English Language Arts

Mathematics

Science

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## AL.1.Physical Science Core - Students will:

Physical Science Core - Students will:
1.1. Recognize periodic trends of elements, including the number of valence electrons, atomic size, and reactivity.
1.1.b. Differentiating between families and periods
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Elements - Set II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Elements - Set I

1.1.c. Using atomic number and mass number to identify isotopes
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Atomic and Nuclear Physics
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Nuclear Chemistry
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Elements - Set II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Elements - Set I

1.10. Explain the relationship between electricity and magnetism. Example: using a moving charge to create a magnetic field and using a moving magnetic field to induce a current in a closed wire loop
1.10.a. Differentiating between induction and conduction
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Electric Circuits
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Modern Electronics

1.10.b. Identifying mechanical, magnetic, and chemical methods used to create an electrical charge. Examples: mechanical - rubbing materials together, magnetic - moving a closed loop of wire across a magnetic field, chemical - using batteries
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Electricity and Electrical Energy - Set I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Electricity and Electrical Energy - Set II

1.10.c. Describing electrical circuits in terms of Ohm's law
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Electric Circuits

1.12. Identify metric units for mass, distance, time, temperature, velocity, acceleration, density, force, energy, and power.
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Forces - Set I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Forces - Set II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Gases
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Heat
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Laws of Motion - Set I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Laws of Motion - Set II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Mechanics
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Momentum and Collisions
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Properties of Matter
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Thermodynamics
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Work and Energy

1.2. Identify solutions in terms of components, solubility, concentration, and conductivity.
1.2.b. Comparing characteristics of electrolytes and nonelectrolytes
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Oxidation, Reduction and Electrochemistry

1.4. Use nomenclature and chemical formulas to write balanced chemical equations.
1.4.b. Identifying chemical reactions as composition, decomposition, single replacement, or double replacement
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Chemical Reactions

1.5. Describe physical and chemical changes in terms of endothermic and exothermic processes.
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Kinetics and Equilibrium

1.6. Identify characteristics of gravitational, electromagnetic, and nuclear forces.
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Rotational Motion/Universal Gravitation

1.7. Relate velocity, acceleration, and kinetic energy to mass, distance, force, and time.
1.7.a. Interpreting graphic representations of velocity versus time and distance versus time
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Laws of Motion - Set I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Laws of Motion - Set II

1.7.b. Solving problems for velocity, acceleration, force, work, and power
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Forces - Set I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Forces - Set II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Laws of Motion - Set I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Laws of Motion - Set II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Momentum and Collisions
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Work and Energy

1.7.c. Describing action and reaction forces, inertia, acceleration, momentum, and friction in terms of Newton's three laws of motion
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Forces - Set I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Forces - Set II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Laws of Motion - Set I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Laws of Motion - Set II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Momentum and Collisions
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Properties of Matter

1.8. Relate the law of conservation of energy to transformations of potential energy, kinetic energy, and thermal energy.
1.8.a. Identifying the relationship between thermal energy and the temperature of a sample of matter
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Gases
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Heat
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Properties of Matter
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Thermodynamics

1.8.b. Describing the flow of thermal energy between two samples of matter
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Thermodynamics

1.8.d. Relating simple formulas to the calculation of potential energy, kinetic energy, and work
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Chemical Reactions
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Electricity and Electrical Energy - Set I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Electricity and Electrical Energy - Set II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Heat
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Kinetics and Equilibrium
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Laws of Motion - Set I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Laws of Motion - Set II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Matter and Energy
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Momentum and Collisions
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Work and Energy

1.9. Compare methods of energy transfer by mechanical and electromagnetic waves.
1.9.a. Distinguishing between transverse and longitudinal mechanical waves
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Vibrations and Waves

1.9.b. Relating physical properties of sound and light to wave characteristics. Examples: loudness to amplitude, pitch to frequency, color to wavelength and frequency
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Light

## AL.10.Genetic Elective Core - Students will:

Genetic Elective Core - Students will:
10.11. Describe the replication of DNA and RNA viruses, including lytic and lysogenic cycles, using diagrams.
Flip Charts Amoeba
Flip Charts Euglena
Flip Charts Paramecium
Flip Charts Protista
Flip Charts Spirogyra
Flip Charts Volvox
Flip Charts What is a Protist?
Vocabulary Terms Microorganisms I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Microorganisms I

10.2. Describe factors such as radiation, chemicals, and chance that cause mutations in populations.
10.2.a. Describing effects of genetic variability on adaptations
Flip Charts Classification
Flip Charts Fungi
Flip Charts The Six Kingdoms
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Evolution and classification

10.3. Describe the significance of Mendel's work to the development of the modern science of genetics, including the laws of segregation and independent assortment.
Flip Charts Chromosomes
Flip Charts Chromosomes
Flip Charts Codominance
Flip Charts DNA
Flip Charts DNA Replication
Flip Charts DNA/RNA Structure
Flip Charts Genes
Flip Charts Gregor Mendel
Flip Charts Making a Pedigree
Flip Charts Mutations
Flip Charts Punnett Squares
Flip Charts The Genetic Code
Vocabulary Terms Genetics and heredity I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Genetics and heredity I

10.4. Describe the process of meiosis and the cell cycle, including the hereditary significance of each.
10.4.a. Comparing spermatogenesis and oogenesis using charts
Flip Charts Cell Cycle
Flip Charts Mitosis Overview
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Cell Reproduction

10.7. Describe the structure and function of DNA, including replication, translation, and transcription.
10.7.a. Applying the genetic code to predict amino acid sequence
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Nucleic acids and protein synthesis

10.7.c. Defining the role of RNA in protein synthesis
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Nucleic acids and protein synthesis

10.8. Explain the structure of eukaryotic chromosomes, including transposons, introns, and exons.
Flip Charts Chromosomes
Flip Charts Chromosomes
Flip Charts Codominance
Flip Charts DNA
Flip Charts DNA Replication
Flip Charts DNA/RNA Structure
Flip Charts Genes
Flip Charts Gregor Mendel
Flip Charts Making a Pedigree
Flip Charts Mutations
Flip Charts Punnett Squares
Flip Charts The Genetic Code
Vocabulary Terms Genetics and heredity I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Genetics and heredity I

## AL.11.Geology Elective Core - Students will:

Geology Elective Core - Students will:
11.1. Describe Earth's layers, including the lithosphere, asthenosphere, outer core, and inner core.
11.1.c. Relating the types of lithosphere to tectonic plates. Examples: granitic lithosphere with continental plates, basaltic lithosphere with oceanic plates
Flip Charts Continental Drift
Flip Charts Earth’s Interior
Vocabulary Terms Plate Tectonics
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Plate Tectonics

11.1.d. Comparing the temperature, density, and composition of Earth's crust to that of the mantle and outer and inner cores
Vocabulary Terms Earths Crust
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Earths Crust

