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Flip Charts

What is Weather? Flip Chart Set

Science, Grade 3

 
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\|xiFDDIJy00666ozX Copyright © NewPath Learning. All rights reserved. www.newpathlearning.com 34-3307 Charts Charts What is Weather? What is Weather? Sturdy, Free-Standing Design, Perfect for Learning Centers! Reverse Side Features Questions, Labeling Exercises, Vocabulary Review & more!
Phone: 800-507-0966 Fax: 800-507-0967 www.newpathlearning.com NewPath Learning® products are developed by teachers using research-based principles and are classroom tested. The company’s product line consists of an array of proprietary curriculum review games, workbooks, posters and other print materials. All products are supplemented with web-based activities, assessments and content to provide an engaging means of educating students on key, curriculum-based topics correlated to applicable state and national education standards. Copyright © 2015 NewPath Learning. All Rights Reserved. Printed in the United States of America. Curriculum Mastery® and NewPath Learning® are registered trademarks of NewPath Learning LLC. Science Curriculum Mastery® Flip Charts provide comprehensive coverage of key standards-based curriculum in an illustrated format that is visually appealing, engaging and easy to use. Curriculum Mastery® Flip Charts can be used with the entire classroom, with small groups or by students working independently. Each Curriculum Mastery® Flip Chart Set features 10 double-sided laminated charts covering grade-level specific curriculum content on one side plus write-on/wipe-off charts on reverse side for student use or for small-group instruction. Built-in sturdy free-standing easel for easy display Spiral bound for ease of use Student Activity Guide Ideal for Learning centers In class instruction for interactive presentations and demonstrations Hands-on student use Stand alone reference for review of key science concepts Teaching resource to supplement any program HOW TO USE Classroom Use Each Curriculum Mastery® Flip Chart can be used to graphically introduce or review a topic of interest. Side 1 of each Flip Chart provides graphical representation of key concepts in a concise, grade appropriate reading level for instructing students. The reverse Side 2 of each Flip Chart allows teachers or students to summarize key concepts and assess their understanding. Note: Be sure to use an appropriate dry-erase marker and to test it on a small section of the chart prior to using it. The Activity Guide included provides a black-line master of each Flip Chart which students can use to fill in before, during, or after instruction. While the activities in the guide can be used in conjunction with the Flip Charts, they can also be used individually for review or as a form of assessment or in conjunction with any other related assignment. Learning Centers Each Flip Chart provides students with a quick illustrated view of science curriculum concepts. Students may use these Flip Charts in small group settings along with the corresponding activity pages contained in the guide to learn or review concepts already covered in class. Students may also use these charts as reference while playing the NewPath’s Curriculum Mastery® Games. Independent student use Students can use the hands-on Flip Charts to practice and learn independently by first studying Side 1 of the chart and then using Side 2 of the chart or the corresponding graphical activities contained in the Activity Guide. Reference/Teaching resource Curriculum Mastery® Charts are a great visual supplement to any curriculum or they can be used in conjunction with NewPath’s Curriculum Mastery® Games. Chart # 1: Chart # 2: Chart # 3: Chart # 4: Chart # 5: Chart # 6: Chart # 7: Chart # 8: Chart # 9: Chart #10: Our Atmosphere The Water Cycle What is Weather? Who studies weather? Types of Clouds Precipitation & Humidity Air Temperature & Pr essure Wind Speed & Direction Investigating Weather Vocabulary
Our Atmosphere Our Atmosphere The Earth is surrounded by a blanket of gases which makes up our atmosphere. © Copyright NewPath Learning. All Rights Reserved. 94-4354 Visit www.newpathlearning.com for Online Learning Resources. Oxygen and water vapor are two types of gases in the atmosphere. troposphere stratosphere mesosphere thermosphere There are 4 layers within our atmosphere; the Troposphere, Stratosphere, Mesosphere and Thermosphere. All weather occurs within the Troposphere.
