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Vocabulary Acquisition and Use L.8.4. Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words or phrases based on grade 8 reading and content, choosing flexibly from a range of strategies. L.8.4.a. Determine meanings of unfamiliar words by using knowledge of word structure, (prefixes/suffixes, base words, common roots, or word origins), context (e.g., the overall meaning of a sentence or paragraph; a word’s position or function in a sentence), knowledge of language structure including using context clues and prior knowledge. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Vocabulary
L.8.4.b. Use common, grade-appropriate Greek or Latin affixes and roots as clues to the meaning of a word (e.g., precede, recede, secede).
L.8.4.c. Consult general and specialized reference materials (e.g., dictionaries, glossaries, and thesauruses), both print and digital, to find the pronunciation of a word or determine or clarify its precise meaning or its part of speech.
L.8.4.d. Verify the preliminary determination of the meaning of a word or phrase (e.g., by checking the inferred meaning in context or in a dictionary). Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Vocabulary
L.8.5. Demonstrate understanding of figurative language, word relationships, and nuances in word meanings. L.8.5.b. Use the relationship between particular words (e.g., synonyms/antonyms, analogies) to better understand each of the words. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Vocabulary
L.8.5.c. Distinguish among the connotations (associations) of words with similar denotations (definitions) (e.g., bullheaded, willful, firm, persistent, resolute). Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Vocabulary
Conventions of Standard English L.8.1. Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking. L.8.1.a. Explain the function of verbals (gerunds, participles, infinitives) in general and their function in particular sentences in order to apply the conventions of English.
L.8.1.b. Form and use verbs in the active and passive voice. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Verbs
L.8.2. Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing. L.8.2.a. Use punctuation (comma, ellipsis, dash) to indicate a pause or break. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Punctuation Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Punctuation
L.8.2.c. Spell correctly. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Spelling Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Spelling
AK.RI.8.Reading Standards for Informational Text
Reading Standards for Informational Text
Integration of Knowledge and Ideas RI.8.8. Delineate and evaluate the argument and specific claims in a text (e.g., identify bias and propaganda techniques, well-supported logical arguments), assessing whether the reasoning is sound and the evidence is relevant and sufficient; recognize when irrelevant evidence is introduced.
RI.8.9. Analyze a case in which two or more texts provide conflicting information on the same topic and identify where the texts disagree on matters of fact or interpretation.
Craft and Structure RI.8.6. Determine an author’s purpose (to inform, persuade, entertain, critique, etc.) and point of view in a text and analyze how the author acknowledges and responds to conflicting evidence or viewpoints.
Key Ideas and Details RI.8.1. Cite the textual evidence that most strongly supports an analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text.
RI.8.2. Determine a central idea and subtopics of a text and analyze their development over the course of the text, including their relationship to supporting ideas; restate and summarize the central idea or events, in correct sequence when necessary, after reading a text.
RI.8.3. Analyze how a text makes connections among and distinctions between individuals, ideas, or events (e.g., through comparisons, analogies, or categories).
AK.RL.8.Reading Standards for Literature
Reading Standards for Literature
Range of Reading and Level of Complexity RL.8.10. By the end of the year, read and comprehend a range of literature from a variety of cultures, within a complexity band appropriate to grade 8 (from upper grade 7 to grade 9), with scaffolding as needed at the high end of the range.
Integration of Knowledge and Ideas RL.8.9. Analyze how a modern work of fiction draws on themes, patterns of events, or character types from myths, traditional stories, or religious works such as the Bible, including describing how the material is rendered new.
Craft and Structure RL.8.4. Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative and connotative meanings; analyze the impact of specific word choices on meaning and tone, including analogies or allusions to other texts. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Vocabulary
Key Ideas and Details RL.8.1. Cite the textual evidence that most strongly supports an analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text.
RL.8.2. Determine a theme or central idea of a text and analyze its development over the course of the text, including its relationship to the characters, setting, and plot; restate and summarize main ideas or events, in correct sequence, after reading a text.
RL.8.3. Analyze how particular lines of dialogue or incidents in a story or drama propel the action, reveal aspects of a character, or provoke a decision.
AK.SL.8.Speaking and Listening Standards
Speaking and Listening Standards
Presentation of Knowledge and Ideas SL.8.4. Present claims and findings, emphasizing salient points in a focused, coherent manner with relevant evidence, sound valid reasoning, and well-chosen details; use appropriate eye contact, adequate volume, and clear pronunciation. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Speaking
SL.8.6. Adapt speech to a variety of contexts and tasks, demonstrating command of formal English when indicated or appropriate. (See grade 8 Language standards 1 and 3 for specific expectations.) Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Speaking
Comprehension and Collaboration SL.8.1. Engage effectively in a range of collaborative discussions (one-on-one, in groups, and teacher-led) with diverse partners on grade 8 topics, texts, and issues, building on others’ ideas and expressing their own clearly. SL.8.1.a. Come to discussions prepared, having read or researched material under study; explicitly draw on that preparation by referring to evidence on the topic, text, or issue to probe and reflect on ideas under discussion.
SL.8.1.b. Follow rules for collegial discussions (e.g., establishing norms: taking turns, paraphrasing, respecting diverse viewpoints), and decision-making (e.g., coming to consensus), track progress toward specific goals and deadlines, and define individual roles as needed.
SL.8.1.c. Pose questions that connect the ideas of several speakers and respond to others’ questions and comments with relevant evidence, observations, and ideas.
SL.8.1.d. Acknowledge new information expressed by others, and, when warranted, qualify or justify their own views in light of the evidence presented.
SL.8.2. Analyze the purpose of information presented in diverse media and formats (e.g., visually, quantitatively/data-related, orally) and evaluate the motives (e.g., social, commercial, political) behind its presentation.
Range of Writing W.8.10. Write routinely over extended time frames (time for research, reflection, and revision) and shorter time frames (a single sitting or a day or two) for a range of discipline-specific tasks, purposes, and audiences.
Research to Build and Present Knowledge W.8.7. Conduct short research projects to answer a question (including a self-generated question), drawing on several sources and generating additional related, focused questions that allow for multiple avenues of exploration.
W.8.9. Draw evidence from literary or informational texts to support analysis, reflection, and research. W.8.9.a. Apply grade 8 Reading standards to literature (e.g., “Analyze how a modern work of fiction draws on themes, patterns of events, or character types from myths, traditional stories, or religious works such as the Bible, including describing how the material is rendered new.”).
W.8.9.b. Apply grade 8 Reading standards to literary nonfiction (e.g., “Delineate and evaluate the argument and specific claims in a text [e.g., identifies bias and propaganda techniques, well-supported logical arguments], assessing whether the reasoning is sound and the evidence is relevant and sufficient; recognize when irrelevant evidence is introduced.”).
Production and Distribution of Writing W.8.4. Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development, organization, and style are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience. (Grade-specific expectations for writing types are defined in standards 1–3 above.)