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U.S. Congress

Social Studies, Grade 4

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Study Guide U.S. Congress Social Studies, Grade 4

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U.S. CONGRESS What is the U.S. Congress? Congress is the legislative branch of government. It is made up of two houses: the Senate and the House of Representatives. The capitol building is where Congress meets in Washington, D.C. People in Congress usually belong to either the Republican or Democratic party. Senate: 100 members, 2 Senators elected from each of the 50 states House of Representatives: 435 members, elected from the states. The number of representatives that each state gets is figured out from the population of the state. The house is led by the Speaker of the House. What can Congress do? make new laws borrow money declare war set up courts ratify (approve) treaties that the President makes confirm Supreme Court Justices impeach federal officials (House of Representatives) amend the Constitution © Copyright NewPath Learning. All Rights Reserved. Permission is granted for the purchaser to print copies for non-commercial educational purposes only. Visit us at www.NewPathLearning.com.
Who can be a member of Congress? House of Representatives: at least 25 years old U.S. citizen for at least 7 years Live in the state where elected Senate: at least 30 years old U.S. citizen for at least 9 years Live in the state where elected Making Laws: A law starts out as a bill that is introduced by a member of Congress. Each bill is given to one or more committees. If the committees approve the bill, it will go to the full Senate or House. Both houses of Congress will look at the bill, debate it, vote on it and approve it or reject it. Once both houses have approved a bill, it is sent to the U.S. President. The president can sign it, do nothing with it, send it back for changes, or veto it. If the bill is signed, it then becomes law. Try This! Circle the jobs that members of Congress can do. Impeach Change the Constitution Cut the President’s salary Use government money to buy a new house Make laws Burn down homes of people who don’t pay taxes Propose a new bill Declare war Borrow money © Copyright NewPath Learning. All Rights Reserved. Permission is granted for the purchaser to print copies for non-commercial educational purposes only. Visit us at www.NewPathLearning.com.
Draw an X through people who could not serve as a U.S. Senator. 25 year old woman 35 year old man 35 year old citizen of Ghana 50 year old resident of France 40 year old resident of Texas 20 year old resident of Ohio 55 year old citizen of Italy Draw lines to connect the person or group with the branch of government. Senator Executive Branch President Speaker of the House Legislative Branch judge Representative Judicial Branch Congress © Copyright NewPath Learning. All Rights Reserved. Permission is granted for the purchaser to print copies for non-commercial educational purposes only. Visit us at www.NewPathLearning.com.
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