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Local Government

Social Studies, Grade 4

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Study Guide Local Government Social Studies, Grade 4

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LOCAL GOVERNMENT Local government is the county, city, town, or village government. Many people (called civil servants) work for local government. Government workers are elected by the people who live in the city, town, or county. For example, a person running for mayor of Cleveland would be voted into office by people who live in Cleveland. This list shows some of the more well-known local government titles: Mayor (leader of a city) Justice of the Peace Town Supervisor (leader of a town board) Town Board Member/ City Council Member County Commissioner (head of a county) Local governments do many important jobs. Here are some examples: make sure the roads are taken care of (built, fixed, plowed) make sure there are police officers have a court system take care of the trash protect cities and towns with fire and police departments take care of parks provide public transportation (buses, trains, subways) give out marriage licenses, birth certificates, parking permits, etc. All of these services cost money. The money to pay for these services comes from local taxes. Local government is much like federal government, with three branches. This table shows who the major leader or group is for each branch of government. Local Federal Mayor (executive branch) President (executive branch) City Council (legislative branch) Congress (legislative branch) City Court (judicial branch) Supreme Court (judicial branch) © Copyright NewPath Learning. All Rights Reserved. Permission is granted for the purchaser to print copies for non-commercial educational purposes only. Visit us at www.NewPathLearning.com.
Citizens can be involved in local government. A citizen can write letters or make phone calls to local leaders to tell them what they think about an issue. A citizen can run for office. All citizens need to obey the laws of their town or city. Try This! How is local government like the federal government? A] 5 branches of government B] both have presidents C] 3 branches of government D] both have city courts Cross out people who are not leaders in local government. Mayor President Congress Priest U.S. Senator City Court Judge U.S. Supreme Court Justice Vice President © Copyright NewPath Learning. All Rights Reserved. Permission is granted for the purchaser to print copies for non-commercial educational purposes only. Visit us at www.NewPathLearning.com.
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