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The Animal Kingdom

Life Science - Middle School

 
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Classification of the Animal Kingdom is broken down into nine groups or Phyla: 1) Annelida: segmented worms, 2) Nematoda: round worms, 3) Platyhelminthes: flat worms, 4) Arthropoda: insects, spiders, crabs and lobsters, barnacles, horseshoe crabs, centipedes, millipedes, 5) Porifera: sponges, 6) Echinodermata: starfish, sea urchins and sand dollars, 7) Cnidaria: jellyfish, coral and sea anemones, 8) Mollusca: snails and slugs, clams and oysters, octopi and squid, and 9) Chordata: mammals, birds, reptiles, fish, amphibians, sharks and rays. Each Phyla is, in turn, broken down into many Classes and each Class into Orders. Each Order is broken down into Families, then Genus and Species. The Animal Kingdom chart below shows the nine animal Phyla with special attention to the Phylum Chordata and its Subphylum Vertebrata - animals with backbones. (Subphyla are smaller groups below Phyla sorting out the complex Phyla.) Vertebrata includes animals with backbones. From the Phylum Chordata down, each level only shows the most well-known groups. To identify one living thing, you use its Genus name and its Species name. For instance, the gray wolf is Canis lupus. Canis is its Genus and lupus is its Species. Note that the Genus name is always capitalized, but the Species name is not. Follow the classification line for the wolf below: Phylum - Chordata, Subphylum - Vertebrata, Class - Mammal, Order - Carnivora, Family - Canidae, Genus - Canis, Species - Lupus. To help remember the classification order, people use a funny saying: King Phillip Came Over From Germany Saturday. Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus and Species. Animal Phyla Arthropoda Platyhelminthes (Flat Worms) Chordata Porifera (Sponges) Echinodermata (Starfish & Sea Urchins) Cnidaria (Coral & Jellyfish) Annelida (Segmented Worms) Nematoda (Round Worms) Mollusca (Snails, Clams & Octopi) Crustaceans Myriapoda Vertebrata Chelicerates Crabs Lobsters Shrimp Barnacles Insects Centipedes Millipedes Starfish Sand Dollars Horseshoe Crabs Spiders Scorpions Sea Urchins Jellyfish Anemones Coral Oysters Clams Snails Slugs Periwinkles Squid Octopi Reptiles Birds Mammals Bony Fish Cartilaginous Fish Lampreys Class Amphibians Hagfish Primates Edentata Carnivora Cetacea Artiodactyla Perissodactyla Lagomorph Rodentia Order (primates) (toothless mammals) (carnivores) (whales and dolphins) (even-toed hooved) (odd-toed hooved) (rabbits, hares, pikas) (rodents) Family Ursidae (bears) Procyonidae (raccoons) Canidae (dogs) Mustelidae (weasel family) Mephitidae (skunks) Otariidae & Phocidae (sea lions and seals) Felidae (cats) Species Canis lupus (gray wolf) Genus Vulpes (red, arctic & kit fox) Canis (wolf, coyote & dingo) The Animal Kingdom
94-4022 Classification of the Animalia Kingdom is broken down into nine groups or Phyla: 1) Annelida: segmented ________________, 2) Nematoda: round worms, 3) Platyhelminthes: flat worms, 4) Arthropoda: insects, spiders, crabs and lobsters, barnacles, horseshoe crabs, centipedes and millipedes, 5) Porifera: ______________________, 6) Echinodermata: starfish, sea urchins and sand dollars, 7) Cnidaria: jellyfish, coral and sea anemones, 8) Mollusca: snails and slugs, clams and oysters, ___________________________ and squid, and 9) Chordata: mammals, birds, reptiles, fish, amphibians, sharks and rays. Each Phyla is, in turn, broken down into many Classes and each Class into Orders. Each Order is broken down into Families, then Genus and Species. The Animal Kingdom chart below shows the nine animal Phyla with special attention to the Phylum Chordata and its Subphylum Vertebrata - animals with _____________________________. From the Phylum Chordata down, each level only shows the most well-known groups. To identify one living thing, you use its Genus name and its Species name. For instance, the gray wolf is Canis lupus. Canis is its Genus and lupus is its Species. Note that the Genus name is always capitalized, but the species name is not. Follow the classification line for the wolf below: Phylum - ________________________, Subphylum - _______________________, Class - _________________________, Order - _________________________, Family - ________________________, Genus - Canis, Species - Lupus. To help remember the classification order, people use a funny saying: King Phillip Came Over From Germany Saturday. Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus and Species. Animal Phyla Arthropoda Platyhelminthes (Flat Worms) Chordata Porifera (Sponges) Echinodermata (Starfish & Sea Urchins) Cnidaria (Coral & Jellyfish) Annelida (Segmented Worms) Nematoda (Round Worms) Mollusca (Snails, Clams & Octopi) Crustaceans Myriapoda Vertebrata Chelicerates Crabs Lobsters Shrimp Barnacles Insects Centipedes Millipedes Starfish Sand Dollars Horseshoe Crabs Spiders Scorpions Sea Urchins Jellyfish Anemones Coral Oysters Clams Snails Slugs Periwinkles Squid Octopi Reptiles Birds Mammals Bony Fish Cartilaginous Fish Lampreys Class Amphibians Hagfish Primates Edentata Carnivora Cetacea Artiodactyla Perissodactyla Lagomorph Rodentia Order (primates) (toothless mammals) (carnivores) (whales and dolphins) (even-toed hooved) (odd-toed hooved) (rabbits, hares, pikas) (rodents) Family Ursidae (bears) Procyonidae (raccoons) Canidae (dogs) Mustelidae (weasel family) Mephitidae (skunks) Otariidae & Phocidae (sea lions and seals) Felidae (cats) Species Canis lupus (gray wolf) Genus Vulpes (red, arctic & kit fox) Canis (wolf, coyote & dingo) The Animal Kingdom
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