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E.ES. Earth Systems: Develop an understanding of the warming of the Earth by the sun as the major source of energy for phenomenon on Earth and how the sun's warming relates to weather, climate, seasons, and the water cycle. Understand how human interaction and use of natural resources affects the environment. E.ES.E.4. Natural Resources- The supply of many natural resources is limited. Humans have devised methods for extending their use of natural resources through recycling, reuse, and renewal. E.ES.03.41. Identify natural resources (metals, fuels, fresh water, farmland, and forests).
E.ES.03.42. Classify renewable (fresh water, farmland, forests) and non-renewable (fuels, metals) resources.
E.ES.03.44. Recognize that paper, metal, glass, and some plastics can be recycled.
E.ES.E.5. Human Impact- Humans depend on their natural and constructed environment. Humans change environments in ways that are helpful or harmful for themselves and other organisms. E.ES.03.51. Describe ways humans are dependent on the natural environment (forests, water, clean air, earth materials) and constructed environments (homes, neighborhoods, shopping malls, factories, and industry).
E.SE. Solid Earth: Develop an understanding of the properties of earth materials and how those properties make materials useful. Understand gradual and rapid changes in earth materials and features of the surface of Earth. Understand magnetic properties of Earth. E.SE.E.1. Earth Materials- Earth materials that occur in nature include rocks, minerals, soils, water, and the gases of the atmosphere. Some Earth materials have properties which sustain plant and animal life. E.SE.03.13. Recognize and describe different types of earth materials (mineral, rock, clay, boulder, gravel, sand, soil).
E.SE.03.14. Recognize that rocks are made up of minerals.
E.SE.E.2. Surface Changes- The surface of Earth changes. Some changes are due to slow processes, such as erosion and weathering, and some changes are due to rapid processes, such as landslides, volcanic eruptions, and earthquakes. E.SE.03.22. Identify and describe natural causes of change in the Earth's surface (erosion, glaciers, volcanoes, landslides, and earthquakes).
E.SE.E.3. Using Earth Materials- Some Earth materials have properties that make them useful either in their present form or designed and modified to solve human problems. They can enhance the quality of life as in the case of materials used for building or fuels used for heating and transportation. E.SE.03.31. Identify Earth materials used to construct some common objects (for example: bricks, buildings, roads, glass).
E.SE.03.32. Describe how materials taken from the Earth can be used as fuels for heating and transportation.
L.EV. Evolution: Develop an understanding that plants and animals have observable parts and characteristics that help them survive and flourish in their environments. Understand that fossils provide evidence that life forms have changed over time and were influenced by changes in environmental conditions. Understand that life forms either change (evolve) over time or risk extinction due to environmental changes and describe how scientists identify the relatedness of various organisms based on similarities in anatomical features. L.EV.E.1. Environmental Adaptation- Different kinds of organisms have characteristics that help them to live in different environments. L.EV.03.12. Relate characteristics and functions of observable body parts to the ability of animals to live in their environment (for example: sharp teeth, claws, color, body covers).
L.OL. Organization of Living Things: Develop an understanding that plants and animals (including humans) have basic requirements for maintaining life which include the need for air, water and a source of energy. Understand that all life forms can be classified as producers, consumers, or decomposers as they are all part of a global food chain where food/energy is supplied by plants which need light to produce food/energy. Develop an understanding that plants and animals can be classified by observable traits and physical characteristics. Understand that all living organisms are composed of cells and they exhibit cell growth and division. Understand that all plants and animals have a definite life cycle, body parts, and systems to perform specific life functions. L.OL.E.3. Structures and Functions- Organisms have different structures that serve different functions in growth, survival, and reproduction. L.OL.03.31. Describe the function of the following plant parts: flower, stem, root and leaf. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Plants
L.OL.03.32. Identify and compare structures in animals used for controlling body temperature, support, movement, food-getting, and protection (for example: fur, wings, teeth, claws).
L.OL.E.4. Classification- Organisms can be classified on the basis of observable characteristics. L.OL.03.41. Classify plants on the basis of observable physical characteristics (roots, leaves, stems, and flowers).
