English Language Arts, Grade 4


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Study Guide Analogies English Language Arts, Grade 4

ANALOGIES What is an Analogy? An analogy is a statement that compares two things that have something in common. Sometimes the two things being compared are alike. Sometimes the two things being compared are different. Analogy Examples: Sun is to day as moon is to night. (the sun is out during the day and the moon is out during the night) Sock is to foot as hat is to head. (a sock goes on a foot while a hat goes on a head) Smile is to happy as frown is to sad. (you smile when you are happy and frown when you are sad) What is a Synonym? Synonyms are words that have almost the same meaning. Examples: Large and big are synonyms. Happy and glad are synonyms. Sometimes an analogy includes synonyms. Example: Scared is to frightened as confused is to puzzled. What is an Antonym? Antonyms are words that mean the opposite of each other. Examples: Wet and dry are antonyms. Kind and mean are antonyms. Sometimes an analogy includes antonyms. Example: Up is to down as high is to low. © Copyright NewPath Learning. All Rights Reserved. Permission is granted for the purchaser to print copies for non-commercial educational purposes only. Visit us at