Social Studies, Grade 5


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Study Guide Exploration Social Studies, Grade 5

EXPLORATION Why Explore? Explorers came to the New World in the 1400's and 1500's for many different reasons: For adventure To find an all-water route to the Far East To claim lands for European countries To get wealth for their countries Some of these explorers were: Bartholemew Dias, the Portuguese explorer who sailed around the tip of Africa, then turned around before he reached Asia; Christopher Columbus, who sailed west across the Atlantic Ocean thinking that he could reach the Far East; Amerigo Vespucci, the navigator after whom America was named. Other Europeans to explore the New World were: Vasco da Gama, a Portuguese explorer who sailed around the tip of Africa, and then went all the way to India. Pedro Cabral, the explorer for Portugal who ended up in Brazil. Because of Cabral's discovery, the people of Brazil speak Portuguese rather than Spanish. Estevanico, the black African explorer who searched in Mexico and the southwest for the Seven Cities of Gold. Other men known for their exploration of the Americas were: Ponce de Leon, Balboa, Magellan, Cortez, Pizarro, DeSoto, Coronado, Verrazano, Cartier, Champlain, LaSalle, Hudson, Cabot, and Drake. © Copyright NewPath Learning. All Rights Reserved. Permission is granted for the purchaser to print copies for non-commercial educational purposes only. Visit us at www.NewPathLearning.com.