Our Atmosphere © Copyright NewPath Learning. All Rights Reserved. 94-4354 Visit www.newpathlearning.com for Online Learning Resources. Pause & Review Use these terms to label the layers of Earth’s atmosphere: thermosphere, troposphere, mesosphere, stratosphere. troposphere stratosphere mesosphere thermosphere
The Water Cycle © Copyright NewPath Learning. All Rights Reserved. 94-4355 Visit www.newpathlearning.com for Online Learning Resources. Evaporation Condensation Precipitation Runoff Water constantly moves from the Earth’s surface into the air and back again. This process is called the water cycle. Sunlight provides the energy for water to move through the water cycle. Water changes form when it is heated or cooled. Water can exist as a solid (ice), liquid (rain), or a gas (water vapor). Condensation As water vapor rises into the air, it cools causing the vapor to turn into tiny water droplets and form clouds. This change is called condensation. Precipitation As these tiny water droplets in the clouds join together they grow too heavy and fall to Earth as rain, snow, sleet or hail. This process is called precipitation. snow rain rain sleet snow Heat from the Sun causes liquid water on the Earth’s surface to change to water vapor or gas. This is called evaporation.
© Copyright NewPath Learning. All Rights Reserved. 94-4355 Visit www.newpathlearning.com for Online Learning Resources. Pause & Review Label the water cycle. The Water Cycle Describe how clouds form. ________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ What is precipitation? _____________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________
What is Weather? What is Weather? What do you think of when you hear the word weather? Weather is what the air is like outside at any one place and time. © Copyright NewPath Learning. All Rights Reserved. 94-4356 Visit www.newpathlearning.com for Online Learning Resources. N S E W -40 -40 -30 -20 -10 0 10 20 30 40 50 -20 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 60 140 Weather is a combination of the types of clouds in the sky, air temperature, the amount of water in the air, and wind. temperature clouds rain wind It can be clear and sunny. It can be raining. It can be cloudy and windy. It can be cold and snowy.
What is Weather? © Copyright NewPath Learning. All Rights Reserved. 94-4356 Visit www.newpathlearning.com for Online Learning Resources. Pause & Review Describe the weather in each scene. What is Weather? © Copyright NewPath Learning. All Rights Reserved. 94-4559 Visit www.newpathlearning.com for Online Learning Resources. Pause & Review Describe the weather in each scene. _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ What is Weather? © Copyright NewPath Learning. All Rights Reserved. 94-4559 Visit www.newpathlearning.com for Online Learning Resources. Pause & Review Describe the weather in each scene. _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ What is Weather? © Copyright NewPath Learning. All Rights Reserved. 94-4559 Visit www.newpathlearning.com for Online Learning Resources. Pause & Review Describe the weather in each scene. _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ What is Weather? © Copyright NewPath Learning. All Rights Reserved. 94-4559 Visit www.newpathlearning.com for Online Learning Resources. Pause & Review Describe the weather in each scene. _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________
Who studies weather? Rain H H H H H H LL 5 DAY FORECAST MON TUES WED THUR FRI Meteorologists Scientists who study the weather are called meteorologists. Meteorologists use various tools to measure weather conditions and predict future weather. Symbols on weather maps show weather fronts, air pressure, precipitation, and more. Meteorologists predict and help prevent severe weather like hurricanes and tornadoes from hurting people and destroying property. Radar, computers and weather instruments are used to prepare weather forecasts. In the United States, most weather information comes from the National Weather Service. Some photographs courtesy of NOAA © Copyright NewPath Learning. All Rights Reserved. 94-4357 Visit www.newpathlearning.com for Online Learning Resources.
