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## CO.1.Physical Science

Physical Science
1.1. Newton's laws of motion and gravitation describe the relationships among forces acting on and between objects, their masses, and changes in their motion - but have limitations. Students can:
1.1.a. Gather, analyze and interpret data and create graphs regarding position, velocity and acceleration of moving objects
Multimedia Lesson Forces and Motion
Presentations Motion
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Laws of Motion - Set I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Laws of Motion - Set II

1.1.b. Develop, communicate and justify an evidence-based analysis of the forces acting on an object and the resultant acceleration produced by a net force
Multimedia Lesson Forces and Motion
Interactive/Simulation Acceleration and Momentum
Presentations Newton`s Laws
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Forces - Set I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Forces - Set II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Laws of Motion - Set I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Laws of Motion - Set II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Mechanics

1.1.e. Identify the limitations of Newton's laws in extreme situations
Multimedia Lesson Forces and Motion
Presentations Newton`s Laws
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Forces - Set I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Forces - Set II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Laws of Motion - Set I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Laws of Motion - Set II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Momentum and Collisions
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Properties of Matter

1.2. Matter has definite structure that determines characteristic physical and chemical properties. Students can:
1.2.a. Develop, communicate, and justify an evidence-based scientific explanation supporting the current model of an atom
Multimedia Lesson Atoms and Chemical Bonding
Presentations Models of the Atom

1.2.b. Gather, analyze and interpret data on chemical and physical properties of elements such as density, melting point, boiling point, and conductivity
Multimedia Lesson Chemical Reactions
Presentations Changes of State
Presentations Chemical Reactions
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Heat
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game States of Matter
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Elements - Set II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Elements - Set I

1.2.c. Use characteristic physical and chemical properties to develop predictions and supporting claims about elements' positions on the periodic table
Multimedia Lesson Atoms and Chemical Bonding
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Elements - Set II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Elements - Set I

1.2.d. Develop a model that differentiates atoms and molecules, elements and compounds, and pure substances and mixtures
Multimedia Lesson Atoms and Chemical Bonding
Virtual Lab Flame Test
Presentations Classes of Matter
Presentations Ionic Bonding
Presentations Models of the Atom
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Atomic Structure - Set I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Atomic Structure - Set II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Chemical Compounds - Set I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Chemical Compounds - Set II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Mixtures and Compounds
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Elements - Set II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Elements - Set I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game The Periodic Table - Set I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game The Periodic Table - Set II

1.3. Matter can change form through chemical or nuclear reactions abiding by the laws of conservation of mass and energy. Students can:
1.3.a. Recognize, analyze, interpret, and balance chemical equations (synthesis, decomposition, combustion, and replacement) or nuclear equations (fusion and fission)
Multimedia Lesson Chemical Reactions
Interactive/Simulation Types of Reactions
Presentations Balancing Equations
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Chemical Equations
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Chemical Reactions

1.3.b. Predict reactants and products for different types of chemical and nuclear reactions
Multimedia Lesson Chemical Reactions
Presentations Balancing Equations
Presentations Chemical Reactions
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Chemical Equations
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Chemical Reactions

1.3.d. Examine, evaluate, question, and ethically use information from a variety of sources and media to investigate the conservation of mass and energy
Multimedia Lesson Energy: Forms and Changes

1.4. Atoms bond in different ways to form molecules and compounds that have definite properties. Students can:
1.4.a. Develop, communicate, and justify an evidence-based scientific explanation supporting the current models of chemical bonding
Multimedia Lesson Atoms and Chemical Bonding
Multimedia Lesson Chemical Reactions
Interactive/Simulation Chemical Bonding
Presentations Chemical Reactions
Presentations Ionic Bonding
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Chemical Formulas and Bonding
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Organic Chemistry

1.4.b. Gather, analyze, and interpret data on chemical and physical properties of different compounds such as density, melting point, boiling point, pH, and conductivity
Multimedia Lesson Atoms and Chemical Bonding
Presentations Ionic Bonding
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Chemical Compounds - Set I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Chemical Compounds - Set II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Mixtures and Compounds

1.4.c. Use characteristic physical and chemical properties to develop predictions and supporting claims about compounds' classification as ionic, polar or covalent
Multimedia Lesson Atoms and Chemical Bonding
Presentations Classes of Matter
Presentations Ionic Bonding
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Chemical Compounds - Set I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Chemical Compounds - Set II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Mixtures and Compounds

1.4.d. Describe the role electrons play in atomic bonding
Multimedia Lesson Atoms and Chemical Bonding
Presentations Ionic Bonding

