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FL.LACC.RST.910.Reading Standards for Literacy in Science and Technical Subjects
Reading Standards for Literacy in Science and Technical Subjects
Integration of Knowledge and Ideas LACC.910.RST.3.7. Translate quantitative or technical information expressed in words in a text into visual form (e.g., a table or chart) and translate information expressed visually or mathematically (e.g., in an equation) into words.
LACC.910.RST.3.9. Compare and contrast findings presented in a text to those from other sources (including their own experiments), noting when the findings support or contradict previous explanations or accounts.
Craft and Structure LACC.910.RST.2.4. Determine the meaning of symbols, key terms, and other domain-specific words and phrases as they are used in a specific scientific or technical context relevant to grades 9-10 texts and topics.
LACC.910.RST.2.5. Analyze the structure of the relationships among concepts in a text, including relationships among key terms (e.g., force, friction, reaction force, energy).
FL.LACC.WHST.910.Writing Standards for Literacy in Science and Technical Subjects
Writing Standards for Literacy in Science and Technical Subjects
Research to Build and Present Knowledge LACC.910.WHST.3.7. Conduct short as well as more sustained research projects to answer a question (including a self-generated question) or solve a problem; narrow or broaden the inquiry when appropriate; synthesize multiple sources on the subject, demonstrating understanding of the subject under investigation.
Production and Distribution of Writing LACC.910.WHST.2.4. Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development, organization, and style are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience.
FL.SC.912.E.Earth and Space Science
SC.912.E.5. Earth in Space and Time - The origin and eventual fate of the Universe still remains one of the greatest questions in science. Gravity and energy influence the development and life cycles of galaxies, including our own Milky Way Galaxy, stars, the planetary systems, Earth, and residual material left from the formation of the Solar System. Humankind's need to explore continues to lead to the development of knowledge and understanding of the nature of the Universe. SC.912.E.5.1. Cite evidence used to develop and verify the scientific theory of the Big Bang (also known as the Big Bang Theory) of the origin of the universe.
SC.912.E.5.11. Distinguish the various methods of measuring astronomical distances and apply each in appropriate situations.
SC.912.E.5.2. Identify patterns in the organization and distribution of matter in the universe and the forces that determine them.
SC.912.E.5.3. Describe and predict how the initial mass of a star determines its evolution.
SC.912.E.5.4. Explain the physical properties of the Sun and its dynamic nature and connect them to conditions and events on Earth.
SC.912.E.5.5. Explain the formation of planetary systems based on our knowledge of our Solar System and apply this knowledge to newly discovered planetary systems.
SC.912.E.5.6. Develop logical connections through physical principles, including Kepler's and Newton's Laws about the relationships and the effects of Earth, Moon, and Sun on each other.
SC.912.E.5.7. Relate the history of and explain the justification for future space exploration and continuing technology development.
SC.912.E.5.8. Connect the concepts of radiation and the electromagnetic spectrum to the use of historical and newly-developed observational tools.
SC.912.E.5.9. Analyze the broad effects of space exploration on the economy and culture of Florida.
SC.912.E.6. Earth Structures - The scientific theory of plate tectonics provides the framework for much of modern geology. Over geologic time, internal and external sources of energy have continuously altered the features of Earth by means of both constructive and destructive forces. All life, including human civilization, is dependent on Earth's internal and external energy and material resources. SC.912.E.6.1. Describe and differentiate the layers of Earth and the interactions among them.
SC.912.E.6.2. Connect surface features to surface processes that are responsible for their formation.
SC.912.E.6.3. Analyze the scientific theory of plate tectonics and identify related major processes and features as a result of moving plates. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Earthquakes
SC.912.E.6.4. Analyze how specific geologic processes and features are expressed in Florida and elsewhere.
SC.912.E.6.5. Describe the geologic development of the present day oceans and identify commonly found features.
SC.912.E.6.6. Analyze past, present, and potential future consequences to the environment resulting from various energy production technologies.
SC.912.E.7. Earth Systems and Patterns - The scientific theory of the evolution of Earth states that changes in our planet are driven by the flow of energy and the cycling of matter through dynamic interactions among the atmosphere, hydrosphere, cryosphere, geosphere, and biosphere, and the resources used to sustain human civilization on Earth. SC.912.E.7.1. Analyze the movement of matter and energy through the different biogeochemical cycles, including water and carbon.
