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AZ.CC.RST.11-12.Reading Standards for Literacy in Science and Technical Subjects
Reading Standards for Literacy in Science and Technical Subjects
Craft and Structure RST.11-12.4. Determine the meaning of symbols, key terms, and other domain-specific words and phrases as they are used in a specific scientific or technical context relevant to grades 11-12 texts and topics.
SCHS-S1C2. Scientific Testing (Investigating and Modeling): Design and conduct controlled investigations. SCHS-S1C2-01. Demonstrate safe and ethical procedures (e.g., use and care of technology, materials, organisms) and behavior in all science inquiry.
SCHS-S1C3. Analysis, Conclusions, and Refinements: Evaluate experimental design, analyze data to explain results and propose further investigations. Design models. SCHS-S1C3-05. Design models (conceptual or physical) of the following to represent 'real world' scenarios: carbon cycle; water cycle; phase change; collisions.
SCHS-S1C3-06. Use descriptive statistics to analyze data, including: Mean; frequency; range (See MHS-S2C1-10).
SCHS-S1C4. Communication: Communicate results of investigations. SCHS-S1C4-02. Produce graphs that communicate data. (See MHS-S2C1-02).
AZ.SCHS-S3.Science in Personal and Social Perspectives
Science in Personal and Social Perspectives
SCHS-S3C1. Changes in Environments: Describe the interactions between human populations, natural hazards, and the environment. SCHS-S3C1-02. Describe the environmental effects of the following natural and/or human-caused hazards: Flooding; drought; earthquakes; fires; pollution; extreme weather. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Oceans
SCHS-S3C1-04. Evaluate the following factors that affect the quality of the environment: urban development; smoke; volcanic dust.
SCHS-S4C1. The Cell: Understand the role of the cell and cellular processes. SCHS-S4C1-01. Describe the role of energy in cellular growth, development, and repair.
SCHS-S4C1-03. Explain the importance of water to cells.
SCHS-S4C1-04. Analyze mechanisms of transport of materials (e.g., water, ions, macromolecules) into and out of cells: passive transport; active transport.
SCHS-S4C1-05. Describe the purposes and processes of cellular reproduction.
SCHS-S4C2. Molecular Basis of Heredity: Understand the molecular basis of heredity and resulting genetic diversity. SCHS-S4C2-01. Analyze the relationships among nucleic acids (DNA, RNA), genes, and chromosomes.
SCHS-S4C2-02. Describe the molecular basis of heredity, in viruses and living things, including DNA replication and protein synthesis.
SCHS-S4C2-03. Explain how genotypic variation occurs and results in phenotypic diversity.
SCHS-S4C2-04. Describe how meiosis and fertilization maintain genetic variation.
SCHS-S4C3. Interdependence of Organisms: Analyze the relationships among various organisms and their environment. SCHS-S4C3-01. Identify the relationships among organisms within populations, communities, ecosystems, and biomes.
SCHS-S4C4. Biological Evolution: Understand the scientific principles and processes involved in biological evolution. SCHS-S4C4-01. Identify the following components of natural selection, which can lead to speciation: potential for a species to increase its numbers; genetic variability and inheritance of offspring due to mutation and recombination of genes; finite supply of resources required for life; selection by the environment of those offspring better able to survive and produce offspring.
SCHS-S4C4-02. Explain how genotypic and phenotypic variation can result in adaptations that influence an organism's success in an environment.
SCHS-S4C4-03. Describe how the continuing operation of natural selection underlies a population's ability to adapt to changes in the environment and leads to biodiversity and the origin of new species.
SCHS-S4C4-04. Predict how a change in an environmental factor (e.g., rainfall, habitat loss, non-native species) can affect the number and diversity of species in an ecosystem.
SCHS-S4C4-05. Analyze how patterns in the fossil record, nuclear chemistry, geology, molecular biology, and geographical distribution give support to the theory of organic evolution through natural selection over billions of years and the resulting present day biodiversity.
SCHS-S4C5. Matter, Energy, and Organization in Living Systems (Including Human Systems): Understand the organization of living systems, and the role of energy within those systems. SCHS-S4C5-01. Compare the processes of photosynthesis and cellular respiration in terms of energy flow, reactants, and products.
SCHS-S4C5-02. Describe the role of organic and inorganic chemicals (e.g., carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, nucleic acids, water, ATP) important to living things.
SCHS-S4C5-03. Diagram the following biogeochemical cycles in an ecosystem: Water; carbon; nitrogen.
SCHS-S4C5-04. Diagram the energy flow in an ecosystem through a food chain.