Who studies weather? © Copyright NewPath Learning. All Rights Reserved. 94-4357 Visit www.newpathlearning.com for Online Learning Resources. Pause & Review Meteorologists gather information to predict severe weather systems so they can warn people to prepare and take shelter. Draw lines to match the images to the definitions of severe weather. Thunderstorm - a small weather system with heavy rains, high winds and lightning Blizzard - a snowstorm with high winds and blowing snow, large amounts of snowfall Hurricane - an extremely large, tropical, rotating storm that has winds of at least 119 km/h Tornado - a funnel cloud (rotating column of air) that touches the ground
Types of Clouds Sky Condition Sky condition is observed using your eyes. The sky can be sunny, partly cloudy, or cloudy. Types of Clouds A cloud is a large collection of tiny water droplets and ice crystals floating in the air. The types of clouds in the sky can tell us the kind of weather we will have. Cirrus Clouds Cirrus clouds are thin and form high up in the atmosphere. They often tell us that the weather is about to change. Stratus Clouds Stratus clouds are smooth, gray clouds in layers that cover the entire sky. Sometimes they produce a light rain or snow. Cumulus Clouds Cumulus clouds are fluffy and look like pieces of floating cotton. They usually predict fair weather. Cumulonimbus Clouds A cumulonimbus cloud is a very large cumulus cloud that is responsible for thunderstorms and extreme weather. Some photographs courtesy of NOAA © Copyright NewPath Learning. All Rights Reserved. 94-4358 Visit www.newpathlearning.com for Online Learning Resources. partly cloudy sunny
Pause & Review Label each cloud type and describe it. Types of Clouds © Copyright NewPath Learning. All Rights Reserved. 94-4358 Visit www.newpathlearning.com for Online Learning Resources. ____________________________________ ____________________________________ ____________________________________ ____________________________________ ____________________________________ ____________________________________ ____________________________________ ____________________________________ ____________________________________ ____________________________________ ____________________________________ ____________________________________ ____________________________________ ____________________________________ ____________________________________ ____________________________________ ____________________________________ ____________________________________ ____________________________________ ____________________________________
Precipitation & Humidity freezing temperature sleet snow rain cold temperature -40 -40 -30 -20 -10 0 10 20 30 40 50 -20 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 60 70 80 90 100 140 160 180 200 Precipitation Water that falls to the ground from the clouds is precipitation. Precipitation can be in the form of rain, snow, sleet or hail, depending on the air temperature between the clouds and the ground. Humidity Humidity is the amount of water vapor in the air. The air feels dry when the humidity is low and damp when the humidity is high. A hygrometer is used to measure the amount of water vapor in the air. rain sleet snow hail A rain gauge is used to measure how much water has fallen. © Copyright NewPath Learning. All Rights Reserved. 94-4359 Visit www.newpathlearning.com for Online Learning Resources. 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 10 0 % Hygrometer 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 10 0 % Hygrometer damp air dry air high humidity low humidity
Precipitation & Humidity © Copyright NewPath Learning. All Rights Reserved. 94-4359 Visit www.newpathlearning.com for Online Learning Resources. Pause & Review Name 4 kinds of precipitation. What is the amount of rainfall? What is the humidity shown on these hygrometers? 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 10 0 % Hygrometer 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 10 0 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 10 0 % % Hygrometer Hygrometer ________________ cm ________________ % Is it dry or humid? ______________ ________________ % Is it dry or humid? ______________ ________________ cm
