In the mid 1800s Gregor Mendel performed pea plant experiments to learn about heredity and traits. These experiments laid a foundation for our modern understanding of genetics.
2. Why Use the Pea Plant?
Mendel used the garden pea plant for breeding experiments because it had easy to recognize traits and reproduced quickly. The pea plant could also produce offspring using self-pollination or cross-pollination.
3. Two Forms of Pea Plant Characteristics
Mendel initially focused on the inheritance of single characteristics that only occurred in two different forms. For example, pea plants were either tall or short.