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Curriculum Resources
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## NY.1.Analysis, Inquiry, and Design: Students will use mathematical analysis, scientific inquiry, and engineering design, as appropriate, to pose questions, seek answers, and develop solutions.

Analysis, Inquiry, and Design: Students will use mathematical analysis, scientific inquiry, and engineering design, as appropriate, to pose questions, seek answers, and develop solutions.
M1: MATHEMATICAL ANALYSIS: Abstraction and symbolic representation are used to communicate mathematically.
M1.1. Extend mathematical notation and symbolism to include variables and algebraic expressions in order to describe and compare quantities and express mathematical relationships.
M1.1a. Identify independent and dependent variables
Multimedia Lesson Energy: Forms and Changes

M1.1b. Identify relationships among variables including: direct, indirect, cyclic, constant; identify non-related material
Multimedia Lesson Energy: Forms and Changes

M1.1c. Apply mathematical equations to describe relationships among variables in the natural world
Multimedia Lesson Energy: Forms and Changes

M2: MATHEMATICAL ANALYSIS: Deductive and inductive reasoning are used to reach mathematical conclusions.
M2.1. Use inductive reasoning to construct, evaluate, and validate conjectures and arguments, recognizing that patterns and relationships can assist in explaining and extending mathematical phenomena.
M2.1b. Quantify patterns and trends
Multimedia Lesson Energy: Forms and Changes

M3: MATHEMATICAL ANALYSIS: Critical thinking skills are used in the solution of mathematical problems.
M3.1. Apply mathematical knowledge to solve real-world problems and problems that arise from the investigation of mathematical ideas, using representations such as pictures, charts, and tables.
M3.1a. Use appropriate scientific tools to solve problems about the natural world
Multimedia Lesson Atmosphere and Weather
Multimedia Lesson Cells
Multimedia Lesson Electricity and Magnetism
Virtual Lab Circuit Building
Presentations Discovering Cells
Presentations The Tropical Zone
Flip Charts Focus In!
Flip Charts O-W-L
Flip Charts Planning Pinwheel
Vocabulary Terms The nature of science
Vocabulary Terms The World of Life Science
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide The nature of science
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide The World of Life Science
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game The World of Life Science

S1: SCIENTIFIC INQUIRY: The central purpose of scientific inquiry is to develop explanations of natural phenomena in a continuing, creative process.
S1.2. Construct explanations independently for natural phenomena, especially by proposing preliminary visual models of phenomena.
S1.2b. Propose a model of a natural phenomenon
Multimedia Lesson Atoms and Chemical Bonding
Multimedia Lesson Meiosis
Interactive/Simulation Understanding a Punnett Square
Presentations Making a Pedigree
Flip Charts Focus In!
Flip Charts O-W-L
Flip Charts Planning Pinwheel
Vocabulary Terms The nature of science
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide The nature of science

S1.2c. Differentiate among observations, inferences, predictions, and explanations
Multimedia Lesson Atmosphere and Weather
Multimedia Lesson Cells
Multimedia Lesson Chemical Reactions
Multimedia Lesson Forces and Motion
Multimedia Lesson Sound
Multimedia Lesson Volcanoes
Virtual Lab Blood Typing
Virtual Lab Flame Test
Virtual Lab Forces and Motion
Virtual Lab Gas Laws
Virtual Lab Nerve Conduction
Virtual Lab Speed of Sound
Virtual Lab Volcano Simulator
Flip Charts Focus In!
Flip Charts O-W-L
Flip Charts Planning Pinwheel
Vocabulary Terms The nature of science
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide The nature of science

S2: SCIENTIFIC INQUIRY: Beyond the use of reasoning and consensus, scientific inquiry involves the testing of proposed explanations involving the use of conventional techniques and procedures and usually requiring considerable ingenuity.
S2.1. Use conventional techniques and those of their own design to make further observations and refine their explanations, guided by a need for more information.
S2.1a. Demonstrate appropriate safety techniques
Multimedia Lesson Electricity and Magnetism
Virtual Lab Circuit Building
Flip Charts Biological Safety
Flip Charts Chemical Exposure
Flip Charts Chemical Handling
Flip Charts Chemical Hazards
Flip Charts Chemical Spills
Flip Charts Eye Safety
Flip Charts Focus In!
Flip Charts O-W-L
Flip Charts Planning Pinwheel
Flip Charts Safety in the Lab
Vocabulary Terms The nature of science
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Introduction to physical science
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide The nature of science

S2.1b. Conduct an experiment designed by others
Virtual Lab Gas Laws
Virtual Lab Nerve Conduction

S2.1d. Use appropriate tools and conventional techniques to solve problems about the natural world, including: measuring; observing; describing; classifying; sequencing
Multimedia Lesson Atmosphere and Weather
Multimedia Lesson Cells
Multimedia Lesson Chemical Reactions
Multimedia Lesson Electricity and Magnetism
Multimedia Lesson Energy: Forms and Changes
Multimedia Lesson Forces and Motion
Multimedia Lesson Minerals
Multimedia Lesson Protists: Pond Microlife
Multimedia Lesson Rocks
Multimedia Lesson Six Kingdoms of Life
Multimedia Lesson Volcanoes
Interactive/Simulation Identifying Elements
Interactive/Simulation Sequence: Mohs Hardness Scale
Virtual Lab Blood Typing
Virtual Lab Circuit Building
Virtual Lab Forces and Motion
Virtual Lab Gas Laws
Virtual Lab Nerve Conduction
Virtual Lab Volcano Simulator
Presentations Measuring Matter
Presentations Organization of Cells
Presentations The Tropical Zone
Flip Charts Acids & Bases
Flip Charts Focus In!
Flip Charts O-W-L
Flip Charts Planning Pinwheel
Flip Charts Rocks
Flip Charts Rocks
Vocabulary Terms The nature of science
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide The nature of science

S2.2. Develop, present, and defend formal research proposals for testing their own explanations of common phenomena, including ways of obtaining needed observations and ways of conducting simple controlled experiments.
S2.2a. Include appropriate safety procedures
Multimedia Lesson Electricity and Magnetism
Virtual Lab Circuit Building
Flip Charts Biological Safety
Flip Charts Chemical Exposure
Flip Charts Chemical Handling
Flip Charts Chemical Hazards
Flip Charts Chemical Spills
Flip Charts Eye Safety
Flip Charts Focus In!
Flip Charts O-W-L
Flip Charts Planning Pinwheel
Flip Charts Safety in the Lab
Vocabulary Terms The nature of science
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Introduction to physical science
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide The nature of science

S2.2d. Identify independent variables (manipulated), dependent variables (responding), and constants in a simple controlled experiment
Flip Charts Focus In!
Flip Charts O-W-L
Flip Charts Planning Pinwheel
Vocabulary Terms The nature of science
Vocabulary Terms The World of Life Science
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide The nature of science
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide The World of Life Science
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game The World of Life Science

S2.3. Carry out their research proposals, recording observations and measurements (e.g., lab notes, audiotape, computer disk, videotape) to help assess the explanation.
S2.3a. Use appropriate safety procedures
Multimedia Lesson Electricity and Magnetism
Virtual Lab Circuit Building
Flip Charts Biological Safety
Flip Charts Chemical Exposure
Flip Charts Chemical Handling
Flip Charts Chemical Hazards
Flip Charts Chemical Spills
Flip Charts Eye Safety
Flip Charts Focus In!
Flip Charts O-W-L
Flip Charts Planning Pinwheel
Flip Charts Safety in the Lab
Vocabulary Terms The nature of science
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Introduction to physical science
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide The nature of science