11.10. Explain the mechanism of plate tectonics.
11.10.a. Explaining processes that cause earthquakes and volcanic eruptions
Flip Charts Inside a Volcano
Flip Charts The Ring of Fire
Flip Charts Volcanic Eruptions
Flip Charts What is a Volcano?
Vocabulary Terms Volcanoes
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Volcanoes

11.10.b. Identifying Earth's main tectonic plates
Flip Charts Continental Drift
Flip Charts Earth’s Interior
Vocabulary Terms Plate Tectonics
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Plate Tectonics

11.10.c. Describing faults and folds and their relationships to tectonic forces
Flip Charts Continental Drift
Flip Charts Earth’s Interior
Flip Charts Earthquake Safety
Flip Charts Seismic Waves
Flip Charts The Richter Scale
Vocabulary Terms Earthquakes
Vocabulary Terms Plate Tectonics
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Earthquakes
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Plate Tectonics

11.10.d. Describing technologies used to measure and forecast earthquakes and volcanic eruptions
Flip Charts Earthquake Safety
Flip Charts Seismic Waves
Flip Charts The Richter Scale
Vocabulary Terms Earthquakes
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Earthquakes

11.11. Identify mass movements, including topples, slides, spreads, and flows.
Flip Charts Inside a Volcano
Flip Charts The Ring of Fire
Flip Charts Volcanic Eruptions
Flip Charts What is a Volcano?
Vocabulary Terms Volcanoes
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Volcanoes

11.13. Describe the formation and characteristics of river systems.
11.13.a. Explaining the formation of alluvial fans
Flip Charts Soil
Vocabulary Terms The Rock Cycle
Vocabulary Terms Weathering and Erosion
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game The Rock Cycle
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Weathering and Erosion

11.14. Explain the interaction of the continuous processes of waves, tides, and winds with the coastal environment.
11.14.a. Identifying the impact of periodic weather phenomena on coastal regions. Examples: hurricanes destroying sand dunes, El Nino or La Nina redefining shorelines
Flip Charts Animal Life Cycles
Flip Charts Clouds
Flip Charts Invertebrates
Flip Charts Precipitation
Flip Charts Predicting Weather
Flip Charts Severe Weather
Flip Charts Soil
Flip Charts Weather
Vocabulary Terms Invertebrates I
Vocabulary Terms Weather II
Vocabulary Terms Weathering and Erosion
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Invertebrates I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Weather II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Weathering and Erosion

11.15. Identify geological regions in Alabama and the southeastern United States.
11.15.d. Identifying types of rocks in Alabama
Flip Charts Classifying Rocks
Flip Charts Identifying Rocks
Flip Charts Igneous Rocks
Flip Charts Metamorphic Rocks
Flip Charts Sedimentary Rocks
Flip Charts The Rock Cycle
Flip Charts What is a Rock?
Vocabulary Terms Rocks - Set I
Vocabulary Terms Rocks - Set II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Rocks - Set I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Rocks - Set II

11.2. Relate the concept of equilibrium to geological processes, including plate tectonics and stream flow. Examples: stream channel on a slope, movement of tectonic plates, convection within Earth
Flip Charts Continental Drift
Flip Charts Earth’s Interior
Flip Charts Earthquake Safety
Flip Charts Seismic Waves
Flip Charts The Richter Scale
Vocabulary Terms Earths Crust
Vocabulary Terms Earthquakes
Vocabulary Terms Plate Tectonics
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Earths Crust
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Earthquakes
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Plate Tectonics

11.3. Explain natural phenomena that shape the surface of Earth, including rock cycles, plate motions and interactions, erosion and deposition, volcanism, earthquakes, weathering, and tides.
Flip Charts Earthquake Safety
Flip Charts Inside a Volcano
Flip Charts Seismic Waves
Flip Charts Soil
Flip Charts The Richter Scale
Flip Charts The Ring of Fire
Flip Charts Volcanic Eruptions
Flip Charts What is a Volcano?
Vocabulary Terms Earthquakes
Vocabulary Terms The Rock Cycle
Vocabulary Terms Volcanoes
Vocabulary Terms Weathering and Erosion
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Earthquakes
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game The Rock Cycle
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Volcanoes
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Weathering and Erosion

11.4. Describe the topography of the sea floor and the continents.
11.4.b. Explaining changes of continental topography caused by erosion and uplift. Example: formation of southern Appalachian Mountains in Alabama
Flip Charts Earthquake Safety
Flip Charts Seismic Waves
Flip Charts Soil
Flip Charts The Richter Scale
Vocabulary Terms Earthquakes
Vocabulary Terms The Rock Cycle
Vocabulary Terms Weathering and Erosion
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Earthquakes
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game The Rock Cycle
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Weathering and Erosion

11.5. Classify rocks as sedimentary, igneous, and metamorphic.
11.5.a. Identifying characteristics of extrusive and intrusive igneous rocks
Flip Charts Classifying Rocks
Flip Charts Identifying Rocks
Flip Charts Igneous Rocks
Flip Charts Metamorphic Rocks
Flip Charts Sedimentary Rocks
Flip Charts The Rock Cycle
Flip Charts What is a Rock?
Vocabulary Terms Rocks - Set I
Vocabulary Terms Rocks - Set II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Rocks - Set I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Rocks - Set II

11.5.b. Describing mineral composition and chemical elements of rocks
Flip Charts Classifying Rocks
Flip Charts Identifying Rocks
Flip Charts Igneous Rocks
Flip Charts Metamorphic Rocks
Flip Charts Sedimentary Rocks
Flip Charts The Rock Cycle
Flip Charts What is a Rock?
Vocabulary Terms Rocks - Set I
Vocabulary Terms Rocks - Set II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Rocks - Set I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Rocks - Set II

11.5.c. Describing characteristics of clastic, organic, and chemical sedimentary rocks
Flip Charts Classifying Rocks
Flip Charts Identifying Rocks
Flip Charts Igneous Rocks
Flip Charts Metamorphic Rocks
Flip Charts Sedimentary Rocks
Flip Charts The Rock Cycle
Flip Charts What is a Rock?
Vocabulary Terms Rocks - Set I
Vocabulary Terms Rocks - Set II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Rocks - Set I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Rocks - Set II

11.5.d. Explaining texture and composition of rocks
Flip Charts Classifying Rocks
Flip Charts Identifying Rocks
Flip Charts Igneous Rocks
Flip Charts Metamorphic Rocks
Flip Charts Sedimentary Rocks
Flip Charts The Rock Cycle
Flip Charts What is a Rock?
Vocabulary Terms Rocks - Set I
Vocabulary Terms Rocks - Set II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Rocks - Set I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Rocks - Set II

11.6. Explain the concept of geological time within the framework of the geologic time scale.
11.6.b. Describing the role of fossils in determining the age of strata
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Fossils I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Fossils II

11.6.c. Identifying geological time scales, including eon, era, period, and epoch
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game The History of Earth

11.6.d. Identifying relative and absolute dating methods
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Fossils I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Fossils II

