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CO.8.1.Oral Expression and Listening
Oral Expression and Listening
8.1.1. Communication skills and interviewing techniques are required to gather information and to develop and deliver oral presentations. Students can: 8.1.1.a. Engage effectively in a range of collaborative discussions (one-on-one, in groups, and teacher-led) with diverse partners on grade 8 topics, texts, and issues, building on others’ ideas and expressing their own clearly. (CCSS: SL.8.1) 8.1.1.a.i. Come to discussions prepared, having read or researched material under study; explicitly draw on that preparation by referring to evidence on the topic, text, or issue to probe and reflect on ideas under discussion. (CCSS: SL.8.1a)
8.1.1.a.ii. Follow rules for collegial discussions and decision-making, track progress toward specific goals and deadlines, and define individual roles as needed. (CCSS: SL.8.1b)
8.1.1.a.iii. Pose questions that connect the ideas of several speakers and respond to others’ questions and comments with relevant evidence, observations, and ideas. (CCSS: SL.8.1c)
8.1.1.a.iv. Acknowledge new information expressed by others, and, when warranted, qualify or justify their own views in light of the evidence presented. (CCSS: SL.8.1d)
8.1.1.a.v. Identify a central idea and prepare and ask relevant interview questions for researching and developing ideas further.
8.1.1.a.vi. Evaluate the effectiveness of the techniques used and information gained from the interview.
8.1.1.a.vii. Give a planned oral presentation to a specific audience for an intended purpose. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Speaking
8.1.1.a.viii. Demonstrate appropriate verbal and nonverbal delivery techniques (clear enunciation, gesture, volume, pace, use of visuals, and language) for intended effect. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Speaking
8.1.1.b. Analyze the purpose of information presented in diverse media and formats (e.g., visually, quantitatively, orally) and evaluate the motives (e.g., social, commercial, political) behind its presentation. (CCSS: SL.8.2)
8.1.2. A variety of response strategies clarifies meaning or messages. Students can: 8.1.2.a. Present claims and findings, emphasizing salient points in a focused, coherent manner with relevant evidence, sound valid reasoning, and well-chosen details; use appropriate eye contact, adequate volume, and clear pronunciation. (CCSS: SL.8.4) Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Speaking
8.1.2.c. Adapt speech to a variety of contexts and tasks, demonstrating command of formal English when indicated or appropriate. (CCSS: SL.8.6) Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Speaking
CO.8.2.Reading for All Purposes
8.2.1. Quality comprehension and interpretation of literary texts demand self-monitoring and self-assessment. Students can: 8.2.1.a. Use Key Ideas and Details to: 8.2.1.a.i. Cite the textual evidence that most strongly supports an analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text. (CCSS: RL.8.1)
8.2.1.a.ii. Determine a theme or central idea of a text and analyze its development over the course of the text, including its relationship to the characters, setting, and plot; provide an objective summary of the text. (CCSS: RL.8.2)
8.2.1.a.iii. Analyze how particular lines of dialogue or incidents in a story or drama propel the action, reveal aspects of a character, or provoke a decision. (CCSS: RL.8.3)
8.2.1.b. Use Craft and Structure to: 8.2.1.b.i. Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative and connotative meanings; analyze the impact of specific word choices on meaning and tone, including analogies or allusions to other texts. (CCSS: RL.8.4) Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Vocabulary
8.2.1.c. Use Integration of Knowledge and Ideas to: 8.2.1.c.iii. Develop and share interpretations of literary works of personal interest.
8.2.1.c.iv. Analyze how a modern work of fiction draws on themes, patterns of events, or character types from myths, traditional stories, or religious works such as the Bible, including describing how the material is rendered new. (CCSS: RL.8.9)
8.2.1.d. Use Range of Reading and Complexity of Text to: 8.2.1.d.i. By the end of the year, read and comprehend literature, including stories, dramas, and poems, at the high end of grades 6–8 text complexity band independently and proficiently. (CCSS: RL.8.10)
8.2.2. Quality comprehension and interpretation of informational and persuasive texts demand monitoring and self-assessment. Students can: 8.2.2.a. Use Key Ideas and Details to: 8.2.2.a.i. Cite the textual evidence that most strongly supports an analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text. (CCSS: RI.8.1)
8.2.2.a.ii. Determine a central idea of a text and analyze its development over the course of the text, including its relationship to supporting ideas; provide an objective summary of the text. (CCSS: RI.8.2)
8.2.2.a.iii. Analyze how a text makes connections among and distinctions between individuals, ideas, or events (e.g., through comparisons, analogies, or categories). (CCSS: RI.8.3)
8.2.2.b. Use Craft and Structure to: 8.2.2.b.iii. Determine an author’s point of view or purpose in a text and analyze how the author acknowledges and responds to conflicting evidence or viewpoints. (CCSS: RI.8.6)
8.2.2.c. Use Integration of Knowledge and Ideas to: 8.2.2.c.ii. Delineate and evaluate the argument and specific claims in a text, assessing whether the reasoning is sound and the evidence is relevant and sufficient; recognize when irrelevant evidence is introduced. (CCSS: RI.8.8)
8.2.2.c.iii. Analyze a case in which two or more texts provide conflicting information on the same topic and identify where the texts disagree on matters of fact or interpretation. (CCSS: RI.8.9)
8.2.3. Context, grammar, and word choice influence the understanding of literary, persuasive, and informational texts. Students can: 8.2.3.a. Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words or phrases based on grade 8 reading and content, choosing flexibly from a range of strategies. (CCSS: L.8.4) 8.2.3.a.ii. Explain how authors use language to influence audience perceptions of events, people, and ideas.