S2.3b. Conduct a scientific investigation
Multimedia Lesson Atmosphere and Weather
Multimedia Lesson Cells
Multimedia Lesson Chemical Reactions
Multimedia Lesson Earth's Climate
Multimedia Lesson Earthquakes
Multimedia Lesson Electricity and Magnetism
Multimedia Lesson Forces and Motion
Multimedia Lesson Light and Optics
Multimedia Lesson Minerals
Multimedia Lesson Protists: Pond Microlife
Multimedia Lesson The Sun-Earth-Moon System
Multimedia Lesson Volcanoes
Virtual Lab Blood Typing
Virtual Lab Circuit Building
Virtual Lab Earth's Seasons
Virtual Lab Exploring Pulleys
Virtual Lab Flame Test
Virtual Lab Forces and Motion
Virtual Lab Gas Laws
Virtual Lab Mirrors and Lenses
Virtual Lab Nerve Conduction
Virtual Lab Volcano Simulator

S2.3c. Collect quantitative and qualitative data
Multimedia Lesson Atmosphere and Weather
Multimedia Lesson Chemical Reactions
Multimedia Lesson Forces and Motion
Multimedia Lesson Minerals
Multimedia Lesson Sound
Virtual Lab Blood Typing
Virtual Lab Exploring Pulleys
Virtual Lab Flame Test
Virtual Lab Forces and Motion
Virtual Lab Gas Laws
Virtual Lab Nerve Conduction
Virtual Lab Speed of Sound

S3: SCIENTIFIC INQUIRY: The observations made while testing proposed explanations, when analyzed using conventional and invented methods, provide new insights into phenomena.
S3.1. Design charts, tables, graphs, and other representations of observations in conventional and creative ways to help them address their research question or hypothesis.
S3.1a. Organize results, using appropriate graphs, diagrams, data tables, and other models to show relationships
Multimedia Lesson Cells
Multimedia Lesson Earth's Surface
Multimedia Lesson Earthquakes
Interactive/Simulation Animal Cell
Interactive/Simulation Plant Cell
Virtual Lab Gas Laws
Virtual Lab Topographic Maps
Presentations Making a Pedigree
Flip Charts Forces & Motion
Flip Charts Forces & Motion

S3.1b. Generate and use scales, create legends, and appropriately label axes
Virtual Lab Gas Laws
Flip Charts Forces & Motion
Flip Charts Forces & Motion

S3.2. Interpret the organized data to answer the research question or hypothesis and to gain insight into the problem.
S3.2a. Accurately describe the procedures used and the data gathered
Multimedia Lesson Atmosphere and Weather
Multimedia Lesson Chemical Reactions
Multimedia Lesson Forces and Motion
Multimedia Lesson Minerals
Multimedia Lesson Sound
Virtual Lab Blood Typing
Virtual Lab Exploring Pulleys
Virtual Lab Flame Test
Virtual Lab Forces and Motion
Virtual Lab Gas Laws
Virtual Lab Nerve Conduction
Virtual Lab Speed of Sound

S3.2c. Evaluate the original hypothesis in light of the data
Multimedia Lesson Sound
Virtual Lab Flame Test
Virtual Lab Gas Laws
Virtual Lab Speed of Sound
Flip Charts Focus In!
Flip Charts O-W-L
Flip Charts Planning Pinwheel
Vocabulary Terms The nature of science
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide The nature of science

S3.2f. Make predictions based on experimental data
Multimedia Lesson Volcanoes
Virtual Lab Volcano Simulator
Flip Charts Focus In!
Flip Charts O-W-L
Flip Charts Planning Pinwheel
Vocabulary Terms The nature of science
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide The nature of science

S3.2h. Use and interpret graphs and data tables
Virtual Lab Gas Laws
Flip Charts Forces & Motion
Flip Charts Forces & Motion

S3.3. Modify their personal understanding of phenomena based on evaluation of their hypothesis.
Multimedia Lesson Sound
Virtual Lab Flame Test
Virtual Lab Gas Laws
Virtual Lab Speed of Sound
Flip Charts Focus In!
Flip Charts O-W-L
Flip Charts Planning Pinwheel
Vocabulary Terms The nature of science
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide The nature of science

## NY.2.Information Systems: Students will access, generate, process, and transfer information, using appropriate technologies.

Information Systems: Students will access, generate, process, and transfer information, using appropriate technologies.
2.3. Information technology can have positive and negative impacts on society, depending upon how it is used.
2.3.2. Describe applications of information technology in mathematics, science, and other technologies that address needs and solve problems in the community.
Vocabulary Terms Technology in our world
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Technology in our world
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Technology in our world

2.3.3. Explain the impact of the use and abuse of electronically generated information on individuals and families.
Vocabulary Terms Technology in our world
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Technology in our world
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Technology in our world

## NY.6.Interconnectedness: Common Themes: Students will understand the relationships and common themes that connect mathematics, science, and technology and apply the themes to these and other areas of learning.

Interconnectedness: Common Themes: Students will understand the relationships and common themes that connect mathematics, science, and technology and apply the themes to these and other areas of learning.
6.1: Through systems thinking, people can recognize the commonalities that exist among all systems and how parts of a system interrelate and combine to perform specific functions.
6.1.2. Describe the differences and similarities among engineering systems, natural systems, and social systems.
Multimedia Lesson Food Chains and Food Webs
Presentations Endocrine System
Presentations Energy Flow
Presentations Food Chains
Presentations Food Web Balance
Presentations Food Webs
Presentations Muscular System
Presentations Nervous System
Presentations Owl Food Web
Presentations Process of Digestion
Presentations Skeletal System
Presentations The Immune Response

6.1.3. Describe the differences between open- and closed-loop systems.
Multimedia Lesson Food Chains and Food Webs
Virtual Lab Nerve Conduction
Presentations Endocrine System
Presentations Energy Flow
Presentations Food Chains
Presentations Food Web Balance
Presentations Food Webs
Presentations Muscular System
Presentations Nervous System
Presentations Owl Food Web
Presentations Process of Digestion
Presentations Skeletal System
Presentations The Immune Response
Flip Charts The Senses
Vocabulary Terms The nervous system
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide The nervous system
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game The nervous system

6.1.4. Describe how the output from one part of a system (which can include material, energy, or information) can become the input to other parts.
Multimedia Lesson Food Chains and Food Webs
Presentations Endocrine System
Presentations Energy Flow
Presentations Food Chains
Presentations Food Web Balance
Presentations Food Webs
Presentations Muscular System
Presentations Nervous System
Presentations Owl Food Web
Presentations Process of Digestion
Presentations Skeletal System
Presentations The Immune Response

6.2: Models are simplified representations of objects, structures, or systems used in analysis, explanation, interpretation, or design.
6.2.1. Select an appropriate model to begin the search for answers or solutions to a question or problem.
Multimedia Lesson Atoms and Chemical Bonding
Multimedia Lesson Meiosis
Interactive/Simulation Understanding a Punnett Square
Presentations Making a Pedigree
Flip Charts Focus In!
Flip Charts O-W-L
Flip Charts Planning Pinwheel
Vocabulary Terms The nature of science
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide The nature of science

6.2.2. Use models to study processes that cannot be studied directly (e.g., when the real process is too slow, too fast, or too dangerous for direct observation).
Multimedia Lesson Atoms and Chemical Bonding
Multimedia Lesson Meiosis
Interactive/Simulation Understanding a Punnett Square
Presentations Making a Pedigree
Flip Charts Focus In!
Flip Charts O-W-L
Flip Charts Planning Pinwheel
Vocabulary Terms The nature of science
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide The nature of science