11.7. Describe processes of rock formation. Examples: cooling, deposition
11.7.a. Explaining factors that control texture and composition of rocks. Examples: formation depth, formation size, chemical composition
Vocabulary Terms The Rock Cycle
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game The Rock Cycle

11.7.b. Describing processes of fossil formation
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Fossils I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Fossils II

11.8. Explain interactions among topography, climate, organic activity, time, and parent material through which soils are created.
Flip Charts Soil
Vocabulary Terms Weathering and Erosion
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Weathering and Erosion

## AL.12.Human Anatomy and Physiology Elective Core - Students will:

Human Anatomy and Physiology Elective Core - Students will:
12.10. Identify structures and functions of the digestive system.
12.10.a. Tracing the pathway of digestion from the mouth to the anus using diagrams
Flip Charts Blood and Lymph
Flip Charts Body Organization
Flip Charts Food and Nutrients
Flip Charts Homeostasis
Flip Charts Inflammation
Flip Charts Joints
Flip Charts Lung Disease
Flip Charts The Senses
Flip Charts Types of Nutrients
Vocabulary Terms Human biology I
Vocabulary Terms Human biology II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Human biology I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Human biology II

12.10.b. Identifying disorders affecting the digestive system. Examples: ulcers, Crohn's disease, diverticulitis
Flip Charts Blood and Lymph
Flip Charts Body Organization
Flip Charts Food and Nutrients
Flip Charts Homeostasis
Flip Charts Inflammation
Flip Charts Joints
Flip Charts Lung Disease
Flip Charts The Senses
Flip Charts Types of Nutrients
Vocabulary Terms Human biology I
Vocabulary Terms Human biology II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Human biology I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Human biology II

12.11. Identify structures and functions of the respiratory system.
12.11.a. Tracing the pathway of the oxygen and carbon dioxide exchange
Flip Charts Blood and Lymph
Flip Charts Body Organization
Flip Charts Food and Nutrients
Flip Charts Homeostasis
Flip Charts Inflammation
Flip Charts Joints
Flip Charts Lung Disease
Flip Charts The Senses
Flip Charts Types of Nutrients
Vocabulary Terms Human biology I
Vocabulary Terms Human biology II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Human biology I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Human biology II

12.11.b. Recognizing common disorders of the respiratory system. Examples: asthma, bronchitis, cystic fibrosis
Flip Charts Blood and Lymph
Flip Charts Body Organization
Flip Charts Food and Nutrients
Flip Charts Homeostasis
Flip Charts Inflammation
Flip Charts Joints
Flip Charts Lung Disease
Flip Charts The Senses
Flip Charts Types of Nutrients
Vocabulary Terms Human biology I
Vocabulary Terms Human biology II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Human biology I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Human biology II

12.12. Identify structures and functions of the reproductive system.
12.12.a. Differentiating between male and female reproductive systems
Flip Charts Blood and Lymph
Flip Charts Body Organization
Flip Charts Food and Nutrients
Flip Charts Homeostasis
Flip Charts Inflammation
Flip Charts Joints
Flip Charts Lung Disease
Flip Charts The Senses
Flip Charts Types of Nutrients
Vocabulary Terms Human biology I
Vocabulary Terms Human biology II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Human biology I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Human biology II

12.12.c. Identifying disorders of the reproductive system. Examples: endometriosis, sexually transmitted diseases, prostate cancer
Flip Charts Blood and Lymph
Flip Charts Body Organization
Flip Charts Food and Nutrients
Flip Charts Homeostasis
Flip Charts Inflammation
Flip Charts Joints
Flip Charts Lung Disease
Flip Charts The Senses
Flip Charts Types of Nutrients
Vocabulary Terms Human biology I
Vocabulary Terms Human biology II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Human biology I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Human biology II

12.14. Identify the endocrine glands and their functions.
12.14.a. Describing effects of hormones produced by the endocrine glands
Flip Charts Blood and Lymph
Flip Charts Body Organization
Flip Charts Food and Nutrients
Flip Charts Homeostasis
Flip Charts Inflammation
Flip Charts Joints
Flip Charts Lung Disease
Flip Charts The Senses
Flip Charts Types of Nutrients
Vocabulary Terms Human biology I
Vocabulary Terms Human biology II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Human biology I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Human biology II

12.14.b. Identifying common disorders of the endocrine system. Examples: diabetes, goiter, hyperthyroidism
Flip Charts Blood and Lymph
Flip Charts Body Organization
Flip Charts Food and Nutrients
Flip Charts Homeostasis
Flip Charts Inflammation
Flip Charts Joints
Flip Charts Lung Disease
Flip Charts The Senses
Flip Charts Types of Nutrients
Vocabulary Terms Human biology I
Vocabulary Terms Human biology II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Human biology I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Human biology II

12.15. Identify physiological effects and components of the immune system.
12.15.a. Contrasting active and passive immunity
Flip Charts Blood and Lymph
Flip Charts Body Organization
Flip Charts Food and Nutrients
Flip Charts Homeostasis
Flip Charts Inflammation
Flip Charts Joints
Flip Charts Lung Disease
Flip Charts The Senses
Flip Charts Types of Nutrients
Vocabulary Terms Human biology I
Vocabulary Terms Human biology II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Human biology I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Human biology II

12.15.c. Recognizing disorders and diseases of the immune system. Examples: acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), acute lymphocytic leukemia
Flip Charts Amoeba
Flip Charts Euglena
Flip Charts Paramecium
Flip Charts Protista
Flip Charts Spirogyra
Flip Charts Volvox
Flip Charts What is a Protist?
Vocabulary Terms Microorganisms I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Microorganisms I

12.4. Classify tissues as connective, muscular, nervous, or epithelial.
Flip Charts Blood and Lymph
Flip Charts Body Organization
Flip Charts Food and Nutrients
Flip Charts Homeostasis
Flip Charts Inflammation
Flip Charts Joints
Flip Charts Lung Disease
Flip Charts The Senses
Flip Charts Types of Nutrients
Vocabulary Terms Human biology I
Vocabulary Terms Human biology II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Human biology I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Human biology II

12.6. Identify bones that compose the skeletal system.
12.6.a. Identifying functions of the skeletal system
Flip Charts Blood and Lymph
Flip Charts Body Organization
Flip Charts Food and Nutrients
Flip Charts Homeostasis
Flip Charts Inflammation
Flip Charts Joints
Flip Charts Lung Disease
Flip Charts The Senses
Flip Charts Types of Nutrients
Vocabulary Terms Human biology I
Vocabulary Terms Human biology II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Human biology I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Human biology II

12.6.b. Identifying subdivisions of the skeleton as axial and appendicular skeletons
Flip Charts Blood and Lymph
Flip Charts Body Organization
Flip Charts Food and Nutrients
Flip Charts Homeostasis
Flip Charts Inflammation
Flip Charts Joints
Flip Charts Lung Disease
Flip Charts The Senses
Flip Charts Types of Nutrients
Vocabulary Terms Human biology I
Vocabulary Terms Human biology II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Human biology I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Human biology II