8.2.3.a.iv. Use context (e.g., the overall meaning of a sentence or paragraph; a word’s position or function in a sentence) as a clue to the meaning of a word or phrase. (CCSS: L.8.4a) Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Vocabulary
8.2.3.a.v. Use common, grade-appropriate Greek or Latin affixes and roots as clues to the meaning of a word (e.g., precede, recede, secede). (CCSS: L.8.4b)
8.2.3.a.vi. Consult general and specialized reference materials (e.g., dictionaries, glossaries, thesauruses), both print and digital, to find the pronunciation of a word or determine or clarify its precise meaning or its part of speech. (CCSS: L.8.4c)
8.2.3.a.vii. Verify the preliminary determination of the meaning of a word or phrase (e.g., by checking the inferred meaning in context or in a dictionary). (CCSS: L.8.4d) Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Vocabulary
8.2.3.b. Demonstrate understanding of figurative language, word relationships, and nuances in word meanings. (CCSS: L.8.5) 8.2.3.b.ii. Use the relationship between particular words to better understand each of the words. (CCSS: L.8.5b) Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Vocabulary
8.2.3.b.iii. Distinguish among the connotations (associations) of words with similar denotations (definitions) (e.g., bullheaded, willful, firm, persistent, resolute). (CCSS: L.8.5c) Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Vocabulary
CO.8.3.Writing and Composition
8.3.1. Stylistic devices and descriptive details in literary and narrative texts are organized for a variety of audiences and purposes and evaluated for quality. Students can: 8.3.1.a. Write narratives to develop real or imagined experiences or events using effective technique, relevant descriptive details, and well-structured event sequences. (CCSS: W.8.3) 8.3.1.a.vii. Write using poetic techniques (alliteration, onomatopoeia); figurative language (simile, metaphor, personification, hyperbole); and graphic elements (capital letters, line length, word position) for intended effect.
8.3.2. Ideas and supporting details in informational and persuasive texts are organized for a variety of audiences and purposes and evaluated for quality. Students can: 8.3.2.a. Write arguments to support claims with clear reasons and relevant evidence. (CCSS: W.8.1) 8.3.2.a.ii. Write and justify a personal interpretation of literary or informational text that includes a thesis, supporting details from the literature, and a conclusion.
8.3.3. Editing writing for grammar, usage, mechanics, and clarity is an essential trait of a well-written document. Students can: 8.3.3.a. Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking. (CCSS: L.8.1) 8.3.3.a.i. Explain the function of verbals (gerunds, participles, infinitives) in general and their function in particular sentences. (CCSS: L.8.1a)
8.3.3.a.ii. Form and use verbs in the active and passive voice. (CCSS: L.8.1b) Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Verbs
8.3.3.a.v. Use comparative and superlative adjectives and adverbs correctly in sentences.
8.3.3.a.vii. Use subject-verb agreement with intervening phrases and clauses.
8.3.3.a.viii. Identify main and subordinate clauses and use that knowledge to write varied, strong, correct, complete sentences. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Sentences
8.3.3.b. Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing. (CCSS: L.8.2) 8.3.3.b.iv. Spell correctly. (CCSS: L.8.2c) Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Spelling Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Spelling
8.3.3.d. Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development, organization, and style are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience. (CCSS: W.8.4)
CO.8.4.Research and Reasoning
8.4.1. Individual research projects begin with information obtained from a variety of sources, and is organized, documented, and presented using logical procedures. Students can: 8.4.1.b. Gather relevant information from multiple print and digital sources, using search terms effectively; assess the credibility and accuracy of each source; and quote or paraphrase the data and conclusions of others while avoiding plagiarism and following a standard format for citation. (CCSS: W.8.8) 8.4.1.b.iii. Write reports based on research that include quotations, footnotes or endnotes, and a bibliography or works cited page.
8.4.1.c. Draw evidence from literary or informational texts to support analysis, reflection, and research. (CCSS: W.8.9) 8.4.1.c.i. Apply grade 8 Reading standards to literature (e.g., “Analyze how a modern work of fiction draws on themes, patterns of events, or character types from myths, traditional stories, or religious works such as the Bible, including describing how the material is rendered new”). (CCSS: W.8.a)
8.4.1.c.ii. Apply grade 8 Reading standards to literary nonfiction (e.g., “Delineate and evaluate the argument and specific claims in a text, assessing whether the reasoning is sound and the evidence is relevant and sufficient; recognize when irrelevant evidence is introduced”). (CCSS: W.8.9b)
8.4.2. Common fallacies and errors occur in reasoning. Students can: 8.4.2.c. Identify common reasoning fallacies in print and non-printed sources.