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Flip Charts

How does Earth`s Surface Change? Flip Chart Set

Science, Grade 3

 
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\|xiFDDIJy00665rzu Copyright © NewPath Learning. All rights reserved. www.newpathlearning.com 34-3306 Charts Charts How does Earth’s Surface Change? How does Earth’s Surface Change? Sturdy, Free-Standing Design, Perfect for Learning Centers! Reverse Side Features Questions, Labeling Exercises, Vocabulary Review & more!
Phone: 800-507-0966 Fax: 800-507-0967 www.newpathlearning.com NewPath Learning® products are developed by teachers using research-based principles and are classroom tested. The company’s product line consists of an array of proprietary curriculum review games, workbooks, posters and other print materials. All products are supplemented with web-based activities, assessments and content to provide an engaging means of educating students on key, curriculum-based topics correlated to applicable state and national education standards. Copyright © 2015 NewPath Learning. All Rights Reserved. Printed in the United States of America. Curriculum Mastery® and NewPath Learning® are registered trademarks of NewPath Learning LLC. Science Curriculum Mastery® Flip Charts provide comprehensive coverage of key standards-based curriculum in an illustrated format that is visually appealing, engaging and easy to use. Curriculum Mastery® Flip Charts can be used with the entire classroom, with small groups or by students working independently. Each Curriculum Mastery® Flip Chart Set features 10 double-sided laminated charts covering grade-level specific curriculum content on one side plus write-on/wipe-off charts on reverse side for student use or for small-group instruction. Built-in sturdy free-standing easel for easy display Spiral bound for ease of use Student Activity Guide Ideal for Learning centers In class instruction for interactive presentations and demonstrations Hands-on student use Stand alone reference for review of key science concepts Teaching resource to supplement any program HOW TO USE Classroom Use Each Curriculum Mastery® Flip Chart can be used to graphically introduce or review a topic of interest. Side 1 of each Flip Chart provides graphical representation of key concepts in a concise, grade appropriate reading level for instructing students. The reverse Side 2 of each Flip Chart allows teachers or students to summarize key concepts and assess their understanding. Note: Be sure to use an appropriate dry-erase marker and to test it on a small section of the chart prior to using it. The Activity Guide included provides a black-line master of each Flip Chart which students can use to fill in before, during, or after instruction. While the activities in the guide can be used in conjunction with the Flip Charts, they can also be used individually for review or as a form of assessment or in conjunction with any other related assignment. Learning Centers Each Flip Chart provides students with a quick illustrated view of science curriculum concepts. Students may use these Flip Charts in small group settings along with the corresponding activity pages contained in the guide to learn or review concepts already covered in class. Students may also use these charts as reference while playing the NewPath’s Curriculum Mastery® Games. Independent student use Students can use the hands-on Flip Charts to practice and learn independently by first studying Side 1 of the chart and then using Side 2 of the chart or the corresponding graphical activities contained in the Activity Guide. Reference/Teaching resource Curriculum Mastery® Charts are a great visual supplement to any curriculum or they can be used in conjunction with NewPath’s Curriculum Mastery® Games. Chart # 1: Chart # 2: Chart # 3: Chart # 4: Chart # 5: Chart # 6: Chart # 7: Chart # 8: Chart # 9: Chart #10: The Earth Rocks Earth’s Surface - Landforms Weathering, Erosion & Deposition Types of Weathering Soil Earth’s Plates Earthquakes Volcanoes Vocabulary
crust 5-70 km thick mantle 2,867 km thick outer core 2,266 km thick inner core 1,216 km thick © Copyright NewPath Learning. All Rights Reserved. 94-4343 Visit www.newpathlearning.com for Online Learning Resources. The Earth Photos courtesy of NASA and USFWS. Layers of the Earth The Earth is made up of three main layers crust, mantle and core. We live on the outer layer of the Earth called the crust. The Earth’s crust is made up of many different rocks. The layer beneath the Earth’s crust is called the mantle. The Earth’s mantle is made of igneous and metamorphic rocks. Earth’s Core The innermost layer of the Earth is called the core. The Earth’s core is made of metal. The Earth’s core is hot enough to melt but the center of the core is packed together so tightly that it remains a solid. The outer section of the Earth’s core however is hot, thick liquid (magma). magma (outer core) crust mantle outer core inner core metals (inner core)
© Copyright NewPath Learning. All Rights Reserved. 94-4343 Visit www.newpathlearning.com for Online Learning Resources. The Earth Pause & Review Label the Earth’s layers. Describe the Earth’s Core: ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ crust 5-70 km thick mantle 2,867 km thick outer core 2,266 km thick inner core 1,216 km thick
© Copyright NewPath Learning. All Rights Reserved. 94-4344 Visit www.newpathlearning.com for Online Learning Resources. Rocks Photos courtesy of NASA and USFWS. Earth’s Crust The Earth’s crust is made up of many different rocks. The Rock Cycle Earth’s surface is always changing. Rocks can also change through a process called the Rock Cycle. They can break down into sediment, be compressed into new rocks, and melt and cool. crust mantle core conglomerate sandstone gneiss granite slate obsidian Metamorphic Igneous quarzite marble schist basalt gabbro rhyolite crust mantle core The Earth’s mantle is made of igneous and metamorphic rocks. IGNEOUS METAMORPHIC SEDIMENTARY MAGMA MELT ING C O O L IN G & H A R D E N IN G DEPOSIT ION EROSI ON C O M PA CT IO N
© Copyright NewPath Learning. All Rights Reserved. 94-4344 Visit www.newpathlearning.com for Online Learning Resources. Rocks IGNEOUS METAMORPHIC SEDIMENTARY MAGMA MELT ING C O O L IN G & H A R D E N IN G Pause & Review Label the Rock Cycle using these terms: erosion, compaction, deposition, melting, cooling & hardening.
