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11-12.C.1. Nature of Science: Students exercise the basic tenets of scientific investigation, make accurate observations, exercise critical thinking skills, apply proper scientific instruments of investigation and measurement tools, and communicate results in problem solving. Students evaluate the validity of information by utilizing the tools of scientific thinking and investigation. Students summarize their findings by creating lab reports using technical writing including graphs, charts, and diagrams to communicate the results of investigations. 11-12.C.1.1. Understand Systems, Order, and Organization 11-12.C.1.1.1 Use the periodic table to predict physical and chemical properties.
11-12.C.1.2. Understand Concepts and Processes of Evidence, Models, and Explanation 11-12.C.1.2.1 Describe the historical development of the periodic table.
11-12.C.1.2.3 Explain and interpret the key concepts of the kinetic molecular theory.
11-12.C.1.2.4 Distinguish the common theories defining acids and bases.
11-12.C.1.3. Understand Constancy, Change, and Measurement 11-12.C.1.3.1 Identify, compare and contrast physical and chemical properties and changes and appropriate computations.
11-12.C.1.3.6 Express concentrations of solutions in various ways including molarity. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game The Mole
11-12.C.1.3.7 Interpret how the presence of solute particles affect the properties of a solution and be able to do calculations involving colligative properties.
11-12.C.1.6. Understand Scientific Inquiry and Develop Critical Thinking Skills 11-12.C.1.6.1 Demonstrate an understanding of the scientific method.
11-12.C.1.7. Understand That Interpersonal Relationships Are Important in Scientific Endeavors 11-12.C.1.7.1 Explain how a series of historically related and documented experiments led to the current model and structure of the atom.
11-12.C.1.8. Understand Technical Communication 11-12.C.1.8.1 Correctly write symbols, formulas and names for common elements, ions and compounds.
11-12.C.2. Physical Science: Students explain the structure and properties of atoms, including isotopes. Students explain how chemical reactions, while requiring or releasing energy, can neither destroy nor create energy or matter. Students explain the differences between fission and fusion. Students explain the interactions of force and mass in describing motion using Newton's Laws. Students explain how energy can be transformed from one form to another while the total amount of energy remains constant. Students classify energy as potential and/or kinetic, and as energy contained in a field. 11-12.C.2.1. Understand the Structure and Function of Matter and Molecules and Their Interactions 11-12.C.2.1.1 Explain and understand how electrons are involved in the formation of chemical bonds using the octet rule and Lewis dot diagrams.
11-12.C.2.1.3 Predict physical properties of compounds based upon the attractive forces between atoms and molecules.
11-12.C.2.1.4 Distinguish and classify all matter into appropriate categories.
11-12.C.2.1.5 Explain the relationship and reactions of acids, bases, and salts.
11-12.C.2.1.6 Explain the role of dissociation and ionization in producing strong, weak, and nonelectrolytes.
11-12.C.2.2. Understand Concepts of Motion and Forces 11-12.C.2.2.1 Describe the Kinetic Molecular Theory as it applies to phases of matter.
11-12.C.2.3. Understand the Total Energy in the Universe is Constant 11-12.C.2.3.1 Explain and calculate the changes in heat energy that occur during chemical reactions and phase changes. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Heat
11-12.C.2.3.2 Demonstrate the conservation of matter by balancing chemical equations.
11-12.C.2.3.3 Differentiate between exothermic and endothermic chemical reactions during chemical or physical changes.
11-12.C.2.4. Understand the Structure of Atoms 11-12.C.2.4.1 Interpret the classic historical experiments that were used to identify the components of an atom and its structure.
11-12.C.2.4.2 Deduce the number of protons, neutrons and electrons for an atom or ion.
11-12.C.2.4.4 Determine and illustrate electron arrangements of elements using electron configurations and orbital energy diagrams.
11-12.C.2.5. Understand Chemical Reactions 11-12.C.2.5.2 Classify, write and balance chemical equations for common types of chemical reactions and predict the products.
11-12.C.2.5.3 Describe the factors that influence the rates of chemical reactions.
11-12.C.5. Personal and Social Perspectives; Technology: Students understand that science and technology interact and impact both society and the environment. 11-12.C.5.1. Understand Common Environmental Quality Issues, Both Natural and Human Induced 11-12.C.5.1.1 Demonstrate the ability to work safely and effectively in a chemistry laboratory.
ID.CC.RST.11-12.Reading Standards for Literacy in Science and Technical Subjects
Reading Standards for Literacy in Science and Technical Subjects
Integration of Knowledge and Ideas RST.11-12.8. Evaluate the hypotheses, data, analysis, and conclusions in a science or technical text, verifying the data when possible and corroborating or challenging conclusions with other sources of information.
RST.11-12.9. Synthesize information from a range of sources (e.g., texts, experiments, simulations) into a coherent understanding of a process, phenomenon, or concept, resolving conflicting information when possible.
Craft and Structure RST.11-12.4. Determine the meaning of symbols, key terms, and other domain-specific words and phrases as they are used in a specific scientific or technical context relevant to grades 11-12 texts and topics.
ID.CC.WHST.11-12.Writing Standards for Literacy in Science and Technical Subjects
Writing Standards for Literacy in Science and Technical Subjects
Research to Build and Present Knowledge WHST.11-12.7. Conduct short as well as more sustained research projects to answer a question (including a self-generated question) or solve a problem; narrow or broaden the inquiry when appropriate; synthesize multiple sources on the subject, demonstrating understanding of the subject under investigation.
Production and Distribution of Writing WHST.11-12.4. Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development, organization, and style are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience.
Text Types and Purposes WHST.11-12.2. Write informative/explanatory texts, including the narration of historical events, scientific procedures/ experiments, or technical processes. WHST.11-12.2(a) Introduce a topic and organize complex ideas, concepts, and information so that each new element builds on that which precedes it to create a unified whole; include formatting (e.g., headings), graphics (e.g., figures, tables), and multimedia when useful to aiding comprehension.
WHST.11-12.2(b) Develop the topic thoroughly by selecting the most significant and relevant facts, extended definitions, concrete details, quotations, or other information and examples appropriate to the audience's knowledge of the topic.
WHST.11-12.2(c) Use varied transitions and sentence structures to link the major sections of the text, create cohesion, and clarify the relationships among complex ideas and concepts.
WHST.11-12.2(d) Use precise language, domain-specific vocabulary and techniques such as metaphor, simile, and analogy to manage the complexity of the topic; convey a knowledgeable stance in a style that responds to the discipline and context as well as to the expertise of likely readers.
WHST.11-12.2(e) Provide a concluding statement or section that follows from and supports the information or explanation provided (e.g., articulating implications or the significance of the topic).