6.2.3. Demonstrate the effectiveness of different models to represent the same thing and the same model to represent different things.
Multimedia Lesson Atoms and Chemical Bonding
Multimedia Lesson Meiosis
Interactive/Simulation Understanding a Punnett Square
Presentations Making a Pedigree
Flip Charts Focus In!
Flip Charts O-W-L
Flip Charts Planning Pinwheel
Vocabulary Terms The nature of science
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide The nature of science

6.4: Equilibrium is a state of stability due either to a lack of change (static equilibrium) or a balance between opposing forces (dynamic equilibrium).
6.4.1. Describe how feedback mechanisms are used in both designed and natural systems to keep changes within desired limits.
Presentations Body Organization
Flip Charts Crossing-over
Flip Charts DNA Replication
Flip Charts Joints
Flip Charts Lung Disease
Flip Charts Meiosis I
Flip Charts Meiosis II
Flip Charts Meiosis Overview
Vocabulary Terms Bones, muscles, and skin
Vocabulary Terms Respiration and excretion
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Bones, muscles, and skin
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Bones, muscles, and skin
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Respiration and excretion
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Respiration and excretion

6.4.2. Describe changes within equilibrium cycles in terms of frequency or cycle length and determine the highest and lowest values and when they occur.
Presentations Body Organization
Flip Charts Crossing-over
Flip Charts DNA Replication
Flip Charts Joints
Flip Charts Lung Disease
Flip Charts Meiosis I
Flip Charts Meiosis II
Flip Charts Meiosis Overview
Vocabulary Terms Bones, muscles, and skin
Vocabulary Terms Respiration and excretion
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Bones, muscles, and skin
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Bones, muscles, and skin
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Respiration and excretion
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Respiration and excretion

6.5: Identifying patterns of change is necessary for making predictions about future behavior and conditions.
6.5.1. Use simple linear equations to represent how a parameter changes with time.
Multimedia Lesson Energy: Forms and Changes
Multimedia Lesson Forces and Motion
Virtual Lab Forces and Motion
Presentations Motion
Flip Charts Acceleration
Flip Charts Force
Flip Charts Forces & Motion
Flip Charts Forces & Motion
Flip Charts Friction
Flip Charts Gravity
Flip Charts Momentum
Vocabulary Terms Motion
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Motion
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Motion

6.5.2. Observe patterns of change in trends or cycles and make predictions on what might happen in the future.
Multimedia Lesson Atoms and Chemical Bonding
Multimedia Lesson Cells
Multimedia Lesson Chromosomes, Genes and DNA
Multimedia Lesson Volcanoes
Interactive/Simulation Understanding a Punnett Square
Virtual Lab Volcano Simulator
Presentations Making a Pedigree
Presentations Organization of Cells
Flip Charts Focus In!
Flip Charts O-W-L
Flip Charts Planning Pinwheel
Flip Charts Rocks
Flip Charts Rocks
Flip Charts Volcanoes
Vocabulary Terms The nature of science
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide The nature of science

6.6: In order to arrive at the best solution that meets criteria within constraints, it is often necessary to make trade-offs.
6.6.2. Use graphs of information for a decision-making problem to determine the optimum solution.
Virtual Lab Gas Laws
Flip Charts Forces & Motion
Flip Charts Forces & Motion

## NY.7.Interdisciplinary Problem Solving: Students will apply the knowledge and thinking skills of mathematics, science, and technology to address real-life problems and make informed decisions.

Interdisciplinary Problem Solving: Students will apply the knowledge and thinking skills of mathematics, science, and technology to address real-life problems and make informed decisions.
7.1: The knowledge and skills of mathematics, science, and technology are used together to make informed decisions and solve problems, especially those relating to issues of science/technology/society, consumer decision making, design, and inquiry into phenomena.
7.1.3. Design solutions to real-world problems of general social interest related to home, school, or community using scientific experimentation to inform the solution and applying mathematical concepts and reasoning to assist in developing a solution.
Multimedia Lesson Atoms and Chemical Bonding
Multimedia Lesson Cells
Multimedia Lesson Chemical Reactions
Multimedia Lesson Chromosomes, Genes and DNA
Multimedia Lesson Earth's Climate
Multimedia Lesson Earth's Surface
Multimedia Lesson Earthquakes
Multimedia Lesson Electricity and Magnetism
Multimedia Lesson Energy: Forms and Changes
Multimedia Lesson Food Chains and Food Webs
Multimedia Lesson Forces and Motion
Multimedia Lesson Light and Optics
Multimedia Lesson Meiosis
Multimedia Lesson Minerals
Multimedia Lesson Mitosis
Multimedia Lesson Our Solar System
Multimedia Lesson Plate Tectonics
Multimedia Lesson Protists: Pond Microlife
Multimedia Lesson Rocks
Multimedia Lesson Six Kingdoms of Life
Multimedia Lesson Sound
Multimedia Lesson The Sun-Earth-Moon System
Multimedia Lesson Volcanoes
Interactive/Simulation Acceleration and Momentum
Interactive/Simulation Amoeba
Interactive/Simulation Animal Cell
Interactive/Simulation Biomes
Interactive/Simulation Body Organization
Interactive/Simulation Cardiovascular System
Interactive/Simulation Chemical and Physical Changes
Interactive/Simulation Chemical Bonding
Interactive/Simulation Chromosome and DNA Structure
Interactive/Simulation Circuit
Interactive/Simulation Continent Movement Over Time
Interactive/Simulation Deciphering the DNA Code
Interactive/Simulation Digestive System
Interactive/Simulation Earth's Interior
Interactive/Simulation Earthquake and Seismogram
Interactive/Simulation Electrochemical Cell
Interactive/Simulation Electromagnetic Spectrum
Interactive/Simulation Electron Configuration
Interactive/Simulation Euglena
Interactive/Simulation Excretory System
Interactive/Simulation Food Webs
Interactive/Simulation Forces - Friction
Interactive/Simulation Forces of Erosion and Deposition
Interactive/Simulation Forms of Energy
Interactive/Simulation From DNA to Protein
Interactive/Simulation Identifying Elements
Interactive/Simulation Interactions of Light
Interactive/Simulation Kingdom Identification
Interactive/Simulation Meiosis I Phases
Interactive/Simulation Metals, Nonmetals and Metalloids
Interactive/Simulation Mineral Uses
Interactive/Simulation Moon Phases
Interactive/Simulation Nervous System
Interactive/Simulation Plant Cell
Interactive/Simulation Reflection and Lenses
Interactive/Simulation Reflection and Mirrors
Interactive/Simulation Respiratory System
Interactive/Simulation Rock Uses
Interactive/Simulation Sequence: Mohs Hardness Scale
Interactive/Simulation Simple Machines
Interactive/Simulation Soil Profile
Interactive/Simulation Sound Waves
Interactive/Simulation States of Matter
Interactive/Simulation Structure of a Volcano
Interactive/Simulation The Endocrine System
Interactive/Simulation The Immune System
Interactive/Simulation The Male Reproductive System
Interactive/Simulation The Skeletal System
Interactive/Simulation The Skin
Interactive/Simulation The Solar System
Interactive/Simulation The Sun
Interactive/Simulation Tones and Overtones
Interactive/Simulation Transmission of Light
Interactive/Simulation Types of Muscles
Interactive/Simulation Types of Reactions
Interactive/Simulation Understanding a Punnett Square
Interactive/Simulation Wave Interactions
Virtual Lab Blood Typing
Virtual Lab Exploring Pulleys
Virtual Lab Gas Laws
Presentations Food Web Balance

