Curriculum Resources
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NM.I.Scientific Thinking and Practice: Understand the processes of scientific investigations and use inquiry and scientific ways of observing, experimenting, predicting, and validating to think critically.

Scientific Thinking and Practice: Understand the processes of scientific investigations and use inquiry and scientific ways of observing, experimenting, predicting, and validating to think critically.
I-A. Use accepted scientific methods to collect, analyze, and interpret data and observations and to design and conduct scientific investigations and communicate results.
I-A.1a. Describe the essential components of an investigation, including appropriate methodologies, proper equipment, and safety precautions.
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Lab investigations/scientific method
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Lab Investigations/Scientific Method
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game The science of biology
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game The Science of Chemistry
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game The Science of Physics
 
I-A.2a. Design and conduct scientific investigations that include: testable hypotheses; controls and variables; methods to collect, analyze, and interpret data; results that address hypotheses being investigated; predictions based on results; re-evaluation of hypotheses and additional experimentation as necessary; error analysis.
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game The science of biology
 
I-B. Understand that scientific processes produce scientific knowledge that is continually evaluated, validated, revised, or rejected.
I-B.6a. Examine the scientific processes and logic used in investigations of past events (e.g., using data from crime scenes, fossils), investigations that can be planned in advance but are only done once (e.g., expensive or time-consuming experiments such as medical clinical trials), and investigations of phenomena that can be repeated easily and frequently.
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game The science of biology
 

NM.II.The Content of Science: Earth and Space Science: Understand the structure of Earth, the solar system, and the universe, the interconnections among them, and the processes and interactions of Earth's systems.

The Content of Science: Earth and Space Science: Understand the structure of Earth, the solar system, and the universe, the interconnections among them, and the processes and interactions of Earth's systems.
II-A. Examine the scientific theories of the origin, structure, contents, and evolution of the solar system and the universe, and their interconnections.
II-A.1a. Understand the scale and contents of the universe, including: range of structures from atoms through astronomical objects to the universe; objects in the universe such as planets, stars, galaxies, and nebulae.
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Stars, Galaxies, and the Universe
 
II-A.2a. Predict changes in the positions and appearances of objects in the sky (e.g., moon, sun) based on knowledge of current positions and patterns of movements (e.g., lunar cycles, seasons).
Flip Charts Earth’s Moon
Flip Charts Eclipses
Flip Charts Gravity and Motion
Flip Charts Phases of the Moon
Flip Charts Seasons on Earth
Flip Charts Tides
Vocabulary Terms The Sun-Earth-Moon System
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game The Sun-Earth-Moon System
 
II-A.5a. Explain how objects in the universe emit different electromagnetic radiation and how this information is used.
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Light
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Vibrations and Waves
 
II-A.6a. Describe how stars are powered by nuclear fusion, how luminosity and temperature indicate their age, and how stellar processes create heavier and stable elements that are found throughout the universe.
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Stars, Galaxies, and the Universe
 
II-A. Understand how the survival of species depends on biodiversity and on complex interactions, including the cycling of matter and the flow of energy.
II-A.2a. Ecosystems: Describe how organisms cooperate and compete in ecosystems (e.g., producers, decomposers, herbivores, carnivores, omnivores, predator-prey, symbiosis, mutualism).
Flip Charts Classification
Flip Charts Fungi
Flip Charts The Six Kingdoms
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Evolution and classification
 
II-A.5a. Energy Flow in the Environment: Explain how matter and energy flow through biological systems (e.g., organisms, communities, ecosystems), and how the total amount of matter and energy is conserved but some energy is always released as heat to the environment.
Flip Charts Animal Homes
Flip Charts Energy Flow
Flip Charts Energy Pyramid
Flip Charts Food Chains
Flip Charts Food Web Balance
Flip Charts Food Webs
Flip Charts Owl Food Web
Flip Charts Owl Pellets
Flip Charts Types of Consumers
Vocabulary Terms Ecology I
Vocabulary Terms Ecology II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Ecology I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Ecology II
 
II-A.6a. Energy Flow in the Environment: Describe how energy flows from the sun through plants to herbivores to carnivores and decomposers.
Flip Charts Animal Homes
Flip Charts Energy Flow
Flip Charts Energy Pyramid
Flip Charts Food Chains
Flip Charts Food Web Balance
Flip Charts Food Webs
Flip Charts Owl Food Web
Flip Charts Owl Pellets
Flip Charts Types of Consumers
Vocabulary Terms Ecology I
Vocabulary Terms Ecology II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Ecology I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Ecology II
 
II-A.7a. Energy Flow in the Environment: Understand and explain the principles of photosynthesis (i.e., chloroplasts in plants convert light energy, carbon dioxide, and water into chemical energy).
Flip Charts Photosynthesis
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Photosynthesis and respiration
 
II-A.8a. Biodiversity: Understand and explain the hierarchical classification scheme (i.e., domain, kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus, species), including: classification of an organism into a category; similarity inferred from molecular structure (DNA) closely matching classification based on anatomical similarities; similarities of organisms reflecting evolutionary relationships.
Flip Charts Classification
Flip Charts Fungi
Flip Charts The Six Kingdoms
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Evolution and classification
 
II-A.9a. Biodiversity: Understand variation within and among species, including: mutations and genetic drift; factors affecting the survival of an organism; natural selection.
Flip Charts Animal Life Cycles
Flip Charts Classification
Flip Charts Fungi
Flip Charts The Six Kingdoms
Flip Charts Vertebrates
Vocabulary Terms Vertebrates II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Evolution and classification
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Nucleic acids and protein synthesis
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Vertebrates II
 
II-A. Understand the properties, underlying structure, and reactions of matter.
II-A.10a. Structure of Matter: Know that states of matter (i.e., solid, liquid, gas) depend on the arrangement of atoms and molecules and on their freedom of motion.
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game States of Matter
 
II-A.12a. Chemical Reactions: Know that chemical reactions involve the rearrangement of atoms, and that they occur on many timescales (e.g., picoseconds to millennia).
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Chemical Reactions
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Kinetics and Equilibrium
 
II-A.13a. Chemical Reactions: Understand types of chemical reactions (e.g., synthesis, decomposition, combustion, redox, neutralization) and identify them as exothermic or endothermic.
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Chemical Reactions
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Kinetics and Equilibrium
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Oxidation, Reduction and Electrochemistry
 
II-A.14a. Chemical Reactions: Know how to express chemical reactions with balanced equations that show: conservation of mass; products of common reactions.
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Chemical Reactions
 
II-A.15a. Chemical Reactions: Describe how the rate of chemical reactions depends on many factors that include temperature, concentration, and the presence of catalysts.
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Chemical Reactions
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Kinetics and Equilibrium
 
II-A.2a. Properties of Matter: Identify, measure, and use a variety of physical and chemical properties (e.g., electrical conductivity, density, viscosity, chemical reactivity, pH, melting point).
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Elements - Set II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Elements - Set I
 
II-A.6a. Structure of Matter: Understand atomic structure, including: most space occupied by electrons; nucleus made of protons and neutrons; isotopes of an element; masses of proton and neutron 2000 times greater than mass of electron; atom held together by proton-electron electrical forces.
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Atomic and Nuclear Physics
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Nuclear Chemistry
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Elements - Set II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Elements - Set I
 
II-A.7a. Structure of Matter: Explain how electrons determine the properties of substances by: interactions between atoms through transferring or sharing valence electrons; ionic and covalent bonds; the ability of carbon to form a diverse array of organic structures.
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Chemical Formulas and Bonding
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Organic Chemistry
 
II-A.9a. Structure of Matter: Understand how the type and arrangement of atoms and their bonds determine macroscopic properties (e.g., boiling point, electrical conductivity, hardness of minerals).
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Chemical Formulas and Bonding
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Organic Chemistry
 
II-B. Examine the scientific theories of the origin, structure, energy, and evolution of Earth and its atmosphere, and their interconnections.
II-B.10a. Geochemical Cycles: Describe the composition and structure of Earth's materials, including: the major rock types (i.e., sedimentary, igneous, metamorphic) and their formation; natural resources (e.g., minerals, petroleum) and their formation.
Flip Charts Classifying Rocks
Flip Charts Identifying Rocks
Flip Charts Igneous Rocks
Flip Charts Metamorphic Rocks
Flip Charts Sedimentary Rocks
Flip Charts The Rock Cycle
Flip Charts What is a Rock?
Vocabulary Terms Rocks - Set I
Vocabulary Terms Rocks - Set II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Rocks - Set I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Rocks - Set II
 
