READING – STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS What is Structural Analysis in Reading? In order to derive the meanings of words, it is helpful to analyze the structure of the words in English: • Is there a Latin or a Greek root word? • Is the word a base word that can stand alone? • Are there prefixes and suffixes added to the base word? • What are the meanings of the affixes added to the base word? • Is the word a shortened form of a longer word? Examples: • The word autograph came from the Greek root graph that means write. • The word video came from the Latin root vid that means see. • The prefix semi- in semifinal means half. • The suffix in the word childless, -less, means without. • Lunch is the shortened form of luncheon. Try This! 1] The word metropolis came from the Greek root poli that means _______. a] farm b] rural c] country d] city 2] The word abbreviate came from the Latin root brev that means _______. a] shirt b] shun c] short d] ship 3] Which word is the shortened form of examination? a] exit b] exam c] extinct d] exact © Copyright NewPath Learning. All Rights Reserved. Permission is granted for the purchaser to print copies for non-commercial educational purposes only. Visit us at www.NewPathLearning.com.