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Literary Devices

English Language Arts, Grade 5

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Study Guide Literary Devices English Language Arts, Grade 5

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LITERARY ELEMENTS/ POETIC DEVICES What is Onomatopoeia? Onomatopoeia is a word that sounds like the word it is describing. Writers and poets use onomatopoeia to help the reader know what they mean. It is a poetic device that imitates the sound of the meaning. Examples: Sizzle: The eggs sizzled on the stove. Knock-knock, as used in ‘knock-knock jokes’ Thump: We heard a thump on the porch. Buzz: The buzz of the bees in the garden is a sure sign of summer. Boom: The sonic boom shook the windows. What is Alliteration? Alliteration is the repetition of initial (beginning) consonant sounds. Examples: Bailey blew by a bubbly buzzing bee. (the letter B is the repeating consonant sound) David drove deep into the dreary dark dungeon. (the letter D is the repeating consonant sound) What is Rhyme? Two words that have a similar sound are said to rhyme. Examples: Chew and glue are two words that rhyme. Charming and alarming are two words that rhyme too. © Copyright NewPath Learning. All Rights Reserved. Permission is granted for the purchaser to print copies for non-commercial educational purposes only. Visit us at www.NewPathLearning.com.
What is Repetition? Repetition is the act or process of repeating. You can use repetition in your poetry by repeating words, phrases, or sounds. Example: The scent of the rose filled the room. She placed the rose carefully on the desk. She could not keep her eyes off the rose. She could not keep her eyes off the rose. She could not keep her eyes off the rose. The word rose and the phrase “she could not keep her eyes off the rose” were repeated several times in the poem to show emphasis and to mimic her focus on the rose. What is Personification? Personification is the act of giving an animal or object qualities of a person. Examples: The smiling sun shone down upon our yard. (The sun can not really smile; smiling is a human action.) The crying rain fell upon the ground. (The rain can not really cry; crying is a human action.) What is a Hyperbole? Hyperbole is an exaggerated comparison. Examples: Sam was so hungry that he said he could eat a horse. (Sam really wouldn’t be able to eat a horse; the exaggeration is used to show how hungry he feels.) Matt’s feet were as big as a house. (Matt’s feet really weren’t as big as a house; the exaggeration is used to emphasize the size of his feet.) © Copyright NewPath Learning. All Rights Reserved. Permission is granted for the purchaser to print copies for non-commercial educational purposes only. Visit us at www.NewPathLearning.com.
What is a Simile? A simile is a figure of speech in which two unlike things are compared, using the words like or as. Examples: The rain is like a sweet symphony. (the rain and a symphony are being compared) Similes are used to describe something. Authors use similes to make their writing more interesting. What is a Metaphor? A metaphor is a figure of speech that compares two different things without using the words like or as. Example: The baby is a feather. She only weighs 7 pounds. (baby and feather are being compared) Metaphors are also used to describe something. Authors use metaphors to make their writing more interesting too. © Copyright NewPath Learning. All Rights Reserved. Permission is granted for the purchaser to print copies for non-commercial educational purposes only. Visit us at www.NewPathLearning.com.
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