1.4.e. Predict the type of bonding that will occur among elements based on their position in the periodic table
Multimedia Lesson Atoms and Chemical Bonding
Presentations Ionic Bonding

1.5. Energy exists in many forms such as mechanical, chemical, electrical, radiant, thermal, and nuclear, that can be quantified and experimentally determined. Students can:
1.5.a. Develop, communicate, and justify an evidence-based scientific explanation regarding the potential and kinetic nature of mechanical energy
Multimedia Lesson Energy: Forms and Changes
Presentations Forms of Energy
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Chemical Reactions
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Electricity and Electrical Energy - Set I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Electricity and Electrical Energy - Set II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Heat
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Kinetics and Equilibrium
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Laws of Motion - Set I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Laws of Motion - Set II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Matter and Energy
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Momentum and Collisions
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Work and Energy

1.5.b. Use appropriate measurements, equations and graphs to gather, analyze, and interpret data on the quantity of energy in a system or an object
Multimedia Lesson Electricity and Magnetism
Multimedia Lesson Energy: Forms and Changes
Multimedia Lesson Forces and Motion
Multimedia Lesson Light and Optics
Multimedia Lesson Sound
Interactive/Simulation Acceleration and Momentum
Interactive/Simulation Circuit
Interactive/Simulation Electrochemical Cell
Interactive/Simulation Electromagnetic Spectrum
Interactive/Simulation Forces - Friction
Interactive/Simulation Forms of Energy
Interactive/Simulation Interactions of Light
Interactive/Simulation Reflection and Lenses
Interactive/Simulation Reflection and Mirrors
Interactive/Simulation Simple Machines
Interactive/Simulation Sound Waves
Interactive/Simulation Tones and Overtones
Interactive/Simulation Transmission of Light
Interactive/Simulation Wave Interactions
Virtual Lab Exploring Pulleys
Presentations Forms of Energy
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Properties of Matter

1.5.c. Use direct and indirect evidence to develop predictions of the types of energy associated with objects
Multimedia Lesson Electricity and Magnetism
Multimedia Lesson Energy: Forms and Changes
Interactive/Simulation Forms of Energy
Presentations Electric Current
Presentations Forms of Energy
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Chemical Reactions
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Electricity and Electrical Energy - Set I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Electricity and Electrical Energy - Set II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Heat
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Kinetics and Equilibrium
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Laws of Motion - Set I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Laws of Motion - Set II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Matter and Energy
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Momentum and Collisions
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Properties of Matter
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Work and Energy

1.5.d. Identify different energy forms, and calculate their amounts by measuring their defining characteristics
Multimedia Lesson Electricity and Magnetism
Multimedia Lesson Energy: Forms and Changes
Multimedia Lesson Light and Optics
Interactive/Simulation Forms of Energy
Interactive/Simulation Interactions of Light
Interactive/Simulation Transmission of Light
Presentations Changes of State
Presentations Electric Current
Presentations Electrical Safety
Presentations Forms of Energy
Presentations Interactions of Light
Presentations Light
Presentations Wave Interactions
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Chemical Reactions
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Electricity and Electrical Energy - Set I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Electricity and Electrical Energy - Set II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Electromagnetism
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Heat
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Kinetics and Equilibrium
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Laws of Motion - Set I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Laws of Motion - Set II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Light
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Matter and Energy
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Momentum and Collisions
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Nuclear Chemistry
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Properties of Matter
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Work and Energy

1.6. When energy changes form, it is neither created not destroyed; however, because some is necessarily lost as heat, the amount of energy available to do work decreases. Students can:
1.6.a. Use direct and indirect evidence to develop and support claims about the conservation of energy in a variety of systems, including transformations to heat
Multimedia Lesson Energy: Forms and Changes

1.6.b. Evaluate the energy conversion efficiency of a variety of energy transformations

1.6.c. Describe energy transformations both quantitatively and qualitatively
Multimedia Lesson Electricity and Magnetism
Multimedia Lesson Energy: Forms and Changes
Presentations Electric Current
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game States of Matter

1.6.d. Differentiate among the characteristics of mechanical and electromagnetic waves that determine their energy
Multimedia Lesson Light and Optics
Multimedia Lesson Sound
Interactive/Simulation Sound Waves
Presentations Light
Presentations Sound and Sound Waves
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Magnetism
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Vibrations and Waves

1.6.e. Examine, evaluate, question, and ethically use information from a variety of sources and media to investigate energy conservation and loss
Multimedia Lesson Energy: Forms and Changes