II-B.11a. Geochemical Cycles: Explain how layers of the atmosphere (e.g., ozone, ionosphere) change naturally and artificially.
Flip Charts Our Atmosphere
Vocabulary Terms The Atmosphere
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game The Atmosphere
 
II-B.12a. Geochemical Cycles: Explain how the availability of ground water through aquifers can fluctuate based on multiple factors (i.e., rate of use, rate of replenishment, surface changes, and changes in temperature).
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Groundwater Resources
 
II-B.2a. Characteristics and Evolution of Earth: Recognize that radiometric data indicate that Earth is at least 4 billion years old and that Earth has changed during that period.
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Fossils I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Fossils II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game The History of Earth
 
II-B.3a. Characteristics and Evolution of Earth: Describe the internal structure of Earth (e.g., core, mantle, crust) and the structure of Earth's plates.
Vocabulary Terms Earths Crust
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Earths Crust
 
II-B.4a. Characteristics and Evolution of Earth: Understand the changes in Earth's past and the investigative methods used to determine geologic time, including: rock sequences, relative dating, fossil correlation, and radiometric dating; geologic time scales, historic changes in life forms, and the evidence for absolute ages (e.g., radiometric methods, tree rings, paleomagnetism).
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Fossils I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Fossils II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game The Science of Earth Science
 
II-B.5a. Characteristics and Evolution of Earth: Explain plate tectonic theory and understand the evidence that supports it.
Flip Charts Continental Drift
Flip Charts Earth’s Interior
Vocabulary Terms Plate Tectonics
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Plate Tectonics
 
II-B.7a. Energy in Earth's System: Describe convection as the mechanism for moving heat energy from deep within Earth to the surface and discuss how this process results in plate tectonics, including: geological manifestations (e.g., earthquakes, volcanoes, mountain building) that occur at plate boundaries; impact of plate motions on societies and the environment (e.g., earthquakes, volcanoes).
Flip Charts Continental Drift
Flip Charts Earth’s Interior
Flip Charts Earthquake Safety
Flip Charts Seismic Waves
Flip Charts The Richter Scale
Vocabulary Terms Earthquakes
Vocabulary Terms Plate Tectonics
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Earthquakes
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Plate Tectonics
 
II-B.8a. Energy in Earth's System: Describe the patterns and relationships in the circulation of air and water driven by the sun's radiant energy, including: patterns in weather systems related to the transfer of energy; differences between climate and weather; global climate, global warming, and the greenhouse effect; El Nino, La Nina, and other climatic trends.
Flip Charts Clouds
Flip Charts Precipitation
Flip Charts Predicting Weather
Flip Charts Severe Weather
Flip Charts Weather
Vocabulary Terms Oceans
Vocabulary Terms Weather I
Vocabulary Terms Weather II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Oceans
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Weather I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Weather II
 
II-B.9a. Geochemical Cycles: Know that Earth's system contains a fixed amount of natural resources that cycle among land, water, the atmosphere, and living things (e.g., carbon and nitrogen cycles, rock cycle, water cycle, ground water, aquifers).
Flip Charts Animal Homes
Flip Charts Energy Flow
Flip Charts Energy Pyramid
Flip Charts Food Chains
Flip Charts Food Web Balance
Flip Charts Food Webs
Flip Charts Owl Food Web
Flip Charts Owl Pellets
Flip Charts Types of Consumers
Vocabulary Terms Ecology I
Vocabulary Terms Ecology II
Vocabulary Terms The Rock Cycle
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Ecology I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Ecology II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game The Rock Cycle
 
II-B. Understand the genetic basis for inheritance and the basic concepts of biological evolution.
II-B.10a. Biological Evolution: Understand the data, observations, and logic supporting the conclusion that species today evolved from earlier, distinctly different species, originating from the ancestral one-celled organisms.
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game The Science of Earth Science
 
II-B.11a. Biological Evolution: Understand that evolution is a consequence of many factors, including the ability of organisms to reproduce, genetic variability, the effect of limited resources, and natural selection.
Flip Charts Classification
Flip Charts Fungi
Flip Charts The Six Kingdoms
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Evolution and classification
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Nucleic acids and protein synthesis
 
II-B.12a. Biological Evolution: Explain how natural selection favors individuals who are better able to survive, reproduce, and leave offspring.
Flip Charts Classification
Flip Charts Fungi
Flip Charts The Six Kingdoms
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Evolution and classification
 
II-B.13a. Biological Evolution: Analyze how evolution by natural selection and other mechanisms explains many phenomena including the fossil record of ancient life forms and similarities (both physical and molecular) among different species.
Flip Charts Classification
Flip Charts Fungi
Flip Charts The Six Kingdoms
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Evolution and classification
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game The Science of Earth Science
 
II-B.1a. Genetics: Know how DNA carries all genetic information in the units of heredity called genes, including: the structure of DNA (e.g., subunits A, G, C, T); information-preserving replication of DNA; alteration of genes by inserting, deleting, or substituting parts of DNA.
Flip Charts Cell Cycle
Flip Charts Mitosis Overview
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Cell Reproduction
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Nucleic acids and protein synthesis
 
II-B.2a. Genetics: Use appropriate vocabulary to describe inheritable traits (i.e., genotype, phenotype).
Flip Charts Chromosomes
Flip Charts Chromosomes
Flip Charts Codominance
Flip Charts DNA
Flip Charts DNA Replication
Flip Charts DNA/RNA Structure
Flip Charts Genes
Flip Charts Gregor Mendel
Flip Charts Making a Pedigree
Flip Charts Mutations
Flip Charts Punnett Squares
Flip Charts The Genetic Code
Vocabulary Terms Genetics and heredity I
Vocabulary Terms Genetics and heredity II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Genetics and heredity I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Genetics and heredity II
 
II-B.3a. Genetics: Explain the concepts of segregation, independent assortment, and dominant/recessive alleles.
Flip Charts Chromosomes
Flip Charts Chromosomes
Flip Charts Codominance
Flip Charts DNA
Flip Charts DNA Replication
Flip Charts DNA/RNA Structure
Flip Charts Genes
Flip Charts Gregor Mendel
Flip Charts Making a Pedigree
Flip Charts Mutations
Flip Charts Punnett Squares
Flip Charts The Genetic Code
Vocabulary Terms Genetics and heredity I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Genetics and heredity I
 
II-B.4a. Genetics: Identify traits that can and cannot be inherited.
Flip Charts Chromosomes
Flip Charts Chromosomes
Flip Charts Codominance
Flip Charts DNA
Flip Charts DNA Replication
Flip Charts DNA/RNA Structure
Flip Charts Genes
Flip Charts Gregor Mendel
Flip Charts Making a Pedigree
Flip Charts Mutations
Flip Charts Punnett Squares
Flip Charts The Genetic Code
Vocabulary Terms Genetics and heredity I
Vocabulary Terms Genetics and heredity II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Genetics and heredity I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Genetics and heredity II
 
II-B.5a. Genetics: Know how genetic variability results from the recombination and mutation of genes, including: sorting and recombination of genes in sexual reproduction result in a change in DNA that is passed on to offspring; radiation or chemical substances can cause mutations in cells, resulting in a permanent change in DNA.
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Nucleic acids and protein synthesis
 
II-B.6a. Genetics: Understand the principles of sexual and asexual reproduction, including meiosis and mitosis.
Flip Charts Cell Cycle
Flip Charts Mitosis Overview
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Cell Reproduction
 
II-B.7a. Genetics: Know that most cells in the human body contain 23 pairs of chromosomes including one pair that determines sex, and that human females have two X chromosomes and human males have an X and a Y chromosome.
Flip Charts Chromosomes
Flip Charts Chromosomes
Flip Charts Codominance
Flip Charts DNA
Flip Charts DNA Replication
Flip Charts DNA/RNA Structure
Flip Charts Genes
Flip Charts Gregor Mendel
Flip Charts Making a Pedigree
Flip Charts Mutations
Flip Charts Punnett Squares
Flip Charts The Genetic Code
Vocabulary Terms Genetics and heredity II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Genetics and heredity II
 
II-B.8a. Biological Evolution: Describe the evidence for the first appearance of life on Earth as one-celled organisms, over 3.5 billion years ago, and for the later appearance of a diversity of multicellular organisms over millions of years.
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game The Science of Earth Science
 
II-B.9a. Biological Evolution: Critically analyze the data and observations supporting the conclusion that the species living on Earth today are related by descent from the ancestral one-celled organisms.
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game The Science of Earth Science
 