7.2: Solving interdisciplinary problems involves a variety of skills and strategies, including effective work habits; gathering and processing information; generating and analyzing ideas; realizing ideas; making connections among the common themes of mathematics, science, and technology; and presenting results.
7.2.1. Students participate in an extended, culminating mathematics, science, and technology project. The project would require students to:
7.2.1c. Generating and Analyzing Ideas: Developing ideas for proposed solutions, investigating ideas, collecting data, and showing relationships and patterns in the data.
Multimedia Lesson Atmosphere and Weather
Multimedia Lesson Atoms and Chemical Bonding
Multimedia Lesson Cells
Multimedia Lesson Chemical Reactions
Multimedia Lesson Chromosomes, Genes and DNA
Multimedia Lesson Earth's Climate
Multimedia Lesson Earth's Surface
Multimedia Lesson Earthquakes
Multimedia Lesson Electricity and Magnetism
Multimedia Lesson Energy: Forms and Changes
Multimedia Lesson Food Chains and Food Webs
Multimedia Lesson Forces and Motion
Multimedia Lesson Light and Optics
Multimedia Lesson Meiosis
Multimedia Lesson Minerals
Multimedia Lesson Mitosis
Multimedia Lesson Our Solar System
Multimedia Lesson Plate Tectonics
Multimedia Lesson Protists: Pond Microlife
Multimedia Lesson Rocks
Multimedia Lesson Six Kingdoms of Life
Multimedia Lesson Sound
Multimedia Lesson The Sun-Earth-Moon System
Multimedia Lesson Volcanoes
Interactive/Simulation Acceleration and Momentum
Interactive/Simulation Amoeba
Interactive/Simulation Animal Cell
Interactive/Simulation Biomes
Interactive/Simulation Body Organization
Interactive/Simulation Cardiovascular System
Interactive/Simulation Chemical and Physical Changes
Interactive/Simulation Chemical Bonding
Interactive/Simulation Chromosome and DNA Structure
Interactive/Simulation Circuit
Interactive/Simulation Continent Movement Over Time
Interactive/Simulation Deciphering the DNA Code
Interactive/Simulation Digestive System
Interactive/Simulation Earth's Interior
Interactive/Simulation Earthquake and Seismogram
Interactive/Simulation Electrochemical Cell
Interactive/Simulation Electromagnetic Spectrum
Interactive/Simulation Electron Configuration
Interactive/Simulation Euglena
Interactive/Simulation Excretory System
Interactive/Simulation Food Webs
Interactive/Simulation Forces - Friction
Interactive/Simulation Forces of Erosion and Deposition
Interactive/Simulation Forms of Energy
Interactive/Simulation From DNA to Protein
Interactive/Simulation Identifying Elements
Interactive/Simulation Interactions of Light
Interactive/Simulation Kingdom Identification
Interactive/Simulation Meiosis I Phases
Interactive/Simulation Metals, Nonmetals and Metalloids
Interactive/Simulation Mineral Uses
Interactive/Simulation Moon Phases
Interactive/Simulation Nervous System
Interactive/Simulation Plant Cell
Interactive/Simulation Reflection and Lenses
Interactive/Simulation Reflection and Mirrors
Interactive/Simulation Respiratory System
Interactive/Simulation Rock Uses
Interactive/Simulation Sequence: Mohs Hardness Scale
Interactive/Simulation Simple Machines
Interactive/Simulation Soil Profile
Interactive/Simulation Sound Waves
Interactive/Simulation States of Matter
Interactive/Simulation Structure of a Volcano
Interactive/Simulation The Endocrine System
Interactive/Simulation The Immune System
Interactive/Simulation The Male Reproductive System
Interactive/Simulation The Skeletal System
Interactive/Simulation The Skin
Interactive/Simulation The Solar System
Interactive/Simulation The Sun
Interactive/Simulation Tones and Overtones
Interactive/Simulation Transmission of Light
Interactive/Simulation Types of Muscles
Interactive/Simulation Types of Reactions
Interactive/Simulation Understanding a Punnett Square
Interactive/Simulation Wave Interactions
Virtual Lab Blood Typing
Virtual Lab Circuit Building
Virtual Lab Earth's Seasons
Virtual Lab Exploring Pulleys
Virtual Lab Flame Test
Virtual Lab Forces and Motion
Virtual Lab Gas Laws
Virtual Lab Mirrors and Lenses
Virtual Lab Nerve Conduction
Virtual Lab Speed of Sound
Virtual Lab Topographic Maps
Virtual Lab Volcano Simulator
Presentations Food Web Balance
Flip Charts Focus In!
Flip Charts O-W-L
Flip Charts Planning Pinwheel
Vocabulary Terms The nature of science
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide The nature of science

7.2.1d. Common Themes: Observing examples of common unifying themes, applying them to the problem, and using them to better understand the dimensions of the problem.
Multimedia Lesson Atmosphere and Weather

## NY.CC.6-8.RST.Reading Standards for Literacy in Science and Technical Subjects

Reading Standards for Literacy in Science and Technical Subjects
Craft and Structure
6-8.RST.4. Determine the meaning of symbols, key terms, and other domain-specific words and phrases as they are used in a specific scientific or technical context relevant to grades 6-8 texts and topics.
Multimedia Lesson Atmosphere and Weather
Multimedia Lesson Atoms and Chemical Bonding
Multimedia Lesson Cells
Multimedia Lesson Chemical Reactions
Multimedia Lesson Chromosomes, Genes and DNA
Multimedia Lesson Earth's Climate
Multimedia Lesson Earth's Surface
Multimedia Lesson Earthquakes
Multimedia Lesson Electricity and Magnetism
Multimedia Lesson Energy: Forms and Changes
Multimedia Lesson Food Chains and Food Webs
Multimedia Lesson Forces and Motion
Multimedia Lesson Light and Optics
Multimedia Lesson Meiosis
Multimedia Lesson Minerals
Multimedia Lesson Mitosis
Multimedia Lesson Our Solar System
Multimedia Lesson Plate Tectonics
Multimedia Lesson Protists: Pond Microlife
Multimedia Lesson Rocks
Multimedia Lesson Six Kingdoms of Life
Multimedia Lesson Sound
Multimedia Lesson The Sun-Earth-Moon System
Multimedia Lesson Volcanoes
Multimedia Lesson What are Ecosystems?
Interactive/Simulation Amoeba
Interactive/Simulation Animal Cell
Interactive/Simulation Biomes
Interactive/Simulation Cardiovascular System
Interactive/Simulation Chromosome and DNA Structure
Interactive/Simulation Circuit
Interactive/Simulation Digestive System
Interactive/Simulation Earth's Interior
Interactive/Simulation Earthquake and Seismogram
Interactive/Simulation Electrochemical Cell
Interactive/Simulation Electromagnetic Spectrum
Interactive/Simulation Euglena
Interactive/Simulation Excretory System
Interactive/Simulation From DNA to Protein
Interactive/Simulation Living or Nonliving?
Interactive/Simulation Living Organisms Sorting
Interactive/Simulation Matching Parts of the Ecosystem
Interactive/Simulation Nervous System
Interactive/Simulation Plant Cell
Interactive/Simulation Potential or Kinetic Energy?
Interactive/Simulation Reflection and Lenses
Interactive/Simulation Reflection and Mirrors
Interactive/Simulation Renewable and Nonrenewable Energy
Interactive/Simulation Respiratory System
Interactive/Simulation Rock Uses
Interactive/Simulation Simple Machines
Interactive/Simulation Soil Profile
Interactive/Simulation Sound Waves
Interactive/Simulation Sources of Energy
Interactive/Simulation States of Matter
Interactive/Simulation Structure of a Volcano
Interactive/Simulation The Endocrine System
Interactive/Simulation The Immune System
Interactive/Simulation The Male Reproductive System
Interactive/Simulation The Skeletal System
Interactive/Simulation The Skin
Interactive/Simulation The Solar System
Interactive/Simulation The Sun
Interactive/Simulation Tones and Overtones
Interactive/Simulation Transmission of Light
Interactive/Simulation Types of Muscles
Interactive/Simulation Wave Interactions
Virtual Lab Procedure
Presentations Balancing Equations
Presentations Chemical Reactions
Presentations Energy Flow
Presentations Energy Pyramid
Presentations Explore
Presentations Food Chains
Presentations Heart Health
Presentations What are Ecosystems?
Presentations What are Ecosystems?
Flip Charts Changes of Matter
Flip Charts Chemical Bonding
Flip Charts Chemical Reactions
Flip Charts Chemical Reactions
Flip Charts Chemical Reactions
Flip Charts Covalent Bonding
Flip Charts Covalent Compounds
Flip Charts Energy Flow
Flip Charts Energy Pyramid
Flip Charts Food and Nutrients
Flip Charts Food Chains
Flip Charts Food Web Balance
Flip Charts Food Webs
Flip Charts Ionic Bonding
Flip Charts Ionic Compounds
Flip Charts Metallic Bonding
Flip Charts Naming Compounds
Flip Charts Owl Food Web
Flip Charts Owl Pellets
Flip Charts The Animal Kingdom
Flip Charts The Animal Kingdom
Flip Charts Types of Consumers
Flip Charts Types of Nutrients
Vocabulary Terms Chemical bonding
Vocabulary Terms Chemical reactions
Vocabulary Terms Energy and ecosystems
Vocabulary Terms What are Ecosystems?
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game All About Energy
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Chemical reactions
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Ecosystems, food chains and food webs
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Ecosystems, food chains and food webs
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Chemical bonding
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Chemical reactions
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Ecosystems, food chains and food webs
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Energy and ecosystems
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Interactions among living things
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide The Digestive and nutrition
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game The Digestive and nutrition
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game What are Ecosystems?