## CO.2.Life Science

Life Science
2.1. Matter tends to be cycled within an ecosystem, while energy is transformed and eventually exits an ecosystem. Students can:
2.1.a. Analyze how energy flows through trophic levels
Multimedia Lesson Food Chains and Food Webs
Interactive/Simulation Food Webs
Presentations Cell Energy
Presentations Energy Flow
Presentations Energy Pyramid
Presentations Food Chains
Presentations Food Web Balance
Presentations Food Webs
Presentations Owl Food Web
Flip Charts Animal Homes
Flip Charts Energy Flow
Flip Charts Energy Pyramid
Flip Charts Food Chains
Flip Charts Food Web Balance
Flip Charts Food Webs
Flip Charts Owl Food Web
Flip Charts Owl Pellets
Flip Charts Types of Consumers
Vocabulary Terms Ecology I
Vocabulary Terms Ecology II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Ecology I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Ecology II

2.1.b. Evaluate the potential ecological impacts of a plant-based or meat-based diet
Flip Charts Animal Homes
Flip Charts Energy Flow
Flip Charts Energy Pyramid
Flip Charts Food Chains
Flip Charts Food Web Balance
Flip Charts Food Webs
Flip Charts Owl Food Web
Flip Charts Owl Pellets
Flip Charts Types of Consumers
Vocabulary Terms Ecology I
Vocabulary Terms Ecology II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Ecology I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Ecology II

2.1.e. Define and distinguish between matter and energy, and how they are cycled or lost through life processes
Flip Charts Animal Homes
Flip Charts Energy Flow
Flip Charts Energy Pyramid
Flip Charts Food Chains
Flip Charts Food Web Balance
Flip Charts Food Webs
Flip Charts Owl Food Web
Flip Charts Owl Pellets
Flip Charts Types of Consumers
Vocabulary Terms Ecology I
Vocabulary Terms Ecology II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Ecology I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Ecology II

2.1.f. Describe how carbon, nitrogen, phosphorus, and water cycles work
Flip Charts Animal Homes
Flip Charts Energy Flow
Flip Charts Energy Pyramid
Flip Charts Food Chains
Flip Charts Food Web Balance
Flip Charts Food Webs
Flip Charts Owl Food Web
Flip Charts Owl Pellets
Flip Charts Types of Consumers
Vocabulary Terms Ecology I
Vocabulary Terms Ecology II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Ecology I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Ecology II

2.1.g. Use computer simulations to analyze how energy flows through trophic levels
Multimedia Lesson Food Chains and Food Webs
Interactive/Simulation Food Webs
Presentations Cell Energy
Presentations Energy Flow
Presentations Energy Pyramid
Presentations Food Chains
Presentations Food Web Balance
Presentations Food Webs
Presentations Owl Food Web
Flip Charts Animal Homes
Flip Charts Energy Flow
Flip Charts Energy Pyramid
Flip Charts Food Chains
Flip Charts Food Web Balance
Flip Charts Food Webs
Flip Charts Owl Food Web
Flip Charts Owl Pellets
Flip Charts Types of Consumers
Vocabulary Terms Ecology I
Vocabulary Terms Ecology II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Ecology I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Ecology II

2.2. The size and persistence of populations depend on their interactions with each other and on the abiotic factors in an ecosystem. Students can:
2.2.c. Evaluate data and assumptions regarding different scenarios for future human population growth and their projected consequences
Multimedia Lesson Earth's Climate
Presentations Global Warming

2.2.d. Examine, evaluate, question, and ethically use information from a variety of sources and media to investigate ecosystem interactions
Multimedia Lesson Food Chains and Food Webs
Presentations Food Web Balance

2.3. Cellular metabolic activities are carried out by biomolecules produced by organisms. Students can:
2.3.a. Identify biomolecules and their precursors/building blocks
Multimedia Lesson Chromosomes, Genes and DNA
Interactive/Simulation From DNA to Protein
Presentations Chromosomes
Presentations DNA
Presentations Food and Nutrients
Presentations Process of Digestion
Presentations Types of Nutrients
Flip Charts How Genes Work
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Nucleic acids and protein synthesis

2.3.b. Develop, communicate, and justify an evidence-based explanation that biomolecules follow the same rules of chemistry as any other molecule
Presentations Food and Nutrients
Presentations Process of Digestion
Presentations Types of Nutrients
Flip Charts Active Transport
Flip Charts Cell Energy
Flip Charts Cell Energy
Flip Charts Diffusion
Flip Charts Fermentation
Flip Charts Passive Transport
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Cell processes