II-B. Understand the transformation and transmission of energy and how energy and matter interact.
II-B.10a. Interactions of Energy and Matter: Explain how wavelengths of electromagnetic radiation can be used to identify atoms, molecules, and the composition of stars.
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Light
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Vibrations and Waves
 
II-B.1a. Energy Transformation and Transfer: Identify different forms of energy, including kinetic, gravitational (potential), chemical, thermal, nuclear, and electromagnetic.
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Heat
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Matter and Energy
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Nuclear Chemistry
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Properties of Matter
 
II-B.3a. Energy Transformation and Transfer: Understand that energy can change from one form to another (e.g., changes in kinetic and potential energy in a gravitational field, heats of reaction, hydroelectric dams) and know that energy is conserved in these changes.
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game States of Matter
 
II-B.4a. Energy Transformation and Transfer: Understand how heat can be transferred by conduction, convection, and radiation, and how heat conduction differs in conductors and insulators.
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Properties of Matter
 
II-B.6a. Energy Transformation and Transfer: Understand that the ability of energy to do something useful (work) tends to decrease (and never increases) as energy is converted from one form to another.
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Work and Energy
 
II-B.7a. Interactions of Energy and Matter: Understand that electromagnetic waves carry energy that can be transferred when they interact with matter.
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Vibrations and Waves
 
II-B.8a. Interactions of Energy and Matter: Describe the characteristics of electromagnetic waves (e.g., visible light, radio, microwave, X-ray, ultraviolet, gamma) and other waves (e.g., sound, seismic waves, water waves), including: origin and potential hazards of various forms of electromagnetic radiation; energy of electromagnetic waves carried in discrete energy packets (photons) whose energy is inversely proportional to wavelength.
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Light
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Vibrations and Waves
 
II-B.9a. Interactions of Energy and Matter: Know that each kind of atom or molecule can gain or lose energy only in discrete amounts.
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Chemical Formulas and Bonding
 
II-C. Understand the characteristics, structures, and functions of cells.
II-C.1a. Structure and Function: Know that cells are made of proteins composed of combinations of amino acids.
Flip Charts Specialized Cells
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Cell structure and function
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Nucleic acids and protein synthesis
 
II-C.2a. Structure and Function: Know that specialized structures inside cells in most organisms carry out different functions, including: parts of a cell and their functions (e.g., nucleus, chromosomes, plasma, and mitochondria); storage of genetic material in DNA; similarities and differences between plant and animal cells; prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells.
Flip Charts Cell Cycle
Flip Charts Mitosis Overview
Flip Charts Specialized Cells
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Cell Reproduction
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Cell structure and function
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Nucleic acids and protein synthesis
 
II-C.3a. Structure and Function: Describe the mechanisms for cellular processes (e.g., energy production and storage, transport of molecules, waste disposal, synthesis of new molecules).
Flip Charts Active Transport
Flip Charts Cell Energy
Flip Charts Cell Energy
Flip Charts Diffusion
Flip Charts Fermentation
Flip Charts Passive Transport
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Cell processes
 
II-C.4a. Structure and Function: Know how the cell membrane controls which ions and molecules enter and leave the cell based on membrane permeability and transport (i.e., osmosis, diffusion, active transport, passive transport).
Flip Charts Active Transport
Flip Charts Cell Energy
Flip Charts Cell Energy
Flip Charts Diffusion
Flip Charts Fermentation
Flip Charts Passive Transport
Flip Charts Specialized Cells
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Cell processes
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Cell structure and function
 
II-C.6a. Structure and Function: Know that DNA directs protein building (e.g., role of RNA).
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Nucleic acids and protein synthesis
 
II-C.7a. Biochemical Mechanisms: Describe how most cell functions involve chemical reactions, including: promotion or inhibition of biochemical reactions by enzymes; processes of respiration (e.g., energy production, ATP); communication from cell to cell by secretion of a variety of chemicals (e.g., hormones).
Flip Charts Active Transport
Flip Charts Cell Energy
Flip Charts Cell Energy
Flip Charts Diffusion
Flip Charts Fermentation
Flip Charts Passive Transport
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Cell processes
 
II-C. Understand the motion of objects and waves, and the forces that cause them.
II-C.11a. Motion: Explain how the interactions of waves can result in interference, reflection, and refraction.
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Vibrations and Waves
 
II-C.12a. Motion: Describe how waves are used for practical purposes (e.g., seismic data, acoustic effects, Doppler effect).
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Sound
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Vibrations and Waves
 
II-C.1a. Forces: Know that there are four fundamental forces in nature: gravitation, electromagnetism, weak nuclear force, and strong nuclear force.
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Rotational Motion/Universal Gravitation
 
II-C.2a. Forces: Know that every object exerts gravitational force on every other object, and how this force depends on the masses of the objects and the distance between them.
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Rotational Motion/Universal Gravitation
 
II-C.3a. Forces: Know that materials containing equal amounts of positive and negative charges are electrically neutral, but that a small excess or deficit of negative charges produces significant electrical forces.
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Electricity and Electrical Energy - Set I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Electricity and Electrical Energy - Set II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Electromagnetism
 
II-C.4a. Forces: Understand the relationship between force and pressure, and how the pressure of a volume of gas depends on the temperature and the amount of gas.
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game States of Matter
 
II-C.5a. Forces: Explain how electric currents cause magnetism and how changing magnetic fields produce electricity (e.g., electric motors, generators).
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Electric Circuits
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Electromagnetism
 
II-C.6a. Forces: Represent the magnitude and direction of forces by vector diagrams.
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Laws of Motion - Set I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Laws of Motion - Set II
 
II-C.8a. Motion: Apply Newton's Laws to describe and analyze the behavior of moving objects, including: displacement, velocity, and acceleration of a moving object; Newton's Second Law, F = ma (e.g., momentum and its conservation, the motion of an object falling under gravity, the independence of a falling object's motion on mass); circular motion and centripetal force.
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Forces - Set I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Forces - Set II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Laws of Motion - Set I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Laws of Motion - Set II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Rotational Motion/Universal Gravitation
 
II-C.9a. Motion: Describe relative motion using frames of reference.
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Laws of Motion - Set I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Laws of Motion - Set II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Mechanics
 

NM.II.The Content of Science: Life Science: Understand the properties, structures, and processes of living things and the interdependence of living things and their environments.

The Content of Science: Life Science: Understand the properties, structures, and processes of living things and the interdependence of living things and their environments.
II-A. Examine the scientific theories of the origin, structure, contents, and evolution of the solar system and the universe, and their interconnections.
II-A.1a. Understand the scale and contents of the universe, including: range of structures from atoms through astronomical objects to the universe; objects in the universe such as planets, stars, galaxies, and nebulae.
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Stars, Galaxies, and the Universe
 
II-A.2a. Predict changes in the positions and appearances of objects in the sky (e.g., moon, sun) based on knowledge of current positions and patterns of movements (e.g., lunar cycles, seasons).
Flip Charts Earth’s Moon
Flip Charts Eclipses
Flip Charts Gravity and Motion
Flip Charts Phases of the Moon
Flip Charts Seasons on Earth
Flip Charts Tides
Vocabulary Terms The Sun-Earth-Moon System
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game The Sun-Earth-Moon System
 
II-A.5a. Explain how objects in the universe emit different electromagnetic radiation and how this information is used.
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Light
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Vibrations and Waves
 
II-A.6a. Describe how stars are powered by nuclear fusion, how luminosity and temperature indicate their age, and how stellar processes create heavier and stable elements that are found throughout the universe.
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Stars, Galaxies, and the Universe
 
II-A. Understand how the survival of species depends on biodiversity and on complex interactions, including the cycling of matter and the flow of energy.
II-A.2a. Ecosystems: Describe how organisms cooperate and compete in ecosystems (e.g., producers, decomposers, herbivores, carnivores, omnivores, predator-prey, symbiosis, mutualism).
Flip Charts Classification
Flip Charts Fungi
Flip Charts The Six Kingdoms
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Evolution and classification
 
II-A.5a. Energy Flow in the Environment: Explain how matter and energy flow through biological systems (e.g., organisms, communities, ecosystems), and how the total amount of matter and energy is conserved but some energy is always released as heat to the environment.
Flip Charts Animal Homes
Flip Charts Energy Flow
Flip Charts Energy Pyramid
Flip Charts Food Chains
Flip Charts Food Web Balance
Flip Charts Food Webs
Flip Charts Owl Food Web
Flip Charts Owl Pellets
Flip Charts Types of Consumers
Vocabulary Terms Ecology I
Vocabulary Terms Ecology II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Ecology I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Ecology II
 