Integration of Knowledge and Ideas
6-8.RST.7. Integrate quantitative or technical information expressed in words in a text with a version of that information expressed visually (e.g., in a flowchart, diagram, model, graph, or table).
Multimedia Lesson Cells
Multimedia Lesson Earth's Surface
Multimedia Lesson Earthquakes
Interactive/Simulation Animal Cell
Interactive/Simulation Plant Cell
Virtual Lab Gas Laws
Virtual Lab Topographic Maps
Presentations Making a Pedigree
Flip Charts Forces & Motion
Flip Charts Forces & Motion

6-8.RST.9. Compare and contrast the information gained from experiments, simulations, video, or multimedia sources with that gained from reading a text on the same topic.
Multimedia Lesson Atmosphere and Weather

## NY.CC.6-8.WHST.Writing Standards for Literacy in Science and Technical Subjects

Writing Standards for Literacy in Science and Technical Subjects
Research to Build and Present Knowledge
6-8.WHST.7. Conduct short research projects to answer a question (including a self-generated question), drawing on several sources and generating additional related, focused questions that allow for multiple avenues of exploration.
Multimedia Lesson Atmosphere and Weather

Text Types and Purposes
6-8.WHST.2. Write informative/explanatory texts, including the narration of historical events, scientific procedures/ experiments, or technical processes.
6-8.WHST.2.f. Provide a concluding statement or section that follows from and supports the information or explanation presented.
Multimedia Lesson Sound
Virtual Lab Flame Test
Virtual Lab Gas Laws
Virtual Lab Speed of Sound
Flip Charts Focus In!
Flip Charts O-W-L
Flip Charts Planning Pinwheel
Vocabulary Terms The nature of science
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide The nature of science

## NY.L4.The Living Environment: Students will understand and apply scientific concepts, principles, and theories pertaining to the physical setting and living environment and recognize the historical development of ideas in science.

The Living Environment: Students will understand and apply scientific concepts, principles, and theories pertaining to the physical setting and living environment and recognize the historical development of ideas in science.
L4.1: Living things are both similar to and different from each other and from nonliving things.
4.1.1. Compare and contrast the parts of plants, animals, and one-celled organisms.
Multimedia Lesson Cells
Multimedia Lesson Protists: Pond Microlife
Multimedia Lesson Six Kingdoms of Life
Interactive/Simulation Amoeba
Interactive/Simulation Euglena
Presentations Amoeba
Presentations Animal-Like Protists
Presentations Euglena
Presentations Fungi
Presentations Fungus-Like Protists
Presentations Organization of Cells
Presentations Paramecium
Presentations Plant-Like Protists
Presentations Protists
Presentations Six Kingdoms Overview
Presentations Slime Mold
Presentations Spirogyra
Presentations Volvox
Presentations What Is a Protist?
Flip Charts Amoeba
Flip Charts Animal Kingdom
Flip Charts Animal Life Cycles
Flip Charts Birds & Mammals
Flip Charts Birds & Mammals
Flip Charts Classification
Flip Charts Diversity of Life
Flip Charts Euglena
Flip Charts Flowers & Seeds
Flip Charts Flowers & Seeds
Flip Charts Fungi
Flip Charts Invertebrates
Flip Charts Paramecium
Flip Charts Protista
Flip Charts Spirogyra
Flip Charts The Plant Kingdom
Flip Charts The Six Kingdoms
Flip Charts Vertebrates
Flip Charts Volvox
Flip Charts What is a Protist?
Vocabulary Terms Birds and Mammals
Vocabulary Terms Diversity of life
Vocabulary Terms Introduction to Animals
Vocabulary Terms Introduction to Animals
Vocabulary Terms Introduction to Plants
Vocabulary Terms Birds and Mammals
Vocabulary Terms Diversity of life
Vocabulary Terms Introduction to Animals
Vocabulary Terms Introduction to Plants
Vocabulary Terms Protists and Fungi
Vocabulary Terms Roots, Stems and Leaves
Vocabulary Terms The 6-Kingdoms of life
Vocabulary Terms Protists and Fungi
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Birds and Mammals
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Diversity of life
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Fishes, Amphibians, and Reptiles
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Introduction to Animals
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Introduction to Animals
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Introduction to Plants
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Birds and Mammals
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Diversity of life
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Introduction to Animals
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Introduction to Plants
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Mollusks, Arthropods and Echinoderms
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Protists and Fungi
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Roots, Stems and Leaves
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Sponges, Cnidarians and Worms
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide The 6-Kingdoms of life
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Mollusks, Arthropods and Echinoderms
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Protists and Fungi
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Sponges, Cnidarians and Worms

4.1.2. Explain the functioning of the major human organ systems and their interactions.
Interactive/Simulation Cardiovascular System
Interactive/Simulation Digestive System
Interactive/Simulation Excretory System
Interactive/Simulation Respiratory System
Interactive/Simulation The Immune System
Interactive/Simulation The Male Reproductive System
Interactive/Simulation The Skin
Presentations Body Organization
Presentations Muscular System
Presentations Process of Digestion
Presentations Skeletal System
Presentations The Immune Response

L4.2: Organisms inherit genetic information in a variety of ways that result in continuity of structure and function between parents and offspring.
4.2.1. Describe sexual and asexual mechanisms for passing genetic materials from generation to generation.
Multimedia Lesson Meiosis
Multimedia Lesson Protists: Pond Microlife
Interactive/Simulation The Male Reproductive System
Presentations Amoeba
Presentations Paramecium
Presentations Sexual Reproduction
Presentations Spirogyra
Flip Charts Flowers & Seeds
Flip Charts Flowers & Seeds
Flip Charts Mitosis & Meiosis
Flip Charts Mitosis & Meiosis
Flip Charts Plant Reproduction
Flip Charts The Barn Owl
Vocabulary Terms Plant reproduction
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Plant reproduction
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Plant reproduction

