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GA.CC.L6-8RST.Reading Standards for Literacy in Science and Technical Subjects
Reading Standards for Literacy in Science and Technical Subjects
Integration of Knowledge and Ideas L6-8RST7. Integrate quantitative or technical information expressed in words in a text with a version of that information expressed visually (e.g., in a flowchart, diagram, model, graph, or table).
L6-8RST9. Compare and contrast the information gained from experiments, simulations, video, or multimedia sources with that gained from reading a text on the same topic.
Craft and Structure L6-8RST4. Determine the meaning of symbols, key terms, and other domain-specific words and phrases as they are used in a specific scientific or technical context relevant to grades 6-8 texts and topics.
GA.CC.W6-8HST.Writing Standards for Literacy in Science and Technical Subjects
Writing Standards for Literacy in Science and Technical Subjects
Research to Build and Present Knowledge W6-8HST7. Conduct short research projects to answer a question (including a self-generated question), drawing on several sources and generating additional related, focused questions that allow for multiple avenues of exploration.
Text Types and Purposes W6-8HST1. Write arguments focused on discipline-specific content. W6-8HST1.e. Provide a concluding statement or section that follows from and supports the argument presented.
W6-8HST2. Write informative/explanatory texts, including the narration of historical events, scientific procedures/ experiments, or technical processes. W6-8HST2.f. Provide a concluding statement or section that follows from and supports the information or explanation presented.
S8P1. Students will examine the scientific view of the nature of matter. S8P1.a. Distinguish between atoms and molecules.
S8P1.b. Describe the difference between pure substances (elements and compounds) and mixtures.
S8P1.c. Describe the movement of particles in solids, liquids, gases, and plasma states.
S8P1.d. Distinguish between physical and chemical properties of matter as physical (i.e., density, melting point, boiling point) or chemical (i.e., reactivity, combustibility).
S8P1.e. Distinguish between changes in matter as physical (i.e., physical change) or chemical (i.e., development of a gas, formation of precipitate, and change in color).
S8P1.f. Recognize that there are more than 100 elements and some have similar properties as shown on the Periodic Table of Elements.
S8P2. Students will be familiar with the forms and transformations of energy. S8P2.a. Explain energy transformation in terms of the Law of Conservation of Energy.
S8P2.b. Explain the relationship between potential and kinetic energy.
S8P2.c. Compare and contrast the different forms of energy (heat, light, electricity, mechanical motion, sound) and their characteristics. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Light Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Electricity Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Light Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Sound Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Sound
S8P2.d. Describe how heat can be transferred through matter by the collisions of atoms (conduction) or through space (radiation). In a liquid or gas, currents will facilitate the transfer of heat (convection).
S8P3. Students will investigate relationship between force, mass, and the motion of objects. S8P3.a. Determine the relationship between velocity and acceleration. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Forces Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Forces Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Motion Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Motion
S8P3.b. Demonstrate the effect of balanced and unbalanced forces on an object in terms of gravity, inertia, and friction. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Forces Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Forces
S8P3.c. Demonstrate the effect of simple machines (lever, inclined plane, pulley, wedge, screw, and wheel and axle) on work.
S8P4. Students will explore the wave nature of sound and electromagnetic radiation. S8P4.a. Identify the characteristics of electromagnetic and mechanical waves. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Light Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Light
S8P4.b. Describe how the behavior of light waves is manipulated causing reflection, refraction diffraction, and absorption.
S8P4.c. Explain how the human eye sees objects and colors in terms of wave- lengths.
S8P4.d. Describe how the behavior of waves is affected by medium (such as air, water, solids).
S8P4.e. Relate the properties of sound to everyday experiences. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Sound Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Sound
S8P4.f. Diagram the parts of the wave and explain how the parts are affected by changes in amplitude and pitch. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Sound Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Sound
S8P5. Students will recognize characteristics of gravity, electricity, and magnetism as major kinds of forces acting in nature. S8P5.a. Recognize that every object exerts gravitational force on every other object and that the force exerted depends on how much mass the objects have and how far apart they are.
S8P5.b. Demonstrate the advantages and disadvantages of series and parallel circuits and how they transfer energy. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Electricity
S8P5.c. Investigate and explain that electric currents and magnets can exert force on each other.
