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Distributive Property

Mathematics, Grade 6

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Study Guide Distributive Property Mathematics, Grade 6

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DISTRIBUTIVE PROPERTY What Is the Distributive Property? The distributive property offers a choice in multiplication of two ways to treat the addends in the equation. We are multiplying a sum by a factor which results in the same product as multiplying each addend by the factor and then adding the products. 4 x (5 + 6) = 4 x 11 = 44 4 x (5 + 6) = 20 + 24 = 44 When applying the distributive property, you can add the numbers inside the parentheses first and then multiply, for instance: 8 x (2 + 7) = 8 x 9 = 72 When applying the distributive property, you can multiply each of the numbers inside the parentheses by the same factor and then add the products, for instance: 8 x (2 + 7) = 16 +56 = 72 Whichever method you choose to apply the distributive property, the result (answer) will be the same. Distributing the multiplication factor over each addend or over the sum of the addends is your choice. Sometimes the two numbers to be added are easy to solve: 15 + 25 or 17 + 20. This is when it is more efficient to add first. When the factor belongs to a familiar set, multiply first. This would be true if the factor was 2, 3, 4, 5, 10, 20, 100, etc. © Copyright NewPath Learning. All Rights Reserved. Permission is granted for the purchaser to print copies for non-commercial educational purposes only. Visit us at www.NewPathLearning.com.
Examples: Here are a variety of examples in which the distributive law has been applied correctly: 7 x (6 + 7) = 42 +49 = 91 10 x (3+ 17) = 30 +170 = 200 8 x (6 + 5) = 8 x 11 = 88 12 x (2 + 7) = 12 x 9 = 108 Note: The distributive law can not be applied to subtraction or division. Try This! Apply the distributive property and solve: 6 x (13 + 18) = ____________________ Apply the distributive property and solve: 8 x (35 + 80) = ____________________ Apply the distributive property and solve: 15 x (3 + 68) = ____________________ Apply the distributive property and solve: 60 x (17 + 27) = ____________________ Apply the distributive property and solve: 16 x (60 +80) = ____________________ © Copyright NewPath Learning. All Rights Reserved. Permission is granted for the purchaser to print copies for non-commercial educational purposes only. Visit us at www.NewPathLearning.com.
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