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SC05-S1C1. Observations, Questions, and Hypotheses: Formulate predictions, questions, or hypotheses based on observations. Locate appropriate resources. SC05-S1C1-02. Formulate predictions in the realm of science based on observed cause and effect relationships.
SC05-S1C2. Scientific Testing (Investigating and Modeling): Design and conduct controlled investigations. SC05-S1C2-01. Demonstrate safe behavior and appropriate procedures (e.g., use and care of technology, materials, organisms) in all science inquiry.
SC05-S1C2-02. Plan a simple investigation that identifies the variables to be controlled.
SC05-S1C2-03. Conduct simple investigations (e.g., related to forces and motion, Earth processes) based on student-developed questions in life, physical, and Earth and space sciences.
SC05-S1C2-04. Measure using appropriate tools (e.g., ruler, scale, balance) and units of measure (i.e., metric, U.S. customary) (See M05-S4C4-01).
SC05-S1C2-05. Record data in an organized and appropriate format (e.g., t-chart, table, list, written log) (See W05-S3C2-01 and W05-S3C3-01).
SC05-S1C3. Analysis and Conclusions: Analyze and interpret data to explain correlations and results; formulate new questions. SC05-S1C3-01. Analyze data obtained in a scientific investigation to identify trends and form conclusions (See M05-S2C1-03).
SC05-S1C3-02. Analyze whether the data is consistent with the proposed explanation that motivated the investigation.
SC05-S1C3-03. Evaluate the reasonableness of the outcome of an investigation. .
SC05-S1C3-05. Identify possible relationships between variables in simple investigations (e.g., time and distance; incline and mass of object). Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Forces Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Forces Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Motion Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Motion
SC05-S1C4. Communication: Communicate results of investigations. SC05-S1C4-01. Communicate verbally or in writing the results of an inquiry. (See W05-S3C3-01).
SC05-S1C4-02. Choose an appropriate graphic representation for collected data: bar graph; line graph; Venn diagram model (See M05-S2C1-02).
SC05-S1C4-03. Communicate with other groups or individuals to compare the results of a common investigation.
AZ.SC05-S2.History and Nature of Science
History and Nature of Science
SC05-S2C1. History of Science as a Human Endeavor: Identify individual, cultural, and technological contributions to scientific knowledge. SC05-S2C1-01. Identify how diverse people and/or cultures, past and present, have made important contributions to scientific innovations (e.g., Percy Lavon Julian [scientist], supports Strand 4; Niels Bohr [scientist], supports Strand 5; Edwin Hubble [scientist], supports Strand 6).
SC05-S2C2. Nature of Scientific Knowledge: Understand how science is a process for generating knowledge. SC05-S2C2-01. Provide examples that support the premise that science is an ongoing process that changes in response to new information and discoveries (e.g., space exploration, medical advances).
SC05-S2C2-02. Explain the cycle by which new scientific knowledge generates new scientific inquiry.
SC05-S2C2-03. Describe how scientific knowledge is subject to modification and/or change as new information/technology challenges prevailing theories.
AZ.SC05-S3.Science in Personal and Social Perspectives
Science in Personal and Social Perspectives
SC05-S3C1. Changes in Environments: Describe the interactions between human populations, natural hazards, and the environment. SC05-S3C1-01. Explain the impacts of natural hazards on habitats (e.g., global warming, floods, asteroid or large meteor impacts). Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Climate Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Climate
SC05-S3C1-02. Propose a solution, resource, or product that addresses a specific human, animal, or habitat need.
SC05-S3C1-03. Evaluate the possible strengths and weaknesses of a proposed solution to a specific problem relevant to human, animal, or habitat needs.
SC05-S3C2. Science and Technology in Society: Develop viable solutions to a need or problem. SC05-S3C2-01. Describe the relationship between science and technology.
SC05-S3C2-02. Explain how scientific knowledge, skills, and technological capabilities are integral to a variety of careers.
SC05-S4C1. Structure and Function in Living Systems: Understand the relationships between structures and functions of organisms. SC05-S4C1-01. Identify the functions and parts of the skeletal system: protection - rib cage, cranium; support - vertebrae; movement - pelvis, femur, hip.
SC05-S4C1-02. Identify the following types of muscles: cardiac - heart; smooth - stomach; skeletal - biceps.
SC05-S4C1-03. Identify the functions and parts of the nervous system: control center - brain; relay mechanism - spinal cord; transport messages - nerves.
SC05-S4C1-04. Distinguish between voluntary and involuntary responses.
SC05-S5C1. Properties and Changes of Properties in Matter: Understand physical and chemical properties of matter. SC05-S5C1-01. Identify that matter is made of smaller units called: molecules (e.g., H2O, CO2); atoms (e.g., H, N, Na). Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Matter
SC05-S5C1-02. Distinguish between mixtures and compounds. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Matter
SC05-S5C1-03. Describe changes of matter: physical - cutting wood, ripping paper, freezing water; chemical - burning of wood, rusting of iron, milk turning sour. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Matter
SC05-S5C2. Motion and Forces: Understand the relationship between force and motion. SC05-S5C2-01. Describe the following forces: Gravity; friction. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Forces Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Forces
SC05-S5C2-02. Describe the various effects forces can have on an object (e.g., cause motion, halt motion, change direction of motion, cause deformation). Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Forces Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Forces Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Motion Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Motion
SC05-S5C2-03. Examine forces and motion through investigations using simple machines (e.g., wedge, plane, wheel and axle, pulley, lever).
SC05-S5C2-04. Demonstrate effects of variables on an object's motion (e.g., incline angle, friction, applied forces). Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Forces Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Forces Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Motion Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Motion
AZ.SC05-S6.Earth and Space Science
SC05-S6C2. Earth's Processes and Systems: Understand the processes acting on the Earth and their interaction with the Earth systems. SC05-S6C2-01. Describe how the Moon's appearance changes during a four-week lunar cycle.
SC05-S6C2-02. Describe how Earth's rotation results in day and night at any particular location.
SC05-S6C2-03. Distinguish between revolution and rotation.
SC05-S6C2-04. Describe the role of gravity as an attractive force between celestial objects.
SC05-S6C3. Earth in the Solar System: Understand the relationships of the Earth and other objects in the solar system. SC05-S6C3-01. Identify the known planets of the solar system.
SC05-S6C3-02. Describe the distinguishing characteristics of the known planets in the solar system.
SC05-S6C3-03. Describe various objects in the sky (e.g., asteroids, comets, stars, meteors/shooting stars).
SC05-S6C3-04. Describe the change in position and motion of the following objects in the sky over time: real motion - Moon, planets; apparent motion (due to the motion of the Earth) - Sun, Moon, stars.
SC05-S6C3-05. Explain the apparent motion of the Sun and stars.
SC05-S6C3-06. Describe efforts to explore space (e.g., Apollo missions, space shuttles, Hubble space telescope, space probes) (See Strand 2).