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MI.C.Civics and Government
C1. Purposes of Government: Explain why people create governments. 4-C1.0.1. Identify questions political scientists ask in examining the United States (e.g., What does government do? What are the basic values and principles of American democracy? What is the relationship of the United States to other nations? What are the roles of the citizen in American democracy?). Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide U.S. Senate
4-C1.0.2. Explain probable consequences of an absence of government and of rules and laws.
4-C1.0.3. Describe the purposes of government as identified in the Preamble of the Constitution.
C2. Values and Principles of American Democracy: Understand values and principles of American constitutional democracy. 4-C2.0.1. Explain how the principles of popular sovereignty, rule of law, checks and balances, separation of powers, and individual rights (e.g., freedom of religion, freedom of expression, freedom of press) serve to limit the powers of the federal government as reflected in the Constitution and Bill of Rights. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide U.S. Senate
4-C2.0.2. Identify situations in which specific rights guaranteed by the Constitution and Bill of Rights are involved (e.g., freedom of religion, freedom of expression, freedom of press).
C3. Structure and Functions of Government: Describe the structure of government in the United States and how it functions to serve citizens. 4-C3.0.1. Give examples of ways the Constitution limits the powers of the federal government (e.g., election of public officers, separation of powers, checks and balances, Bill of Rights).
4-C3.0.2. Give examples of powers granted to the federal government (e.g., coining of money, declaring war) and those reserved for the states (e.g., driver's license, marriage license).
4-C3.0.3. Describe the organizational structure of the federal government in the United States (legislative, executive, and judicial branches). Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide U.S. Senate
4-C3.0.4. Describe how the powers of the federal government are separated among the branches. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide U.S. Senate
4-C3.0.5. Give examples of how the system of checks and balances limits the power of the federal government (e.g., presidential veto of legislation, courts declaring a law unconstitutional, congressional approval of judicial appointments).
4-C3.0.6. Describe how the President, members of the Congress, and justices of the Supreme Court come to power (e.g., elections versus appointments). Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide U.S. Senate
4-C3.0.7. Explain how the federal government uses taxing and spending to serve the purposes of government.
C5. Roles of the Citizen in American Democracy: Explain important rights and how, when, and where American citizens demonstrate their responsibilities by participating in government 4-C5.0.1. Explain responsibilities of citizenship (e.g., initiating changes in laws or policy, holding public office, respecting the law, being informed and attentive to public issues, paying taxes, registering to vote and voting knowledgeably, serving as a juror).
4-C5.0.2. Describe the relationship between rights and responsibilities of citizenship.
4-C5.0.4. Describe ways citizens can work together to promote the values and principles of American democracy.
E1. Market Economy: Use fundamental principles and concepts of economics to understand economic activity in a market economy. 4-E1.0.1. Identify questions economists ask in examining the United States (e.g., What is produced? How is it produced? How much is produced? Who gets what is produced? What role does the government play in the economy?).
4-E1.0.2. Describe some characteristics of a market economy (e.g., private property rights, voluntary exchange, competition, consumer sovereignty, incentives, specialization).
4-E1.0.3. Describe how positive (e.g., responding to a sale, saving money, earning money) and negative (e.g., library fines, overdue video rental fees) incentives influence behavior in a market economy.
4-E1.0.5. Explain how specialization and division of labor increase productivity (e.g., assembly line). (H)
4-E1.0.7. Demonstrate the circular flow model by engaging in a market simulation, which includes households and businesses and depicts the interactions among them.
E3. International Economy: Use fundamental principles and concepts of economics to understand economic activity in the global economy. 4-E3.0.1. Describe how global competition affects the national economy (e.g., outsourcing of jobs, increased supply of goods, opening new markets, quality controls).
G1. The World in Spatial Terms: Use geographic representations to acquire, process, and report information from a spatial perspective. 4-G1.0.1. Identify questions geographers ask in examining the United States (e.g., Where it is? What is it like there? How is it connected to other places?).
4-G1.0.2. Use cardinal and intermediate directions to describe the relative location of significant places in the United States.
4-G1.0.3. Identify and describe the characteristics and purposes (e.g., measure distance, determine relative location, classify a region) of a variety of geographic tools and technologies (e.g., globe, map, satellite image). Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Map Skills
4-G1.0.4. Use geographic tools and technologies, stories, songs, and pictures to answer geographic questions about the United States.
4-G1.0.5. Use maps to describe elevation, climate, and patterns of population density in the United States.
G2. Places and Regions: Understand how regions are created from common physical and human characteristics. 4-G2.0.1. Describe ways in which the United States can be divided into different regions (e.g., political regions, economic regions, landform regions, vegetation regions). Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Geography Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Landmarks
4-G2.0.2. Compare human and physical characteristics of a region to which Michigan belongs (e.g., Great Lakes, Midwest) with those of another region in the United States. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Geography
G4. Human Systems: Understand how human activities help shape the Earth's surface. 4-G4.0.1. Use a case study or story about migration within or to the United States to identify push and pull factors (why they left, why they came) that influenced the migration. (H) Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Immigration
4-G4.0.2. Describe the impact of immigration to the United States on the cultural development of different places or regions of the United States (e.g., forms of shelter, language, food). (H) Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Immigration
G5. Environment and Society: Understand the effects of human-environment interactions. 4-G5.0.1. Assess the positive and negative effects of human activities on the physical environment of the United States.
H3. History of Michigan (Beyond Statehood): Use historical thinking to understand the past. 4-H3.0.7. Use case studies or stories to describe the ideas and actions of individuals involved in the Underground Railroad in Michigan and in the Great Lakes region. (see 8-U4.2.2; 8-U4.3.2; 8-U5.1.5; USHG 7.2.4) (G, C, E) Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Civil War
MI.P.Public Discourse, Decision Making, and Citizen Involvement (P3, P4)
Public Discourse, Decision Making, and Citizen Involvement (P3, P4)
P3.1. Identifying and Analyzing Public Issues: Clearly state a problem as a public policy issue, analyze various perspectives, and generate and evaluate possible alternative resolutions. 4-P3.1.1. Identify public issues in the United States that influence the daily lives of its citizens.
4-P3.1.2. Use graphic data and other sources to analyze information about a public issue in the United States and evaluate alternative resolutions.
P4.2. Citizen Involvement 4-P4.2.2. Participate in projects to help or inform others.