GERUNDS, INFINITIVES, PARTICIPLES What is a Gerund? A gerund is a verb that is used as a noun. A gerund is formed by adding -ing to the present form of a verb. Examples: The gerunds in the following sentences are in bold print. o Studying is mandatory before an important test. o My father enjoys cooking for our family. What is an Infinitive? An infinitive is a verb that is used as a noun, adjective, or adverb. The word to is known as the sign of the infinitive. Examples: The infinitives in the following sentences are in bold print. o To travel is a dream of Nana's. o After the game, we decided to celebrate. What is a Participle? A participle is a verb that is used as an adjective. The two types of participles are present participles and past participles. Examples: The participles in the following sentences are in bold print. o Singing, Molly ran toward the house. o Frightened, the firefighter hooked the hose up to the hydrant. Try This! 1] Pick out the gerund in this sentence. The popularity of skateboarding has increased among my friends. a] popularity b] skateboarding c] increased d] friends 2] Can you choose the infinitive in this sentence? Now that he has his license, my brother wants to drive everywhere. a] he b] license c] my brother d] to drive © Copyright NewPath Learning. All Rights Reserved. Permission is granted for the purchaser to print copies for non-commercial educational purposes only. Visit us at www.NewPathLearning.com.