EARLY SETTLEMENTS Where were the Early Settlements in America? St. Augustine, Florida In 1520, Spanish settlers came to what is now Florida. One was Ponce de Leon who searched for the Fountain of Youth. Soon Spanish settlers built a fort and drove out pirates and French settlers. In 1565, St. Augustine was the first permanent European settlement in North America. It still retains its Spanish culture today. Quebec In 1608, Samuel de Champlain built a permanent French settlement in Canada. Quebec still retains its French culture today. Jamestown, Virginia In 1607, English settlers came to the coast of Virginia. Their leader was John Smith. He was captured by Powhatan Indians but the chief’s daughter, Pocahontas, may have saved his life. Even though the Powhatan taught the settlers how to plant crops, most of the first settlers died. In 1609, more settlers came, but hunger and fire killed most of them. In 1612, they were successful growing a crop of tobacco. By 1619, the remaining settlers had set up a representative government, the House of Burgesses, for Virginia. Today, Jamestown has been restored as a National Historic Park. Plymouth, Massachusetts In 1620, Pilgrims arrived on the Mayflower. They made a plan of government called the Mayflower Compact, which said they would make their own laws. Governor William Bradford made peace with the Wampanoag tribe who helped the Pilgrims survive the first year. They shared the first Thanksgiving with the Wampanoag in 1621. © Copyright NewPath Learning. All Rights Reserved. Permission is granted for the purchaser to print copies for non-commercial educational purposes only. Visit us at www.NewPathLearning.com.
Williamsburg, Virginia In 1676, after Jamestown burned again, The House of Burgesses moved the general assembly to Middle Plantation. By 1699, they began building the capital of Colonial Virginia and named it after King William. It remained the capital until 1779. Today, Williamsburg is a fully restored Colonial Village, a living museum to visit. Thirteen Colonies By 1760, there were several settlements in the Thirteen Colonies. The original 13 colonies were Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New York, Rhode Island, Connecticut, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia. It began to seem crowded and some people started to move west. Kentucky In 1769, Daniel Boone explored the land west of the Appalachian Mountains, blazing a trail for others to follow. He found the Cumberland Gap in the Allegheny Wall and built the Wilderness Road which brought pioneers to the frontier. In 1775, a treaty was signed with the Cherokee and by 1792 Kentucky became the 15th State. Abraham Lincoln was born in Kentucky in 1809. Missouri In 1764, St. Louis was still part of the Louisiana Territory owned by France. Missionaries and fur traders settled there. In 1798, Daniel Boone explored the territory and was one of the first to discover the Cumberland Gap through the Allegheny Front. By 1803, France sold the Louisiana Territory to the US and St. Louis became the Gateway city to the new western lands. By 1812, the Missouri Territory was settled by pioneers traveling to the west. © Copyright NewPath Learning. All Rights Reserved. Permission is granted for the purchaser to print copies for non-commercial educational purposes only. Visit us at www.NewPathLearning.com.
The Oregon Trail This path west began as a settlers’ road about 1840. It started in Independence, Missouri, and passed through prairies, deserts, and mountains before reaching Oregon. By 1843, the Great Migration of farmers and Protestant missionaries had begun to settle in Oregon. California California was a Mexican territory where a few traders and trappers settled until 1848, when gold was discovered at Sutter’s Mill. In 1849, thousands of people went to California in what became knows as the Gold Rush. Many traveled by wagon train from St. Louis, Missouri. They did not all get rich but stayed to settle. By 1850, California became a state. Many communities began to grow wherever pioneers stopped. Try this! Find out how and when your community was first settled. © Copyright NewPath Learning. All Rights Reserved. Permission is granted for the purchaser to print copies for non-commercial educational purposes only. Visit us at www.NewPathLearning.com.