Air Temperature & Pr essure Air Temperature Air temperature is how hot or cold the air is. Temperature is measured in degrees Celsius (ºC) or degrees Fahrenheit (ºF), using a thermometer. Air Pressure The air in the atmosphere is pulled toward the Earth’s surface by gravity. The weight of the air pushing down on the Earth’s surface is the air (barometric) pressure. aneroid barometer atmospheric pressure vacuum 760 mm (29.92 in.) mercury barometer © Copyright NewPath Learning. All Rights Reserved. 94-4360 Visit www.newpathlearning.com for Online Learning Resources. -40 -40 -30 -20 -10 0 10 20 30 40 50 -20 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 60 140 -40 -40 -30 -20 -10 0 10 20 30 40 50 -20 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 60 140 RAIN FAIR 29 30 31 28 INS Hg 1000 1010 10 20 10 30 10 40 105 0 9 70 98 0 990 9 6 0 95 0 940 930 Mb s aneroid barometer A barometer is a tool used to measure air pressure. atmospheric pressure
Pause & Review Read the thermometers and record the air temperatures. What is the air pressure shown on this mercury barometer? _______________ ºC _______________ ºF Is it hot or cold? _________________ _______________ ºC _______________ ºF Is it hot or cold? _________________ ________________ mm Air Temperature & Pr essure © Copyright NewPath Learning. All Rights Reserved. 94-4360 Visit www.newpathlearning.com for Online Learning Resources. 760 mm 380 mm 570 mm 190 mm -40 -40 -30 -20 -10 0 10 20 30 40 50 -20 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 60 140 -40 -40 -30 -20 -10 0 10 20 30 40 50 -20 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 60 140
20 MPH N S E W low pressure Sun’ s r adiation North pole South pole Equator 30ºN 60ºN 60ºS 30ºS low pressure high pressure low pressure high pressure low pressure What causes wind? Air that moves from one area to another is called wind. Differences in air pressure and heat from the Sun cause winds. Wind Speed Wind speed is measured by an anemometer. Wind blows the small cups around and around, and the revolutions measure the speed in either kilometres per hour or miles per hour. Wind Direction A wind vane shows the wind direction from which the wind is blowing. Wind Speed & Direction © Copyright NewPath Learning. All Rights Reserved. 94-4361 Visit www.newpathlearning.com for Online Learning Resources. winds
Pause & Review Read each weather vanes and write the direction that the wind is blowing. Wind Speed & Direction © Copyright NewPath Learning. All Rights Reserved. 94-4361 Visit www.newpathlearning.com for Online Learning Resources. 20 MPH 5 MPH Read the anemometers and record the wind speed. _______________ mph _______________ mph
Hygrometer A hygrometer is used to measure the amount of water vapor in the air. Rain Gauge A rain gauge is used to measure how much water has fallen. © Copyright NewPath Learning. All Rights Reserved. 94-4362 Visit www.newpathlearning.com for Online Learning Resources. Investigating Weather In order to make predictions, meteorologists use instruments to record information about the weather. These are some of the instruments they use. Thermometer A thermometer is used to measure air temperature. Anemometer An anemometer measures wind speed in either kilometres per hour or miles per hour. Wind Vane A wind vane shows the direction in which the wind is blowing. Barometer A barometer is used to measure air pressure–the weight of the air pushing down on Earth’s surface. aneroid barometer mercury barometer RAIN FAIR 29 30 31 28 INS Hg 1000 1010 10 20 10 30 10 40 105 0 9 70 98 0 990 9 6 0 95 0 940 930 Mb s aneroid barometer 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 10 0 % Hygrometer N S E W 20 MPH mercury atmospheric pressure vacuum 760 mm (29.92 in.)