SCHS-S4C5-05. Describe the levels of organization of living things from cells, through tissues, organs, organ systems, organisms, populations, and communities to ecosystems.
SCHS-S5C1. Structure and Properties of Matter: Understand physical, chemical, and atomic properties of matter. SCHS-S5C1-01. Describe substances based on their physical properties.
SCHS-S5C1-02. Describe substances based on their chemical properties.
SCHS-S5C1-06. Describe the following features and components of the atom: Protons; neutrons; electrons; mass; number and type of particles; structure; organization.
SCHS-S5C1-08. Explain the details of atomic structure (e.g., electron configuration, energy levels, isotopes).
SCHS-S5C2. Motions and Forces: Analyze relationships between forces and motion. SCHS-S5C2-01. Determine the rate of change of a quantity (e.g., rate of erosion, rate of reaction, rate of growth, velocity).
SCHS-S5C2-02. Analyze the relationships among position, velocity, acceleration, and time: graphically; mathematically.
SCHS-S5C2-03. Explain how Newton's 1st Law applies to objects at rest or moving at constant velocity.
SCHS-S5C2-04. Using Newton's 2nd Law of Motion, analyze the relationships among the net force acting on a body, the mass of the body, and the resulting acceleration: graphically; mathematically.
SCHS-S5C2-08. Analyze the general relationships among force, acceleration, and motion for an object undergoing uniform circular motion.
SCHS-S5C2-09. Represent the force conditions required to maintain static equilibrium.
SCHS-S5C2-10. Describe the nature and magnitude of frictional forces.
SCHS-S5C2-13. Analyze the impulse required to produce a change in momentum.
SCHS-S5C2-14. Quantify interactions between objects to show that the total momentum is conserved in both collision and recoil situations.
SCHS-S5C3. Conservation of Energy and Increase in Disorder: Understand ways that energy is conserved, stored, and transferred. SCHS-S5C3-01. Describe the following ways in which energy is stored in a system: Mechanical; electrical; chemical; nuclear. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Heat
SCHS-S5C3-05. Analyze the relationship between energy transfer and disorder in the universe (2nd Law of Thermodynamics).
SCHS-S5C3-06. Distinguish between heat and temperature. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Gases Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Heat
SCHS-S5C3-07. Explain how molecular motion is related to temperature and phase changes. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Gases Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Heat
SCHS-S5C4. Chemical Reactions: Investigate relationships between reactants and products in chemical reactions. SCHS-S5C4-02. Identify the indicators of chemical change, including formation of a precipitate, evolution of a gas, color change, absorption or release of heat energy.
SCHS-S5C4-03. Represent a chemical reaction by using a balanced equation.
SCHS-S5C4-04. Distinguish among the types of bonds (i.e., ionic, covalent, metallic, hydrogen bonding).
SCHS-S5C4-05. Describe the mole concept and its relationship to Avogadro's number. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game The Mole
SCHS-S5C4-07. Predict the properties (e.g., melting point, boiling point, conductivity) of substances based upon bond type. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Heat
SCHS-S5C4-08. Quantify the relationships between reactants and products in chemical reactions (e.g., stoichiometry, equilibrium, energy transfers).
SCHS-S5C4-09. Predict the products of a chemical reaction using types of reactions (e.g., synthesis, decomposition, replacement, combustion).
SCHS-S5C4-10. Explain the energy transfers within chemical reactions using the law of conservation of energy.
SCHS-S5C4-11. Predict the effect of various factors (e.g., temperature, concentration, pressure, catalyst) on the equilibrium state and on the rates of chemical reaction.
SCHS-S5C4-12. Compare the nature, behavior, concentration, and strengths of acids and bases.
SCHS-S5C4-13. Determine the transfer of electrons in oxidation/reduction reactions.
SCHS-S5C5. Interactions of Energy and Matter: Understand the interactions of energy and matter. SCHS-S5C5-01. Describe various ways in which matter and energy interact (e.g., photosynthesis, phase change).
SCHS-S5C5-02. Describe the following characteristics of waves: Wavelength; frequency; period; amplitude.
SCHS-S5C5-03. Quantify the relationships among the frequency, wavelength, and the speed of light. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Light
SCHS-S5C5-04. Describe the basic assumptions of kinetic molecular theory.
SCHS-S5C5-05. Apply kinetic molecular theory to the behavior of matter (e.g., gas laws).
SCHS-S5C5-06. Analyze calorimetric measurements in simple systems and the energy involved in changes of state. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Heat
SCHS-S5C5-08. Describe the relationship among electric potential, current, and resistance in an ohmic system.
