FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE What Is Figurative Language? When authors use figurative language, they use similes, metaphors, hyperbole, onomatopoeia, personification, and idioms to make their writing more descriptive. Examples: Simile: a comparison of two items using the words like or as Jan's eyes are as blue as the Caribbean Sea. Metaphor: a comparison of two items without using the words like or as Michael is a clown. Hyperbole: the stretching of the truth, or exaggeration Richard is a growling bear when he is hungry. Onomatopoeia: when authors use words to imitate the noises that are described The hiss of the snake got my dog's attention. Personification: when authors give human qualities to inanimate objects and to animals The sun smiled down at us from the blue sky. Idiom: an expression that is not meant to be taken literally Please lend me a hand. Try This! 1] Tom's teeth are as white as the newly fallen snow. Both Tom's teeth and the snow are ________. a] decayed b] yellow c] white d] cold 2] Kate's bedroom is a pigsty. Both Kate's bedroom and a pigsty are ________. a] messy b] neat c] clean d] orderly © Copyright NewPath Learning. All Rights Reserved. Permission is granted for the purchaser to print copies for non-commercial educational purposes only. Visit us at www.NewPathLearning.com.