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IN.CG.Civics and Government
8.2. Students will explain the major principles, values and institutions of constitutional government and citizenship, which are based on the founding documents of the United States and how three branches of government share and check power within our federal system of government. Roles of Citizens 8.2.10. Research and defend positions on issues in which fundamental values and principles related to the United States Constitution are in conflict, using a variety of information resources. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Civil Rights
Functions of Government 8.2.5. Compare and contrast the powers reserved to the federal and state government under the Articles of Confederation and the United States Constitution.
Foundations of Government 8.2.1. Identify and explain essential ideas of constitutional government, which are expressed in the founding documents of the United States, including the Virginia Declaration of Rights, the Declaration of Independence, the Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom, the Massachusetts Constitution of 1780, the Northwest Ordinance, the 1787 U.S. Constitution, the Bill of Rights, the Federalist and Anti-Federalist Papers, Common Sense, Washington’s Farewell Address (1796) and Jefferson’s First Inaugural Address (1801).
8.4. Students will identify, describe and evaluate the influence of economic factors on national development from the founding of the nation to the end of Reconstruction. 8.4.1. Identify economic factors contributing to European exploration and colonization in North America, the American Revolution and the drafting of the Constitution of the United States. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide The Aztecs Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide The Incas Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide The Maya Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Mexico
8.4.2. Illustrate elements of the three types of economic systems, using cases from United States history.
8.4.3. Evaluate how the characteristics of a market economy have affected the economic and labor development of the United States.
8.4.5. Analyze contributions of entrepreneurs and inventors in the development of the United States economy. (Individuals, Society and Culture) Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Economics
8.4.6. Relate technological change and inventions to changes in labor productivity in the United States in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries.
8.3. Students will identify the major geographic characteristics of the United States and its regions. They will name and locate the major physical features of the United States, as well as each of the states, capitals and major cities, and will use geographic skills and technology to examine the influence of geographic factors on national development. Environment and Society 8.3.11. Identify ways people modified the physical environment as the United States developed and describe the impacts that resulted.
Human Systems 8.3.7. Using maps identify changes influenced by growth, economic development and human migration in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries.
8.3.8. Gather information on the ways people changed the physical environment of the United States in the nineteenth century, using primary and secondary sources including digitized photo collections and historic maps.
8.3.9. Analyze human and physical factors that have influenced migration and settlement patterns and relate them to the economic development of the United States. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide The Alamo
Places and Regions 8.3.2. Identify and create maps showing the physical growth and development of the United States from settlement of the original 13 colonies through Reconstruction (1877), including transportation routes used during the period. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Expansionism
8.1. Students will examine the relationship and significance of themes, concepts and movements in the development of United States history, including review of key ideas related to the colonization of America and the revolution and Founding Era. This will be followed by emphasis on social reform, national development and westward expansion, and the Civil War and Reconstruction period. Chronological Thinking, Historical Comprehension, Analysis and Interpretation, Research, and Issues-Analysis and Decision-Making 8.1.28. Recognize historical perspective and evaluate alternative courses of action by describing the historical context in which events unfolded and by avoiding evaluation of the past solely in terms of present-day norms. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide The Aztecs Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide The Incas Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide The Maya Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide The Cold War Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide World War I Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide World War II
Historical Knowledge: The Civil War and Reconstruction Period: 1850 to 1877 8.1.20. Analyze the causes and effects of events leading to the Civil War, including development of sectional conflict over slavery.
8.1.21. Describe the importance of key events and individuals in the Civil War.
8.1.22. Explain and evaluate the policies, practices and consequences of Reconstruction, including the Thirteenth, Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments to the Constitution.
8.1.24. Identify the influence of individuals on political and social events and movements such as the abolition movement, the Dred Scott case, women rights and Native American Indian removal. (Individuals, Society and Culture)
8.1.26. Give examples of the changing role of women and minorities in the northern, southern and western parts of the United States in the mid-nineteenth century, and examine possible causes for these changes. (Individuals, Society and Culture)
8.1.27. Give examples of scientific and technological developments that changed cultural life in the nineteenth-century United States, such as the use of photography, growth in the use of the telegraph, the completion of the transcontinental railroad and the invention of the telephone. (Individuals, Society and Culture)
Historical Knowledge: National Expansion and Reform: 1801 to 1861 8.1.11. Explain the events leading up to and the significance of the Louisiana Purchase (1803) and the expedition of Lewis and Clark (1803–1806).
8.1.13. Explain the causes and consequences of the War of 1812, including the Rush-Bagot Agreement (1818).
8.1.14. Examine the international problem that led to the Monroe Doctrine (1823) and assess its consequences. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Expansionism
8.1.15. Explain the concept of Manifest Destiny and describe its impact on westward expansion of the United States. (Individuals, Society and Culture)
8.1.16. Describe the abolition of slavery in the northern states, including the conflicts and compromises associated with westward expansion of slavery.
8.1.17. Identify the key ideas of Jacksonian democracy and explain their influence on political participation, political parties and constitutional government.
8.1.18. Analyze different interests and points of view of individuals and groups involved in the abolitionist, feminist and social reform movements, and in sectional conflicts. (Individuals, Society and Culture)
8.1.19. Explain the influence of early individual social reformers and movements. (Individuals, Society and Culture)
Historical Knowledge: The American Revolution and Founding of the United States: 1754 to 1801 8.1.1. Identify major Native American Indian groups of eastern North America and describe early conflict and cooperation with European settlers and the influence the two cultures had on each other. (Individuals, Society and Culture)
8.1.2. Explain the struggle of the British, French, Spanish and Dutch to gain control of North America during settlement and colonization. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Canada
8.1.3. Identify and explain the conditions, causes, consequences and significance of the French and Indian War (1754–1763), and the resistance and rebellion against British imperial rule by the thirteen colonies in North America (1761–1775). Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Canada
8.1.4. Identify fundamental ideas in the Declaration of Independence (1776) and analyze the causes and effects of the Revolutionary War (1775–1783), including enactment of the Articles of Confederation and the Treaty of Paris. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Canada
8.1.5. Identify and explain key events leading to the creation of a strong union among the 13 original states and in the establishment of the United States as a federal republic. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Canada
8.1.8. Evaluate the significance of the presidential and congressional election of 1800 and the transfer of political authority and power to the Democratic-Republican Party led by the new president, Thomas Jefferson (1801).