SCHS-S5C5-09. Quantify the relationships among electric potential, current, and resistance in an ohmic system.
AZ.SCHS-S6.Earth and Space Science
SCHS-S6C1. Geochemical Cycles: Analyze the interactions between the Earth's structures, atmosphere, and geochemical cycles. SCHS-S6C1-01. Identify ways materials are cycled within the Earth system (i.e., carbon cycle, water cycle, rock cycle).
SCHS-S6C1-02. Demonstrate how dynamic processes such as weathering, erosion, sedimentation, metamorphism, and orogenesis relate to redistribution of materials within the Earth system.
SCHS-S6C1-03. Explain how the rock cycle is related to plate tectonics.
SCHS-S6C1-04. Demonstrate how the hydrosphere links the biosphere, lithosphere, cryosphere, and atmosphere.
SCHS-S6C1-05. Describe factors that impact current and future water quantity and quality including surface, ground, and local water issues. .
SCHS-S6C1-06. Analyze methods of reclamation and conservation of water. .
SCHS-S6C2. Energy in the Earth System (Both Internal and External): Understand the relationships between the Earth's land masses, oceans, and atmosphere. SCHS-S6C2-03. Distinguish between weather and climate. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Climate
SCHS-S6C2-04. Internal Energy: Demonstrate the relationship between the Earth's internal convective heat flow and plate tectonics.
SCHS-S6C2-05. Internal Energy: Demonstrate the relationships among earthquakes, volcanoes, mountain ranges, mid-oceanic ridges, deep sea trenches, and tectonic plates.
SCHS-S6C2-06. Internal Energy: Distinguish among seismic S, P, and surface waves.
SCHS-S6C2-07. Internal Energy: Analyze the seismic evidence (S and P waves) used to determine the structure of the Earth.
SCHS-S6C2-09. External Energy: Explain the effect of heat transfer on climate and weather. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Climate
SCHS-S6C2-11. External Energy: Describe the origin, life cycle, and behavior of weather systems (i.e., air mass, front, high and low systems, pressure gradients).
SCHS-S6C2-12. External Energy: Describe the conditions that cause severe weather (e.g., hurricanes, tornadoes, thunderstorms).
SCHS-S6C2-14. External Energy: Analyze how weather is influenced by both natural and artificial Earth features (e.g., mountain ranges, bodies of water, cities, air pollution). Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Oceans
SCHS-S6C2-15. External Energy: List the factors that determine climate (e.g., altitude, latitude, water bodies, precipitation, prevailing winds, topography). Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Climate Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Oceans
SCHS-S6C2-16. External Energy: Explain the causes and/or effects of climate changes over long periods of time (e.g., glaciation, desertification, solar activity, greenhouse effect). Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Climate
SCHS-S6C2-17. External Energy: Investigate the effects of acid rain, smoke, volcanic dust, urban development, and greenhouse gases, on climate change over various periods of time. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Climate
SCHS-S6C3. Origin and Evolution of the Earth System: Analyze the factors used to explain the history and evolution of the Earth. SCHS-S6C3-01. Earth Origin/System: Describe the scientific theory of the origin of the solar system (solar nebular hypothesis).
SCHS-S6C3-02. Earth Origin/System: Describe the characteristics, location, and motions of the various kinds of objects in our solar system, including the Sun, planets, satellites, comets, meteors, and asteroids. .
SCHS-S6C3-03. Earth Origin/System: Explain the phases of the Moon, eclipses (lunar and solar), and the interaction of the Sun, Moon, and Earth (tidal effect).
SCHS-S6C3-04. Earth History/Evolution: Interpret a geologic time scale.
SCHS-S6C3-05. Earth History/Evolution: Distinguish between relative and absolute geologic dating techniques. .
SCHS-S6C3-08. Earth History/Evolution: Sequence major events in the Earth's evolution (e.g., mass extinctions, glacial episodes) using relative and absolute dating data.
SCHS-S6C3-09. Analyze patterns in the fossil record related to the theory of organic evolution.
SCHS-S6C4. Origin and Evolution of the Universe: Analyze the factors used to explain the origin and evolution of the universe. SCHS-S6C4-01. Describe the Big Bang Theory as an explanation for the origin of the universe.
SCHS-S6C4-02. Describe the fusion process that takes place in stars.
SCHS-S6C4-03. Analyze the evolution of various types of stars using the Hertzsprung-Russell (HR) diagram. .
SCHS-S6C4-04. Compare the evolution (life cycles) of stars of different masses (low and high mass).
SCHS-S6C4-06. Explain the evolution and life cycles of galaxies.