SC.912.E.7.2. Analyze the causes of the various kinds of surface and deep water motion within the oceans and their impacts on the transfer of energy between the poles and the equator. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Oceans
SC.912.E.7.3. Differentiate and describe the various interactions among Earth systems, including: atmosphere, hydrosphere, cryosphere, geosphere, and biosphere. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Climate Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Climate Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Oceans Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Rocks Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Rocks
SC.912.E.7.4. Summarize the conditions that contribute to the climate of a geographic area, including the relationships to lakes and oceans. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Climate Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Climate Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Climate Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Oceans
SC.912.E.7.5. Predict future weather conditions based on present observations and conceptual models and recognize limitations and uncertainties of such predictions.
SC.912.E.7.6. Relate the formation of severe weather to the various physical factors.
SC.912.E.7.7. Identify, analyze, and relate the internal (Earth system) and external (astronomical) conditions that contribute to global climate change. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Climate Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Climate Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Climate
SC.912.E.7.8. Explain how various atmospheric, oceanic, and hydrologic conditions in Florida have influenced and can influence human behavior, both individually and collectively.
SC.912.E.7.9. Cite evidence that the ocean has had a significant influence on climate change by absorbing, storing, and moving heat, carbon, and water. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Oceans
SC.912.L.14. Organization and Development of Living Organisms - A. Cells have characteristic structures and functions that make them distinctive. B. Processes in a cell can be classified broadly as growth, maintenance, reproduction, and homeostasis. C. Life can be organized in a functional and structural hierarchy ranging from cells to the biosphere. D. Most multicellular organisms are composed of organ systems whose structures reflect their particular function. SC.912.L.14.1. Describe the scientific theory of cells (cell theory) and relate the history of its discovery to the process of science.
SC.912.L.14.10. Discuss the relationship between the evolution of land plants and their anatomy.
SC.912.L.14.11. Classify and state the defining characteristics of epithelial tissue, connective tissue, muscle tissue, and nervous tissue.
SC.912.L.14.12. Describe the anatomy and histology of bone tissue.
SC.912.L.14.13. Distinguish between bones of the axial skeleton and the appendicular skeleton.
SC.912.L.14.14. Identify the major bones of the axial and appendicular skeleton.
SC.912.L.14.15. Identify major markings (such as foramina, fossae, tubercles, etc.) on a skeleton. Explain why these markings are important.
SC.912.L.14.16. Describe the anatomy and histology, including ultra structure, of muscle tissue.
SC.912.L.14.17. List the steps involved in the sliding filament of muscle contraction.
SC.912.L.14.18. Describe signal transmission across a myoneural junction.
SC.912.L.14.19. Explain the physiology of skeletal muscle.
SC.912.L.14.2. Relate structure to function for the components of plant and animal cells. Explain the role of cell membranes as a highly selective barrier (passive and active transport).
SC.912.L.14.20. Identify the major muscles of the human on a model or diagram.
SC.912.L.14.21. Describe the anatomy, histology, and physiology of the central and peripheral nervous systems and name the major divisions of the nervous system.
SC.912.L.14.22. Describe the physiology of nerve conduction, including the generator potential, action potential, and the synapse.
SC.912.L.14.23. Identify the parts of a reflex arc.
SC.912.L.14.24. Identify the general parts of a synapse and describe the physiology of signal transmission across a synapse.
SC.912.L.14.25. Identify the major parts of a cross section through the spinal cord.
SC.912.L.14.26. Identify the major parts of the brain on diagrams or models.
SC.912.L.14.27. Identify the functions of the major parts of the brain, including the meninges, medulla, pons, midbrain, hypothalamus, thalamus, cerebellum and cerebrum.
SC.912.L.14.28. Identify the major functions of the spinal cord.
SC.912.L.14.29. Define the terms endocrine and exocrine.
SC.912.L.14.3. Compare and contrast the general structures of plant and animal cells. Compare and contrast the general structures of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells.
SC.912.L.14.30. Compare endocrine and neural controls of physiology.
SC.912.L.14.31. Describe the physiology of hormones including the different types and the mechanisms of their action.
SC.912.L.14.32. Describe the anatomy and physiology of the endocrine system.
SC.912.L.14.33. Describe the basic anatomy and physiology of the reproductive system.
SC.912.L.14.34. Describe the composition and physiology of blood, including that of the plasma and the formed elements.
SC.912.L.14.35. Describe the steps in hemostasis, including the mechanism of coagulation. Include the basis for blood typing and transfusion reactions.
SC.912.L.14.36. Describe the factors affecting blood flow through the cardiovascular system.
SC.912.L.14.38. Describe normal heart sounds and what they mean.
SC.912.L.14.39. Describe hypertension and some of the factors that produce it.