© Copyright NewPath Learning. All Rights Reserved. 94-4345 Visit www.newpathlearning.com for Online Learning Resources. Earth’s Surface - Landforms Photos courtesy of NASA and USFWS. Landforms Earth’s surface has many shapes and features, known as landforms. They include mountains, canyons, coasts, valleys, and more. Examples of Landforms glacier a slow moving large body of ice river a natural flow of water that is larger than a brook or creek lake a large body of still water surrounded by land valley a low, narrow area that is formed by rivers and glaciers hills elevated land that is not as tall as a mountain mountains elevated land that reaches high above the Earth’s surface and is larger than a hill ocean made up of saltwater and covers just about three fourths of the Earth’s surface coast land that is right next to the ocean that forms the coastline
© Copyright NewPath Learning. All Rights Reserved. 94-4345 Visit www.newpathlearning.com for Online Learning Resources. river a natural flow of water that is larger than a brook or creek lake a large body of still water surrounded by land mountains elevated land that reaches high above the Earth’s surface and is larger than a hill ocean made up of saltwater and covers just about three fourths of the Earth’s surface coast land that is right next to the ocean that forms the coastline Earth’s Surface - Landforms Pause & Review Draw a line to match each landform image to its description.
© Copyright NewPath Learning. All Rights Reserved. 94-4346 Visit www.newpathlearning.com for Online Learning Resources. Weathering, Erosion & Deposition Some photos courtesy of USFWS. Erosion Changes on the Earth’s surface are caused in part by weathering and erosion. Erosion is the wearing away of the Earth’s surface by rain, wind, snow, and ice. Over time, whole landscapes can be changed by erosion and deposition. Deposition Deposition is the laying down of pieces of Earth’s surface, such as rocks and sand. weathering erosion weathering weathering weathering wind rain erosion Weathering The Earth’s surface changes constantly because of wind, water, temperature changes, and living things. Landforms can change due to weathering which is the process of breaking rocks into smaller pieces. water wind temperature changes living things deposition wind rain
© Copyright NewPath Learning. All Rights Reserved. 94-4346 Visit www.newpathlearning.com for Online Learning Resources. Weathering, Erosion & Deposition a) weathering Pause & Review Label the image using these terms: erosion, rain, wind, deposition, weathering. Match each term to its definition. b) erosion c) deposition the process by which soil, rock, or sand is moved or worn away by water, wind, and glaciers the process of soil, rock, or sand being deposited or added to a landform by the forces of erosion the process that breaks rock down into smaller pieces
© Copyright NewPath Learning. All Rights Reserved. 94-4347 Visit www.newpathlearning.com for Online Learning Resources. Types of Weathering Some photos courtesy of USGS and USFWS. There are two types of weathering - physical and chemical. Physical Weathering Physical weathering takes place when water and ice break rocks down into smaller pieces. This happens by freezing and thawing. Physical weathering only changes the size of the rock. Plant roots and burrowing animals can also cause physical weathering. Chemical Weathering Chemical weathering not only changes the size of rocks but also causes them to change into different materials. During chemical weathering the rocks are broken down by the actions of chemicals in the air or water. granite granite sand/silt/clay water rusting (oxidation) chemical leaching
© Copyright NewPath Learning. All Rights Reserved. 94-4347 Visit www.newpathlearning.com for Online Learning Resources. Types of Weathering Pause & Review Identify the following examples as either physical or chemical weathering. ________________________ ________________________ water (leaching) acid rain ________________________ ________________________ burrowing animal rust ________________________ ________________________ plant roots freezing & thawing
© Copyright NewPath Learning. All Rights Reserved. 94-4348 Visit www.newpathlearning.com for Online Learning Resources. Soil Photo courtesy of ARS. What is Soil? Soil covers most of Earth’s land. It is a mixture of sediments of weathered rocks, nonliving materials, and decayed plants and animals. soil (sand, silt, clay, decayed materials) soil (sand, silt, clay, decayed materials) Soil profile topsoil with humus subsoil- weathered rock bedrock- solid rock Soil Layers Over time, three layers of soil develop. Topsoil is made mostly of decaying plant and animal remains (humus). Subsoil contains minerals and small rocks. Bedrock is mostly solid rock.