II-A.6a. Energy Flow in the Environment: Describe how energy flows from the sun through plants to herbivores to carnivores and decomposers.
Flip Charts Animal Homes
Flip Charts Energy Flow
Flip Charts Energy Pyramid
Flip Charts Food Chains
Flip Charts Food Web Balance
Flip Charts Food Webs
Flip Charts Owl Food Web
Flip Charts Owl Pellets
Flip Charts Types of Consumers
Vocabulary Terms Ecology I
Vocabulary Terms Ecology II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Ecology I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Ecology II
 
II-A.7a. Energy Flow in the Environment: Understand and explain the principles of photosynthesis (i.e., chloroplasts in plants convert light energy, carbon dioxide, and water into chemical energy).
Flip Charts Photosynthesis
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Photosynthesis and respiration
 
II-A.8a. Biodiversity: Understand and explain the hierarchical classification scheme (i.e., domain, kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus, species), including: classification of an organism into a category; similarity inferred from molecular structure (DNA) closely matching classification based on anatomical similarities; similarities of organisms reflecting evolutionary relationships.
Flip Charts Classification
Flip Charts Fungi
Flip Charts The Six Kingdoms
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Evolution and classification
 
II-A.9a. Biodiversity: Understand variation within and among species, including: mutations and genetic drift; factors affecting the survival of an organism; natural selection.
Flip Charts Animal Life Cycles
Flip Charts Classification
Flip Charts Fungi
Flip Charts The Six Kingdoms
Flip Charts Vertebrates
Vocabulary Terms Vertebrates II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Evolution and classification
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Nucleic acids and protein synthesis
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Vertebrates II
 
II-A. Understand the properties, underlying structure, and reactions of matter.
II-A.10a. Structure of Matter: Know that states of matter (i.e., solid, liquid, gas) depend on the arrangement of atoms and molecules and on their freedom of motion.
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game States of Matter
 
II-A.12a. Chemical Reactions: Know that chemical reactions involve the rearrangement of atoms, and that they occur on many timescales (e.g., picoseconds to millennia).
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Chemical Reactions
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Kinetics and Equilibrium
 
II-A.13a. Chemical Reactions: Understand types of chemical reactions (e.g., synthesis, decomposition, combustion, redox, neutralization) and identify them as exothermic or endothermic.
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Chemical Reactions
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Kinetics and Equilibrium
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Oxidation, Reduction and Electrochemistry
 
II-A.14a. Chemical Reactions: Know how to express chemical reactions with balanced equations that show: conservation of mass; products of common reactions.
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Chemical Reactions
 
II-A.15a. Chemical Reactions: Describe how the rate of chemical reactions depends on many factors that include temperature, concentration, and the presence of catalysts.
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Chemical Reactions
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Kinetics and Equilibrium
 
II-A.2a. Properties of Matter: Identify, measure, and use a variety of physical and chemical properties (e.g., electrical conductivity, density, viscosity, chemical reactivity, pH, melting point).
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Elements - Set II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Elements - Set I
 
II-A.6a. Structure of Matter: Understand atomic structure, including: most space occupied by electrons; nucleus made of protons and neutrons; isotopes of an element; masses of proton and neutron 2000 times greater than mass of electron; atom held together by proton-electron electrical forces.
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Atomic and Nuclear Physics
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Nuclear Chemistry
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Elements - Set II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Elements - Set I
 
II-A.7a. Structure of Matter: Explain how electrons determine the properties of substances by: interactions between atoms through transferring or sharing valence electrons; ionic and covalent bonds; the ability of carbon to form a diverse array of organic structures.
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Chemical Formulas and Bonding
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Organic Chemistry
 
II-A.9a. Structure of Matter: Understand how the type and arrangement of atoms and their bonds determine macroscopic properties (e.g., boiling point, electrical conductivity, hardness of minerals).
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Chemical Formulas and Bonding
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Organic Chemistry
 
II-B. Examine the scientific theories of the origin, structure, energy, and evolution of Earth and its atmosphere, and their interconnections.
II-B.10a. Geochemical Cycles: Describe the composition and structure of Earth's materials, including: the major rock types (i.e., sedimentary, igneous, metamorphic) and their formation; natural resources (e.g., minerals, petroleum) and their formation.
Flip Charts Classifying Rocks
Flip Charts Identifying Rocks
Flip Charts Igneous Rocks
Flip Charts Metamorphic Rocks
Flip Charts Sedimentary Rocks
Flip Charts The Rock Cycle
Flip Charts What is a Rock?
Vocabulary Terms Rocks - Set I
Vocabulary Terms Rocks - Set II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Rocks - Set I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Rocks - Set II
 
II-B.11a. Geochemical Cycles: Explain how layers of the atmosphere (e.g., ozone, ionosphere) change naturally and artificially.
Flip Charts Our Atmosphere
Vocabulary Terms The Atmosphere
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game The Atmosphere
 
II-B.12a. Geochemical Cycles: Explain how the availability of ground water through aquifers can fluctuate based on multiple factors (i.e., rate of use, rate of replenishment, surface changes, and changes in temperature).
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Groundwater Resources
 
II-B.2a. Characteristics and Evolution of Earth: Recognize that radiometric data indicate that Earth is at least 4 billion years old and that Earth has changed during that period.
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Fossils I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Fossils II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game The History of Earth
 
II-B.3a. Characteristics and Evolution of Earth: Describe the internal structure of Earth (e.g., core, mantle, crust) and the structure of Earth's plates.
Vocabulary Terms Earths Crust
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Earths Crust
 
II-B.4a. Characteristics and Evolution of Earth: Understand the changes in Earth's past and the investigative methods used to determine geologic time, including: rock sequences, relative dating, fossil correlation, and radiometric dating; geologic time scales, historic changes in life forms, and the evidence for absolute ages (e.g., radiometric methods, tree rings, paleomagnetism).
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Fossils I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Fossils II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game The Science of Earth Science
 
II-B.5a. Characteristics and Evolution of Earth: Explain plate tectonic theory and understand the evidence that supports it.
Flip Charts Continental Drift
Flip Charts Earth’s Interior
Vocabulary Terms Plate Tectonics
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Plate Tectonics
 
II-B.7a. Energy in Earth's System: Describe convection as the mechanism for moving heat energy from deep within Earth to the surface and discuss how this process results in plate tectonics, including: geological manifestations (e.g., earthquakes, volcanoes, mountain building) that occur at plate boundaries; impact of plate motions on societies and the environment (e.g., earthquakes, volcanoes).
Flip Charts Continental Drift
Flip Charts Earth’s Interior
Flip Charts Earthquake Safety
Flip Charts Seismic Waves
Flip Charts The Richter Scale
Vocabulary Terms Earthquakes
Vocabulary Terms Plate Tectonics
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Earthquakes
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Plate Tectonics
 
II-B.8a. Energy in Earth's System: Describe the patterns and relationships in the circulation of air and water driven by the sun's radiant energy, including: patterns in weather systems related to the transfer of energy; differences between climate and weather; global climate, global warming, and the greenhouse effect; El Nino, La Nina, and other climatic trends.
Flip Charts Clouds
Flip Charts Precipitation
Flip Charts Predicting Weather
Flip Charts Severe Weather
Flip Charts Weather
Vocabulary Terms Oceans
Vocabulary Terms Weather I
Vocabulary Terms Weather II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Oceans
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Weather I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Weather II
 
II-B.9a. Geochemical Cycles: Know that Earth's system contains a fixed amount of natural resources that cycle among land, water, the atmosphere, and living things (e.g., carbon and nitrogen cycles, rock cycle, water cycle, ground water, aquifers).
Flip Charts Animal Homes
Flip Charts Energy Flow
Flip Charts Energy Pyramid
Flip Charts Food Chains
Flip Charts Food Web Balance
Flip Charts Food Webs
Flip Charts Owl Food Web
Flip Charts Owl Pellets
Flip Charts Types of Consumers
Vocabulary Terms Ecology I
Vocabulary Terms Ecology II
Vocabulary Terms The Rock Cycle
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Ecology I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Ecology II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game The Rock Cycle
 
II-B. Understand the genetic basis for inheritance and the basic concepts of biological evolution.
II-B.10a. Biological Evolution: Understand the data, observations, and logic supporting the conclusion that species today evolved from earlier, distinctly different species, originating from the ancestral one-celled organisms.
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game The Science of Earth Science
 
