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#### Study Guide Tables Mathematics, Grade 6

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TABLES What are tables? Tables refer to the different types of diagram used to display data. There are many types of tables such as data table, frequency table, line chart and stem-and-leaf plot. A data table shows data based on different categories like year, hours spent, or age group. A data table can also be based on x and y values. A frequency table is used when recording how many times some category is used. For example, a frequency table would be used to record the different colors people picked as their favorite. Tally marks indicate how many times a color is picked. A line plot is used to record how many times a number is used. The number could refer to ages, weights or numbers. A stem-and-leaf plot is another way to record numbers, usually two digit numbers. With this type of plot, the stem is the tens place value and the leaves are the ones place value. How to use tables: When using different tables, it is important to know how to read the table. To read a table, the data used must be checked to make sure the table is accurate. If no data is given, look at the titles of the categories and use the information in the table to answer any questions. For example, look at the table shown: Age group 3-4 4-5 5-6 6-7 teeth lost 0 1 1 2 What age group lost the most teeth? The answer would be 6-7 year olds. © Copyright NewPath Learning. All Rights Reserved. Permission is granted for the purchaser to print copies for non-commercial educational purposes only. Visit us at www.NewPathLearning.com.
With a frequency table, the tally marks show how many times each item was chosen. A frequency table that records different animals would have the most tally marks by the most popular animal. A line plot shows how many times a number is used, whether the number refers to weights, ages or numbers. The following line plot shown the weights of bowling balls at a bowling alley. How heavy is the most common bowling ball? Another way to record data is with a stem-and-leaf plot. The stem-and-leaf plot shows data based on two place values. The following data, 15, 16, 18, 22, 25, 36, 32, 31 would be shown as follows with the key being 1|3 = 13: © Copyright NewPath Learning. All Rights Reserved. Permission is granted for the purchaser to print copies for non-commercial educational purposes only. Visit us at www.NewPathLearning.com.
Try this! 1. Make a table to show what x would be if y = 2x starting for x = 1-5. 2. Make a frequency table for the following data about the number of farm animals: Cows - 15 Pigs - 7 Horses - 5 Sheep - 20 3. Make a line chart for the data about the age children start school: 4 years old - 6 5 years old - 11 6 years old - 7 4. Make a stem-and-leaf plot for the data about number of hours worked at a factory: 35, 40, 42, 38, 25, 20, 33, 28, 41, 40 © Copyright NewPath Learning. All Rights Reserved. Permission is granted for the purchaser to print copies for non-commercial educational purposes only. Visit us at www.NewPathLearning.com.