12.6.e. Identifying various types of skeletal system disorders. Examples: fractures, arthritis
Flip Charts Blood and Lymph
Flip Charts Body Organization
Flip Charts Food and Nutrients
Flip Charts Homeostasis
Flip Charts Inflammation
Flip Charts Joints
Flip Charts Lung Disease
Flip Charts The Senses
Flip Charts Types of Nutrients
Vocabulary Terms Human biology I
Vocabulary Terms Human biology II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Human biology I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Human biology II

12.7. Identify major muscles, including origins, insertions, and actions.
12.7.a. Describing common types of body movements, including flexion, extension, abduction, and adduction
Flip Charts Blood and Lymph
Flip Charts Body Organization
Flip Charts Food and Nutrients
Flip Charts Homeostasis
Flip Charts Inflammation
Flip Charts Joints
Flip Charts Lung Disease
Flip Charts The Senses
Flip Charts Types of Nutrients
Vocabulary Terms Human biology I
Vocabulary Terms Human biology II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Human biology I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Human biology II

12.7.b. Classifying muscles based on functions in the body, including prime movers, antagonists, synergists, and fixators
Flip Charts Blood and Lymph
Flip Charts Body Organization
Flip Charts Food and Nutrients
Flip Charts Homeostasis
Flip Charts Inflammation
Flip Charts Joints
Flip Charts Lung Disease
Flip Charts The Senses
Flip Charts Types of Nutrients
Vocabulary Terms Human biology I
Vocabulary Terms Human biology II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Human biology I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Human biology II

12.7.c. Comparing skeletal, smooth, and cardiac muscles based on their microscopic anatomy
Flip Charts Blood and Lymph
Flip Charts Body Organization
Flip Charts Food and Nutrients
Flip Charts Homeostasis
Flip Charts Inflammation
Flip Charts Joints
Flip Charts Lung Disease
Flip Charts The Senses
Flip Charts Types of Nutrients
Vocabulary Terms Human biology I
Vocabulary Terms Human biology II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Human biology I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Human biology II

12.8. Identify structures of the nervous system.
12.8.c. Recognizing diseases and disorders of the nervous system. Examples: Parkinson's disease, meningitis
Flip Charts Blood and Lymph
Flip Charts Body Organization
Flip Charts Food and Nutrients
Flip Charts Homeostasis
Flip Charts Inflammation
Flip Charts Joints
Flip Charts Lung Disease
Flip Charts The Senses
Flip Charts Types of Nutrients
Vocabulary Terms Human biology I
Vocabulary Terms Human biology II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Human biology I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Human biology II

12.9. Identify structures and functions of the cardiovascular system.
12.9.a. Tracing the flow of blood through the body
Flip Charts Blood and Lymph
Flip Charts Body Organization
Flip Charts Food and Nutrients
Flip Charts Homeostasis
Flip Charts Inflammation
Flip Charts Joints
Flip Charts Lung Disease
Flip Charts The Senses
Flip Charts Types of Nutrients
Vocabulary Terms Human biology I
Vocabulary Terms Human biology II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Human biology I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Human biology II

## AL.13.Marine Science Elective Core - Students will:

Marine Science Elective Core - Students will:
13.11. Describe positive and negative effects of human influence on marine environments. Examples: positive - reef restoration, protection of endangered species; negative - pollution, overfishing
Vocabulary Terms Oceans
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Oceans

13.2. Differentiate among freshwater, brackish water, and saltwater.
Flip Charts Animal Homes
Flip Charts Energy Flow
Flip Charts Energy Pyramid
Flip Charts Food Chains
Flip Charts Food Web Balance
Flip Charts Food Webs
Flip Charts Owl Food Web
Flip Charts Owl Pellets
Flip Charts Types of Consumers
Vocabulary Terms Ecology I
Vocabulary Terms Ecology II
Vocabulary Terms Oceans
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Ecology I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Ecology II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Oceans

13.3. Describe physical characteristics of oceans, including topography of the ocean floor, plate tectonics, wave motion, depth, and pressure.
Flip Charts Continental Drift
Flip Charts Earth’s Interior
Vocabulary Terms Oceans
Vocabulary Terms Plate Tectonics
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Oceans
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Plate Tectonics

13.4. Recognize interactions between the atmosphere and the ocean.
13.4.a. Describing how waves, ocean currents, and tides are generated
Vocabulary Terms Oceans
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Oceans

13.5. Discuss physical and chemical properties of saltwater. Examples: physical - turbidity, temperature, density; chemical - salinity, pH, dissolved gases
Vocabulary Terms Oceans
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Oceans

13.6. Describe components of major marine ecosystems, including estuaries, coral reefs, benthic communities, and open-ocean communities.
Flip Charts Animal Homes
Flip Charts Classifying Rocks
Flip Charts Energy Flow
Flip Charts Energy Pyramid
Flip Charts Food Chains
Flip Charts Food Web Balance
Flip Charts Food Webs
Flip Charts Identifying Rocks
Flip Charts Igneous Rocks
Flip Charts Metamorphic Rocks
Flip Charts Owl Food Web
Flip Charts Owl Pellets
Flip Charts Sedimentary Rocks
Flip Charts The Rock Cycle
Flip Charts Types of Consumers
Flip Charts What is a Rock?
Vocabulary Terms Ecology I
Vocabulary Terms Ecology II
Vocabulary Terms Oceans
Vocabulary Terms Rocks - Set I
Vocabulary Terms Rocks - Set II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Ecology I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Ecology II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Oceans
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Rocks - Set I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Rocks - Set II

13.8. Describe characteristics of marine plant and algae divisions.
13.8.a. Describing commercial, economical, and medicinal values of marine plants and algae
Vocabulary Terms Oceans
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Oceans

13.9. Arrange various forms of marine life from most simple to most complex.
13.9.c. Identifying characteristics of marine invertebrates. Examples: Protozoa, Porifera, Coelenterata, Arthropoda
Flip Charts Animal Life Cycles
Flip Charts Invertebrates
Vocabulary Terms Invertebrates I
Vocabulary Terms Invertebrates II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Invertebrates I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Invertebrates II

13.9.d. Identifying characteristics of marine vertebrates. Examples: fishes, reptiles, birds, mammals
Flip Charts Animal Life Cycles
Flip Charts Vertebrates
Vocabulary Terms Vertebrates I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Vertebrates I

## AL.14.Zoology Elective Core - Students will:

Zoology Elective Core - Students will:
14.3. Identify the body symmetry of animals as radial, bilateral, or asymmetrical.
Vocabulary Terms Introduction to animals
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Introduction to animals

14.4. Use taxonomic groupings to differentiate the structure and physiology of invertebrates with dichotomous keys.
14.4.a. Identifying examples and characteristics of Porifera
Flip Charts Animal Life Cycles
Flip Charts Invertebrates
Vocabulary Terms Invertebrates I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Invertebrates I