SC.912.L.14.4. Compare and contrast structure and function of various types of microscopes.
SC.912.L.14.40. Describe the histology of the major arteries and veins of systemic, pulmonary, hepatic portal, and coronary circulation.
SC.912.L.14.41. Describe fetal circulation and changes that occur to the circulatory system at birth.
SC.912.L.14.42. Describe the anatomy and the physiology of the lymph system.
SC.912.L.14.43. Describe the histology of the respiratory system.
SC.912.L.14.44. Describe the physiology of the respiratory system including the mechanisms of ventilation, gas exchange, gas transport and the mechanisms that control the rate of ventilation.
SC.912.L.14.45. Describe the histology of the alimentary canal and its associated accessory organs.
SC.912.L.14.46. Describe the physiology of the digestive system, including mechanical digestion, chemical digestion, absorption and the neural and hormonal mechanisms of control.
SC.912.L.14.47. Describe the physiology of urine formation by the kidney.
SC.912.L.14.48. Describe the anatomy, histology, and physiology of the ureters, the urinary bladder and the urethra.
SC.912.L.14.49. Identify the major functions associated with the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous systems.
SC.912.L.14.5. Explain the evidence supporting the scientific theory of the origin of eukaryotic cells (endosymbiosis).
SC.912.L.14.50. Describe the structure of vertebrate sensory organs. Relate structure to function in vertebrate sensory systems.
SC.912.L.14.51. Describe the function of the vertebrate integumentary system.
SC.912.L.14.52. Explain the basic functions of the human immune system, including specific and nonspecific immune response, vaccines, and antibiotics.
SC.912.L.14.53. Discuss basic classification and characteristics of plants. Identify bryophytes, pteridophytes, gymnosperms, and angiosperms.
SC.912.L.14.6. Explain the significance of genetic factors, environmental factors, and pathogenic agents to health from the perspectives of both individual and public health.
SC.912.L.14.7. Relate the structure of each of the major plant organs and tissues to physiological processes.
SC.912.L.14.9. Relate the major structure of fungi to their functions.
SC.912.L.15. Diversity and Evolution of Living Organisms - A. The scientific theory of evolution is the fundamental concept underlying all of biology. B. The scientific theory of evolution is supported by multiple forms of scientific evidence. C. Organisms are classified based on their evolutionary history. D. Natural selection is a primary mechanism leading to evolutionary change. SC.912.L.15.1. Explain how the scientific theory of evolution is supported by the fossil record, comparative anatomy, comparative embryology, biogeography, molecular biology, and observed evolutionary change.
SC.912.L.15.13. Describe the conditions required for natural selection, including: overproduction of offspring, inherited variation, and the struggle to survive, which result in differential reproductive success.
SC.912.L.15.15. Describe how mutation and genetic recombination increase genetic variation.
SC.912.L.15.4. Describe how and why organisms are hierarchically classified and based on evolutionary relationships.
SC.912.L.15.5. Explain the reasons for changes in how organisms are classified.
SC.912.L.15.6. Discuss distinguishing characteristics of the domains and kingdoms of living organisms.
SC.912.L.15.7. Discuss distinguishing characteristics of vertebrate and representative invertebrate phyla, and chordate classes using typical examples.
SC.912.L.15.8. Describe the scientific explanations of the origin of life on Earth.
SC.912.L.16. Heredity and Reproduction - A. DNA stores and transmits genetic information. Genes are sets of instructions encoded in the structure of DNA. B. Genetic information is passed from generation to generation by DNA in all organisms and accounts for similarities in related individuals. C. Manipulation of DNA in organisms has led to commercial production of biological molecules on a large scale and genetically modified organisms. D. Reproduction is characteristic of living things and is essential for the survival of species. SC.912.L.16.1. Use Mendel's laws of segregation and independent assortment to analyze patterns of inheritance.
SC.912.L.16.10. Evaluate the impact of biotechnology on the individual, society and the environment, including medical and ethical issues.
SC.912.L.16.11. Discuss the technologies associated with forensic medicine and DNA identification, including restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) analysis.
SC.912.L.16.12. Describe how basic DNA technology (restriction digestion by endonucleases, gel electrophoresis, polymerase chain reaction, ligation, and transformation) is used to construct recombinant DNA molecules (DNA cloning).
SC.912.L.16.13. Describe the basic anatomy and physiology of the human reproductive system. Describe the process of human development from fertilization to birth and major changes that occur in each trimester of pregnancy.