II-B.11a. Biological Evolution: Understand that evolution is a consequence of many factors, including the ability of organisms to reproduce, genetic variability, the effect of limited resources, and natural selection.
Flip Charts Classification
Flip Charts Fungi
Flip Charts The Six Kingdoms
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Evolution and classification
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Nucleic acids and protein synthesis
 
II-B.12a. Biological Evolution: Explain how natural selection favors individuals who are better able to survive, reproduce, and leave offspring.
Flip Charts Classification
Flip Charts Fungi
Flip Charts The Six Kingdoms
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Evolution and classification
 
II-B.13a. Biological Evolution: Analyze how evolution by natural selection and other mechanisms explains many phenomena including the fossil record of ancient life forms and similarities (both physical and molecular) among different species.
Flip Charts Classification
Flip Charts Fungi
Flip Charts The Six Kingdoms
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Evolution and classification
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game The Science of Earth Science
 
II-B.1a. Genetics: Know how DNA carries all genetic information in the units of heredity called genes, including: the structure of DNA (e.g., subunits A, G, C, T); information-preserving replication of DNA; alteration of genes by inserting, deleting, or substituting parts of DNA.
Flip Charts Cell Cycle
Flip Charts Mitosis Overview
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Cell Reproduction
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Nucleic acids and protein synthesis
 
II-B.2a. Genetics: Use appropriate vocabulary to describe inheritable traits (i.e., genotype, phenotype).
Flip Charts Chromosomes
Flip Charts Chromosomes
Flip Charts Codominance
Flip Charts DNA
Flip Charts DNA Replication
Flip Charts DNA/RNA Structure
Flip Charts Genes
Flip Charts Gregor Mendel
Flip Charts Making a Pedigree
Flip Charts Mutations
Flip Charts Punnett Squares
Flip Charts The Genetic Code
Vocabulary Terms Genetics and heredity I
Vocabulary Terms Genetics and heredity II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Genetics and heredity I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Genetics and heredity II
 
II-B.3a. Genetics: Explain the concepts of segregation, independent assortment, and dominant/recessive alleles.
Flip Charts Chromosomes
Flip Charts Chromosomes
Flip Charts Codominance
Flip Charts DNA
Flip Charts DNA Replication
Flip Charts DNA/RNA Structure
Flip Charts Genes
Flip Charts Gregor Mendel
Flip Charts Making a Pedigree
Flip Charts Mutations
Flip Charts Punnett Squares
Flip Charts The Genetic Code
Vocabulary Terms Genetics and heredity I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Genetics and heredity I
 
II-B.4a. Genetics: Identify traits that can and cannot be inherited.
Flip Charts Chromosomes
Flip Charts Chromosomes
Flip Charts Codominance
Flip Charts DNA
Flip Charts DNA Replication
Flip Charts DNA/RNA Structure
Flip Charts Genes
Flip Charts Gregor Mendel
Flip Charts Making a Pedigree
Flip Charts Mutations
Flip Charts Punnett Squares
Flip Charts The Genetic Code
Vocabulary Terms Genetics and heredity I
Vocabulary Terms Genetics and heredity II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Genetics and heredity I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Genetics and heredity II
 
II-B.5a. Genetics: Know how genetic variability results from the recombination and mutation of genes, including: sorting and recombination of genes in sexual reproduction result in a change in DNA that is passed on to offspring; radiation or chemical substances can cause mutations in cells, resulting in a permanent change in DNA.
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Nucleic acids and protein synthesis
 
II-B.6a. Genetics: Understand the principles of sexual and asexual reproduction, including meiosis and mitosis.
Flip Charts Cell Cycle
Flip Charts Mitosis Overview
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Cell Reproduction
 
II-B.7a. Genetics: Know that most cells in the human body contain 23 pairs of chromosomes including one pair that determines sex, and that human females have two X chromosomes and human males have an X and a Y chromosome.
Flip Charts Chromosomes
Flip Charts Chromosomes
Flip Charts Codominance
Flip Charts DNA
Flip Charts DNA Replication
Flip Charts DNA/RNA Structure
Flip Charts Genes
Flip Charts Gregor Mendel
Flip Charts Making a Pedigree
Flip Charts Mutations
Flip Charts Punnett Squares
Flip Charts The Genetic Code
Vocabulary Terms Genetics and heredity II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Genetics and heredity II
 
II-B.8a. Biological Evolution: Describe the evidence for the first appearance of life on Earth as one-celled organisms, over 3.5 billion years ago, and for the later appearance of a diversity of multicellular organisms over millions of years.
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game The Science of Earth Science
 
II-B.9a. Biological Evolution: Critically analyze the data and observations supporting the conclusion that the species living on Earth today are related by descent from the ancestral one-celled organisms.
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game The Science of Earth Science
 
II-B. Understand the transformation and transmission of energy and how energy and matter interact.
II-B.10a. Interactions of Energy and Matter: Explain how wavelengths of electromagnetic radiation can be used to identify atoms, molecules, and the composition of stars.
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Light
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Vibrations and Waves
 
II-B.1a. Energy Transformation and Transfer: Identify different forms of energy, including kinetic, gravitational (potential), chemical, thermal, nuclear, and electromagnetic.
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Heat
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Matter and Energy
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Nuclear Chemistry
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Properties of Matter
 
II-B.3a. Energy Transformation and Transfer: Understand that energy can change from one form to another (e.g., changes in kinetic and potential energy in a gravitational field, heats of reaction, hydroelectric dams) and know that energy is conserved in these changes.
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game States of Matter
 
II-B.4a. Energy Transformation and Transfer: Understand how heat can be transferred by conduction, convection, and radiation, and how heat conduction differs in conductors and insulators.
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Properties of Matter
 
II-B.6a. Energy Transformation and Transfer: Understand that the ability of energy to do something useful (work) tends to decrease (and never increases) as energy is converted from one form to another.
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Work and Energy
 
II-B.7a. Interactions of Energy and Matter: Understand that electromagnetic waves carry energy that can be transferred when they interact with matter.
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Vibrations and Waves
 
II-B.8a. Interactions of Energy and Matter: Describe the characteristics of electromagnetic waves (e.g., visible light, radio, microwave, X-ray, ultraviolet, gamma) and other waves (e.g., sound, seismic waves, water waves), including: origin and potential hazards of various forms of electromagnetic radiation; energy of electromagnetic waves carried in discrete energy packets (photons) whose energy is inversely proportional to wavelength.
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Light
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Vibrations and Waves
 
II-B.9a. Interactions of Energy and Matter: Know that each kind of atom or molecule can gain or lose energy only in discrete amounts.
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Chemical Formulas and Bonding
 
II-C. Understand the characteristics, structures, and functions of cells.
II-C.1a. Structure and Function: Know that cells are made of proteins composed of combinations of amino acids.
Flip Charts Specialized Cells
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Cell structure and function
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Nucleic acids and protein synthesis
 
II-C.2a. Structure and Function: Know that specialized structures inside cells in most organisms carry out different functions, including: parts of a cell and their functions (e.g., nucleus, chromosomes, plasma, and mitochondria); storage of genetic material in DNA; similarities and differences between plant and animal cells; prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells.
Flip Charts Cell Cycle
Flip Charts Mitosis Overview
Flip Charts Specialized Cells
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Cell Reproduction
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Cell structure and function
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Nucleic acids and protein synthesis
 
II-C.3a. Structure and Function: Describe the mechanisms for cellular processes (e.g., energy production and storage, transport of molecules, waste disposal, synthesis of new molecules).
Flip Charts Active Transport
Flip Charts Cell Energy
Flip Charts Cell Energy
Flip Charts Diffusion
Flip Charts Fermentation
Flip Charts Passive Transport
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Cell processes
 
II-C.4a. Structure and Function: Know how the cell membrane controls which ions and molecules enter and leave the cell based on membrane permeability and transport (i.e., osmosis, diffusion, active transport, passive transport).
Flip Charts Active Transport
Flip Charts Cell Energy
Flip Charts Cell Energy
Flip Charts Diffusion
Flip Charts Fermentation
Flip Charts Passive Transport
Flip Charts Specialized Cells
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Cell processes
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Cell structure and function
 
II-C.6a. Structure and Function: Know that DNA directs protein building (e.g., role of RNA).
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Nucleic acids and protein synthesis
 