2.3.c. Develop, communicate, and justify an evidence-based explanation regarding the optimal conditions required for enzyme activity
Presentations Process of Digestion
Presentations Types of Nutrients

2.3.d. Infer the consequences to organisms of suboptimal enzyme function - such as altered blood pH or high fever - using direct and indirect evidence
Presentations Process of Digestion
Presentations Types of Nutrients

2.3.e. Analyze and interpret data on the body's utilization of carbohydrates, lipids, and proteins
Presentations Food and Nutrients
Presentations Types of Nutrients

2.4. The energy for life primarily derives from the interrelated processes of photosynthesis and cellular respiration. Photosynthesis transforms the sun's light energy into the chemical energy of molecular bonds. Cellular respiration allows cells to utilize chemical energy when these bonds are broken. Students can:
2.4.a. Develop, communicate, and justify an evidence-based scientific explanation the optimal environment for photosynthetic activity
Multimedia Lesson Food Chains and Food Webs
Multimedia Lesson Protists: Pond Microlife
Multimedia Lesson Six Kingdoms of Life
Presentations Energy Flow
Presentations Euglena
Presentations Plant-Like Protists
Presentations Plants
Presentations Spirogyra
Presentations Volvox
Flip Charts Photosynthesis
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Photosynthesis and respiration

2.4.b. Discuss the interdependence of autotrophic and heterotrophic life forms such as depicting the flow of a carbon atom from the atmosphere, to a leaf, through the food chain, and back to the atmosphere
Multimedia Lesson Food Chains and Food Webs
Presentations Cell Energy
Presentations Energy Flow
Presentations Energy Pyramid
Presentations Food Chains
Presentations Food Webs
Flip Charts Animal Homes
Flip Charts Energy Flow
Flip Charts Energy Pyramid
Flip Charts Food Chains
Flip Charts Food Web Balance
Flip Charts Food Webs
Flip Charts Owl Food Web
Flip Charts Owl Pellets
Flip Charts Types of Consumers
Vocabulary Terms Ecology I
Vocabulary Terms Ecology II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Ecology I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Ecology II

2.4.c. Explain how carbon compounds are gradually oxidized to provide energy in the form of adenosine triphosphate (ATP), which drives many chemical reactions in the cell

2.5. Cells use passive and active transport of substances across membranes to maintain relatively stable intracellular environments. Students can:
2.5.a. Analyze and interpret data to determine the energy requirements and/or rates of substance transport across cell membranes
Flip Charts Active Transport
Flip Charts Cell Energy
Flip Charts Cell Energy
Flip Charts Diffusion
Flip Charts Fermentation
Flip Charts Passive Transport
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Cell processes

2.5.c. Diagram the cell membrane schematically, and highlight receptor proteins as targets of hormones, neurotransmitters, or drugs that serve as active links between intra and extracellular environments
Multimedia Lesson Cells
Multimedia Lesson Protists: Pond Microlife
Interactive/Simulation Animal Cell
Interactive/Simulation Plant Cell
Presentations Amoeba
Presentations Cell Transport
Presentations Paramecium
Presentations Types of Nutrients
Flip Charts Specialized Cells
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Cell structure and function

2.5.d. Use tools to gather, view, analyze, and interpret data produced during scientific investigations that involve passive and active transport

2.5.e. Use computer simulations and models to analyze cell transport mechanisms
Multimedia Lesson Protists: Pond Microlife
Presentations Amoeba
Presentations Paramecium

2.6. Cells, tissues, organs, and organ systems maintain relatively stable internal environments, even in the face of changing external environments. Students can:
2.6.a. Discuss how two or more body systems interact to promote health for the whole organism
Presentations Body Organization
Flip Charts Blood and Lymph
Flip Charts Body Organization
Flip Charts Food and Nutrients
Flip Charts Homeostasis
Flip Charts Inflammation
Flip Charts Joints
Flip Charts Lung Disease
Flip Charts The Senses
Flip Charts Types of Nutrients
Vocabulary Terms Human biology I
Vocabulary Terms Human biology II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Human biology I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Human biology II

2.6.b. Analyze and interpret data on homeostatic mechanisms using direct and indirect evidence to develop and support claims about the effectiveness of feedback loops to maintain homeostasis
Presentations Body Organization
Flip Charts Blood and Lymph
Flip Charts Body Organization
Flip Charts Food and Nutrients
Flip Charts Homeostasis
Flip Charts Inflammation
Flip Charts Joints
Flip Charts Lung Disease
Flip Charts The Senses
Flip Charts Types of Nutrients
Vocabulary Terms Human biology I
Vocabulary Terms Human biology II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Human biology I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Human biology II