14.4.b. Identifying examples and characteristics of Cnidaria
Flip Charts Animal Life Cycles
Flip Charts Invertebrates
Vocabulary Terms Invertebrates I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Invertebrates I

14.4.c. Identifying examples and characteristics of Mollusca
Flip Charts Animal Life Cycles
Flip Charts Invertebrates
Vocabulary Terms Invertebrates II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Invertebrates II

14.4.d. Identifying examples and characteristics of worms, including Platyhelminthes, Nematoda, and Annelida
Flip Charts Animal Life Cycles
Flip Charts Invertebrates
Vocabulary Terms Invertebrates I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Invertebrates I

14.4.e. Identifying examples, characteristics, and life cycles of Arthropoda
Flip Charts Animal Life Cycles
Flip Charts Invertebrates
Vocabulary Terms Invertebrates II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Invertebrates II

14.4.f. Identifying examples and characteristics of Echinodermata
Flip Charts Animal Life Cycles
Flip Charts Invertebrates
Vocabulary Terms Invertebrates II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Invertebrates II

14.5. Use taxonomic groupings to differentiate structure and physiology of vertebrates with dichotomous keys.
14.5.a. Identifying examples and characteristics of the three classes of fish
Flip Charts Animal Life Cycles
Flip Charts Vertebrates
Vocabulary Terms Vertebrates I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Vertebrates I

14.5.b. Identifying examples and characteristics of Amphibia
Flip Charts Animal Life Cycles
Flip Charts Vertebrates
Vocabulary Terms Vertebrates I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Vertebrates I

14.5.c. Identifying examples and characteristics of Reptilia
Flip Charts Animal Life Cycles
Flip Charts Vertebrates
Vocabulary Terms Vertebrates I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Vertebrates I

14.5.d. Identifying examples and characteristics of Aves
Flip Charts Animal Life Cycles
Flip Charts Vertebrates
Vocabulary Terms Vertebrates II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Vertebrates II

14.5.e. Identifying examples and characteristics of Mammalia
Flip Charts Animal Life Cycles
Flip Charts Vertebrates
Vocabulary Terms Vertebrates II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Vertebrates II

14.6. Identify factors used to distinguish species, including behavioral differences and reproductive isolation.
Vocabulary Terms Introduction to animals
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Introduction to animals

## AL.2.Biology Core - Students will:

Biology Core - Students will:
2.10. Distinguish between monocots and dicots, angiosperms and gymnosperms, and vascular and nonvascular plants.
2.10.a. Describing the histology of roots, stems, leaves, and flowers
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Plant structure and function

2.10.b. Recognizing chemical and physical adaptations of plants. Examples: chemical - foul odor, bitter taste, toxicity; physical - spines, needles, broad leaves
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Plant structure and function

2.11. Classify animals according to type of skeletal structure, method of fertilization and reproduction, body symmetry, body coverings, and locomotion. Examples: skeletal structure - vertebrates, invertebrates; fertilization - external, internal; reproduction - sexual, asexual; body symmetry - bilateral, radial, asymmetrical; body coverings - feathers, scales, fur; locomotion - cilia, flagella, pseudopodia
Vocabulary Terms Introduction to animals
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Introduction to animals

2.12. Describe protective adaptations of animals, including mimicry, camouflage, beak type, migration, and hibernation.
2.12.b. Describing natural selection, survival of the fittest, geographic isolation, and fossil record
Flip Charts Classification
Flip Charts Fungi
Flip Charts The Six Kingdoms
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Evolution and classification

2.13. Trace the flow of energy as it decreases through the trophic levels from producers to the quaternary level in food chains, food webs, and energy pyramids.
2.13.d. Using the ten percent law to explain the decreasing availability of energy through the trophic levels
Flip Charts Animal Homes
Flip Charts Energy Flow
Flip Charts Energy Pyramid
Flip Charts Food Chains
Flip Charts Food Web Balance
Flip Charts Food Webs
Flip Charts Owl Food Web
Flip Charts Owl Pellets
Flip Charts Types of Consumers
Vocabulary Terms Ecology I
Vocabulary Terms Ecology II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Ecology I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Ecology II

2.15. Identify biomes based on environmental factors and native organisms. Example: tundra - permafrost, low humidity, lichens, polar bears
Flip Charts Animal Homes
Flip Charts Energy Flow
Flip Charts Energy Pyramid
Flip Charts Food Chains
Flip Charts Food Web Balance
Flip Charts Food Webs
Flip Charts Owl Food Web
Flip Charts Owl Pellets
Flip Charts Types of Consumers
Vocabulary Terms Ecology I
Vocabulary Terms Ecology II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Ecology I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Ecology II

2.16. Identify density-dependent and density-independent limiting factors that affect populations in an ecosystem. Examples: density-dependent - disease, predator-prey relationships, availability of food and water; density-independent - natural disasters, climate
2.16.a. Discriminating among symbiotic relationships, including mutualism, commensalism, and parasitism
Flip Charts Classification
Flip Charts Fungi
Flip Charts The Six Kingdoms
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Evolution and classification

2.2. Describe cell processes necessary for achieving homeostasis, including active and passive transport, osmosis, diffusion, exocytosis, and endocytosis.
2.2.b. Comparing the reaction of plant and animal cells in isotonic, hypotonic, and hypertonic solutions
Flip Charts Active Transport
Flip Charts Cell Energy
Flip Charts Cell Energy
Flip Charts Diffusion
Flip Charts Fermentation
Flip Charts Passive Transport
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Cell processes

2.2.c. Explaining how surface area, cell size, temperature, light, and pH affect cellular activities
Flip Charts Active Transport
Flip Charts Cell Energy
Flip Charts Cell Energy
Flip Charts Diffusion
Flip Charts Fermentation
Flip Charts Passive Transport
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Cell processes

2.3. Identify reactants and products associated with photosynthesis and cellular respiration and the purposes of these two processes.
Flip Charts Active Transport
Flip Charts Cell Energy
Flip Charts Cell Energy
Flip Charts Diffusion
Flip Charts Fermentation
Flip Charts Passive Transport
Flip Charts Photosynthesis
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Cell processes
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Photosynthesis and respiration

2.4. Describe similarities and differences of cell organelles, using diagrams and tables.
2.4.a. Identifying scientists who contributed to the cell theory. Examples: Hooke, Schleiden, Schwann, Virchow, van Leeuwenhoek
Flip Charts Discovering Cells
Vocabulary Terms Introduction to cells
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Introduction to cells

2.4.c. Identifying various technologies used to observe cells. Examples: light microscope, scanning electron microscope, transmission electron microscope
Flip Charts Discovering Cells
Vocabulary Terms Introduction to cells
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Introduction to cells

2.6. Describe the roles of mitotic and meiotic divisions during reproduction, growth, and repair of cells.
2.6.a. Comparing sperm and egg formation in terms of ploidy. Example: ploidy - haploid, diploid
Flip Charts Cell Cycle
Flip Charts Mitosis Overview
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Cell Reproduction