4.2.2. Describe simple mechanisms related to the inheritance of some physical traits in offspring.
Multimedia Lesson Chromosomes, Genes and DNA
Presentations Codominance
Presentations Gregor Mendel
Presentations Mendel's Experiments
Presentations Mutations
Flip Charts Chromosomes
Flip Charts Chromosomes
Flip Charts Codominance
Flip Charts DNA
Flip Charts DNA Replication
Flip Charts DNA/RNA Structure
Flip Charts Genes
Flip Charts Gregor Mendel
Flip Charts Making a Pedigree
Flip Charts Modern Genetics
Flip Charts Modern Genetics
Flip Charts Mutations
Flip Charts Punnett Squares
Flip Charts The Genetic Code
Vocabulary Terms Modern Genetics
Vocabulary Terms Modern Genetics
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Genetics - Study of Heredity
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Genetics - Study of Heredity
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Modern Genetics
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Modern Genetics

L4.3: Individual organisms and species change over time.
4.3.1. Describe sources of variation in organisms and their structures and relate the variations to survival.
Multimedia Lesson Meiosis
Presentations Crossing-Over
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide The Evolution and interaction of Living Things
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game The Evolution and interaction of Living Things

4.3.2. Describe factors responsible for competition within species and the significance of that competition.
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Interactions among living things

L4.4: The continuity of life is sustained through reproduction and development.
4.4.1. Observe and describe the variations in reproductive patterns of organisms, including asexual and sexual reproduction.
Multimedia Lesson Meiosis
Multimedia Lesson Protists: Pond Microlife
Interactive/Simulation The Male Reproductive System
Presentations Amoeba
Presentations Paramecium
Presentations Sexual Reproduction
Presentations Spirogyra
Flip Charts Flowers & Seeds
Flip Charts Flowers & Seeds
Flip Charts Mitosis & Meiosis
Flip Charts Mitosis & Meiosis
Flip Charts Plant Reproduction
Flip Charts The Barn Owl
Vocabulary Terms Plant reproduction
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Plant reproduction
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Plant reproduction

4.4.2. Explain the role of sperm and egg cells in sexual reproduction.
Multimedia Lesson Meiosis
Interactive/Simulation The Male Reproductive System
Presentations Sexual Reproduction
Flip Charts Flowers & Seeds
Flip Charts Flowers & Seeds
Flip Charts Modern Genetics
Flip Charts Modern Genetics
Vocabulary Terms Modern Genetics
Vocabulary Terms Modern Genetics
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Modern Genetics
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Modern Genetics

4.4.4. Observe and describe cell division at the microscopic level and its macroscopic effects.
Multimedia Lesson Meiosis
Multimedia Lesson Mitosis
Interactive/Simulation Meiosis I Phases
Presentations Crossing-Over
Presentations Fermentation
Presentations Meiosis I
Presentations Meiosis II
Presentations Meiosis Overview
Presentations Mitosis
Presentations Phases of Mitosis
Presentations Sexual Reproduction
Presentations The Cell Cycle
Flip Charts Cell Cycle
Flip Charts Mitosis & Meiosis
Flip Charts Mitosis & Meiosis
Flip Charts Mitosis Overview
Vocabulary Terms Cell Reproduction
Vocabulary Terms Cell Reproduction
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Cell Reproduction
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Cell Reproduction

L4.5: Organisms maintain a dynamic equilibrium that sustains life.
4.5.1. Compare the way a variety of living specimens carry out basic life functions and maintain dynamic equilibrium.
Virtual Lab Nerve Conduction
Presentations Body Organization
Presentations Endocrine System
Flip Charts Crossing-over
Flip Charts DNA Replication
Flip Charts Joints
Flip Charts Lung Disease
Flip Charts Meiosis I
Flip Charts Meiosis II
Flip Charts Meiosis Overview
Vocabulary Terms Bones, muscles, and skin
Vocabulary Terms Respiration and excretion
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Bones, muscles, and skin
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Bones, muscles, and skin
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Respiration and excretion
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Respiration and excretion

4.5.2. Describe the importance of major nutrients, vitamins, and minerals in maintaining health and promoting growth, and explain the need for a constant input of energy for living organisms.
Multimedia Lesson Food Chains and Food Webs
Presentations Cell Energy
Presentations Energy Pyramid
Presentations Food and Nutrients
Presentations Heart Health
Presentations Types of Nutrients
Flip Charts Food and Nutrients
Flip Charts Types of Nutrients
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide The Digestive and nutrition
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game The Digestive and nutrition

L4.6: Plants and animals depend on each other and their physical environment.
4.6.1. Describe the flow of energy and matter through food chains and food webs.
Multimedia Lesson Food Chains and Food Webs
Interactive/Simulation Food Webs
Presentations Cell Energy
Presentations Energy Flow
Presentations Food Chains
Presentations Food Web Balance
Presentations Food Webs
Presentations Owl Food Web
Flip Charts Energy Flow
Flip Charts Energy Pyramid
Flip Charts Food Chains
Flip Charts Food Web Balance
Flip Charts Food Webs
Flip Charts Owl Food Web
Flip Charts Owl Food Web
Flip Charts Owl Pellets
Flip Charts Types of Consumers
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Ecosystems, food chains and food webs
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Ecosystems, food chains and food webs
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Ecosystems, food chains and food webs
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Interactions among living things

4.6.2. Provide evidence that green plants make food and explain the significance of this process to other organisms.
Multimedia Lesson Food Chains and Food Webs
Multimedia Lesson Protists: Pond Microlife
Multimedia Lesson Six Kingdoms of Life
Presentations Energy Flow
Presentations Euglena
Presentations Plant-Like Protists
Presentations Plants
Presentations Spirogyra
Presentations Volvox
Flip Charts Plant Kingdom
Flip Charts Plants with Seeds
Flip Charts The Plant Kingdom
Vocabulary Terms Introduction to Plants
Vocabulary Terms Introduction to Plants
Vocabulary Terms Plant Processes
Vocabulary Terms Roots, Stems and Leaves
Vocabulary Terms Plant Processes
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Introduction to Plants
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Introduction to Plants
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Plant Processes
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Roots, Stems and Leaves
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Plant Processes

L4.7: Human decisions and activities have had a profound impact on the physical and living environment.
4.7.1. Describe how living things, including humans, depend upon the living and nonliving environment for their survival.
Multimedia Lesson Food Chains and Food Webs
Interactive/Simulation Food Webs
Presentations Food Web Balance
Presentations Food Webs
Flip Charts Owl Food Web

4.7.2. Describe the effects of environmental changes on humans and other populations.
Multimedia Lesson Earth's Climate
Presentations Global Warming

## NY.P4.The Physical Setting: Students will understand and apply scientific concepts, principles, and theories pertaining to the physical setting and living environment and recognize the historical development of ideas in science.