2.6.c. Distinguish between causation and correlation in epidemiological data, such as examining scientifically valid evidence regarding disrupted homeostasis in particular diseases
Multimedia Lesson Six Kingdoms of Life
Flip Charts Amoeba
Flip Charts Euglena
Flip Charts Paramecium
Flip Charts Protista
Flip Charts Spirogyra
Flip Charts The Immune System
Flip Charts Volvox
Flip Charts What is a Protist?
Vocabulary Terms Microorganisms I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Microorganisms I

2.6.d. Use computer simulations and models of homeostatic mechanisms
Presentations Body Organization
Flip Charts Blood and Lymph
Flip Charts Body Organization
Flip Charts Food and Nutrients
Flip Charts Homeostasis
Flip Charts Inflammation
Flip Charts Joints
Flip Charts Lung Disease
Flip Charts The Senses
Flip Charts Types of Nutrients
Vocabulary Terms Human biology I
Vocabulary Terms Human biology II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Human biology I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Human biology II

2.7. Physical and behavioral characteristics of an organism are influenced to varying degrees by heritable genes, many of which encode instructions for the production of proteins. Students can:
2.7.a. Analyze and interpret data that genes are expressed portions of DNA.
Multimedia Lesson Chromosomes, Genes and DNA
Multimedia Lesson Mitosis
Presentations Chromosomes
Presentations Chromosomes
Presentations Genes
Presentations Mendel's Experiments
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Nucleic acids and protein synthesis

2.7.b. Analyze and interpret data on the processes of DNA replication, transcription, translation, and gene regulation, and show how these processes are the same in all organisms
Multimedia Lesson Chromosomes, Genes and DNA
Multimedia Lesson Meiosis
Interactive/Simulation From DNA to Protein
Presentations DNA
Presentations Genes
Presentations Meiosis I
Flip Charts Cell Cycle
Flip Charts How Genes Work
Flip Charts Mitosis Overview
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Cell Reproduction
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Nucleic acids and protein synthesis

2.7.d. Evaluate data showing that offspring are not clones of their parents or siblings due to the meiotic processes of independent assortment of chromosomes, crossing over, and mutations
Multimedia Lesson Chromosomes, Genes and DNA
Multimedia Lesson Protists: Pond Microlife
Presentations Amoeba
Presentations Mutations
Presentations Paramecium
Presentations Spirogyra
Flip Charts Meiosis
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Nucleic acids and protein synthesis

2.7.e. Explain using examples how genetic mutations can benefit, harm, or have neutral effects on an organism
Multimedia Lesson Chromosomes, Genes and DNA
Presentations Mutations
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Nucleic acids and protein synthesis

2.8. Multicellularity makes possible a division of labor at the cellular level through the expression of select genes, but not the entire genome. Students can:
2.8.a. Develop, communicate, and justify an evidence-based scientific explanation of how cells form specialized tissues due to the expression of some genes and not others
Multimedia Lesson Chromosomes, Genes and DNA
Presentations Genes

2.8.b. Analyze and interpret data that show most eukaryotic deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) does not actively code for proteins within cells
Multimedia Lesson Chromosomes, Genes and DNA
Interactive/Simulation Chromosome and DNA Structure
Interactive/Simulation Deciphering the DNA Code
Presentations Chromosomes
Presentations DNA
Presentations Genes
Presentations Mendel's Experiments
Presentations The Genetic Code
Flip Charts Cell Cycle
Flip Charts How Genes Work
Flip Charts Mitosis Overview
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Cell Reproduction

2.8.d. Analyze and interpret data on medical problems using direct and indirect evidence in developing and supporting claims that genetic mutations and cancer are brought about by exposure to environmental toxins, radiation, or smoking

2.9. Evolution occurs as the heritable characteristics of populations change across generations and can lead populations to become better adapted to their environment. Students can:
2.9.a. Develop, communicate, and justify an evidence-based scientific explanation for how Earth's diverse life forms today evolved from common ancestors
Multimedia Lesson Six Kingdoms of Life
Presentations Animals
Presentations Classification
Presentations Six Kingdoms Overview

2.9.b. Analyze and interpret multiple lines of evidence supporting the idea that all species are related by common ancestry such as molecular studies, comparative anatomy, biogeography, fossil record and embryology
Multimedia Lesson Six Kingdoms of Life
Presentations Animals