2.7. Apply Mendel's law to determine phenotypic and genotypic probabilities of offspring.
2.7.a. Defining important genetic terms, including dihybrid cross, monohybrid cross, phenotype, genotype, homozygous, heterozygous, dominant trait, recessive trait, incomplete dominance, codominance, and allele
Flip Charts Chromosomes
Flip Charts Chromosomes
Flip Charts Codominance
Flip Charts DNA
Flip Charts DNA Replication
Flip Charts DNA/RNA Structure
Flip Charts Genes
Flip Charts Gregor Mendel
Flip Charts Making a Pedigree
Flip Charts Mutations
Flip Charts Punnett Squares
Flip Charts The Genetic Code
Vocabulary Terms Genetics and heredity I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Genetics and heredity I

2.8. Identify the structure and function of DNA, RNA, and protein.
2.8.a. Explaining relationships among DNA, genes, and chromosomes
Flip Charts Cell Cycle
Flip Charts Chromosomes
Flip Charts Chromosomes
Flip Charts Codominance
Flip Charts DNA
Flip Charts DNA Replication
Flip Charts DNA/RNA Structure
Flip Charts Genes
Flip Charts Gregor Mendel
Flip Charts Making a Pedigree
Flip Charts Mitosis Overview
Flip Charts Mutations
Flip Charts Punnett Squares
Flip Charts The Genetic Code
Vocabulary Terms Genetics and heredity I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Cell Reproduction
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Genetics and heredity I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Nucleic acids and protein synthesis

2.8.b. Listing significant contributions of biotechnology to society, including agricultural and medical practices. Examples: DNA fingerprinting, insulin, growth hormone
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game DNA technology/genetic engineering

2.8.c. Relating normal patterns of genetic inheritance to genetic variation. Example: crossing-over
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Nucleic acids and protein synthesis

2.8.d. Relating ways chance, mutagens, and genetic engineering increase diversity. Examples: insertion, deletion, translocation, inversion, recombinant DNA
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Nucleic acids and protein synthesis

2.8.e. Relating genetic disorders and disease to patterns of genetic inheritance. Examples: hemophilia, sickle cell anemia, Down's syndrome, Tay-Sachs disease, cystic fibrosis, color blindness, phenylketonuria (PKU)
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game DNA technology/genetic engineering

2.9. Differentiate between the previous five-kingdom and current six-kingdom classification systems.
2.9.a. Sequencing taxa from most inclusive to least inclusive in the classification of living things
Flip Charts Classification
Flip Charts Fungi
Flip Charts The Six Kingdoms
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Evolution and classification

2.9.b. Identifying organisms using a dichotomous key
Flip Charts Classification
Flip Charts Fungi
Flip Charts The Six Kingdoms
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Evolution and classification

2.9.c. Identifying ways in which organisms from the Monera, Protista, and Fungi kingdoms are beneficial and harmful. Examples: beneficial - decomposers, harmful - diseases
Flip Charts Amoeba
Flip Charts Euglena
Flip Charts Paramecium
Flip Charts Protista
Flip Charts Spirogyra
Flip Charts Volvox
Flip Charts What is a Protist?
Vocabulary Terms Microorganisms I
Vocabulary Terms Microorganisms II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Microorganisms I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Microorganisms II

2.9.d. Justifying the grouping of viruses in a category separate from living things
Flip Charts Amoeba
Flip Charts Euglena
Flip Charts Paramecium
Flip Charts Protista
Flip Charts Spirogyra
Flip Charts Volvox
Flip Charts What is a Protist?
Vocabulary Terms Microorganisms I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Microorganisms I

2.9.e. Writing scientific names accurately by using binomial nomenclature
Flip Charts Classification
Flip Charts Fungi
Flip Charts The Six Kingdoms
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Evolution and classification

## AL.3.Chemistry Core - Students will:

Chemistry Core - Students will:
3.1. Differentiate among pure substances, mixtures, elements, and compounds.
3.1.a. Distinguishing between intensive and extensive properties of matter
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Elements - Set II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Elements - Set I

3.1.b. Contrasting properties of metals, nonmetals, and metalloids
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game The Periodic Table - Set I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game The Periodic Table - Set II

3.1.c. Distinguishing between homogeneous and heterogeneous forms of matter
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Chemical Compounds - Set I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Chemical Compounds - Set II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Mixtures and Compounds
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Elements - Set II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Elements - Set I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game The Periodic Table - Set I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game The Periodic Table - Set II

3.2. Describe the structure of carbon chains, branched chains, and rings.
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Organic Chemistry

3.3. Use the periodic table to identify periodic trends, including atomic radii, ionization energy, electronegativity, and energy levels.
3.3.b. Calculating the number of protons, neutrons, and electrons in an isotope
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Atomic and Nuclear Physics
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Nuclear Chemistry

3.4. Describe solubility in terms of energy changes associated with the solution process.
3.4.b. Explaining the conductivity of electrolytic solutions
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Oxidation, Reduction and Electrochemistry

3.4.c. Describing acids and bases in terms of strength, concentration, pH, and neutralization reactions
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Acids, Bases and Salts

3.4.e. Solving problems involving molarity, including solution preparation and dilution
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game The Mole

3.5. Use the kinetic theory to explain states of matter, phase changes, solubility, and chemical reactions. Example: water at 25 degrees Celsius remains in the liquid state because of the strong attraction between water molecules while kinetic energy allows the sliding of molecules past one another
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game States of Matter

3.6. Solve stoichiometric problems involving relationships among the number of particles, moles, and masses of reactants and products in a chemical reaction.
3.6.b. Assigning oxidation numbers for individual atoms of monatomic and polyatomic ions
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Elements - Set II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Elements - Set I

3.6.c. Identifying the nomenclature of ionic compounds, binary compounds, and acids
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Chemical Compounds - Set I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Chemical Compounds - Set II

3.6.d. Classifying chemical reactions as composition, decomposition, single replacement, or double replacement
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Chemical Reactions

3.7. Explain the behavior of ideal gases in terms of pressure, volume, temperature, and number of particles using Charles's law, Boyle's law, Gay-Lussac's law, the combined gas law, and the ideal gas law.
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game States of Matter
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Thermodynamics

3.8. Distinguish among endothermic and exothermic physical and chemical changes. Examples: endothermic physical - phase change from ice to water, endothermic chemical - reaction between citric acid solution and baking soda, exothermic physical - phase change from water vapor to water, exothermic chemical - formation of water from combustion of hydrogen and oxygen
3.8.a. Calculating temperature change by using specific heat
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Heat

## AL.4.Physics Core - Students will:

Physics Core - Students will:
4.1. Explain linear, uniform circular, and projectile motions using one- and two-dimensional vectors.
4.1.a. Explaining the significance of slope and area under a curve when graphing distance-time or velocity-time data. Example: slope and area of a velocity-time curve giving acceleration and distance traveled
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Laws of Motion - Set I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Laws of Motion - Set II

