and solve problems.
11.A. Know and apply the concepts, principles and processes of scientific inquiry. 11.A.4b. Conduct controlled experiments or simulations to test hypotheses.
11.A.4c. Collect, organize and analyze data accurately and precisely.
11.A.4d. Apply statistical methods to the data to reach and support conclusions.
11.A.4e. Formulate alternative hypotheses to explain unexpected results.
11.B. Know and apply the concepts, principles and processes of technological design. 11.B.4e. Develop and test a prototype or simulation of the solution design using available materials, instruments and technology.
IL.12.Concepts and Principles: Understand the fundamental concepts, principles and interconnections of the life, physical and earth/space sciences.
Concepts and Principles: Understand the fundamental concepts, principles and interconnections of the life, physical and earth/space sciences.
12.A. Know and apply concepts that explain how living things function, adapt and change. 12.A.4a. Explain how genetic combinations produce visible effects and variations among physical features and cellular functions of organisms.
12.A.4b. Describe the structures and organization of cells and tissues that underlie basic life functions including nutrition, respiration, cellular transport, biosynthesis and reproduction.
12.A.4c. Describe processes by which organisms change over time using evidence from comparative anatomy and physiology, embryology, the fossil record, genetics and biochemistry.
12.B. Know and apply concepts that describe how living things interact with each other and with their environment. 12.B.4a. Compare physical, ecological and behavioral factors that influence interactions and interdependence of organisms.
12.B.4b. Simulate and analyze factors that influence the size and stability of populations within ecosystems (e.g., birth rate, death rate, predation, migration patterns).
12.C. Know and apply concepts that describe properties of matter and energy and the interactions between them. 12.C.4a. Use kinetic theory, wave theory, quantum theory and the laws of thermodynamics to explain energy transformations.
12.C.4b. Analyze and explain the atomic and nuclear structure of matter.
12.D. Know and apply concepts that describe force and motion and the principles that explain them. 12.D.4a. Explain and predict motions in inertial and accelerated frames of reference.
12.D.4b. Describe the effects of electromagnetic and nuclear forces including atomic and molecular bonding, capacitance and nuclear reactions.
12.E. Know and apply concepts that describe the features and processes of the Earth and its resources. 12.E.4a. Explain how external and internal energy sources drive Earth processes (e.g., solar energy drives weather patterns; internal heat drives plate tectonics).
12.E.4b. Describe how rock sequences and fossil remains are used to interpret the age and changes in the Earth.
12.F. Know and apply concepts that explain the composition and structure of the universe and Earth's place in it. 12.F.4a. Explain theories, past and present, for changes observed in the universe.
12.F.4b. Describe and compare the chemical and physical characteristics of galaxies and objects within galaxies (e.g., pulsars, nebulae, black holes, dark matter, stars).
IL.13.Science, Technology, and Society: Understand the relationships among science, technology and society in historical and contemporary contexts.
Science, Technology, and Society: Understand the relationships among science, technology and society in historical and contemporary contexts.
13.A. Know and apply the accepted practices of science. 13.A.4a. Estimate and suggest ways to reduce the degree of risk involved in science activities.
13.A.4c. Describe how scientific knowledge, explanations and technological designs may change with new information over time (e.g., the understanding of DNA, the design of computers).