The Physical Setting: Students will understand and apply scientific concepts, principles, and theories pertaining to the physical setting and living environment and recognize the historical development of ideas in science.
P4.1: The Earth and celestial phenomena can be described by principles of relative motion and perspective.
4.1.1. Explain daily, monthly, and seasonal changes on Earth.
Multimedia Lesson Atmosphere and Weather
Multimedia Lesson Earth's Climate
Multimedia Lesson The Sun-Earth-Moon System
Interactive/Simulation Cloud Types
Interactive/Simulation Types of Severe Weather
Virtual Lab Earth's Seasons
Presentations Predicting Weather
Presentations Seasons on Earth
Presentations Severe Weather
Presentations Weather
Presentations Weather Patterns
Vocabulary Terms Weather patterns
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Weather patterns

P4.2: Many of the phenomena that we observe on Earth involve interactions among components of air, water, and land.
4.2.1. Explain how the atmosphere (air), hydrosphere (water), and lithosphere (land) interact, evolve, and change.
Multimedia Lesson Atmosphere and Weather
Multimedia Lesson Earth's Climate
Multimedia Lesson Earth's Surface
Multimedia Lesson Earthquakes
Multimedia Lesson The Sun-Earth-Moon System
Multimedia Lesson What is Weather?
Interactive/Simulation Cloud Types
Interactive/Simulation Forces of Erosion and Deposition
Interactive/Simulation Identifying Weather Instruments
Interactive/Simulation Types of Severe Weather
Virtual Lab Earth's Seasons
Virtual Lab Weather Station
Presentations Climate Change
Presentations Global Warming
Presentations Predicting Weather
Presentations Seasons on Earth
Presentations Severe Weather
Presentations The Polar Zone
Presentations The Temperate Zone
Presentations The Tropical Zone
Presentations Weather
Presentations Weather Patterns
Presentations What is Weather?
Presentations What is Weather?
Flip Charts Classifying Rocks
Flip Charts Climate Change
Flip Charts Clouds
Flip Charts Earthquakes
Flip Charts Earthquakes
Flip Charts Global Warming
Flip Charts Identifying Rocks
Flip Charts Igneous Rocks
Flip Charts Metamorphic Rocks
Flip Charts Ozone Depletion
Flip Charts Precipitation
Flip Charts Predicting Weather
Flip Charts Rocks
Flip Charts Seasons
Flip Charts Sedimentary Rocks
Flip Charts Severe Weather
Flip Charts Soil
Flip Charts Soil
Flip Charts The Earth
Flip Charts The Polar Zone
Flip Charts The Rock Cycle
Flip Charts The Temperate Zone
Flip Charts The Tropical Zone
Flip Charts Types of Clouds
Flip Charts Weather
Flip Charts What is a Rock?
Flip Charts What is Weather?
Vocabulary Terms Climate
Vocabulary Terms Climate
Vocabulary Terms Earth's Fresh Water
Vocabulary Terms Landforms, Rocks and soil
Vocabulary Terms Minerals of Earth's crust
Vocabulary Terms Rocks
Vocabulary Terms Understanding Weather
Vocabulary Terms Weather patterns
Vocabulary Terms What is Weather?
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Agents of Erosion and Deposition
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Climate
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Earth's Fresh Water
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game How Does the Earth's Surface Change?
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Agents of Erosion and Deposition
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Climate
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Earth's Fresh Water
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Earth's freshwater and atmosphere
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Landforms, Rocks and soil
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Minerals of Earth's crust
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Rocks
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide The Movement of Ocean Water
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Understanding Weather
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Weather patterns
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Weather, Weather patterns and climate
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Weathering of rocks and soil formation
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Rocks
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game The Movement of Ocean Water
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Understanding Weather
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Weathering of rocks and soil formation
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game What is Weather?

4.2.2. Describe volcano and earthquake patterns, the rock cycle, and weather and climate changes.
Multimedia Lesson Atmosphere and Weather
Multimedia Lesson Earth's Climate
Multimedia Lesson Earthquakes
Multimedia Lesson Minerals
Multimedia Lesson Rocks
Multimedia Lesson The Sun-Earth-Moon System
Multimedia Lesson Volcanoes
Multimedia Lesson What is Weather?
Interactive/Simulation Cloud Types
Interactive/Simulation Earthquake and Seismogram
Interactive/Simulation Identifying Weather Instruments
Interactive/Simulation Rock Uses
Interactive/Simulation Structure of a Volcano
Interactive/Simulation Types of Severe Weather
Virtual Lab Earth's Seasons
Virtual Lab Volcano Simulator
Virtual Lab Weather Station
Presentations Climate Change
Presentations Earthquake Safety
Presentations Global Warming
Presentations How Do Minerals Form?
Presentations Igneous Rocks
Presentations Measuring Earthquakes
Presentations Metamorphic Rocks
Presentations Predicting Weather
Presentations Properties of Magma
Presentations Seasons on Earth
Presentations Sedimentary Rocks
Presentations Seismic Waves
Presentations Severe Weather
Presentations The Polar Zone
Presentations The Rock Cycle
Presentations The Temperate Zone
Presentations The Tropical Zone
Presentations Volcanic Eruptions
Presentations Weather
Presentations Weather Patterns
Presentations What is Weather?
Presentations What is Weather?
Flip Charts Classifying Rocks
Flip Charts Climate Change
Flip Charts Earthquake Safety
Flip Charts Earthquakes
Flip Charts Earthquakes
Flip Charts Global Warming
Flip Charts Identifying Rocks
Flip Charts Igneous Rocks
Flip Charts Inside a Volcano
Flip Charts Metamorphic Rocks
Flip Charts Ozone Depletion
Flip Charts Rocks
Flip Charts Rocks
Flip Charts Rocks
Flip Charts Seasons
Flip Charts Sedimentary Rocks
Flip Charts Seismic Waves
Flip Charts Soil
Flip Charts The Polar Zone
Flip Charts The Richter Scale
Flip Charts The Ring of Fire
Flip Charts The Rock Cycle
Flip Charts The Temperate Zone
Flip Charts The Tropical Zone
Flip Charts Types of Clouds
Flip Charts Volcanic Eruptions
Flip Charts Volcanoes
Flip Charts What is a Rock?
Flip Charts What is a Volcano?
Flip Charts What is Weather?
Vocabulary Terms Climate
Vocabulary Terms Earthquakes
Vocabulary Terms Climate
Vocabulary Terms Earthquakes
Vocabulary Terms Landforms, Rocks and soil
Vocabulary Terms Minerals of Earth's crust
Vocabulary Terms Rocks
Vocabulary Terms Volcanoes
Vocabulary Terms Weather patterns
Vocabulary Terms Volcanoes
Vocabulary Terms What is Weather?
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Climate
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Earthquakes
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game How Does the Earth's Surface Change?
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Climate
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Earthquakes
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Landforms, Rocks and soil
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Minerals of Earth's crust
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Rocks
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Volcanoes
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Weather patterns
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Weather, Weather patterns and climate
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Rocks
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Volcanoes
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game What is Weather?

P4.3: Matter is made up of particles whose properties determine the observable characteristics of matter and its reactivity.
4.3.1. Observe and describe properties of materials, such as density, conductivity, and solubility.
Multimedia Lesson Electricity and Magnetism
Multimedia Lesson Minerals
Multimedia Lesson Rocks
Multimedia Lesson Volcanoes
Interactive/Simulation Changes in Matter
Interactive/Simulation Mixtures and Solutions
Interactive/Simulation Potential or Kinetic Energy?
Interactive/Simulation Renewable and Nonrenewable Energy
Interactive/Simulation Sequence: Mohs Hardness Scale
Interactive/Simulation Solids, Liquids and Gases
Interactive/Simulation Sources of Energy
Interactive/Simulation Tools for Measuring Matter
Interactive/Simulation Which are magnetic?
Virtual Lab Flame Test
Virtual Lab Procedure
Virtual Lab Volcano Simulator
Presentations Changes of State
Presentations Measuring Matter
Flip Charts Acids & Bases
Flip Charts Changes in Matter
Flip Charts Density & Buoyancy
Flip Charts Magnetism
Flip Charts Measuring Matter
Flip Charts Minerals
Flip Charts Minerals
Flip Charts Rocks
Flip Charts Rocks
Flip Charts Sound
Flip Charts Sound & Light
Flip Charts States of Matter
Flip Charts What is Matter?
Flip Charts What is Matter?
Vocabulary Terms Heat and heat technology
Vocabulary Terms Introduction to matter
Vocabulary Terms Solids, liquids and gases
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game All About Energy
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game All About Matter
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Heat and heat technology
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Introduction to matter
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Heat and heat technology
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Introduction to matter
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Mixtures, solutions and compounds
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Properties of matter and Energy
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Solids, liquids and gases
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Mixtures, solutions and compounds
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Mixtures, solutions and compounds

