Figurative Language

English Language Arts, Grade 7

Read this excerpt from Edgar Allan Poe’s poem “The Raven.” In it, you will find examples of alliteration (8), assonance (7), metaphor (1), and onomatopoeia (4). Write the examples of each on the lines provided. Alliteration (4) examples: ______________________________________ __________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________ Assonance (3) examples: ______________________________________ __________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________ Onomatopoeia (3) examples: ___________________________________ __________________________________________________________ Metaphor (1) example: _________________________________________ Once upon a midnight dreary, while I pondered, weak and weary, Over many a quaint and curious volume of forgotten lore While I nodded, nearly napping, suddenly there came a tapping, As of someone gently rapping, rapping at my chamber door. “’Tis some visitor,” I muttered, “tapping at my chamber door Only this and nothing more.” Ah, distinctly I remember it was in the bleak December; And each separate dying ember wrought* its ghost upon the floor. Eagerly I wished the morrow; vainly I had sought to borrow From my books surcease** of sorrow sorrow for the lost Lenore For the rare and radiant maiden whom the angels name Lenore Nameless here for evermore. And the silken, sad, uncertain rustling of each purple curtain Thrilled me filled me with fantastic terrors never felt before; So that now, to still the beating of my heart, I stood repeating “’Tis some visitor entreating entrance at my chamber door – Some late visitor entreating entrance at my chamber door; This it is and nothing more.” *wrought carefully worked **surcease to bring to an end; to discontinue etching by Édouard Manet 1875 Figurative Language Visit for Online Learning Resources. © Copyright NewPath Learning. All Rights Reserved. 92-4069
There are four kinds of sentences. The first word in any sentence must be capitalized. A sentence has a subject and a verb that matches the subject. Declarative sentences give information. They declare, or make statements. They are the most common type of sentences. I’ll turn 14 in three weeks. Imperative sentences are commands or polite requests. They always begin with a verb or with the word please. This is the one sentence type in which the subject does not appear. The subject you is understood but not stated. Don’t talk with your mouth full of food. Exclamatory sentences show excitement or shouting. They end with an exclamation mark. These sentences are the least-often used because too many exclamation marks reduce their effectiveness. I can’t wait to go to the concert! Interrogative sentences are questions. They always end with a question mark. They generally start with a question word such as who, what, when, where, why, which, or how. They can also begin with a helping verb. Who are you talking to? What time is the party this Sunday? When are we going on vacation? Where did Doug put the remote control? Why did he ask her that? Which pair of boots do you want to wear? How is Grandma feeling? Is that your missing sock? (Is is the helping verb for missing.) Did Sam already eat lunch? (Did is the helping verb for eat.) The great white shark is the largest predatory fish in the world. Please pick up the floor. This is my favorite ride! 1 + - - + 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 M2 M2 C 1 GHI PQRS Kinds of Sentences Visit for Online Learning Resources. © Copyright NewPath Learning. All Rights Reserved. 92-4070