4.2. Define the law of conservation of momentum.
4.2.a. Calculating the momentum of a single object
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Momentum and Collisions

4.2.b. Calculating momenta of two objects before and after collision in one-dimensional motion
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Momentum and Collisions

4.3. Explain planetary motion and navigation in space in terms of Kepler's and Newton's laws.
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Forces - Set I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Forces - Set II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Laws of Motion - Set I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Laws of Motion - Set II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Momentum and Collisions
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Properties of Matter
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Rotational Motion/Universal Gravitation

4.4. Describe quantitative relationships for velocity, acceleration, force, work, power, potential energy, and kinetic energy.
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Chemical Reactions
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Electricity and Electrical Energy - Set I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Electricity and Electrical Energy - Set II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Heat
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Kinetics and Equilibrium
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Laws of Motion - Set I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Laws of Motion - Set II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Matter and Energy
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Momentum and Collisions
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Work and Energy

4.5. Explain the concept of entropy as it relates to heating and cooling, using the laws of thermodynamics.
4.5.a. Using qualitative and quantitative methods to show the relationship between changes in heat energy and changes in temperature
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Heat

4.7. Describe properties of reflection, refraction, and diffraction. Examples: tracing the path of a reflected light ray, predicting the formation of reflected images through tracing of rays
4.7.a. Demonstrating the path of light through mirrors, lenses, and prisms. Example: tracing the path of a refracted light ray through prisms using Snell's law
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Optics

4.9. Describe quantitative relationships among charge, current, electrical potential energy, potential difference, resistance, and electrical power for simple series, parallel, or combination direct current (DC) circuits.
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Electric Circuits
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Modern Electronics

## AL.5.Aquascience Elective Core - Students will:

Aquascience Elective Core - Students will:
5.1. Differentiate among freshwater, brackish water, and saltwater ecosystems.
5.1.a. Identifying chemical, geological, and physical features of aquatic ecosystems
Flip Charts Animal Homes
Flip Charts Classifying Rocks
Flip Charts Energy Flow
Flip Charts Energy Pyramid
Flip Charts Food Chains
Flip Charts Food Web Balance
Flip Charts Food Webs
Flip Charts Identifying Rocks
Flip Charts Igneous Rocks
Flip Charts Metamorphic Rocks
Flip Charts Owl Food Web
Flip Charts Owl Pellets
Flip Charts Sedimentary Rocks
Flip Charts The Rock Cycle
Flip Charts Types of Consumers
Flip Charts What is a Rock?
Vocabulary Terms Ecology I
Vocabulary Terms Ecology II
Vocabulary Terms Oceans
Vocabulary Terms Rocks - Set I
Vocabulary Terms Rocks - Set II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Ecology I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Ecology II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Oceans
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Rocks - Set I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Rocks - Set II

5.2. Relate geological and hydrological phenomena and fluid dynamics to aquatic systems.
Flip Charts Animal Homes
Flip Charts Classifying Rocks
Flip Charts Energy Flow
Flip Charts Energy Pyramid
Flip Charts Food Chains
Flip Charts Food Web Balance
Flip Charts Food Webs
Flip Charts Identifying Rocks
Flip Charts Igneous Rocks
Flip Charts Metamorphic Rocks
Flip Charts Owl Food Web
Flip Charts Owl Pellets
Flip Charts Sedimentary Rocks
Flip Charts The Rock Cycle
Flip Charts Types of Consumers
Flip Charts What is a Rock?
Vocabulary Terms Ecology I
Vocabulary Terms Ecology II
Vocabulary Terms Oceans
Vocabulary Terms Rocks - Set I
Vocabulary Terms Rocks - Set II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Ecology I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Ecology II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Oceans
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Rocks - Set I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Rocks - Set II

5.4. Determine important properties and content of water as related to aquaculture. Examples: turbidity, pH, pollutants, dissolved oxygen, high specific heat, density, temperature
5.4.b. Identifying sources of aquatic pollution. Examples: point and nonpoint pollution, volcanic ash, waste disposal
Vocabulary Terms Oceans
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Oceans

## AL.6.Botany Elective Core - Students will:

Botany Elective Core - Students will:
6.1. Identify the twelve plant kingdom divisions.
6.1.a. Classifying native Alabama plants using dichotomous keys
Flip Charts Plant Kingdom
Flip Charts Plants with Seeds
Flip Charts The Plant Kingdom
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Introduction to plants

6.11. Describe various natural and artificial methods of vegetative propagation. Examples: natural - stem runners, rhizomes, bulbs, tubers; artificial - cutting, grafting, layering
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Plant structure and function

6.2. Describe phylogenetic relationships between plants and other organisms.
6.2.a. Classifying plants as vascular or nonvascular
Flip Charts Plant Kingdom
Flip Charts Plants with Seeds
Flip Charts The Plant Kingdom
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Introduction to plants

6.2.b. Classifying seed-bearing and spore-bearing plants
Flip Charts Plant Kingdom
Flip Charts Plants with Seeds
Flip Charts The Plant Kingdom
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Introduction to plants

6.2.c. Classifying plants as gymnosperms or angiosperms
Flip Charts Plant Kingdom
Flip Charts Plants with Seeds
Flip Charts The Plant Kingdom
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Introduction to plants

6.2.d. Contrasting monocots and dicots
Flip Charts Plant Kingdom
Flip Charts Plants with Seeds
Flip Charts The Plant Kingdom
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Introduction to plants

6.2.e. Describing mutualism among algae and fungi in lichens
Flip Charts Amoeba
Flip Charts Euglena
Flip Charts Paramecium
Flip Charts Protista
Flip Charts Spirogyra
Flip Charts Volvox
Flip Charts What is a Protist?
Vocabulary Terms Microorganisms II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Microorganisms II

6.3. List plant adaptations required for life on land.
6.3.b. Comparing characteristics of algae and plants
Flip Charts Amoeba
Flip Charts Euglena
Flip Charts Paramecium
Flip Charts Plant Kingdom
Flip Charts Plants with Seeds
Flip Charts Protista
Flip Charts Spirogyra
Flip Charts The Plant Kingdom
Flip Charts Volvox
Flip Charts What is a Protist?
Vocabulary Terms Microorganisms II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Introduction to plants
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Microorganisms II

6.4. Identify major types of plant tissues found in roots, stems, and leaves. Examples: parenchyma, sclerenchyma, collenchyma
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Plant structure and function

6.5. Identify types of roots, stems, and leaves. Examples: roots - tap, fibrous; stems - herbaceous, woody; leaves - simple, compound
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Plant structure and function

6.6. Explain the importance of soil type, texture, and nutrients to plant growth.
6.6.a. Describing water and mineral absorption in plants
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Plant structure and function

6.7. Explain plant cell processes, including light dependent and light independent reactions of photosynthesis, glycolysis, aerobic and anaerobic respiration, and transport.
Flip Charts Photosynthesis
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Photosynthesis and respiration