2.9.d. Analyze and interpret data on how evolution can be driven by three key components of natural selection - heritability, genetic variation, and differential survival and reproduction
Multimedia Lesson Six Kingdoms of Life
Presentations Classification
Presentations Six Kingdoms Overview
Flip Charts Classification
Flip Charts Fungi
Flip Charts The Six Kingdoms
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Evolution and classification

2.9.e. Generate a model - an evolutionary tree - showing how a group of organisms is most likely diverged from common ancestry
Multimedia Lesson Six Kingdoms of Life
Presentations Animals

## CO.3.Earth Systems Science

Earth Systems Science
3.1. The history of the universe, solar system and Earth can be inferred from evidence left from past events. Students can:
3.1.a. Develop, communicate, and justify an evidence-based scientific explanation addressing questions about Earth's history
Multimedia Lesson Plate Tectonics
Presentations Continental Drift

3.1.b. Analyze and interpret data regarding Earth's history using direct and indirect evidence
Multimedia Lesson Plate Tectonics
Presentations Continental Drift

3.1.c. Analyze and interpret data regarding the history of the universe using direct and indirect evidence
Multimedia Lesson Our Solar System
Flip Charts The Inner Planets
Flip Charts The Outer Planets
Flip Charts The Sun
Vocabulary Terms Our Solar System
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Our Solar System

3.1.d. Seek, evaluate, and use a variety of specialized resources available from libraries, the Internet, and the community to find scientific information on Earth's history
Multimedia Lesson Plate Tectonics
Presentations Continental Drift

3.1.e. Examine, evaluate, question, and ethically use information from a variety of sources and media to investigate the history of the universe, solar system and Earth
Multimedia Lesson Our Solar System
Flip Charts The Inner Planets
Flip Charts The Outer Planets
Flip Charts The Sun
Vocabulary Terms Our Solar System
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Our Solar System
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game The History of Earth

3.2. As part of the solar system, Earth interacts with various extraterrestrial forces and energies such as gravity, solar phenomena, electromagnetic radiation, and impact events that influence the planet's geosphere, atmosphere, and biosphere in a variety of ways. Students can:
3.2.a. Develop, communicate, and justify an evidence-based scientific explanation addressing questions around the extraterrestrial forces and energies that influence Earth
Multimedia Lesson Atmosphere and Weather
Multimedia Lesson Our Solar System
Multimedia Lesson The Sun-Earth-Moon System

3.2.b. Analyze and interpret data regarding extraterrestrial forces and energies
Multimedia Lesson Atmosphere and Weather
Multimedia Lesson Our Solar System
Multimedia Lesson The Sun-Earth-Moon System

3.2.c. Clearly identify assumptions behind conclusions regarding extraterrestrial forces and energies and provide feedback on the validity of alternative explanations
Multimedia Lesson Atmosphere and Weather
Multimedia Lesson Our Solar System
Multimedia Lesson The Sun-Earth-Moon System

3.2.d. Use specific equipment, technology, and resources such as satellite imagery, global positioning systems (GPS), global information systems (GIS), telescopes, video and image libraries, and computers to explore the universe )
Multimedia Lesson Light and Optics
Presentations Refraction and lenses

3.3. The theory of plate tectonics helps explain geological, physical, and geographical features of Earth. Students can:
3.3.a. Develop, communicate, and justify an evidence-based scientific explanation about the theory of plate tectonics and how it can be used to understand geological, physical, and geographical features of Earth
Multimedia Lesson Earthquakes
Multimedia Lesson Plate Tectonics
Multimedia Lesson Volcanoes
Interactive/Simulation Continent Movement Over Time
Presentations Continental Drift
Flip Charts Continental Drift
Flip Charts Earth’s Interior
Flip Charts Earthquake Safety
Flip Charts Seismic Waves
Flip Charts The Richter Scale
Vocabulary Terms Earthquakes
Vocabulary Terms Plate Tectonics
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Earthquakes
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Plate Tectonics

3.3.b. Analyze and interpret data on plate tectonics and the geological, physical, and geographical features of Earth
Multimedia Lesson Earthquakes
Flip Charts Earthquake Safety
Flip Charts Seismic Waves
Flip Charts The Richter Scale
Vocabulary Terms Earthquakes
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Earthquakes

