Mendel's Experiments

Biology - High School


Table Of Contents: Mendel's Experiments

1. True-Breeding Plants
For his experiments, Mendel used true-breeding plants, called purebreds. The offspring of purebreds always had the same trait as the parent.
2. P Generation Cross
Mendel tracked a characteristic over three generations. First he crossed two purebreds that had different forms of a characteristic. This is called the parental, or P generation.
3. F1 Offspring
All the first generation (F1) offspring looked the same, displaying only one of the parental forms.
4. F1 Generation Cross
The first generation (F1) plants were crossed and the offspring displayed both forms of the characteristic.
5. F2 Generation
Seventy-five percent (75%) of the F2 generation plants displayed the same form as the F1 parents, and 25% were the other form. These results were consistent when he repeated the crosses for each characteristic.
6. Mendel's Hypothesis
Mendel hypothesized that for each characteristic, plants inherit a unit of information from each parent. These units of information control the form of the characteristic in the offspring.
7. Modern Understanding of Mendel's Hypothesis
We now understand that these units of information are genes and they exist in pairs called alleles. The form of the characteristic is known as a trait.