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FL.SC.4.E.Earth and Space Science
SC.4.E.5. Earth in Space and Time - Humans continue to explore Earth's place in space. Gravity and energy influence the formation of galaxies, including our own Milky Way Galaxy, stars, the Solar System, and Earth. Humankind's need to explore continues to lead to the development of knowledge and understanding of our Solar System. SC.4.E.5.2. Describe the changes in the observable shape of the moon over the course of about a month.
SC.4.E.5.3. Recognize that Earth revolves around the Sun in a year and rotates on its axis in a 24-hour day.
SC.4.E.5.4. Relate that the rotation of Earth (day and night) and apparent movements of the Sun, Moon, and stars are connected.
SC.4.E.6. Earth Structures - Humans continue to explore the composition and structure of the surface of Earth. External sources of energy have continuously altered the features of Earth by means of both constructive and destructive forces. All life, including human civilization, is dependent on Earth's water and natural resources. SC.4.E.6.1. Identify the three categories of rocks: igneous, (formed from molten rock); sedimentary (pieces of other rocks and fossilized organisms); and metamorphic (formed from heat and pressure).
SC.4.E.6.2. Identify the physical properties of common earth-forming minerals, including hardness, color, luster, cleavage, and streak color, and recognize the role of minerals in the formation of rocks.
SC.4.E.6.3. Recognize that humans need resources found on Earth and that these are either renewable or nonrenewable.
SC.4.E.6.4. Describe the basic differences between physical weathering (breaking down of rock by wind, water, ice, temperature change, and plants) and erosion (movement of rock by gravity, wind, water, and ice).
SC.4.E.6.6. Identify resources available in Florida (water, phosphate, oil, limestone, silicon, wind, and solar energy).
SC.4.L.16. Heredity and Reproduction - A. Offspring of plants and animals are similar to, but not exactly like, their parents or each other. B. Life cycles vary among organisms, but reproduction is a major stage in the life cycle of all organisms. SC.4.L.16.1. Identify processes of sexual reproduction in flowering plants, including pollination, fertilization (seed production), seed dispersal, and germination.
SC.4.L.16.3. Recognize that animal behaviors may be shaped by heredity and learning.
SC.4.L.16.4. Compare and contrast the major stages in the life cycles of Florida plants and animals, such as those that undergo incomplete and complete metamorphosis, and flowering and nonflowering seed-bearing plants.
SC.4.L.17. Interdependence - A. Plants and animals, including humans, interact with and depend upon each other and their environment to satisfy their basic needs. B. Both human activities and natural events can have major impacts on the environment. C. Energy flows from the sun through producers to consumers. SC.4.L.17.2. Explain that animals, including humans, cannot make their own food and that when animals eat plants or other animals, the energy stored in the food source is passed to them.
SC.4.L.17.3. Trace the flow of energy from the Sun as it is transferred along the food chain through the producers to the consumers.
SC.4.L.17.4. Recognize ways plants and animals, including humans, can impact the environment.
FL.SC.4.N.Nature of Science
SC.4.N.1. The Practice of Science - A: Scientific inquiry is a multifaceted activity; The processes of science include the formulation of scientifically investigable questions, construction of investigations into those questions, the collection of appropriate data, the evaluation of the meaning of those data, and the communication of this evaluation. B: The processes of science frequently do not correspond to the traditional portrayal of ''the scientific method.'' C: Scientific argumentation is a necessary part of scientific inquiry and plays an important role in the generation and validation of scientific knowledge. D: Scientific knowledge is based on observation and inference; it is important to recognize that these are very different things. Not only does science require creativity in its methods and processes, but also in its questions and explanations. SC.4.N.1.1. Raise questions about the natural world, use appropriate reference materials that support understanding to obtain information (identifying the source), conduct both individual and team investigations through free exploration and systematic investigations, and generate appropriate explanations based on those explorations.
SC.4.N.1.2. Compare the observations made by different groups using multiple tools and seek reasons to explain the differences across groups.
SC.4.N.1.3. Explain that science does not always follow a rigidly defined method (''the scientific method'') but that science does involve the use of observations and empirical evidence.
SC.4.N.1.4. Attempt reasonable answers to scientific questions and cite evidence in support.
SC.4.N.1.5. Compare the methods and results of investigations done by other classmates.
SC.4.N.3. The Role of Theories, Laws, Hypotheses, and Models - The terms that describe examples of scientific knowledge, for example; ''theory,'' ''law,'' ''hypothesis,'' and ''model'' have very specific meanings and functions within science. SC.4.N.3.1. Explain that models can be three dimensional, two dimensional, an explanation in your mind, or a computer mode.
SC.4.P.10. Forms of Energy - A. Energy is involved in all physical processes and is a unifying concept in many areas of science. B. Energy exists in many forms and has the ability to do work or cause a change. SC.4.P.10.1. Observe and describe some basic forms of energy, including light, heat, sound, electrical, and the energy of motion. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Energy Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Sound
SC.4.P.10.2. Investigate and describe that energy has the ability to cause motion or create change. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Energy
SC.4.P.10.3. Investigate and explain that sound is produced by vibrating objects and that pitch depends on how fast or slow the object vibrates. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Sound
SC.4.P.10.4. Describe how moving water and air are sources of energy and can be used to move things.
SC.4.P.11. Energy Transfer and Transformations - A. Waves involve a transfer of energy without a transfer of matter. B. Water and sound waves transfer energy through a material. C. Light waves can travel through a vacuum and through matter. SC.4.P.11.1. Recognize that heat flows from a hot object to a cold object and that heat flow may cause materials to change temperature.
SC.4.P.11.2. Identify common materials that conduct heat well or poorly.
SC.4.P.12. Motion of Objects - A. Motion is a key characteristic of all matter that can be observed, described, and measured. B. The motion of objects can be changed by forces. SC.4.P.12.1. Recognize that an object in motion always changes its position and may change its direction.
SC.4.P.12.2. Investigate and describe that the speed of an object is determined by the distance it travels in a unit of time and that objects can move at different speeds.
SC.4.P.8. Properties of Matter - A. All objects and substances in the world are made of matter. Matter has two fundamental properties: matter takes up space and matter has mass. B. Objects and substances can be classified by their physical and chemical properties. Mass is the amount of matter (or ''stuff'') in an object. Weight, on the other hand, is the measure of force of attraction (gravitational force) between an object and Earth. The concepts of mass and weight are complicated and potentially confusing to elementary students. Hence, the more familiar term of ''weight'' is recommended for use to stand for both mass and weight in grades K-5. By grades 6-8, students are expected to understand the distinction between mass and weight, and use them appropriately. SC.4.P.8.1. Measure and compare objects and materials based on their physical properties including: mass, shape, volume, color, hardness, texture, odor, taste, attraction to magnets.
SC.4.P.8.4. Investigate and describe that magnets can attract magnetic materials and attract and repel other magnets.
SC.4.P.9. Changes in Matter - A. Matter can undergo a variety of changes. B. Matter can be changed physically or chemically. SC.4.P.9.1. Identify some familiar changes in materials that result in other materials with different characteristics, such as decaying animal or plant matter, burning, rusting, and cooking.