3.3.c. Understand the role plate tectonics has had with respect to long-term global changes in Earth's systems such as continental buildup, glaciations, sea-level fluctuations, and climate change
Multimedia Lesson Earth's Climate
Multimedia Lesson Earthquakes
Multimedia Lesson Plate Tectonics
Multimedia Lesson Volcanoes
Interactive/Simulation Continent Movement Over Time
Presentations Climate Change
Presentations Continental Drift
Presentations Global Warming
Flip Charts Continental Drift
Flip Charts Earth’s Interior
Flip Charts Earthquake Safety
Flip Charts Seismic Waves
Flip Charts The Richter Scale
Vocabulary Terms Earthquakes
Vocabulary Terms Plate Tectonics
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Earthquakes
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Plate Tectonics

3.3.d. Investigate and explain how new conceptual interpretations of data and innovative geophysical technologies led to the current theory of plate tectonics
Multimedia Lesson Earthquakes
Multimedia Lesson Plate Tectonics
Multimedia Lesson Volcanoes
Interactive/Simulation Continent Movement Over Time
Presentations Continental Drift
Flip Charts Continental Drift
Flip Charts Earth’s Interior
Vocabulary Terms Plate Tectonics
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Plate Tectonics

3.4. Climate is the result of energy transfer among interactions of the atmosphere, hydrosphere, geosphere, and biosphere. Students can:
3.4.a. Develop, communicate, and justify an evidence-based scientific explanation that shows climate is a result of energy transfer among the atmosphere, hydrosphere, geosphere and biosphere
Multimedia Lesson Earth's Climate
Multimedia Lesson The Sun-Earth-Moon System
Virtual Lab Earth's Seasons
Presentations Climate Change
Presentations Global Warming
Presentations Seasons on Earth
Presentations The Polar Zone
Presentations The Temperate Zone
Presentations The Tropical Zone
Flip Charts Climate Change
Flip Charts Global Warming
Flip Charts Ozone Depletion
Flip Charts Seasons
Flip Charts The Polar Zone
Flip Charts The Temperate Zone
Flip Charts The Tropical Zone
Vocabulary Terms Climate
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Climate

3.4.b. Analyze and interpret data on Earth's climate
Multimedia Lesson Earth's Climate
Multimedia Lesson The Sun-Earth-Moon System
Virtual Lab Earth's Seasons
Presentations Climate Change
Presentations Global Warming
Presentations Seasons on Earth
Presentations The Polar Zone
Presentations The Temperate Zone
Presentations The Tropical Zone
Flip Charts Climate Change
Flip Charts Global Warming
Flip Charts Ozone Depletion
Flip Charts Seasons
Flip Charts The Polar Zone
Flip Charts The Temperate Zone
Flip Charts The Tropical Zone
Vocabulary Terms Climate
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Climate

3.4.c. Explain how a combination of factors such as Earth's tilt, seasons, geophysical location, proximity to oceans, landmass location, latitude, and elevation determine a location's climate
Multimedia Lesson Earth's Climate
Multimedia Lesson The Sun-Earth-Moon System
Virtual Lab Earth's Seasons
Presentations Climate Change
Presentations Global Warming
Presentations Seasons on Earth
Presentations The Polar Zone
Presentations The Temperate Zone
Presentations The Tropical Zone
Flip Charts Climate Change
Flip Charts Global Warming
Flip Charts Ozone Depletion
Flip Charts Seasons
Flip Charts The Polar Zone
Flip Charts The Temperate Zone
Flip Charts The Tropical Zone
Vocabulary Terms Climate
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Climate

3.4.d. Identify mechanisms in the past and present that have changed Earth's climate
Multimedia Lesson Atmosphere and Weather
Multimedia Lesson Earth's Climate
Presentations Atmosphere Overview
Presentations Global Warming
Flip Charts Climate Change
Flip Charts Global Warming
Flip Charts Ozone Depletion
Flip Charts Seasons
Flip Charts The Polar Zone
Flip Charts The Temperate Zone
Flip Charts The Tropical Zone
Vocabulary Terms Climate
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Climate

3.4.e. Analyze the evidence and assumptions regarding climate change
Multimedia Lesson Earth's Climate
Presentations Global Warming

3.4.f. Interpret evidence from weather stations, buoys, satellites, radars, ice and ocean sediment cores, tree rings, cave deposits, native knowledge, and other sources in relation to climate change
Multimedia Lesson Earth's Climate
Presentations Climate Change
Presentations Global Warming
Flip Charts Climate Change
Flip Charts Global Warming
Flip Charts Ozone Depletion
Flip Charts Seasons
Flip Charts The Polar Zone
Flip Charts The Temperate Zone
Flip Charts The Tropical Zone
Vocabulary Terms Climate
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Climate

