The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) was established in 1958. Neil Armstrong was the first human to step on the Moon when the Apollo 11 landed on the Moon's surface in 1969.
2. Apollo Missions
The Apollo missions from 1969 through 1972 were a series of space flights that landed many Americans on the Moon. During these missions, the Moon's surface was studied using a Lunar Roving Vehicle. Hundreds of kilograms of rock and soil samples were collected for further study.
3. Current Moon Exploration
NASA anticipates sending humans back to the Moon in the near future. Current lunar research focuses on determining the feasibility of a permanent moon base to be used for further space exploration and research. The Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter, launched in 2009, is collecting highly detailed information about the lunar environment.