SC.912.L.16.14. Describe the cell cycle, including the process of mitosis. Explain the role of mitosis in the formation of new cells and its importance in maintaining chromosome number during asexual reproduction.
SC.912.L.16.15. Compare and contrast binary fission and mitotic cell division.
SC.912.L.16.16. Describe the process of meiosis, including independent assortment and crossing over. Explain how reduction division results in the formation of haploid gametes or spores.
SC.912.L.16.17. Compare and contrast mitosis and meiosis and relate to the processes of sexual and asexual reproduction and their consequences for genetic variation.
SC.912.L.16.2. Discuss observed inheritance patterns caused by various modes of inheritance, including dominant, recessive, codominant, sex-linked, polygenic, and multiple alleles.
SC.912.L.16.3. Describe the basic process of DNA replication and how it relates to the transmission and conservation of the genetic information.
SC.912.L.16.4. Explain how mutations in the DNA sequence may or may not result in phenotypic change. Explain how mutations in gametes may result in phenotypic changes in offspring.
SC.912.L.16.5. Explain the basic processes of transcription and translation, and how they result in the expression of genes.
SC.912.L.16.6. Discuss the mechanisms for regulation of gene expression in prokaryotes and eukaryotes at transcription and translation level.
SC.912.L.16.7. Describe how viruses and bacteria transfer genetic material between cells and the role of this process in biotechnology.
SC.912.L.16.8. Explain the relationship between mutation, cell cycle, and uncontrolled cell growth potentially resulting in cancer.
SC.912.L.16.9. Explain how and why the genetic code is universal and is common to almost all organisms.
SC.912.L.17. Interdependence - A. The distribution and abundance of organisms is determined by the interactions between organisms, and between organisms and the non-living environment. B. Energy and nutrients move within and between biotic and abiotic components of ecosystems via physical, chemical and biological processes. C. Human activities and natural events can have profound effects on populations, biodiversity and ecosystem processes. SC.912.L.17.1. Discuss the characteristics of populations, such as number of individuals, age structure, density, and pattern of distribution.
SC.912.L.17.10. Diagram and explain the biogeochemical cycles of an ecosystem, including water, carbon, and nitrogen cycle.
SC.912.L.17.11. Evaluate the costs and benefits of renewable and nonrenewable resources, such as water, energy, fossil fuels, wildlife, and forests.
SC.912.L.17.15. Discuss the effects of technology on environmental quality.
SC.912.L.17.16. Discuss the large-scale environmental impacts resulting from human activity, including waste spills, oil spills, runoff, greenhouse gases, ozone depletion, and surface and groundwater pollution.
SC.912.L.17.19. Describe how different natural resources are produced and how their rates of use and renewal limit availability.
SC.912.L.17.2. Explain the general distribution of life in aquatic systems as a function of chemistry, geography, light, depth, salinity, and temperature. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Oceans Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Rocks Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Rocks
SC.912.L.17.20. Predict the impact of individuals on environmental systems and examine how human lifestyles affect sustainability.
SC.912.L.17.3. Discuss how various oceanic and freshwater processes, such as currents, tides, and waves, affect the abundance of aquatic organisms. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Oceans Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Rocks Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Rocks
SC.912.L.17.4. Describe changes in ecosystems resulting from seasonal variations, climate change and succession.
SC.912.L.17.5. Analyze how population size is determined by births, deaths, immigration, emigration, and limiting factors (biotic and abiotic) that determine carrying capacity.
SC.912.L.17.6. Compare and contrast the relationships among organisms, including predation, parasitism, competition, commensalism, and mutualism.
SC.912.L.17.7. Characterize the biotic and abiotic components that define freshwater systems, marine systems and terrestrial systems. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Oceans
SC.912.L.17.8. Recognize the consequences of the losses of biodiversity due to catastrophic events, climate changes, human activity, and the introduction of invasive, non-native species.
SC.912.L.17.9. Use a food web to identify and distinguish producers, consumers, and decomposers. Explain the pathway of energy transfer through trophic levels and the reduction of available energy at successive trophic levels.
SC.912.L.18. Matter and Energy Transformations - A. All living things are composed of four basic categories of macromolecules and share the same basic needs for life. B. Living organisms acquire the energy they need for life processes through various metabolic pathways (primarily photosynthesis and cellular respiration). C. Chemical reactions in living things follow basic rules of chemistry and are usually regulated by enzymes. D. The unique chemical properties of carbon and water make life on Earth possible. SC.912.L.18.1. Describe the basic molecular structures and primary functions of the four major categories of biological macromolecules.