3.5. There are costs, benefits, and consequences of exploration, development, and consumption of renewable and nonrenewable resources. Students can:
3.5.a. Develop, communicate, and justify an evidence-based scientific explanation regarding the costs and benefits of exploration, development, and consumption of renewable and nonrenewable resources
Multimedia Lesson Energy: Forms and Changes
Presentations Sources of Energy

3.5.b. Evaluate positive and negative impacts on the geosphere, atmosphere, hydrosphere, and biosphere in regards to resource use
Multimedia Lesson Atmosphere and Weather
Multimedia Lesson Minerals
Presentations Atmosphere Overview
Presentations Mineral Resources

3.5.c. Create a plan to reduce environmental impacts due to resource consumption
Multimedia Lesson Minerals
Presentations Mineral Resources

3.5.d. Analyze and interpret data about the effect of resource consumption and development on resource reserves to draw conclusions about sustainable use
Multimedia Lesson Atmosphere and Weather
Presentations Atmosphere Overview

3.6. The interaction of Earth's surface with water, air, gravity, and biological activity causes physical and chemical changes. Students can:
3.6.a. Develop, communicate, and justify an evidence-based scientific explanation addressing questions regarding the interaction of Earth's surface with water, air, gravity, and biological activity
Multimedia Lesson Earth's Surface
Multimedia Lesson Rocks
Interactive/Simulation Forces of Erosion and Deposition
Presentations Classifying Rocks
Presentations Sedimentary Rocks
Presentations The Rock Cycle
Flip Charts Soil
Vocabulary Terms The Rock Cycle
Vocabulary Terms Weathering and Erosion
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game The Rock Cycle
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Weathering and Erosion

3.6.b. Analyze and interpret data, maps, and models concerning the direct and indirect evidence produced by physical and chemical changes that water, air, gravity, and biological activity create
Multimedia Lesson Earth's Surface
Multimedia Lesson Rocks
Interactive/Simulation Forces of Erosion and Deposition
Virtual Lab Topographic Maps
Presentations Classifying Rocks
Presentations Sedimentary Rocks
Presentations The Rock Cycle
Flip Charts Soil
Vocabulary Terms The Rock Cycle
Vocabulary Terms Weathering and Erosion
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Maps as Models of the Earth
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game The Rock Cycle
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Weathering and Erosion

3.6.c. Evaluate negative and positive consequences of physical and chemical changes on the geosphere
Multimedia Lesson Earth's Surface
Multimedia Lesson Rocks
Interactive/Simulation Forces of Erosion and Deposition
Presentations Classifying Rocks
Presentations Sedimentary Rocks
Presentations The Rock Cycle
Flip Charts Soil
Vocabulary Terms The Rock Cycle
Vocabulary Terms Weathering and Erosion
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game The Rock Cycle
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Weathering and Erosion

3.6.d. Use remote sensing and geographic information systems (GIS) data to interpret landforms and landform impact on human activity
Multimedia Lesson Earth's Surface
Virtual Lab Topographic Maps
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Maps as Models of the Earth

3.7. Natural hazards have local, national and global impacts such as volcanoes, earthquakes, tsunamis, hurricanes, and thunderstorms. Students can:
3.7.a. Develop, communicate, and justify an evidence-based scientific explanation regarding natural hazards, and explain their potential local and global impacts
Multimedia Lesson Earthquakes
Presentations Earthquake Safety
Flip Charts Clouds
Flip Charts Precipitation
Flip Charts Predicting Weather
Flip Charts Severe Weather
Flip Charts Weather
Vocabulary Terms Weather II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Weather II

3.7.b. Analyze and interpret data about natural hazards using direct and indirect evidence
Multimedia Lesson Earthquakes
Presentations Measuring Earthquakes
Flip Charts Clouds
Flip Charts Precipitation
Flip Charts Predicting Weather
Flip Charts Severe Weather
Flip Charts Weather
Vocabulary Terms Weather II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Weather II

3.7.c. Make predictions and draw conclusions about the impact of natural hazards on human activity - locally and globally
Flip Charts Clouds
Flip Charts Earthquake Safety
Flip Charts Precipitation
Flip Charts Predicting Weather
Flip Charts Seismic Waves
Flip Charts Severe Weather
Flip Charts The Richter Scale
Flip Charts Weather
Vocabulary Terms Earthquakes
Vocabulary Terms Weather II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Earthquakes
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Weather II

Social Studies