II-C.7a. Biochemical Mechanisms: Describe how most cell functions involve chemical reactions, including: promotion or inhibition of biochemical reactions by enzymes; processes of respiration (e.g., energy production, ATP); communication from cell to cell by secretion of a variety of chemicals (e.g., hormones).
Flip Charts Active Transport
Flip Charts Cell Energy
Flip Charts Cell Energy
Flip Charts Diffusion
Flip Charts Fermentation
Flip Charts Passive Transport
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Cell processes
 
II-C. Understand the motion of objects and waves, and the forces that cause them.
II-C.11a. Motion: Explain how the interactions of waves can result in interference, reflection, and refraction.
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Vibrations and Waves
 
II-C.12a. Motion: Describe how waves are used for practical purposes (e.g., seismic data, acoustic effects, Doppler effect).
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Sound
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Vibrations and Waves
 
II-C.1a. Forces: Know that there are four fundamental forces in nature: gravitation, electromagnetism, weak nuclear force, and strong nuclear force.
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Rotational Motion/Universal Gravitation
 
II-C.2a. Forces: Know that every object exerts gravitational force on every other object, and how this force depends on the masses of the objects and the distance between them.
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Rotational Motion/Universal Gravitation
 
II-C.3a. Forces: Know that materials containing equal amounts of positive and negative charges are electrically neutral, but that a small excess or deficit of negative charges produces significant electrical forces.
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Electricity and Electrical Energy - Set I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Electricity and Electrical Energy - Set II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Electromagnetism
 
II-C.4a. Forces: Understand the relationship between force and pressure, and how the pressure of a volume of gas depends on the temperature and the amount of gas.
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game States of Matter
 
II-C.5a. Forces: Explain how electric currents cause magnetism and how changing magnetic fields produce electricity (e.g., electric motors, generators).
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Electric Circuits
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Electromagnetism
 
II-C.6a. Forces: Represent the magnitude and direction of forces by vector diagrams.
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Laws of Motion - Set I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Laws of Motion - Set II
 
II-C.8a. Motion: Apply Newton's Laws to describe and analyze the behavior of moving objects, including: displacement, velocity, and acceleration of a moving object; Newton's Second Law, F = ma (e.g., momentum and its conservation, the motion of an object falling under gravity, the independence of a falling object's motion on mass); circular motion and centripetal force.
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Forces - Set I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Forces - Set II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Laws of Motion - Set I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Laws of Motion - Set II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Rotational Motion/Universal Gravitation
 
II-C.9a. Motion: Describe relative motion using frames of reference.
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Laws of Motion - Set I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Laws of Motion - Set II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Mechanics
 

NM.II.The Content of Science: Physical Science: Understand the structure and properties of matter, the characteristics of energy, and the interactions between matter and energy.

The Content of Science: Physical Science: Understand the structure and properties of matter, the characteristics of energy, and the interactions between matter and energy.
II-A. Examine the scientific theories of the origin, structure, contents, and evolution of the solar system and the universe, and their interconnections.
II-A.1a. Understand the scale and contents of the universe, including: range of structures from atoms through astronomical objects to the universe; objects in the universe such as planets, stars, galaxies, and nebulae.
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Stars, Galaxies, and the Universe
 
II-A.2a. Predict changes in the positions and appearances of objects in the sky (e.g., moon, sun) based on knowledge of current positions and patterns of movements (e.g., lunar cycles, seasons).
Flip Charts Earth’s Moon
Flip Charts Eclipses
Flip Charts Gravity and Motion
Flip Charts Phases of the Moon
Flip Charts Seasons on Earth
Flip Charts Tides
Vocabulary Terms The Sun-Earth-Moon System
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game The Sun-Earth-Moon System
 
II-A.5a. Explain how objects in the universe emit different electromagnetic radiation and how this information is used.
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Light
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Vibrations and Waves
 
II-A.6a. Describe how stars are powered by nuclear fusion, how luminosity and temperature indicate their age, and how stellar processes create heavier and stable elements that are found throughout the universe.
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Stars, Galaxies, and the Universe
 
II-A. Understand how the survival of species depends on biodiversity and on complex interactions, including the cycling of matter and the flow of energy.
II-A.2a. Ecosystems: Describe how organisms cooperate and compete in ecosystems (e.g., producers, decomposers, herbivores, carnivores, omnivores, predator-prey, symbiosis, mutualism).
Flip Charts Classification
Flip Charts Fungi
Flip Charts The Six Kingdoms
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Evolution and classification
 
II-A.5a. Energy Flow in the Environment: Explain how matter and energy flow through biological systems (e.g., organisms, communities, ecosystems), and how the total amount of matter and energy is conserved but some energy is always released as heat to the environment.
Flip Charts Animal Homes
Flip Charts Energy Flow
Flip Charts Energy Pyramid
Flip Charts Food Chains
Flip Charts Food Web Balance
Flip Charts Food Webs
Flip Charts Owl Food Web
Flip Charts Owl Pellets
Flip Charts Types of Consumers
Vocabulary Terms Ecology I
Vocabulary Terms Ecology II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Ecology I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Ecology II
 
II-A.6a. Energy Flow in the Environment: Describe how energy flows from the sun through plants to herbivores to carnivores and decomposers.
Flip Charts Animal Homes
Flip Charts Energy Flow
Flip Charts Energy Pyramid
Flip Charts Food Chains
Flip Charts Food Web Balance
Flip Charts Food Webs
Flip Charts Owl Food Web
Flip Charts Owl Pellets
Flip Charts Types of Consumers
Vocabulary Terms Ecology I
Vocabulary Terms Ecology II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Ecology I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Ecology II
 
II-A.7a. Energy Flow in the Environment: Understand and explain the principles of photosynthesis (i.e., chloroplasts in plants convert light energy, carbon dioxide, and water into chemical energy).
Flip Charts Photosynthesis
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Photosynthesis and respiration
 
II-A.8a. Biodiversity: Understand and explain the hierarchical classification scheme (i.e., domain, kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus, species), including: classification of an organism into a category; similarity inferred from molecular structure (DNA) closely matching classification based on anatomical similarities; similarities of organisms reflecting evolutionary relationships.
Flip Charts Classification
Flip Charts Fungi
Flip Charts The Six Kingdoms
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Evolution and classification
 
II-A.9a. Biodiversity: Understand variation within and among species, including: mutations and genetic drift; factors affecting the survival of an organism; natural selection.
Flip Charts Animal Life Cycles
Flip Charts Classification
Flip Charts Fungi
Flip Charts The Six Kingdoms
Flip Charts Vertebrates
Vocabulary Terms Vertebrates II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Evolution and classification
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Nucleic acids and protein synthesis
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Vertebrates II
 
II-A. Understand the properties, underlying structure, and reactions of matter.
II-A.10a. Structure of Matter: Know that states of matter (i.e., solid, liquid, gas) depend on the arrangement of atoms and molecules and on their freedom of motion.
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game States of Matter
 
II-A.12a. Chemical Reactions: Know that chemical reactions involve the rearrangement of atoms, and that they occur on many timescales (e.g., picoseconds to millennia).
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Chemical Reactions
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Kinetics and Equilibrium
 
II-A.13a. Chemical Reactions: Understand types of chemical reactions (e.g., synthesis, decomposition, combustion, redox, neutralization) and identify them as exothermic or endothermic.
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Chemical Reactions
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Kinetics and Equilibrium
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Oxidation, Reduction and Electrochemistry
 
II-A.14a. Chemical Reactions: Know how to express chemical reactions with balanced equations that show: conservation of mass; products of common reactions.
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Chemical Reactions
 
II-A.15a. Chemical Reactions: Describe how the rate of chemical reactions depends on many factors that include temperature, concentration, and the presence of catalysts.
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Chemical Reactions
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Kinetics and Equilibrium
 
II-A.2a. Properties of Matter: Identify, measure, and use a variety of physical and chemical properties (e.g., electrical conductivity, density, viscosity, chemical reactivity, pH, melting point).
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Elements - Set II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Elements - Set I
 
II-A.6a. Structure of Matter: Understand atomic structure, including: most space occupied by electrons; nucleus made of protons and neutrons; isotopes of an element; masses of proton and neutron 2000 times greater than mass of electron; atom held together by proton-electron electrical forces.
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Atomic and Nuclear Physics
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Nuclear Chemistry
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Elements - Set II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Elements - Set I
 
II-A.7a. Structure of Matter: Explain how electrons determine the properties of substances by: interactions between atoms through transferring or sharing valence electrons; ionic and covalent bonds; the ability of carbon to form a diverse array of organic structures.
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Chemical Formulas and Bonding
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Organic Chemistry
 