## AL.7.Earth and Space Science Elective Core - Students will:

Earth and Space Science Elective Core - Students will:
7.11. Describe pulsars, quasars, black holes, and galaxies.
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Stars, Galaxies, and the Universe

7.2. Describe effects on weather of energy transfer within and among the atmosphere, hydrosphere, biosphere, and lithosphere.
7.2.a. Describing the energy transfer related to condensation in clouds, precipitation, winds, and ocean currents
Vocabulary Terms Oceans
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Oceans

7.2.b. Describing characteristics of the El Nino and La Nina phenomena
Vocabulary Terms Oceans
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Oceans

7.2.c. Using data to analyze global weather patterns. Examples: temperature, barometric pressure, wind speed and direction
Flip Charts Clouds
Flip Charts Precipitation
Flip Charts Predicting Weather
Flip Charts Severe Weather
Flip Charts Weather
Vocabulary Terms Weather II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Weather II

7.3. Explain how weather patterns affect climate.
7.3.b. Interpreting weather maps and symbols to predict changing weather conditions
Flip Charts Clouds
Flip Charts Precipitation
Flip Charts Predicting Weather
Flip Charts Severe Weather
Flip Charts Weather
Vocabulary Terms Weather II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Weather II

7.4. Describe the production and transfer of stellar energies.
7.4.a. Describing the relationship between life cycles and nuclear reactions of stars
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Stars, Galaxies, and the Universe

7.4.b. Describing how the reception of solar radiation is affected by atmospheric and lithospheric conditions. Example: volcanic eruptions and greenhouse gases affecting reflection and absorption of solar radiation
Flip Charts Climate Change
Flip Charts Global Warming
Flip Charts Ozone Depletion
Flip Charts Seasons
Flip Charts The Polar Zone
Flip Charts The Temperate Zone
Flip Charts The Tropical Zone
Vocabulary Terms Climate
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Climate

7.5. Discuss various theories for the origin, formation, and changing nature of the universe and our solar system.
7.5.a. Explaining the nebular hypothesis for formation of planets, the big bang theory, and the steady state theory
Flip Charts The Inner Planets
Flip Charts The Outer Planets
Flip Charts The Sun
Vocabulary Terms Our Solar System
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Our Solar System
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game The History of Earth

7.5.b. Relating Hubble's law to the concept of an ever-expanding universe
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Stars, Galaxies, and the Universe

7.7. Explain techniques for determining the age and composition of Earth and the universe.
7.7.b. Using expanding universe measurements to determine the age of the universe
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Stars, Galaxies, and the Universe

7.9. Relate the life cycle of stars to the H-R diagram.
7.9.a. Explaining indicators of motion by the stars and sun in terms of the Doppler effect and red and blue shifts
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Stars, Galaxies, and the Universe

7.9.b. Describing the relationship of star color, brightness, and evolution to the balance between gravitational collapse and nuclear fusion
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Stars, Galaxies, and the Universe

## AL.8.Environmental Science Elective Core - Students will:

Environmental Science Elective Core - Students will:
8.10. Describe the composition of soil profiles and soil samples of varying climates.
8.10.a. Identifying various processes and activities that promote soil formation. Examples: weathering, decomposition, deposition
Flip Charts Soil
Vocabulary Terms Weathering and Erosion
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Weathering and Erosion

8.10.b. Relating particle size to soil texture and type of sand, silt, or clay
Flip Charts Soil
Vocabulary Terms Weathering and Erosion
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Weathering and Erosion

8.2. Evaluate various fossil fuels for their effectiveness as energy resources.
8.2.e. Identifying effects of fossil fuel by-products on the environment, including ozone depletion; formation of acid rain, brown haze, and greenhouse gases; and concentration of particulates and heavy metals
Flip Charts Climate Change
Flip Charts Global Warming
Flip Charts Our Atmosphere
Flip Charts Ozone Depletion
Flip Charts Seasons
Flip Charts The Polar Zone
Flip Charts The Temperate Zone
Flip Charts The Tropical Zone
Vocabulary Terms Climate
Vocabulary Terms The Atmosphere
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Climate
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game The Atmosphere

8.4. Identify the impact of pollutants on the atmosphere.
8.4.a. Identifying layers of the atmosphere and the composition of air
Flip Charts Our Atmosphere
Vocabulary Terms The Atmosphere
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game The Atmosphere

8.4.b. Describing the formation of primary, secondary, and indoor air pollutants
Flip Charts Our Atmosphere
Vocabulary Terms The Atmosphere
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game The Atmosphere

8.4.c. Relating pollutants to smog and thermal inversions
Flip Charts Our Atmosphere
Vocabulary Terms The Atmosphere
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game The Atmosphere

8.4.d. Investigating the impact of air quality on the environment
Flip Charts Our Atmosphere
Vocabulary Terms The Atmosphere
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game The Atmosphere

8.6. Identify sources of local drinking water.
8.6.d. Describing the process of underground water accumulation, including the formation of aquifers
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Groundwater Resources

8.7. Identify reasons coastal waters serve as an important resource. Examples: economic stability, biodiversity, recreation
8.7.b. Comparing components of marine water to components of inland bodies of water
Flip Charts Animal Homes
Flip Charts Energy Flow
Flip Charts Energy Pyramid
Flip Charts Food Chains
Flip Charts Food Web Balance
Flip Charts Food Webs
Flip Charts Owl Food Web
Flip Charts Owl Pellets
Flip Charts Types of Consumers
Vocabulary Terms Ecology I
Vocabulary Terms Ecology II
Vocabulary Terms Oceans
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Ecology I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Ecology II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Oceans

8.8. Identify major contaminants in water resulting from natural phenomena, homes, industry, and agriculture.
8.8.b. Classifying sources of water pollution as point and nonpoint
Vocabulary Terms Oceans
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Oceans

## AL.9.Forensic Science Elective Core - Students will:

Forensic Science Elective Core - Students will:
9.5. Describe the importance of genetic information to forensics.
9.5.a. Using the process of gel electrophoresis to identify patterns in DNA
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game DNA technology/genetic engineering

## AL.CC.RST.11-12.Reading Standards for Literacy in Science and Technical Subjects

Reading Standards for Literacy in Science and Technical Subjects
Craft and Structure
RST.11-12.4. Determine the meaning of symbols, key terms, and other domain-specific words and phrases as they are used in a specific scientific or technical context relevant to grades 11-12 texts and topics.
Flip Charts Animal Homes
Flip Charts Energy Flow
Flip Charts Energy Pyramid
Flip Charts Food Chains
Flip Charts Food Web Balance
Flip Charts Food Webs
Flip Charts Owl Food Web
Flip Charts Owl Pellets
Flip Charts Types of Consumers
Vocabulary Terms Ecology I
Vocabulary Terms Ecology II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Chemical Formulas and Bonding
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Chemical Reactions
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Ecology I
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Ecology II
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Measurements and Calculations

Social Studies