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9-10.B.1. Nature of Science: Students exercise the basic tenets of scientific investigation, make accurate observations, exercise critical thinking skills, apply proper scientific instruments of investigation and measurement tools, and communicate results in problem solving. Students evaluate the validity of information by utilizing the tools of scientific thinking and investigation. Students summarize their findings by creating lab reports using technical writing including graphs, charts, and diagrams to communicate the results of investigations. 9-10.B.1.1. Understand Systems, Order, and Organization 10.B.1.1.1. The student will be able to explain the scientific meaning of system, order, and organization. (648.01a)
10.B.1.1.2. The student will be able to apply the concepts of order and organization to a given system. (648.01a)
9-10.B.1.2. Understand Concepts and Processes of Evidence, Models, and Explanation 10.B.1.2.1. The student will be able to use observations and data as evidence on which to base scientific explanations. (648.02a)
10.B.1.2.2. The student will be able to develop models to explain concepts or systems. (648.02b)
10.B.1.2.3. The student will be able to develop scientific explanations based on knowledge, logic and analysis. (648.02c)
9-10.B.1.3. Understand Constancy, Change, and Measurement 10.B.1.3.1. The student will be able to measure changes that can occur in and among systems. (648.03b)
10.B.1.3.2. The student will be able to analyze changes that can occur in and among systems. (648.03b)
9-10.B.1.4. Understand the Theory that Evolution is a Process that Relates to the Gradual Changes in the Universe and of Equilibrium as a Physical State 10.B.1.4.1. Reference to 7.S.3.2.1. (Grade 7)
9-10.B.1.6. Understand Scientific Inquiry and Develop Critical Thinking Skills 10.B.1.6.2. The student will be able to utilize the components of scientific problem solving to design, conduct, and communicate results of investigations. (649.01b)
10.B.1.6.3. The student will be able to use appropriate technology and mathematics to make investigations. (649.01c)
10.B.1.6.4. The student will be able to formulate scientific explanations and models using logic and evidence. (649.01d)
10.B.1.6.7. The student will be able to explain the differences among observations, hypotheses, and theories. (649.01g)
9-10.B.1.8. Understand Technical Communication 10.B.1.8.1. The student will be able to analyze technical writing, graphs, charts, and diagrams. (658.02a)
9-10.B.3. Students explain the importance of cells as they relate to the organization and structure of complex organisms, differentiation and specialization during development, and the chemical reactions necessary to sustain life. Students describe the functions of cell structures. Students use the theory of evolution to explain diversity of life. 9-10.B.3.1. Understand the Theory of Biological Evolution 10.B.3.1.1. The student will be able to use the theory of evolution to explain how species change over time. (652.01a)
10.B.3.1.2. The student will be able to explain how evolution is the consequence of interactions among the potential of a species to increase its numbers, genetic variability, a finite supply of resources, and the selection by the environment of those offspring better able to survive and reproduce. (652.01a)
9-10.B.3.2. Understand the Relationship between Matter and Energy in Living Systems 10.B.3.2.1. The student will be able to explain how matter tends toward more disorganized states (entropy). (653.01a)
10.B.3.2.2. The student will be able to explain how organisms use the continuous input of energy and matter to maintain their chemical and physical organization. (653.01b)
10.B.3.2.3. The student will be able to show how the energy for life is primarily derived from the sun through photosynthesis. (653.01c)
10.B.3.2.4. The student will be able to describe cellular respiration and the synthesis of macromolecules. (653.01d)
10.B.3.2.5. The student will be able to show how matter cycles and energy flows through the different levels of organization of living systems (cells, organs, organisms, communities) and their environment. (653.01h)
9-10.B.3.3. Understand the Cell is the Basis of Form and Function for All Living Things 10.B.3.3.1. The student will be able to identify the particular structures that underlie the cellular functions. (651.01a)
10.B.3.3.2. The student will be able to explain cell functions involving chemical reactions. (651.01b)
10.B.3.3.3. The student will be able to explain how cells use DNA to store and use information for cell functions. (651.01c)
10.B.3.3.4. The student will be able to explain how selective expression of genes can produce specialized cells from a single cell. (651.01e)
9-10.B.5. Personal and Social Perspectives; Technology: Students understand that science and technology interact and impact both society and the environment. Students describe issues such as water and air quality, hazardous waste, renewable and nonrenewable resources. 9-10.B.5.1. Understand Common Environmental Quality Issues, Both Natural and Human Induced 10.B.5.1.1. The student will be able to analyze environmental issues such as water and air quality, hazardous waste, forest health, and agricultural production. (656.01a)
9-10.B.5.2. Understand the Relationship between Science and Technology 10.B.5.2.1. The student will be able to explain how science advances technology. (655.01a)
10.B.5.2.2. The student will be able to explain how technology advances science. (655.01a)
9-10.B.5.3. Understand the Importance of Natural Resources and the Need to Manage and Conserve Them 10.B.5.3.1. The student will be able to describe the difference between renewable and nonrenewable resources. (656.03a)
ID.CC.RST.9-10.Reading Standards for Literacy in Science and Technical Subjects
Reading Standards for Literacy in Science and Technical Subjects
Integration of Knowledge and Ideas RST.9-10.7. Translate quantitative or technical information expressed in words in a text into visual form (e.g., a table or chart) and translate information expressed visually or mathematically (e.g., in an equation) into words.
RST.9-10.9. Compare and contrast findings presented in a text to those from other sources (including their own experiments), noting when the findings support or contradict previous explanations or accounts.
Craft and Structure RST.9-10.4. Determine the meaning of symbols, key terms, and other domain-specific words and phrases as they are used in a specific scientific or technical context relevant to grades 9-10 texts and topics.
RST.9-10.5. Analyze the structure of the relationships among concepts in a text, including relationships among key terms (e.g., force, friction, reaction force, energy).
ID.CC.WHST.9-10.Writing Standards for Literacy in Science and Technical Subjects
Writing Standards for Literacy in Science and Technical Subjects
Research to Build and Present Knowledge WHST.9-10.7. Conduct short as well as more sustained research projects to answer a question (including a self-generated question) or solve a problem; narrow or broaden the inquiry when appropriate; synthesize multiple sources on the subject, demonstrating understanding of the subject under investigation.
Production and Distribution of Writing WHST.9-10.4. Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development, organization, and style are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience.
Text Types and Purposes WHST.9-10.2. Write informative/explanatory texts, including the narration of historical events, scientific procedures/ experiments, or technical processes. WHST.9-10.2(f) Provide a concluding statement or section that follows from and supports the information or explanation presented (e.g., articulating implications or the significance of the topic).