II-A.9a. Structure of Matter: Understand how the type and arrangement of atoms and their bonds determine macroscopic properties (e.g., boiling point, electrical conductivity, hardness of minerals).
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Chemical Formulas and Bonding
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Organic Chemistry
 
II-B. Examine the scientific theories of the origin, structure, energy, and evolution of Earth and its atmosphere, and their interconnections.
II-B.10a. Geochemical Cycles: Describe the composition and structure of Earth's materials, including: the major rock types (i.e., sedimentary, igneous, metamorphic) and their formation; natural resources (e.g., minerals, petroleum) and their formation.
Flip Charts Classifying Rocks
Flip Charts Identifying Rocks
Flip Charts Igneous Rocks
Flip Charts Metamorphic Rocks
Flip Charts Sedimentary Rocks
Flip Charts The Rock Cycle
Flip Charts What is a Rock?
Vocabulary Terms Rocks - Set I
Vocabulary Terms Rocks - Set II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Rocks - Set I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Rocks - Set II
 
II-B.11a. Geochemical Cycles: Explain how layers of the atmosphere (e.g., ozone, ionosphere) change naturally and artificially.
Flip Charts Our Atmosphere
Vocabulary Terms The Atmosphere
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game The Atmosphere
 
II-B.12a. Geochemical Cycles: Explain how the availability of ground water through aquifers can fluctuate based on multiple factors (i.e., rate of use, rate of replenishment, surface changes, and changes in temperature).
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Groundwater Resources
 
II-B.2a. Characteristics and Evolution of Earth: Recognize that radiometric data indicate that Earth is at least 4 billion years old and that Earth has changed during that period.
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Fossils I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Fossils II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game The History of Earth
 
II-B.3a. Characteristics and Evolution of Earth: Describe the internal structure of Earth (e.g., core, mantle, crust) and the structure of Earth's plates.
Vocabulary Terms Earths Crust
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Earths Crust
 
II-B.4a. Characteristics and Evolution of Earth: Understand the changes in Earth's past and the investigative methods used to determine geologic time, including: rock sequences, relative dating, fossil correlation, and radiometric dating; geologic time scales, historic changes in life forms, and the evidence for absolute ages (e.g., radiometric methods, tree rings, paleomagnetism).
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Fossils I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Fossils II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game The Science of Earth Science
 
II-B.5a. Characteristics and Evolution of Earth: Explain plate tectonic theory and understand the evidence that supports it.
Flip Charts Continental Drift
Flip Charts Earth’s Interior
Vocabulary Terms Plate Tectonics
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Plate Tectonics
 
II-B.7a. Energy in Earth's System: Describe convection as the mechanism for moving heat energy from deep within Earth to the surface and discuss how this process results in plate tectonics, including: geological manifestations (e.g., earthquakes, volcanoes, mountain building) that occur at plate boundaries; impact of plate motions on societies and the environment (e.g., earthquakes, volcanoes).
Flip Charts Continental Drift
Flip Charts Earth’s Interior
Flip Charts Earthquake Safety
Flip Charts Seismic Waves
Flip Charts The Richter Scale
Vocabulary Terms Earthquakes
Vocabulary Terms Plate Tectonics
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Earthquakes
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Plate Tectonics
 
II-B.8a. Energy in Earth's System: Describe the patterns and relationships in the circulation of air and water driven by the sun's radiant energy, including: patterns in weather systems related to the transfer of energy; differences between climate and weather; global climate, global warming, and the greenhouse effect; El Nino, La Nina, and other climatic trends.
Flip Charts Clouds
Flip Charts Precipitation
Flip Charts Predicting Weather
Flip Charts Severe Weather
Flip Charts Weather
Vocabulary Terms Oceans
Vocabulary Terms Weather I
Vocabulary Terms Weather II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Oceans
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Weather I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Weather II
 
II-B.9a. Geochemical Cycles: Know that Earth's system contains a fixed amount of natural resources that cycle among land, water, the atmosphere, and living things (e.g., carbon and nitrogen cycles, rock cycle, water cycle, ground water, aquifers).
Flip Charts Animal Homes
Flip Charts Energy Flow
Flip Charts Energy Pyramid
Flip Charts Food Chains
Flip Charts Food Web Balance
Flip Charts Food Webs
Flip Charts Owl Food Web
Flip Charts Owl Pellets
Flip Charts Types of Consumers
Vocabulary Terms Ecology I
Vocabulary Terms Ecology II
Vocabulary Terms The Rock Cycle
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Ecology I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Ecology II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game The Rock Cycle
 
II-B. Understand the genetic basis for inheritance and the basic concepts of biological evolution.
II-B.10a. Biological Evolution: Understand the data, observations, and logic supporting the conclusion that species today evolved from earlier, distinctly different species, originating from the ancestral one-celled organisms.
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game The Science of Earth Science
 
II-B.11a. Biological Evolution: Understand that evolution is a consequence of many factors, including the ability of organisms to reproduce, genetic variability, the effect of limited resources, and natural selection.
Flip Charts Classification
Flip Charts Fungi
Flip Charts The Six Kingdoms
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Evolution and classification
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Nucleic acids and protein synthesis
 
II-B.12a. Biological Evolution: Explain how natural selection favors individuals who are better able to survive, reproduce, and leave offspring.
Flip Charts Classification
Flip Charts Fungi
Flip Charts The Six Kingdoms
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Evolution and classification
 
II-B.13a. Biological Evolution: Analyze how evolution by natural selection and other mechanisms explains many phenomena including the fossil record of ancient life forms and similarities (both physical and molecular) among different species.
Flip Charts Classification
Flip Charts Fungi
Flip Charts The Six Kingdoms
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Evolution and classification
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game The Science of Earth Science
 
II-B.1a. Genetics: Know how DNA carries all genetic information in the units of heredity called genes, including: the structure of DNA (e.g., subunits A, G, C, T); information-preserving replication of DNA; alteration of genes by inserting, deleting, or substituting parts of DNA.
Flip Charts Cell Cycle
Flip Charts Mitosis Overview
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Cell Reproduction
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Nucleic acids and protein synthesis
 
II-B.2a. Genetics: Use appropriate vocabulary to describe inheritable traits (i.e., genotype, phenotype).
Flip Charts Chromosomes
Flip Charts Chromosomes
Flip Charts Codominance
Flip Charts DNA
Flip Charts DNA Replication
Flip Charts DNA/RNA Structure
Flip Charts Genes
Flip Charts Gregor Mendel
Flip Charts Making a Pedigree
Flip Charts Mutations
Flip Charts Punnett Squares
Flip Charts The Genetic Code
Vocabulary Terms Genetics and heredity I
Vocabulary Terms Genetics and heredity II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Genetics and heredity I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Genetics and heredity II
 
II-B.3a. Genetics: Explain the concepts of segregation, independent assortment, and dominant/recessive alleles.
Flip Charts Chromosomes
Flip Charts Chromosomes
Flip Charts Codominance
Flip Charts DNA
Flip Charts DNA Replication
Flip Charts DNA/RNA Structure
Flip Charts Genes
Flip Charts Gregor Mendel
Flip Charts Making a Pedigree
Flip Charts Mutations
Flip Charts Punnett Squares
Flip Charts The Genetic Code
Vocabulary Terms Genetics and heredity I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Genetics and heredity I
 
II-B.4a. Genetics: Identify traits that can and cannot be inherited.
Flip Charts Chromosomes
Flip Charts Chromosomes
Flip Charts Codominance
Flip Charts DNA
Flip Charts DNA Replication
Flip Charts DNA/RNA Structure
Flip Charts Genes
Flip Charts Gregor Mendel
Flip Charts Making a Pedigree
Flip Charts Mutations
Flip Charts Punnett Squares
Flip Charts The Genetic Code
Vocabulary Terms Genetics and heredity I
Vocabulary Terms Genetics and heredity II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Genetics and heredity I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Genetics and heredity II
 
II-B.5a. Genetics: Know how genetic variability results from the recombination and mutation of genes, including: sorting and recombination of genes in sexual reproduction result in a change in DNA that is passed on to offspring; radiation or chemical substances can cause mutations in cells, resulting in a permanent change in DNA.
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Nucleic acids and protein synthesis
 
II-B.6a. Genetics: Understand the principles of sexual and asexual reproduction, including meiosis and mitosis.
Flip Charts Cell Cycle
Flip Charts Mitosis Overview
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Cell Reproduction
 