GA.S8CS.Characteristics of Science
Characteristics of Science
S8CS1. Habits of Mind: Students will explore the importance of curiosity, honesty, openness, and skepticism in science and will exhibit these traits in their own efforts to understand how the world works. S8CS1.a. Understand the importance of - and keep - honest, clear, and accurate records in science.
S8CS10. The Nature of Science: Students will enhance reading in all curriculum areas by: S8CS10.c. Building vocabulary knowledge: Demonstrate an understanding of contextual vocabulary in various subjects; Use content vocabulary in writing and speaking; Explore understanding of new words found in subject area texts.
S8CS10.d. Establishing context: Explore life experiences related to subject area content; Discuss in both writing and speaking how certain words are subject area related; Determine strategies for finding content and contextual meaning for unknown words.
S8CS2. Habits of Mind: Students will use standard safety practices for all classroom laboratory and field investigations. S8CS2.a. Follow correct procedures for use of scientific apparatus.
S8CS2.b. Demonstrate appropriate techniques in all laboratory situations.
S8CS2.c. Follow correct protocol for identifying and reporting safety problems and violations.
S8CS3. Habits of Mind: Students will have the computation and estimation skills necessary for analyzing data and following scientific explanations. S8CS3.a. Analyze scientific data by using, interpreting, and comparing numbers in several equivalent forms, such as integers, fractions, decimals, and percents.
S8CS3.b. Find the mean, median, and mode and use them to analyze a set of scientific data.
S8CS3.c. Apply the metric system to scientific investigations that include metric to metric conversions (i.e., centimeters to meters).
S8CS3.f. Use ratios and proportions, including constant rates, in appropriate problems.
S8CS4. Habits of Mind: Students will use tools and instruments for observing, measuring, and manipulating equipment and materials in scientific activities utilizing safe laboratory procedures. S8CS4.b. Use appropriate tools and units for measuring objects and/or substances.
S8CS4.c. Learn and use standard safety practices when conducting scientific investigations.
S8CS5. Habits of Mind: Students will use the ideas of system, model, change, and scale in exploring scientific and technological matters. S8CS5.a. Observe and explain how parts can be related to other parts in a system such as the role of simple machines in complex machines.
S8CS5.b. Understand that different models (such as physical replicas, pictures, and analogies) can be used to represent the same thing.
S8CS6. Habits of Mind: Students will communicate scientific ideas and activities clearly. S8CS6.b. Write for scientific purposes incorporating information from a circle, bar, or line graph, data tables, diagrams, and symbols.
S8CS6.c. Organize scientific information in appropriate tables, charts, and graphs, and identify relationships they reveal.
S8CS7. Habits of Mind: Students will question scientific claims and arguments effectively. S8CS7.d. Recognize that there may be more than one way to interpret a given set of findings.
S8CS8. The Nature of Science: Students will be familiar with the characteristics of scientific knowledge and how it is achieved. Students will apply the following to scientific concepts: S8CS8.b. When new experimental results are inconsistent with an existing, well-established theory, scientists may pursue further experimentation to determine whether the results are flawed or the theory requires modification.
S8CS8.c. As prevailing theories are challenged by new information, scientific knowledge may change.
S8CS9. The Nature of Science: Students will understand the features of the process of scientific inquiry. Students will apply the following to inquiry learning practices: S8CS9.a. Investigations are conducted for different reasons, which include exploring new phenomena, confirming previous results, testing how well a theory predicts, and comparing different theories.
S8CS9.b. Scientific investigations usually involve collecting evidence, reasoning, devising hypotheses, and formulating explanations to make sense of collected evidence.
S8CS9.c. Scientific experiments investigate the effect of one variable on another. All other variables are kept constant.
S8CS9.d. Scientists often collaborate to design research. To prevent bias, scientists conduct independent studies of the same questions.
S8CS9.f. Scientists use technology and mathematics to enhance the process of scientific inquiry.
S8CS9.g. The ethics of science require that special care must be taken and used for human subjects and animals in scientific research. Scientists must adhere to the appropriate rules and guidelines when conducting research.