4.3.2. Distinguish between chemical and physical changes.
Multimedia Lesson Chemical Reactions
Interactive/Simulation Changes in Matter
Interactive/Simulation Chemical and Physical Changes
Interactive/Simulation Mixtures and Solutions
Interactive/Simulation Solids, Liquids and Gases
Interactive/Simulation Tools for Measuring Matter
Interactive/Simulation Which are magnetic?
Presentations Changes of State
Presentations Chemical Reactions
Flip Charts Acids & Bases
Vocabulary Terms Solids, liquids and gases
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game All About Matter
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Chemical and physical changes of matter
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Solids, liquids and gases

4.3.3. Develop mental models to explain common chemical reactions and changes in states of matter.
Multimedia Lesson Chemical Reactions
Interactive/Simulation Changes in Matter
Interactive/Simulation Mixtures and Solutions
Interactive/Simulation Solids, Liquids and Gases
Interactive/Simulation Tools for Measuring Matter
Interactive/Simulation Types of Reactions
Interactive/Simulation Which are magnetic?
Presentations Balancing Equations
Presentations Changes of State
Presentations Chemical Reactions
Presentations States of Matter
Flip Charts Acids & Bases
Flip Charts Changes of Matter
Flip Charts Chemical Reactions
Flip Charts Chemical Reactions
Flip Charts Chemical Reactions
Flip Charts The Animal Kingdom
Flip Charts The Animal Kingdom
Vocabulary Terms Chemical reactions
Vocabulary Terms Solids, liquids and gases
Vocabulary Terms Solids, liquids and gases
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game All About Matter
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Chemical reactions
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Chemical reactions
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Solids, liquids and gases
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Solids, liquids and gases
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Solids, liquids and gases

P4.4: Energy exists in many forms, and when these forms change energy is conserved.
4.4.1. Describe the sources and identify the transformations of energy observed in everyday life.
Multimedia Lesson Electricity and Magnetism
Presentations Electric Current
Flip Charts Electromagnetism
Vocabulary Terms Electromagnetism
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Electromagnetism
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Electromagnetism

4.4.2. Observe and describe heating and cooling events.
Multimedia Lesson Energy: Forms and Changes
Interactive/Simulation Changes in Matter
Interactive/Simulation Mixtures and Solutions
Interactive/Simulation Potential or Kinetic Energy?
Interactive/Simulation Renewable and Nonrenewable Energy
Interactive/Simulation Solids, Liquids and Gases
Interactive/Simulation Sources of Energy
Interactive/Simulation Tools for Measuring Matter
Interactive/Simulation Which are magnetic?
Virtual Lab Procedure
Flip Charts Changes in Matter
Flip Charts Density & Buoyancy
Flip Charts States of Matter
Flip Charts What is Matter?
Vocabulary Terms Heat and heat technology
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game All About Energy
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game All About Matter
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Heat and heat technology
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Heat and heat technology
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Properties of matter and Energy

4.4.3. Observe and describe energy changes as related to chemical reactions.
Multimedia Lesson Chemical Reactions
Presentations Changes of State
Presentations Energy in Reactions
Flip Charts Changes of Matter
Flip Charts Chemical Reactions
Flip Charts Chemical Reactions
Flip Charts Chemical Reactions
Flip Charts The Animal Kingdom
Flip Charts The Animal Kingdom
Vocabulary Terms Chemical reactions
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Chemical reactions
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Chemical reactions

4.4.4. Observe and describe the properties of sound, light, magnetism, and electricity.
Multimedia Lesson Electricity and Magnetism
Multimedia Lesson Light and Optics
Multimedia Lesson Sound
Interactive/Simulation Changes in Matter
Interactive/Simulation Interactions of Light
Interactive/Simulation Mixtures and Solutions
Interactive/Simulation Potential or Kinetic Energy?
Interactive/Simulation Renewable and Nonrenewable Energy
Interactive/Simulation Solids, Liquids and Gases
Interactive/Simulation Sources of Energy
Interactive/Simulation Tones and Overtones
Interactive/Simulation Tools for Measuring Matter
Interactive/Simulation Transmission of Light
Interactive/Simulation Which are magnetic?
Virtual Lab Procedure
Virtual Lab Speed of Sound
Presentations Electric Current
Presentations Electrical Safety
Presentations Interactions of Light
Presentations Light
Presentations Magnetism
Presentations Musical Sounds
Presentations Sound and Sound Waves
Presentations Wave Interactions
Flip Charts Aspects of Sound
Flip Charts Batteries
Flip Charts Birds: Class Aves
Flip Charts Changes in Matter
Flip Charts Density & Buoyancy
Flip Charts Doppler Effect
Flip Charts Electric Circuits
Flip Charts Electric Current
Flip Charts Electric Power
Flip Charts Electrical Safety
Flip Charts Electromagnetism
Flip Charts Hearing Sound
Flip Charts Light
Flip Charts Light and Color
Flip Charts Magnetism
Flip Charts Magnetism
Flip Charts Musical Sounds
Flip Charts Sound
Flip Charts Sound & Light
Flip Charts Sound Waves
Flip Charts States of Matter
Flip Charts The EM Spectrum
Flip Charts What is Matter?
Vocabulary Terms Electricity
Vocabulary Terms Light
Vocabulary Terms Magnetism
Vocabulary Terms Solids, liquids and gases
Vocabulary Terms Sound
Vocabulary Terms Sound and light energy
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game All About Energy
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game All About Matter
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Electricity
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Light
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Magnetism
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Electricity
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Light
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Magnetism
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Properties of matter and Energy
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Solids, liquids and gases
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Sound
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Sound and light energy
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Solids, liquids and gases
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Sound

4.4.5. Describe situations that support the principle of conservation of energy.
Multimedia Lesson Energy: Forms and Changes

P4.5: Energy and matter interact through forces that result in changes in motion.
4.5.1. Describe different patterns of motion of objects.
Multimedia Lesson Forces and Motion
Interactive/Simulation Acceleration and Momentum
Virtual Lab Forces and Motion
Presentations Motion
Presentations Newton`s Laws
Flip Charts Acceleration
Flip Charts Force
Flip Charts Forces & Motion
Flip Charts Forces & Motion
Flip Charts Friction
Flip Charts Gravity
Flip Charts Momentum
Vocabulary Terms Forces
Vocabulary Terms Motion
Vocabulary Terms Newton's Laws of motion
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Forces
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Forces
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Motion
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Newton's Laws of motion
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Motion

4.5.2. Observe, describe, and compare effects of forces (gravity, electric current, and magnetism) on the motion of objects.
Multimedia Lesson Electricity and Magnetism
Multimedia Lesson Forces and Motion
Presentations Electric Current
Presentations Gravity
Presentations Magnetism
Presentations Motion
Flip Charts Acceleration
Flip Charts Batteries
Flip Charts Electric Circuits
Flip Charts Electric Current
Flip Charts Electric Power
Flip Charts Electrical Safety
Flip Charts Electromagnetism
Flip Charts Force
Flip Charts Forces & Motion
Flip Charts Forces & Motion
Flip Charts Friction
Flip Charts Gravity
Flip Charts Momentum
Vocabulary Terms Electricity
Vocabulary Terms Electromagnetism
Vocabulary Terms Forces
Vocabulary Terms Motion
Vocabulary Terms Newton's Laws of motion
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Electricity
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Electromagnetism
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Forces
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Electricity
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Electromagnetism
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Forces
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Motion
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Newton's Laws of motion
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Motion

Social Studies