II-B.7a. Genetics: Know that most cells in the human body contain 23 pairs of chromosomes including one pair that determines sex, and that human females have two X chromosomes and human males have an X and a Y chromosome.
Flip Charts Chromosomes
Flip Charts Chromosomes
Flip Charts Codominance
Flip Charts DNA
Flip Charts DNA Replication
Flip Charts DNA/RNA Structure
Flip Charts Genes
Flip Charts Gregor Mendel
Flip Charts Making a Pedigree
Flip Charts Mutations
Flip Charts Punnett Squares
Flip Charts The Genetic Code
Vocabulary Terms Genetics and heredity II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Genetics and heredity II
 
II-B.8a. Biological Evolution: Describe the evidence for the first appearance of life on Earth as one-celled organisms, over 3.5 billion years ago, and for the later appearance of a diversity of multicellular organisms over millions of years.
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game The Science of Earth Science
 
II-B.9a. Biological Evolution: Critically analyze the data and observations supporting the conclusion that the species living on Earth today are related by descent from the ancestral one-celled organisms.
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game The Science of Earth Science
 
II-B. Understand the transformation and transmission of energy and how energy and matter interact.
II-B.10a. Interactions of Energy and Matter: Explain how wavelengths of electromagnetic radiation can be used to identify atoms, molecules, and the composition of stars.
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Light
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Vibrations and Waves
 
II-B.1a. Energy Transformation and Transfer: Identify different forms of energy, including kinetic, gravitational (potential), chemical, thermal, nuclear, and electromagnetic.
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Heat
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Matter and Energy
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Nuclear Chemistry
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Properties of Matter
 
II-B.3a. Energy Transformation and Transfer: Understand that energy can change from one form to another (e.g., changes in kinetic and potential energy in a gravitational field, heats of reaction, hydroelectric dams) and know that energy is conserved in these changes.
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game States of Matter
 
II-B.4a. Energy Transformation and Transfer: Understand how heat can be transferred by conduction, convection, and radiation, and how heat conduction differs in conductors and insulators.
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Properties of Matter
 
II-B.6a. Energy Transformation and Transfer: Understand that the ability of energy to do something useful (work) tends to decrease (and never increases) as energy is converted from one form to another.
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Work and Energy
 
II-B.7a. Interactions of Energy and Matter: Understand that electromagnetic waves carry energy that can be transferred when they interact with matter.
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Vibrations and Waves
 
II-B.8a. Interactions of Energy and Matter: Describe the characteristics of electromagnetic waves (e.g., visible light, radio, microwave, X-ray, ultraviolet, gamma) and other waves (e.g., sound, seismic waves, water waves), including: origin and potential hazards of various forms of electromagnetic radiation; energy of electromagnetic waves carried in discrete energy packets (photons) whose energy is inversely proportional to wavelength.
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Light
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Vibrations and Waves
 
II-B.9a. Interactions of Energy and Matter: Know that each kind of atom or molecule can gain or lose energy only in discrete amounts.
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Chemical Formulas and Bonding
 
II-C. Understand the characteristics, structures, and functions of cells.
II-C.1a. Structure and Function: Know that cells are made of proteins composed of combinations of amino acids.
Flip Charts Specialized Cells
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Cell structure and function
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Nucleic acids and protein synthesis
 
II-C.2a. Structure and Function: Know that specialized structures inside cells in most organisms carry out different functions, including: parts of a cell and their functions (e.g., nucleus, chromosomes, plasma, and mitochondria); storage of genetic material in DNA; similarities and differences between plant and animal cells; prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells.
Flip Charts Cell Cycle
Flip Charts Mitosis Overview
Flip Charts Specialized Cells
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Cell Reproduction
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Cell structure and function
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Nucleic acids and protein synthesis
 
II-C.3a. Structure and Function: Describe the mechanisms for cellular processes (e.g., energy production and storage, transport of molecules, waste disposal, synthesis of new molecules).
Flip Charts Active Transport
Flip Charts Cell Energy
Flip Charts Cell Energy
Flip Charts Diffusion
Flip Charts Fermentation
Flip Charts Passive Transport
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Cell processes
 
II-C.4a. Structure and Function: Know how the cell membrane controls which ions and molecules enter and leave the cell based on membrane permeability and transport (i.e., osmosis, diffusion, active transport, passive transport).
Flip Charts Active Transport
Flip Charts Cell Energy
Flip Charts Cell Energy
Flip Charts Diffusion
Flip Charts Fermentation
Flip Charts Passive Transport
Flip Charts Specialized Cells
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Cell processes
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Cell structure and function
 
II-C.6a. Structure and Function: Know that DNA directs protein building (e.g., role of RNA).
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Nucleic acids and protein synthesis
 
II-C.7a. Biochemical Mechanisms: Describe how most cell functions involve chemical reactions, including: promotion or inhibition of biochemical reactions by enzymes; processes of respiration (e.g., energy production, ATP); communication from cell to cell by secretion of a variety of chemicals (e.g., hormones).
Flip Charts Active Transport
Flip Charts Cell Energy
Flip Charts Cell Energy
Flip Charts Diffusion
Flip Charts Fermentation
Flip Charts Passive Transport
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Cell processes
 
II-C. Understand the motion of objects and waves, and the forces that cause them.
II-C.11a. Motion: Explain how the interactions of waves can result in interference, reflection, and refraction.
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Vibrations and Waves
 
II-C.12a. Motion: Describe how waves are used for practical purposes (e.g., seismic data, acoustic effects, Doppler effect).
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Sound
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Vibrations and Waves
 
II-C.1a. Forces: Know that there are four fundamental forces in nature: gravitation, electromagnetism, weak nuclear force, and strong nuclear force.
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Rotational Motion/Universal Gravitation
 
II-C.2a. Forces: Know that every object exerts gravitational force on every other object, and how this force depends on the masses of the objects and the distance between them.
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Rotational Motion/Universal Gravitation
 
II-C.3a. Forces: Know that materials containing equal amounts of positive and negative charges are electrically neutral, but that a small excess or deficit of negative charges produces significant electrical forces.
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Electricity and Electrical Energy - Set I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Electricity and Electrical Energy - Set II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Electromagnetism
 
II-C.4a. Forces: Understand the relationship between force and pressure, and how the pressure of a volume of gas depends on the temperature and the amount of gas.
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game States of Matter
 
II-C.5a. Forces: Explain how electric currents cause magnetism and how changing magnetic fields produce electricity (e.g., electric motors, generators).
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Electric Circuits
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Electromagnetism
 
II-C.6a. Forces: Represent the magnitude and direction of forces by vector diagrams.
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Laws of Motion - Set I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Laws of Motion - Set II
 
II-C.8a. Motion: Apply Newton's Laws to describe and analyze the behavior of moving objects, including: displacement, velocity, and acceleration of a moving object; Newton's Second Law, F = ma (e.g., momentum and its conservation, the motion of an object falling under gravity, the independence of a falling object's motion on mass); circular motion and centripetal force.
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Forces - Set I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Forces - Set II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Laws of Motion - Set I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Laws of Motion - Set II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Rotational Motion/Universal Gravitation
 
II-C.9a. Motion: Describe relative motion using frames of reference.
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Laws of Motion - Set I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Laws of Motion - Set II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Mechanics
 

NM.III.Science and Society: Understand how scientific discoveries, inventions, practices, and knowledge influence, and are influenced by, individuals and societies.

Science and Society: Understand how scientific discoveries, inventions, practices, and knowledge influence, and are influenced by, individuals and societies.
III-A. Examine and analyze how scientific discoveries and their applications affect the world, and explain how societies influence scientific investigations and applications.
III-A.10a. Science and Society: Describe major historical changes in scientific perspectives (e.g., atomic theory, germs, cosmology, relativity, plate tectonics, evolution) and the experimental observations that triggered them.
Flip Charts Classification
Flip Charts Discovering Cells
Flip Charts Fungi
Flip Charts The Inner Planets
Flip Charts The Outer Planets
Flip Charts The Six Kingdoms
Flip Charts The Sun
Vocabulary Terms Introduction to cells
Vocabulary Terms Our Solar System
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Evolution and classification
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Introduction to cells
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Our Solar System
 
III-A.14a. Science and Society: Describe New Mexico's role in nuclear science (e.g., Manhattan Project, WIPP, national laboratories).
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Nuclear Chemistry
 
III-A.5a. Science and Technology: Understand that applications of genetics can meet human needs and can create new problems (e.g., agriculture, medicine, cloning).
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game DNA technology/genetic engineering
 
 
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