Industrial Growth

Social Studies, Grade 8


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Study Guide Industrial Growth Social Studies, Grade 8

INDUSTRIAL GROWTH After the Civil War and Reconstruction, the United States began to see a rise in industry and the growth of businesses. Cities were getting larger and more people were working, but there was still a great gap between the rich and the poor in the United States. The railroad industry also saw some major developments during this time. The Transcontinental Railroad, the first railroad to span the United States from Atlantic to Pacific, opened up the opportunity for social and economical growth towards the West. The Railroad was not the only industry that was thriving at this time. Oil, steel, and banking industries grew from single companies that offered new uses of technologies and new services. The companies were becoming richer by the day, and the businessmen who controlled these companies were profiting as well. John D. Rockefeller, J. P. Morgan, and Andrew Carnegie were three of the most well-known industrialists of this time. Some of these men are still considered to be among the wealthiest people in history. While factory work became more prevalent, the working conditions grew worse. Labor unions were formed in order to fight against these poor conditions but it was not until devastating events took place that there was any real change. Leaders of the labor unions fought for many years to ensure the safety of factory workers. © Copyright NewPath Learning. All Rights Reserved. Permission is granted for the purchaser to print copies for non-commercial educational purposes only. Visit us at