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Vocabulary Acquisition and Use 8.L.4. Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words or phrases based on grade 8 reading and content, choosing flexibly from a range of strategies. 8.L.4.a. Use context (e.g., the overall meaning of a sentence or paragraph; a word's position or function in a sentence) as a clue to the meaning of a word or phrase. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Vocabulary
8.L.4.b. Use common, grade-appropriate Greek or Latin affixes and roots as clues to the meaning of a word (e.g., precede, recede, secede).
8.L.4.c. Consult general and specialized reference materials (e.g., dictionaries, glossaries, thesauruses), both print and digital, to find the pronunciation of a word or determine or clarify its precise meaning or its part of speech.
8.L.4.d. Verify the preliminary determination of the meaning of a word or phrase (e.g., by checking the inferred meaning in context or in a dictionary). Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Vocabulary
8.L.5. Demonstrate understanding of figurative language, word relationships, and nuances in word meanings. 8.L.5.b. Use the relationship between particular words to better understand each of the words. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Vocabulary
8.L.5.c. Distinguish among the connotations (associations) of words with similar denotations (definitions) (e.g., bullheaded, willful, firm, persistent, resolute). Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Vocabulary
Conventions of Standard English 8.L.1. Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking. 8.L.1.a. Explain the function of verbals (gerunds, participles, infinitives) in general and their function in particular sentences.
8.L.2. Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing. 8.L.2.c. Spell correctly. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Spelling Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Spelling
NY.CC.8.RI.Reading Standards for Informational Text
Reading Standards for Informational Text
Craft and Structure 8.RI.6. Determine an author's point of view or purpose in a text and analyze how the author acknowledges and responds to conflicting evidence or viewpoints.
Integration of Knowledge and Ideas 8.RI.8. Delineate and evaluate the argument and specific claims in a text, assessing whether the reasoning is sound and the evidence is relevant and sufficient; recognize when irrelevant evidence is introduced.
8.RI.9. Analyze a case in which two or more texts provide conflicting information on the same topic and identify where the texts disagree on matters of fact or interpretation. 8.RI.9.a. Use their experience and their knowledge of language and logic, as well as culture, to think analytically, address problems creatively, and advocate persuasively.
Key Ideas and Details 8.RI.1. Cite the textual evidence that most strongly supports an analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text.
8.RI.2. Determine a central idea of a text and analyze its development over the course of the text, including its relationship to supporting ideas; provide an objective summary of the text.
8.RI.3. Analyze how a text makes connections among and distinctions between individuals, ideas, or events (e.g., through comparisons, analogies, or categories).
NY.CC.8.RL.Reading Standards for Literature
Reading Standards for Literature
Responding to Literature 8.RL.11. Interpret, analyze, and evaluate narratives, poetry, and drama, artistically and ethically by making connections to: other texts, ideas, cultural perspectives, eras, personal events, and situations. 8.RL.11.b. Establish and use criteria to classify, select, and evaluate texts to make informed judgments about the quality of the pieces.
Range of Reading and Level of Text Complexity 8.RL.10. By the end of the year, read and comprehend literature, including stories, dramas, and poems, at the high end of grades 6-8 text complexity band independently and proficiently.
Integration of Knowledge and Ideas 8.RL.9. Analyze how a modern work of fiction draws on themes, patterns of events, or character types from myths, traditional stories, or religious works such as the Bible, including describing how the material is rendered new.
Craft and Structure 8.RL.4. Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative and connotative meanings; analyze the impact of specific word choices on meaning and tone, including analogies or allusions to other texts. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Vocabulary
Key Ideas and Details 8.RL.1. Cite the textual evidence that most strongly supports an analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text.
8.RL.2. Determine a theme or central idea of a text and analyze its development over the course of the text, including its relationship to the characters, setting, and plot; provide an objective summary of the text.
8.RL.3. Analyze how particular lines of dialogue or incidents in a story or drama propel the action, reveal aspects of a character, or provoke a decision.
NY.CC.8.SL.Speaking and Listening Standards
Speaking and Listening Standards
Presentation of Knowledge and Ideas 8.SL.4. Present claims and findings, emphasizing salient points in a focused, coherent manner with relevant evidence, sound valid reasoning, and well-chosen details; use appropriate eye contact, adequate volume, and clear pronunciation. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Speaking
8.SL.6. Adapt speech to a variety of contexts and tasks, demonstrating command of formal English when indicated or appropriate. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Speaking
Comprehension and Collaboration 8.SL.1. Engage effectively in a range of collaborative discussions (one-on-one, in groups, and teacher-led) with diverse partners on grade 8 topics, texts, and issues, building on others' ideas and expressing their own clearly. 8.SL.1.a. Come to discussions prepared, having read or researched material under study; explicitly draw on that preparation by referring to evidence on the topic, text, or issue to probe and reflect on ideas under discussion.
8.SL.1.b. Follow rules for collegial discussions and decision-making, track progress toward specific goals and deadlines, and define individual roles as needed.
8.SL.1.c. Pose questions that connect the ideas of several speakers and respond to others' questions and comments with relevant evidence, observations, and ideas.
8.SL.1.d. Acknowledge new information expressed by others, and, when warranted, qualify or justify their own views in light of the evidence presented.
8.SL.2. Analyze the purpose of information presented in diverse media and formats (e.g., visually, quantitatively, orally) and evaluate the motives (e.g., social, commercial, political) behind its presentation. 8.SL.2.a. Use their experience and their knowledge of language and logic, as well as culture, to think analytically, address problems creatively, and advocate persuasively.
Range of Writing 8.W.10. Write routinely over extended time frames (time for research, reflection, and revision) and shorter time frames (a single sitting or a day or two) for a range of discipline-specific tasks, purposes, and audiences.
Research to Build and Present Knowledge 8.W.7. Conduct short research projects to answer a question (including a self-generated question), drawing on several sources and generating additional related, focused questions that allow for multiple avenues of exploration.
8.W.9. Draw evidence from literary or informational texts to support analysis, reflection, and research. 8.W.9.a. Apply grade 8 reading standards to literature (e.g., ''Analyze how a modern work of fiction draws on themes, patterns of events, or character types from myths, traditional stories, or religious works such as the Bible, including describing how the material is rendered new'').
8.W.9.b. Apply grade 8 reading standards to literary nonfiction (e.g., ''Delineate and evaluate the argument and specific claims in a text, assessing whether the reasoning is sound and the evidence is relevant and sufficient; recognize when irrelevant evidence is introduced'').
Production and Distribution of Writing 8.W.4. Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development, organization, and style are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience. (Grade-specific expectations for writing types are defined in standards 1-3 above.) 8.W.4.a. Produce text (print or nonprint) that explores a variety of cultures and perspectives.