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Describe and measure matter

Science, Grade 1

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Study Guide Describe and measure matter Science, Grade 1

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DESCRIBE AND MEASURE MATTER What is Matter? Matter is all around you. Matter is anything that takes up space. Three States of Matter Matter can be solid, liquid, or gas. Solid A solid takes up space. A solid has its own shape. A solid’s shape will not change. Examples of solids: a brick a shoe a book Liquid A liquid also takes up space. A liquid can change its shape. A liquid takes the shape of whatever it is poured into…like a glass. Examples of liquids: rain a puddle chocolate milk © Copyright NewPath Learning. All Rights Reserved. Permission is granted for the purchaser to print copies for non-commercial educational purposes only. Visit us at www.NewPathLearning.com.
Gas A gas takes up space. A gas can change size and shape. A gas takes the size and shape of what is holding it. You can’t see most gases. Air is a gas. WATER - in ALL three states of matter: solid = ice cube liquid = glass of water gas = water vapor or steam Matter Can Change Matter can change. Liquid can change into a solid. Water (liquid) placed in a freezer will freeze (solid). Solids can change into a liquid. An ice cube (solid) can melt into a puddle of water (liquid). Heat can melt ice causing the ice to change from a solid into a liquid. © Copyright NewPath Learning. All Rights Reserved. Permission is granted for the purchaser to print copies for non-commercial educational purposes only. Visit us at www.NewPathLearning.com.
Liquid can change into a gas. Heat can cause water to change into a gas too if you boil water, the water (which is a liquid) will change into water vapor or what we call steam (which is a gas). The sun can cause water in a puddle to evaporate. Evaporate means to change from a liquid to a gas (water vapor). Properties of Matter All objects have properties. A property tells how an object looks and feels. There are different properties of matter: 1. Size Size tells how BIG or small an object is. Which object is BIGGER? The PENCIL is bigger than the paper clip. © Copyright NewPath Learning. All Rights Reserved. Permission is granted for the purchaser to print copies for non-commercial educational purposes only. Visit us at www.NewPathLearning.com.
2. Shape This ball has a round shape. 3. Color What color is this car? BLUE! You’re right! 4. Weight Weight tells how heavy or light an object is. Which object is heavier? The elephant weighs MORE than the book. 5. Texture Texture tells how an object feels. An object might feel smooth, bumpy, or rough. This piece of sandpaper would feel rough. © Copyright NewPath Learning. All Rights Reserved. Permission is granted for the purchaser to print copies for non-commercial educational purposes only. Visit us at www.NewPathLearning.com.
6. Buoyancy Buoyancy is the ability an object has to float in water. Some objects can float in water. Examples of objects that will float in water: feather wood stick pencil a leaf Other objects sink when placed in water. Examples of objects that will sink in water : a key a rock paper clip crayon © Copyright NewPath Learning. All Rights Reserved. Permission is granted for the purchaser to print copies for non-commercial educational purposes only. Visit us at www.NewPathLearning.com.
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