© Copyright NewPath Learning. All Rights Reserved. 94-4348 Visit www.newpathlearning.com for Online Learning Resources. Soil Pause & Review Label the soil profile. Describe what each layer is made of. ________________________ ________________________ ________________________ ________________________ ________________________ ________________________ ________________________ ________________________ ________________________ ________________________ ________________________ ________________________ Why do you think soil is important? ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________
© Copyright NewPath Learning. All Rights Reserved. 94-4349 Visit www.newpathlearning.com for Online Learning Resources. Earth’s Plates Plates The outermost layer of the Earth’s crust is called the lithosphere. This layer is broken down into small and large sections called plates. lithosphere crust oceanic crust magma continental crust upper mantle continental plate oceanic plate mantle one plate is pushed below another continental plate oceanic plate mantle magma volcano Changes to Earth’s Surface As these plates move, they can cause changes to the Earth’s surface. These changes include earthquakes, volcanoes, and the formation of mountains and valleys. These plates move slowly and might run into each other, pull apart, or grind past each other.
© Copyright NewPath Learning. All Rights Reserved. 94-4349 Visit www.newpathlearning.com for Online Learning Resources. Earth’s Plates earthquake volcano mountains valley Pause & Review Movement of Earth’s plates cause changes to the Earth’s surface. Match the name of the change to the image.
© Copyright NewPath Learning. All Rights Reserved. 94-4350 Visit www.newpathlearning.com for Online Learning Resources. Earthquakes Earthquakes Change Earth’s Surface Earthquakes cause rapid changes to the Earth’s surface. An earthquake is a sudden shift in the Earth’s crust that causes the ground to shake and vibrate violently. Earthquakes can cause a lot of damage. continental plate oceanic plate mantle Plates Earthquakes most often occur where plates meet on land or under the ocean. These plates move slowly and might run into each other, pull apart, or grind past each other. Crust Lithosphere seismic waves What is a seismic wave? When crustal rock breaks, stored energy is released. The vibrations that travel through the Earth are called seismic waves. They cause the ground to shake. Photos courtesy of USGS. crust seismic waves plates move
© Copyright NewPath Learning. All Rights Reserved. 94-4350 Visit www.newpathlearning.com for Online Learning Resources. Earthquakes happen quickly! Observe how Earth’s surface changed. Earthquakes Pause & Review Observe how an earthquake changed this landscape. Record your observations. __________________________ __________________________ __________________________ __________________________ __________________________ __________________________ __________________________ __________________________ __________________________ __________________________ __________________________ __________________________ __________________________ __________________________ __________________________ __________________________
© Copyright NewPath Learning. All Rights Reserved. 94-4351 Visit www.newpathlearning.com for Online Learning Resources. Volcanoes Photos courtesy of NASA and USFWS. What is a Volcano? Magma is hot, melted rock found beneath the Earth’s surface. When pressure builds up, magma erupts through the Earth’s crust. Volcanoes are openings in the Earth’s crust where the magma comes out. Volcanoes can change Earth’s Surface Volcanoes can form on continents or they can build from the ocean floor forming volcanic islands. The Hawaiian Islands were formed this way. Melted rock that comes above the Earth’s surface is called lava. Layers of cooled lava harden into rock and build up on the Earth’s surface around a volcano. magma magma erupting volcano continental mountain range volcanic island volcanic rock lava
© Copyright NewPath Learning. All Rights Reserved. 94-4351 Visit www.newpathlearning.com for Online Learning Resources. Volcanoes Pause & Review Label the images. Describe how a volcano forms. ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________
Key Vocabulary Terms © Copyright NewPath Learning. All Rights Reserved. 94-4352 Visit www.newpathlearning.com for Online Learning Resources. Crust the solid outermost layer of the Earth Deposition the process of soil, rock, or sand being deposited or added to a landform by the forces of erosion Desert a very dry, sunny place with sandy soil and little rain Earthquake a sudden shaking of Earth’s surface, caused by movements in Earth’s crust thereby releasing energy stored in rocks Erosion the process by which soil, rock, or sand is moved or worn away by water, wind, and glaciers Glacier a large, thick sheet of moving ice Landform part of Earth’s surface that formed naturally and has a certain shape Mountain an area of land that is higher than a hill and much higher than the surrounding land Ocean a large area of salt water that surrounds the Earth’s landmasses River a natural stream of water that flows into the ocean, lake, or another stream Sand dune a ridge of sand created by the wind Valley a low area of land between hills or mountains, which often has a river running through it Volcano a mountain made of cooled lava, ash, or other material from eruptions Weathering the process that breaks rock down into smaller pieces crust erosion ash lava erosion deposition
© Copyright NewPath Learning. All Rights Reserved. 94-4352 Visit www.newpathlearning.com for Online Learning Resources. Key Vocabulary Terms Define it! Use it in a sentence! Draw it! Provide examples! ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ Mapping a Term Term __________________________________________________________
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