6-8.WHST.1. Write arguments focused on discipline-specific content.
6-8.WHST.1.a. Introduce claim(s) about a topic or issue, acknowledge and distinguish the claim(s) from alternate or opposing claims, and organize the reasons and evidence logically.
6-8.WHST.1.b. Support claim(s) with logical reasoning and relevant, accurate data and evidence that demonstrate an understanding of the topic or text, using credible sources.
6-8.WHST.1.c. Use words, phrases, and clauses to create cohesion and clarify the relationships among claim(s), counterclaims, reasons, and evidence.
6-8.WHST.1.d. Establish and maintain a formal style.
6-8.WHST.1.e. Provide a concluding statement or section that follows from and supports the argument presented.
6-8.WHST.2. Write informative/explanatory texts, including the narration of historical events, scientific procedures/ experiments, or technical processes.
6-8.WHST.2.a. Introduce a topic clearly, previewing what is to follow; organize ideas, concepts, and information into broader categories as appropriate to achieving purpose; include formatting (e.g., headings), graphics (e.g., charts, tables), and multimedia when useful to aiding comprehension.
6-8.WHST.2.b. Develop the topic with relevant, well-chosen facts, definitions, concrete details, quotations, or other information and examples.
6-8.WHST.2.c. Use appropriate and varied transitions to create cohesion and clarify the relationships among ideas and concepts.
6-8.WHST.2.d. Use precise language and domain-specific vocabulary to inform about or explain the topic.
6-8.WHST.2.e. Establish and maintain a formal style and objective tone.
6-8.WHST.2.f. Provide a concluding statement or section that follows from and supports the information or explanation presented.
6-8.WHST.3. (See note; not applicable as a separate requirement)
6-8.WHST.3.a. Note: Students' narrative skills continue to grow in these grades. The Standards require that students be able to incorporate narrative elements effectively into arguments and informative/explanatory texts. In history/social studies, students must be able to incorporate narrative accounts into their analyses of individuals or events of historical import.