LONG OR SHORT VOWELS What is meant by long or short vowels? Long vowels are the vowels that say their own names. Listen for the vowel sounds in these examples. Long a is the vowel you hear in day, way, cake, gate Long e is the vowel you hear in be, bee, me, we, three Long i is the vowel sound you hear in I, tie, lie, my Long o is the sound you hear in so, toe, no, go, snow Long u is the sound you hear in blue, clue, Sue, you Short vowel sounds do not say their names. Listen for their sounds in these examples. Short a is the vowel you hear in ad, add, bad, dad. Short e is the vowel you hear in Ed, red, Ted, egg. Short i is the vowel sound you hear in it, is, in, tip. Short o is the vowel you hear in on, odd, Todd, Ron. Short u is the sound you hear in up, rug, run, under. Here’s a rule to help you know when to make a short vowel sound. A vowel is usually short if it comes at the beginning of a word or between two consonants and is the only vowel in the word or syllable. Examples: apple, sad, glad, rattle, exit, bed, bend, big, little, Tom, stop, bug, bundle A vowel is usually long if two vowels are in the word or syllable. The first vowel is long and the second is silent. Remember when two vowels go walking, the first one does the talking. Examples: take, read, die, stone, tube, people Sometimes the letter y or w acts as the second vowel in a word. So the first vowel is long. Examples: play, snow, grow BUT not all vowels follow the rules! Here are some words that don’t follow the rules. These words have short vowel sounds: bread, head, sweat, read (past tense), health These words have long vowel sounds: sang, rang, thank, bank These words have a silent first vowel and a long second vowel: field, height. © Copyright NewPath Learning. All Rights Reserved. Permission is granted for the purchaser to print copies for non-commercial educational purposes only. Visit us at www.NewPathLearning.com.
Try this! Answer the riddles. 1. I am a place to swim. I have a long a sound. a] pool b] pond c] lake 2. A frog and a bunny move like this short o word. a] hop b] hope c] hoop 3] I am a two syllable word for water. I have a short u. a] ocean b] river c] puddle © Copyright NewPath Learning. All Rights Reserved. Permission is granted for the purchaser to print copies for non-commercial educational purposes only. Visit us at www.NewPathLearning.com.