L.OL.03.42. Classify animals on the basis of observable physical characteristics (backbone, skin, shell, limbs, scales). Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Animals
P.EN. Energy: Develop an understanding that there are many forms of energy (such as heat, light, sound, and electrical) and that energy is transferable by convection, conduction, or radiation. Understand energy can be in motion, called kinetic; or it can be stored, called potential. Develop an understanding that as temperature increases, more energy is added to a system. Understand nuclear reactions in the sun produce light and heat for the Earth. P.EN.E.1. Forms of Energy- Heat, electricity, light, and sound are forms of energy. P.EN.03.11. Identify light and sound as forms of energy. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Energy Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Sound
P.EN.E.2. Light Properties- Light travels in straight lines. Shadows result from light not being able to pass through an object. When light travels at an angle from one substance to another (air and water), it changes direction. P.EN.03.22. Demonstrate what happens to light when it travels from water to air. (straw half in water looks bent).
P.EN.E.3. Sound- Vibrating objects produce sound. The pitch of sound varies by changing the rate of vibration. P.EN.03.31. Relate sounds to their sources of vibrations (for example: a musical note produced by a vibrating guitar string, the sounds of a drum made by the vibrating drum head). Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Sound
P.EN.03.32. Distinguish the effect of fast or slow vibrations as pitch. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Sound
P.FM. Force and Motion: Develop an understanding that the position and/or motion of an object is relative to a point of reference. Understand forces affect the motion and speed of an object and that the net force on an object is the total of all of the forces acting on it. Understand the Earth pulls down on objects with a force called gravity. Develop an understanding that some forces are in direct contact with objects, while other forces are not in direct contact with objects. P.FM.E.2. Gravity- Earth pulls down on all objects with a force called gravity. With very few exceptions, objects fall to the ground no matter where the object is on the Earth. P.FM.03.22. Identify the force that pulls objects towards the Earth.
P.FM.E.3. Force- A force is either a push or a pull. The motion of objects can be changed by forces. The size of the change is related to the size of the force. The change is also related to the weight (mass) of the object on which the force is being exerted. When an object does not move in response to a force, it is because another force is being applied by the environment. P.FM.03.35. Describe how a push or a pull is a force.
P.FM.03.36. Relate a change in motion of an object to the force that caused the change of motion.
P.FM.E.4. Speed- An object is in motion when its position is changing. The speed of an object is defined by how far it travels divided by the amount of time it took to travel that far. P.FM.03.41. Compare and contrast the motion of objects in terms of direction.
P.FM.03.42. Identify changes in motion (change direction, speeding up, slowing down).
S.IA. Inquiry Analysis and Communication: Develop an understanding that scientific inquiry and investigations require analysis and communication of findings, using appropriate technology. S.IA.E.1. Inquiry includes an analysis and presentation of findings that lead to future questions, research, and investigations. S.IA.03.11. Summarize information from charts and graphs to answer scientific questions.
S.IA.03.14. Develop research strategies and skills for information gathering and problem solving.
S.IP. Inquiry Process: Develop an understanding that scientific inquiry and reasoning involves observing, questioning, investigating, recording, and developing solutions to problems. S.IP.E.1. Inquiry involves generating questions, conducting investigations, and developing solutions to problems through reasoning and observation. S.IP.03.11. Make purposeful observation of the natural world using the appropriate senses.
S.IP.03.13. Plan and conduct simple and fair investigations.
S.IP.03.14. Manipulate simple tools that aid observation and data collection (for example: hand lens, balance, ruler, meter stick, measuring cup, thermometer, spring scale, stop watch/timer).
S.IP.03.15. Make accurate measurements with appropriate units (centimeters, meters, Celsius, grams, seconds, minutes) for the measurement tool.
S.IP.03.16. Construct simple charts and graphs from data and observations. Inquiry Analysis and Communication
S.RS. Reflection and Social Implications: Develop an understanding that claims and evidence for their scientific merit should be analyzed. Understand how scientists decide what constitutes scientific knowledge. Develop an understanding of the importance of reflection on scientific knowledge and its application to new situations to better understand the role of science in society and technology. S.RS.E.1. Reflecting on knowledge is the application of scientific knowledge to new and different situations. Reflecting on knowledge requires careful analysis of evidence that guides decision-making and the application of science throughout history and within society. S.RS.03.11. Demonstrate scientific concepts through various illustrations, performances, models, exhibits, and activities.
S.RS.03.15. Use evidence when communicating scientific ideas.
S.RS.03.16. Identify technology used in everyday life.
S.RS.03.17. Identify current problems that may be solved through the use of technology.
S.RS.03.19. Describe how people have contributed to science throughout history and across cultures.