The Incas

Social Studies, Grade 7


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Study Guide The Incas Social Studies, Grade 7

EARLY AMERICAN CIVILIZATIONS INCAN What do you know about the Inca? The Incas were a civilization that lived in South America, the largest civilization to have existed in that region up to the time of their rule. The Incan people conquered much of South America using force and warfare, but treated those they conquered quite well. The Incan’s social structure was well defined, the classes divided by wealth and family. Incan tribes were independent from one another, but worked as a confederacy in that they all had a common purpose for the good of the Incan civilization. Incans were famous for their complex road systems which included aqueducts and canals to overcome natural landforms. They were also excellent engineers and built stunning forts and temples. The Incans, much like the Aztecs and the Mayans, were extremely religious and practiced various sacrifices to their gods. They were heavily influenced by the Sun God and much of their lives were devoted to pleasing this god. The Incans, like their counterparts, were conquered by Spanish conquistadores and the Incan Empire ended. Much of their customs and culture can be seen in South America today. © Copyright NewPath Learning. All Rights Reserved. Permission is granted for the purchaser to print copies for non-commercial educational purposes only. Visit us at