Investigating Weather © Copyright NewPath Learning. All Rights Reserved. 94-4362 Visit www.newpathlearning.com for Online Learning Resources. Pause & Review Study the weather instruments from this weather station and record the data. Then write a weather report. Weather Report - Use the data to describe the weather. ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ Dewpoint Temperatures (ºC) Dry-Bulb Temperature reading (ºC) -10 -8 -6 -4 -2 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 26 28 30 -10 -8 -6 -4 -2 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 26 28 30 -14 -12 -10 -7 -5 -3 -1 1 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 19 21 23 25 27 29 -22 -18 -14 -12 -8 -6 -3 -1 1 3 6 8 11 13 15 17 19 21 23 25 27 -29 -22 -17 -13 -9 -6 -4 -1 1 4 6 9 11 13 15 17 20 22 24 26 -29 -20 -15 -11 -7 -4 -2 1 4 6 9 11 14 16 18 20 22 24 -24 -17 -11 -7 -5 -2 1 4 7 9 12 14 16 18 21 23 -19 -13 -9 -5 -2 1 4 7 10 12 14 17 19 21 -21 -14 -9 -5 -2 1 4 7 10 12 15 17 19 -14 -9 -5 -1 2 4 8 10 13 16 18 -28 -16 -10 -6 -2 2 5 8 11 14 16 -17 -10 -5 -2 3 6 9 11 14 Di erence between Wet-Bulb and Dry-Bulb Temperature readings (ºC) 01 23 45 67 89 10 RAIN FA IR 29 30 31 28 INS Hg 1000 1010 10 20 10 30 10 40 105 0 9 70 98 0 99 0 9 6 0 95 0 940 930 Mb s MPH -40 -40 -30 -20 -10 0 10 20 30 40 50 -20 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 60 140 N S E W Dewpoint Temperatures (ºC) Dry-Bulb Temperature reading (ºC) -10 -8 -6 -4 -2 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 26 28 30 -10 -8 -6 -4 -2 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 26 28 30 -14 -12 -10 -7 -5 -3 -1 1 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 19 21 23 25 27 29 -22 -18 -14 -12 -8 -6 -3 -1 1 3 6 8 11 13 15 17 19 21 23 25 27 -29 -22 -17 -13 -9 -6 -4 -1 1 4 6 9 11 13 15 17 20 22 24 26 -29 -20 -15 -11 -7 -4 -2 1 4 6 9 11 14 16 18 20 22 24 -24 -17 -11 -7 -5 -2 1 4 7 9 12 14 16 18 21 23 -19 -13 -9 -5 -2 1 4 7 10 12 14 17 19 21 -21 -14 -9 -5 -2 1 4 7 10 12 15 17 19 -14 -9 -5 -1 2 4 8 10 13 16 18 -28 -16 -10 -6 -2 2 5 8 11 14 16 -17 -10 -5 -2 3 6 9 11 14 Di erence between Wet-Bulb and Dry-Bulb Temperature readings (ºC) 01 23 45 67 89 10 RAI N FA IR 29 30 31 28 INS Hg 1000 1010 10 20 10 30 10 40 105 0 9 70 98 0 99 0 9 6 0 95 0 940 930 Mb s N S E W MPH 10 MPH -40 -40 -30 -20 -10 0 10 20 30 40 50 -20 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 60 140 -40 -40 -30 -20 -10 0 10 20 30 40 50 -20 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 60 140 N S E W Record your measurements. temperature wind speed wind direction precipitation sky conditions
Key Vocabulary Terms © Copyright NewPath Learning. All Rights Reserved. 94-4363 Visit www.newpathlearning.com for Online Learning Resources. Air (barometric) pressure the weight of the air pushing down on the Earth’s surface Anemometer an instrument used to measure wind speed; also known as a wind meter Atmosphere a blanket of gases that surrounds and covers the Earth Barometer a tool used to measure air pressure Cirrus cloud a thin, wispy cloud high in the atmosphere; it usually predicts fair to pleasant weather Condensation a process that changes water vapor in the air into liquid water Cumulonimbus cloud a type of cumulus cloud which can be seen during thunderstorms and heavy precipitation Cumulus cloud a fluffy cloud that looks like a piece of floating cotton Evaporation a process that changes liquid water to water vapor 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 10 0 % Hygrometer a tool that measures the amount of water vapor in the air Humidity the amount of water vapor in the air Precipitation any form of water that falls from the clouds; includes rain, sleet and snow Rain gauge an instrument used to measure the amount of precipitation Stratus cloud a smooth, gray cloud in a layer that covers the entire sky; sometimes it produces light rain or snow
© Copyright NewPath Learning. All Rights Reserved. 94-4363 Visit www.newpathlearning.com for Online Learning Resources. Key Vocabulary Terms Define it! Use it in a sentence! Draw it! Provide examples! ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ Mapping a Term Term __________________________________________________________
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